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诱导作用    
相关语句
  induction
    Objective:To investigate the induction of resistance and the mechanism of cross resistance to ciprofloxacin and imipenem in Pseudomonas aeruginosa .
    目的 :研究环丙沙星及亚胺培南体外对铜绿假单胞菌的耐药诱导作用及铜绿假单胞菌对环丙沙星及亚胺培南交叉耐药机制。
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  induction
(HereM3 denotes the vector space of 3×3 matrices over k andp>amp;gt;3.) The method of proof involves an induction, and is potentially of wide applicability.
      
Fourier transform, parabolic induction, and nilpotent orbits
      
We prove that in the symmetric space setting the functors of Fourier transform (in the sense of Deligne) and parabolic induction (in the sense of Lusztig) commute.
      
For an arbitrary ring A we construct quasi-P radical QP(A) with transfinite induction, and give another characterization of quasi-P radical: QP(A) = ∩ Ia ∣Ia.
      
Rotor broken-bar fault diagnosis of induction motor based on HHT of the startup electromagnetic torque
      
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  inducing effect
It was demonstrated that the compositions of elicitor and systemic signal molecules provided a faster spreading of an inducing effect in the potato tissues.
      
[NMeAla2]DSIP and [Pro2]DSIP had a pronounced sleep-inducing effect and reliably increased the proportion of slow-wave sleep by 10-15% on average compared to the control.
      
Several other analogs had a week sleep-inducing effect, increasing the proportion of slow-wave sleep during specific recording time only.
      
A comparative study of the inducing effect of homoserine lactone and hexylresorcinol on phenotypic dissociation in bacteria
      
Both temperature treatments were effective but CS had a more pronounced inducing effect.
      
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  inducing effect
It was demonstrated that the compositions of elicitor and systemic signal molecules provided a faster spreading of an inducing effect in the potato tissues.
      
[NMeAla2]DSIP and [Pro2]DSIP had a pronounced sleep-inducing effect and reliably increased the proportion of slow-wave sleep by 10-15% on average compared to the control.
      
Several other analogs had a week sleep-inducing effect, increasing the proportion of slow-wave sleep during specific recording time only.
      
A comparative study of the inducing effect of homoserine lactone and hexylresorcinol on phenotypic dissociation in bacteria
      
Both temperature treatments were effective but CS had a more pronounced inducing effect.
      
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  induction effect
The upregulation effect of NH4NO3 on OsAMT1;1 mRNA in roots is between that of NO3- and NH4+, and its induction effect on OsAMT2;2 mRNA level is higher than that of NO3- or NH4+ in both roots and shoots.
      
Radiation magnetization represents a new electron induction effect within ferrites resulting in real permanent magnetization, dynamically induced and detected by means of microwaves
      
Furthermore, closer induction fields exert a shunting effect on the induction effect of fields which are more distally located on the same radius, and neighbouring fields mutually interact.
      
These results suggest that the viability of Roseobacter and Proteobacteria is important to their settlement induction effect.
      
In a separate study, the induction effect of tricyclic antidepressants was found to be much less marked than that with amylobarbitone.
      
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  其他


An immunohistochemical and immunoelectron microscopical study was made in the experimental liver injuries caused by butter yellow(DAB),CCl_4 intoxification and liquid nitrogen caused frostbite to investigate the abnormal cytokeratin(CK)expression in hepatocytes.The result was as follows:(1)In the liver injuries caused by the frostbite and DAB intoxification,the hepatocyte necrosis without fat degeneration could not directly cause the change in CK expression;(2) In the DAB-injuried livers,the proliferating oval...

An immunohistochemical and immunoelectron microscopical study was made in the experimental liver injuries caused by butter yellow(DAB),CCl_4 intoxification and liquid nitrogen caused frostbite to investigate the abnormal cytokeratin(CK)expression in hepatocytes.The result was as follows:(1)In the liver injuries caused by the frostbite and DAB intoxification,the hepatocyte necrosis without fat degeneration could not directly cause the change in CK expression;(2) In the DAB-injuried livers,the proliferating oval cells,which were closely related with the CK19-positive hepatocytes, might play an inductive role in the CK expression, and laminin(LN)was demonstrated to be one of the inducers in this process;(3)In CCl_4-caused hepatitis and cirrhotic livers,itwas demonstrated that the abnormal CK expression was in accord with the abnormal LN deposition both in the time phase and in their distribution patterns,which suggested that the destruction of the lobular structure might influence the CK expression in hepatocytes through the LN deposition;(4)The electron and immunoelectron microscopical observations showed that the remarkable changes in the intermediate filament cytoskeleton of the hepatocytes in the CCl_4-injuried livers were accompanied with the appearance of the antigenic determinants of CK19;(5)A new model of liver injury was prepared in rat by the local freezing with liquid nitrogen,in which the CK19-positive hepatocytes appeared when the intactness of the limiting membrane of the hepatic lobule being destructed together with the fibrotic tissue proliferation, and disappeared when the lobular structure was repaired.This is a strong support to our hypothesis that the abnormal expression in hepatocytes was one of the local regenerative reactions in the repair process of the lobular structure.The significance of the abnormal CK expression was discussed.

