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结构淬火
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  structural hardening
Special attention is given to the relative importance of internal stress and structural hardening, to the derivation and parameter identification of constitutive laws in industrial alloys, and to microstructure evolution during plasticity.
      
The associated structural hardening is more pronounced in alloys with stronger interatomic interactions.
      
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Method of calculating the volume-structural hardening of construction elements (units)
      
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A new type of inclusions, cumulus-quenched rock inclusions,was disco- vered in the Jiguanshan pluton of Tong ling,Anhui Province.Being a kind of cumulus rock with fine-grained texture,the inclusions consist approxima- tely of 80%pyroxene,8%apatite,4%magnetite and 8%groundmass. The groundmass,noted for the domination of plagioclase and fine-grained te- xture,is merely present among some pyroxene grains and grades into a que- nched rim towards the edge of an inclusion. This rim was formed by quen- ching when a...

A new type of inclusions, cumulus-quenched rock inclusions,was disco- vered in the Jiguanshan pluton of Tong ling,Anhui Province.Being a kind of cumulus rock with fine-grained texture,the inclusions consist approxima- tely of 80%pyroxene,8%apatite,4%magnetite and 8%groundmass. The groundmass,noted for the domination of plagioclase and fine-grained te- xture,is merely present among some pyroxene grains and grades into a que- nched rim towards the edge of an inclusion. This rim was formed by quen- ching when a pyroxene inclusion was broken and brought to the shallow pla- ce after the cumulation of pyroxene but before the crystallization of inte- rgranular melt.The inclusions are consistent with the host rocks in pyroxene composition and initial Nd and Sr isotopic ratios,suggesting that they are cognate inclusions.

安徽省铜陵市鸡冠山岩体中发现一种新型的岩石包体──堆晶淬冷包体。这是一种辉石堆晶岩,中粒,含辉石80%,磷灰石8%,磁铁矿4%,基质8%。基质只存在于部分辉石粒间,以斜长石为主,细粒结构,向包体边缘变为微粒结构的淬火边。这是辉石等矿物堆积后,粒间熔体尚未固结时,被对流岩浆冲碎带向浅部骤冷形成的。包体与寄主岩石具有一致的辉石成分和Nd、Sr同位素初始比值,表明包体属同源包体。

Monzogranite and granodiorite are distributed in a NE direction along both banks of Jiliu River in the Along Mountains area,northeastern Inner Mongolia. Many dark- colored microgranular mafic inclusions occur in these rocks. The in- clusions have typical magmatic and quench textures and contain acicular apatite, and some inclusions contain K- feldspar and quartz megacrystals of host rocks. The inclusions are mainly rounded in shape,showing pronounced plastic rheological charac- ters. They usually have a clear-...

Monzogranite and granodiorite are distributed in a NE direction along both banks of Jiliu River in the Along Mountains area,northeastern Inner Mongolia. Many dark- colored microgranular mafic inclusions occur in these rocks. The in- clusions have typical magmatic and quench textures and contain acicular apatite, and some inclusions contain K- feldspar and quartz megacrystals of host rocks. The inclusions are mainly rounded in shape,showing pronounced plastic rheological charac- ters. They usually have a clear- cut contact relationship with the host rocks and sometimes transition or foggy contacts are also seen. The host rocks are rich in Si and K and exhibit the characteristics of magmatic evolution. Inclusions are rich in Mg,Fe and Ca and poor in Si,Al,and Na with Na>K. The rare earth element (REE)and trace element patterns for the inclu- sions and their host rocks are similar and both show an asymmetric, right- inclined LREE- enriched shape. Inclusions exhibit weak Eu depletion, while host rocks moderate- weak Eu depletion. Inclusions and host rocks display similarities in respect to geochemistry as well as non- cognate characters. These features indicate that dark inclusions in the Early Carboniferous Jiliuhe granites are the product of magma mixing and partly represent the basic end- member of mixed magma.

内蒙古东北部阿龙山地区,沿激流河两岸呈NE向分布的二长花岗岩、花岗闪长岩体中发育暗色微粒镁铁质包体。包体具典型的岩浆结构、淬火结构及针状磷灰石,部分包体中含寄主岩石的钾长石、石英巨晶。包体形态主要呈浑圆状,可见明显的塑性流变特点,与寄主岩石间常呈截然的接触关系,有时呈过渡状、雾迷状。寄主岩石富Si、K,并表现出岩浆演化的特点,包体富Mg、Fe、Ca,贫Si、Al,Na>K。寄主岩石和包体的稀土、微量元素曲线形态相近,均为左高右低的不对称右倾型、轻稀土富集型,包体Eu微弱亏损,寄主花岗岩的Eu中等—弱亏损。包体与寄主岩石在地球化学特征上既表现出了相似性,也表现出了明显的非同源性特点。这些特征表明早石炭世激流河花岗岩类中的暗色包体是岩浆混合的产物,部分代表了混合岩浆的基性端元。

 
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