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     Investigation Ticks And Tick-bitein Pangquangou Natural Reserve
     肠道蠕虫的感染与饮水、粪管、经济关系的调查研究
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     After seven years of selective chemotherapy combined with management of fecal, the hookworm infection rate dropped from 58.7% to 10. 9% and the infection intensity from 111. 5 eggs per gram faeces to 8. 5 eggs per gram faeces. However, 3 years after the termination of the combined treatment,the hookworm infection rate increased to 14. 5%.
     查治结合粪管法经过7年的实施,居民感染率从58.7%降至10.9%,地方感染程度 EPG从111.5个下降至8.5个,中断查治3年后感染率回升至 14.5%;
短句来源
     This was the first nationwide survey in the field of rural latrines, The survey with a large number of samples and good representative had great social benefits and practical significance to promote our future work of rural latrine improvement and nightsoil management, and to achieve objectives of the programme "Everyone enjoys health for all by the year 2000.
     本研究是我国首次进行本领域的全国性调查,样本大、代表性强,对我国今后开展农村改厕粪管工作、促进2000年人人享有卫生保健规划目标的实现,具有重要的现实意义。
短句来源
     In order to study the relative affecting factors for the infection of intestinal parasites,421 expourers in the excreta latrine improved village and 380 controls in the non excreta latrine improved village were investigated,25 possible factors were selected to be studied with non condition logistic regression analysis based on single factor χ 2 test The single factor logistic regression analysis revealed following factors ( OR >1),such as the types of water source,the forms of water supply,the area of main house,eating food with polluted hands,fertilizing fresh excreta on farmland and excreta non hazardous treatment The multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that the main negative factors for human intestinal parasitic infection were the excreta non hazardous treatment and eating food with polluted hands,of which odds ratios were 2 18 and 6 31 respectively
     为了解肠寄生虫感染的影响因素,选择已进行粪管改厕的一自然村的421人及另一未进行粪管改厕的自然村的380人,对肠寄生虫感染的25项可能影响因素,在单因素χ2分析基础上进行了非条件Logistic回归分析,单因素Logistic回归分析显示,OR值大于1者有水源类型、供水状况、正房面积、手抓食品习惯、农田用新鲜粪、粪便无害化处理6项因素; 多元Logistic回归分析表明,粪便无害化处理及手抓食品习惯是人群肠寄生虫感染的主要影响因素,其OR值分别为2.18和6.31。
短句来源
     the better economic condition and the lavatory re formation as well as the health education all contributed for the lowering of the prevalence of infection.
     经济状况好者、已进行粪管改厕者、接受过健康教育者、家庭卫生状况好者感染率均较低;
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     五发酵测定大肠菌群的研究
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  soil pipe
The analysis presented provides a context for the explanation of soil pipe formation by the process of seepage erosion.
      
Anytime the valve lowered to empty the pan, air from the sewer and the soil pipe found its way into the house.
      
Hubless cast iron soil pipe shall be per CISPI 301.
      
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Review existing commonly accepted global CP criteria for all soil/pipe environments.
      
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The sanitary latrine cover rate is one of the indexes in "Programme objective of HFA by the year of 2000 in Chinese rural area" , but it is still stort the reliable and scientific base data. This paper, through investigation and analysis to state "of the 81015 household's latrine and night-soil treatment in jiangsu rural area, obtains results to show that the sanitary latrine cover rate is only 0.4%, the non-hazardous treatment rate of night-soil only 0.9%. Meanwhile, we analyse the relation of rural improviny...

The sanitary latrine cover rate is one of the indexes in "Programme objective of HFA by the year of 2000 in Chinese rural area" , but it is still stort the reliable and scientific base data. This paper, through investigation and analysis to state "of the 81015 household's latrine and night-soil treatment in jiangsu rural area, obtains results to show that the sanitary latrine cover rate is only 0.4%, the non-hazardous treatment rate of night-soil only 0.9%. Meanwhile, we analyse the relation of rural improviny latrine and control feces to economic, culture, custom, and enteric infection diseases, it supplies scientific and base data for working out the rural measure of the primary healthcare objective and formulatiny rural health police.

卫生厕所普及率是《我国农村“2000年人人享有卫生保健”规划目标》的指标之一,目前国内对此尚缺乏准确的基础资料。本文经对江苏省81015户农村家庭的厕所及粪便处理现状调查结果统计,卫生厕所普及率仅为0.4%,粪便无害化处理率仅为0.9%,同时分析了农村改厕粪管与经济、文化、风俗习惯以及肠道传染病之间的关系,为有关部门制订实现农村初保规划目标措施和制订有关农村卫生政策提供了科学依据。

Three different control schemes including selective chemotherapy, a combination of selective chemotherapy and management of fecal disposal and mass treatment with mebenda-zole-medicated salt were implemented for the control of hookworm infection in Luwo Town and Taiping Village, Wuming County, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region during 1971 -1990. Through ten years of selective chemotherapy, the results showed that the hookworm infection rate dropped from 42. 6% to 3. 9% and the infection intensity from 425. 6...

