With model QUY 50 crawler crane as anexample the gray cluster theory is describedand the classification of grayness, the deter-mination of whitening function, cluster rightand factor and the method and procedure ofevaluating product quality by gray cluster the-ory.
Ordinary ration predicting methods are recursive model method, synergic method, nerve network method, CAS emulational method, movement equilibration and index flatness method, self-regress method, Markov predicting method, grayness method, phase space reconstructing method and compounding method.
In our previous studies, grey satellite foci were found in the front of heads of pterygia.
Effect of Gamma Irradiation on the Preference Behavior and Lipid Metabolism in Grey Garden Slug Deroceras reticulatum Mull.
Sorption of heavy metal (copper and strontium) ions by the meadow chernozem and grey forest soils differing in the content of organic substance was described using the Langmuir equation.
The fungal-bacterial ratio in the soils of natural ecosystems (0-5 cm, without litter) was 4.3, 2.2, 1.5, and 1.5 for tundra soil, virgin chernozem, coniferous (soddy-podzolic soil), and larch (grey forest soil) forests, respectively.
The lower layers of soddy-podzolic (5-10 cm) and grey forest (48-58 cm) soils showed a decrease in the fungal and increase in the bacterial component in the total SIR.
This method is different from classical algorithms in which the gray differential values of the mutual vertical direction are combined into one gradient value.
The experiment of the gray image segmentation showed that the WFCM algorithm is a fast and effective cluster algorithm.
A real-time image-tracking algorithm is proposed, which gives small weights to pixels farther from the object center and uses the quantized image gray scales as a template.
Thirdly, based on gray cognate analyses of factors affecting runoff and sediment production in sloping land, the factors of stand canopy density and herb and litter biomass were the most significant ones, whose gray incidence degree exceeded 0.6.
The captured images are processed by an algorithm on the basis of the analysis of gray characteristics of the root gap to get the offsetting information between torch and root gap centerline.
Using the grayness of pictures and cartoon treatment made the mathematics reappearance of the knobs become more access to video pictures.
A unit change in apparent yellowness was found to be more than four times as important as a unit change in grayness in determining visual preferences.
It was also shown that fabrics of a yellow hue were subjectively unsatisfactory to a panel of judges whereas fabrics with a blue-white hue caused by brighteners tended to be acceptable irrespective of their grayness within reasonable limits.
Although all treatments resulted in a gradual darkening of the potatoes during storage, differences in grayness among the three storage treatments were minor from a practical standpoint.
These contours are due to limited number of gray shades in the display causing abrupt changes in grayness of the image, while the original image has a gradual change in brightness.
With the concept of grey system developed in Ref., some properties of the grey parameters, the grey matrices, and the grey systems are studied and a block theorem of the grey channel is proposed. Based on  and , a new approach to the stability of those systems whose state matrices are grey and symmetric, grey triangular and grey comb-shaped is presented. White mapping and relevant theore are also discussed.
The concept of the whitening of the grey system is given by referring to. The "weak controllability" and "strong controllability" of linear time-invariant system are defined and discussed, and criteria are given. The observability of the grey system is also briefly discussed.
Grey set and its operations are discussed and the stability and instability of the grey system are analysed by the operational characteristics of the grey set. Several criteria are obtained, which are equally applicable to the white system.