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From January 1,1966 through December 31,1975, 416 patients with acute myocardial infarction were hospitalized in Capital Hospital. 134 of them died within 8 weeks after the onset of the disease.The death rate in acute stage was 32.2%. 275 of the 282 patients who survived through the acute stage were followed-up for more than halfayear. 239 of the 271 cases which were followed up for oue year survived. The one-year survival rate was 88.2%. 124 cases were followed-up for more than 5 years. among them 84 were alive....

From January 1,1966 through December 31,1975, 416 patients with acute myocardial infarction were hospitalized in Capital Hospital. 134 of them died within 8 weeks after the onset of the disease.The death rate in acute stage was 32.2%. 275 of the 282 patients who survived through the acute stage were followed-up for more than halfayear. 239 of the 271 cases which were followed up for oue year survived. The one-year survival rate was 88.2%. 124 cases were followed-up for more than 5 years. among them 84 were alive. The five-year survival rate was 67.7. 25 cases were followed up for more than ten years. 10 of them were still living. The ten-year survival rate was 40%. 92 of the 275 patients died during the follow up period. 56 cases(60.9%) died of cardiopathy, especially cardiac failure. Cerebrovascular accidents and cancers of various origin were the main other causes of death.183 patients survived through the follow-up period were questioned about their work abilities.164 (89.6%) of them returned to their work partially or completely, either in their original professeons or house works. 19(10.4%) of the 183 patients could not earn their routine living by themselves because of their old ages,cardiac insufficiencies or sequelae from cerebrovascular accidents.

本文报导对1966~1975十年内首都医院收治的416例急性心肌梗塞患者随访调查结果。急性期病死率32.2%。急性期后存活282例,随访半年以上者275例,随访率97.5%。随访一年生存率88.2%。随访五年生存率67.7%。随访十年生存率40.O%。随访死亡病例死于心内原因者60.9%,主要死于心力衰竭者占心脏原因的51.8%。急性期合併心衰者60例,随诊死亡率50%,无心衰者215例,随诊死亡62例,死亡率29%。随访死亡病例死于心外原因者以脑血管疾患和各种癌瘤为多。本组病例存活者183例,部分或全部恢复劳动能力者164例(89.6%),完全丧失劳力者19例(10.4%),主要因年迈,心功能不全或合併脑血管意外后遗症。

A clinical analysis of symptoms, neurological signs, auxiliary examinations and treatment of 114 cases of brain stem tumor admitted from 1953 through 1977 was presented. Their diagnoses were made by means of surgical exploration, radiological or histological studies. 27 cases died during hospitalization. 45 of 87 cases were discharged from the hospital and were followed up. 10 cases are still alive now. Among these 10 cases, the longest course of survival was 183 months and the average was 126 months. 2 cases...

A clinical analysis of symptoms, neurological signs, auxiliary examinations and treatment of 114 cases of brain stem tumor admitted from 1953 through 1977 was presented. Their diagnoses were made by means of surgical exploration, radiological or histological studies. 27 cases died during hospitalization. 45 of 87 cases were discharged from the hospital and were followed up. 10 cases are still alive now. Among these 10 cases, the longest course of survival was 183 months and the average was 126 months. 2 cases resumed work and 4 cases showed marked improvement after discharge.

本文对114例经放射学、手术或病理学确诊的脑干肿瘤患者,从临床症状、体征、辅助检查和治疗方法等方面进行分析,并对出院患者进行了随访,在随访到的45例中存活10例(最长病程15年3个月,平均病程10年6个月),其中2例恢复正常工作,4例较出院时明显好转。作者认为脑干肿瘤如及早诊断,积极治疗,少数病例可较长期存活。

57 cases of multiple sclerosis were admitted since 1949-1979 with an incidence of 1% of neurological admissions. 27 male and 30 female patients came in with a mean age of 33 years. Prodromal symptoms did not differ from that in literature. They were chiefly first struck with visual impairment and motor paralysis and less frequently with diplopia,vertigo and ataxia. The incidence of abnormal EEG was 49.12%(28 cases), including 13 local foci. EEG changes bore no relation to age (on admission or at onset), sex,...

57 cases of multiple sclerosis were admitted since 1949-1979 with an incidence of 1% of neurological admissions. 27 male and 30 female patients came in with a mean age of 33 years. Prodromal symptoms did not differ from that in literature. They were chiefly first struck with visual impairment and motor paralysis and less frequently with diplopia,vertigo and ataxia. The incidence of abnormal EEG was 49.12%(28 cases), including 13 local foci. EEG changes bore no relation to age (on admission or at onset), sex, occupation, course, mode of onset and symptoms but state of disease activity. Most of the cases suffered from visual impairment and motor paralysis at time of discharge. Six patients died. Diagnosis established at autopsy in two cases. Author suggested that serial EEG studies was helpful in depicting cortical dysfunction at early stage of disease.A normal tracing did not exclude slight cortical lesions in cerebral hemispheres.

本院自1949~1979共收治57例多发性硬化患者,约占同期神经科住院病人总人次之1%。男27,女30例,平均年龄33岁,平均病程31个月,大部分为亚急性,先兆症状与文献报道相似。首发神经症状主要为视力障碍及截瘫;复视、眩晕或共济失调则较少。脑电图异常者28例(49.1%),其中13例有局灶。脑电图变化与年龄、病程、发病方式或临床表现无关,但与临床情况及过程有一定关系。

 
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