本研究应用ABC免疫组化技术显示,奶油黄、液氮致局部冻伤及CCl_4所致的三种肝损伤中也有细胞角蛋白(CK)异常表达肝细胞。(1)在局部肝冻伤及奶油黄性肝损伤中表明不伴脂肪变性的肝细胞坏死不能直接引起肝细胞CK表达的改变;(2)在奶油黄性肝损伤中显示了卵圆细胞对肝细胞CK异常表达的诱导作用,表明层粘连蛋白(LN)可能是这种作用的媒介;(3)在CCl_4致慢性肝损伤中表明肝细胞CK异常表达和LN异常沉积无论在位相上还是在时相上都一致,提出肝小叶结构破坏可能也是通过LN异常沉积而影响肝细胞的CK表达;(4)应用电镜及免疫电镜技术表明CCl_4性肝损伤中肝细胞中间丝细胞骨架结构的改变伴随着CK19阳性抗原决定簇的出现;(5)设计了一种局部肝冻伤模型,利用这种模型表明,CK19阳性肝细胞在肝小叶结构完整性遭到破坏且伴纤维组织增生时出现,随小叶结构的恢复而消失。这是对关于肝细胞CK异常表达是肝小叶结构修复过程中局部肝细胞的修复性反应这一假说的有力支持。讨论了这种改变的意义。

Objective: To examine the osteoinductive potential of degradable and porous β-TCP/rhBMP-2 composite material. Methods: The β-TCP/rhBMP- 2 composite was obtained by combining degradable and porous β-Tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) that was developed by the authors with recombinant human morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) and was implanted into the muscle pouches in the thigh of mice. β-TCP alone was implanted on the opposite site as controls. After the surgery histologic studies (24 and 72 hours,1,2,4 and 8 weeks),...

Objective: To examine the osteoinductive potential of degradable and porous β-TCP/rhBMP-2 composite material. Methods: The β-TCP/rhBMP- 2 composite was obtained by combining degradable and porous β-Tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) that was developed by the authors with recombinant human morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) and was implanted into the muscle pouches in the thigh of mice. β-TCP alone was implanted on the opposite site as controls. After the surgery histologic studies (24 and 72 hours,1,2,4 and 8 weeks), scanning electron microscopy(2 and 4 weeks)and alkaline phosphatase assay (1, 2 and 4 weeks) were performed after implantation. Results: There was a large amount of new cartilage and bone formation within the composite material increasing with time. However,there was no new bone formation where β-TCP alone was implanted. The levels of alkaline phosphatase in the β-TCP/rhBMP-2 implants also were increasing with time and were higher than those in controls( P <0.01). Conclusion: β-TCP/rhBMP-2 possesses osteoinductive potential.

目的:检测可降解多孔β-TCP/rhBMP-2人工骨的诱导成骨能力。方法:自制可降解多孔β-TCP与rhBMP-2复合后植入45只小鼠股后肌袋作为实验组,单纯β-TCP植入对侧作对照。术后24、72小时、1、2、4、8周分别取材做组织学检查;2、4周取材的部分标本做扫描电镜观察;1、2、4周取材的部分标本做碱性磷酸酶(ALP)活性测定。结果:实验组有大量新生软骨和骨形成,随着时间的推移,生成量逐渐增多。对照组无软骨和骨生成。此外,实验组ALP活性高于对照组(P<0.01),并且随时间推移而升高(P<0.05)。结论:可降解多孔β-TCP/rhBMP-2具有良好的骨诱导作用

Objective: To investigate whether candida albicans resistance to fluconazole is because of the adaptive mutation. Methods: We choose fluconazole susceptible candida albicans clone Y0109 clone, the standard wild clone, and culture it in the plates containing fluconazole (the concentration is 8 μg/ml ), then count all the fluconazole resistance colonies that could grow from one plate, and imitate a curve according to the theory of Cairns. Results and Conclusion: The curve showed an expected distribution...

Objective: To investigate whether candida albicans resistance to fluconazole is because of the adaptive mutation. Methods: We choose fluconazole susceptible candida albicans clone Y0109 clone, the standard wild clone, and culture it in the plates containing fluconazole (the concentration is 8 μg/ml ), then count all the fluconazole resistance colonies that could grow from one plate, and imitate a curve according to the theory of Cairns. Results and Conclusion: The curve showed an expected distribution as the Poisson′ fluctuation test. The main source of the fluconazole resistance candida albicans is the fluconazole susceptible candida albicans ′ adaptive mutation to fluconazole. In other words, it is just the fluconazole itself that cause the candida albicans′ fluconazole resistance character.

目的:探讨白念珠菌对氟康唑耐药性的产生是否有适应性突变的因素。方法:选择对氟康唑敏感的白念珠菌野生 Y0109 株,将其在含 8 μg/m l氟康唑的沙堡固体培养基上进行漂移试验诱导培养,计数其生长出的菌落并根据 Cairns 的理论进行曲线拟合。结果和结论:拟合出的曲线基本符合 Poisson 曲线分布特点,根据 Cairns 的适应性突变理论及判定方法,初步证实白念珠菌对氟康唑耐药主要是因药物本身的后天诱导作用,使该敏感白念珠菌发生了适应性突变而成为耐药菌株。

 
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