Three different control schemes including selective chemotherapy, a combination of selective chemotherapy and management of fecal disposal and mass treatment with mebenda-zole-medicated salt were implemented for the control of hookworm infection in Luwo Town and Taiping Village, Wuming County, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region during 1971 -1990. Through ten years of selective chemotherapy, the results showed that the hookworm infection rate dropped from 42. 6% to 3. 9% and the infection intensity from 425. 6 eggs per gram faeces to 1. 6 eggs per gram faeces. After seven years of selective chemotherapy combined with management of fecal, the hookworm infection rate dropped from 58.7% to 10. 9% and the infection intensity from 111. 5 eggs per gram faeces to 8. 5 eggs per gram faeces. However, 3 years after the termination of the combined treatment,the hookworm infection rate increased to 14. 5%. As for the implementation of the third scheme, mebendazole- medicated salt was given at 100 mg daily for 30 consecutive days or at 50 mg daily for 30 consecutive days. Stool examination was made one year after the treatment,the results showed that the infection rate of the inhabitants dropped from 36% and 36% to 2% and 1. 3%, respectively, and the infection intensity dropped from 110. 3 and 246 eggs per gram faeces to 1. 3 and 0. 24 eggs per gram faeces. After three years, the infection rate of inhabitants'remained under 2% and the infection intensity under 1 egg per gram faeces. It was concluded that mass treatment with mebendazole-medicated salt might be the most practical scheme for the control of hookworm infection.

为了探索简便而有效的群众性防治钩虫病的方法,于1971—1990年在广西壮族自治区武鸣县陆斡镇和太平乡采用单纯查治、查治结合粪管和全民服用甲苯达唑药盐3种防治方案观察其防治钩虫病的效果。结果:单纯查治法经过10年的实施,居民钩虫感染率从42.6%降至3.9%,地方感染程度克粪虫卵数(EPG)从 425.6个降至1.6个,再经查治未继续下降;查治结合粪管法经过7年的实施,居民感染率从58.7%降至10.9%,地方感染程度 EPG从111.5个下降至8.5个,中断查治3年后感染率回升至 14.5%;全民服用甲苯达唑药盐法分别采用服药 100mg/d·30d 和 50dmg/d·30 d 两种方案,服完后 1年居民感染率分别从 36%、36%下降至 2%、1.3%、地方感染程度 EPG 从110.3个、246 个下降至 1.3个和 0.24个,经过3年的远期观察,感染率仍控制在 2%以下,感染程度 EPG在1个虫卵以下。上述结果表明全民服甲苯达唑药盐,其方法简便易行,能巩固防治效果、适用于群众性防治。

We carried out a survey involving 31 counties,93 townships, in our province and studied their ptivate toilets, public toilets(include the school toilets).for the way of treatment and ultilization.The result showed that the toilet-owned rate was 97.5% in rural areas,65.5% of them are the open vat(or pit) type toilets, only their equipament are up to the standard and the popularization rate of sanitary toilet is 4.39%.We had investigated 195 public toilets,4.6% of their sanitation are qualified.The percentage...

We carried out a survey involving 31 counties,93 townships, in our province and studied their ptivate toilets, public toilets(include the school toilets).for the way of treatment and ultilization.The result showed that the toilet-owned rate was 97.5% in rural areas,65.5% of them are the open vat(or pit) type toilets, only their equipament are up to the standard and the popularization rate of sanitary toilet is 4.39%.We had investigated 195 public toilets,4.6% of their sanitation are qualified.The percentage of night-soil's non-hazardous treatment of private and the public toilets are 4.8% and 10.3% respectively.As for the ultilization of night-soil,more than 97% of them are used as the fertilizer.We provide the future tactics for the toilet's improvement and night-soil's mangement

按照随机抽样的原则,抽查了全省31个县,93个乡的户厕、公厕(含校厕)及粪便处理现状。结果表明,我省农村有厕率为97.5%,户厕类型以敞口缸(池)式厕所为主(占65.5%),户厕质量较差,卫生厕所普及率为4.39%;卫生合格的公厕为4.6%;户厕和公厕粪便无害化处理率分别为4.8%、10.3%;利用粪便作肥料占97%。本文还提出了今后农村改厕粪管的对策。

 
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