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话语连贯
相关语句
  discourse coherence
     Within a coherence-based framework, discourse markers are argued to link the utterance they introduce with previous discourse units as cohesive devices and so contribute to discourse coherence.
     根据连贯理论,话语标记语限定了对话语关系的命题选择,这些命题表达了听话人需恢复并用来理解一个语篇的连贯关系,话语标记语所起的作用就是使话语或语篇中的连贯关系明晰化,从而对话语连贯起着重要的作用。
短句来源
     Intentions play a primary role in explaining discourse structure, defining discourse coherence and providing a coherent conceptualization of the term “discourse” itself.
     话语意图是话语连贯的基础和出发点, 它在说明话语连贯机制和赋予话语连贯概念等方面起重要作用。
短句来源
     Speakers can use pragmatic markers not only to organize discourse, to attract hearers' attention, but also to express speakers' attitude and maintain discourse coherence.
     发话人可以运用语用标记组织语篇、唤起受话人的注意、表明发话人的态度、维持话语连贯
短句来源
     Therefore, discourse coherence cannot ensure no misunderstanding if diverging coherence is considered as one form of coherence.
     因此,如果偏离式连贯被认可为连贯,那么话语连贯不能保证误解不发生。
短句来源
  “话语连贯”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Shifts in Cohesion and Coherence in Simultaneous Interpreting from English to Chinese
     英汉同声传译中衔接转换与话语连贯初探
短句来源
     The Influence of Context on Acquirement of Coherence in Discourse
     语境因素在理解话语连贯中的影响
短句来源
     In addition, the following three questions have never been discussed in a unified account: Why are discourse markers used?
     在考察己有的话语标记语的定义的同时,本章还讨论了话语标记语研究的两个视角,即以话语连贯为中心的研究视角和句法一语用视角。
短句来源
     Moreover, it is assumed that metonymic reasoning and image-schematic structure, apart from accounting for the indirect speech acts, also contribute to the study of other language phenomena such as discoursal coherence, conversation analysis, literary critics and so on.
     作者进一步指出这些转喻关系及转喻推理对诸如话语连贯、会话分析、文学评论等其它语言现象的研究也具有参考及借鉴应用价值。
短句来源
     We first analyze three pragmatic perspectives on discourse markers, namely, the discourse-coherence-based perspective, the grammatical-pragmatic perspective, and the cognitive-pragmatic perspective.
     本文首先分析了话语标记语的语用研究中存在的三种主要的视角,即以话语连贯为中心的研究视角、句法一语用视角和认知语用学的视角。
短句来源
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  相似匹配句对
     discourse
     话语
短句来源
     On coherence function of discourse intention
     论话语连贯功能
短句来源
     On Cohesion and Coherence of Discourse
     论话语的衔接与连贯
短句来源
     The organization of discourse
     话语的结构(上)
短句来源
     The Relations of Polynomials of Runs
     连贯多项式的关系
短句来源
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  discourse coherence
I demonstrate that the polarity carried by these PPs provides a test-bed for discourse coherence, supervising the processing of the preceding discourse in relation to the last state.
      
Although considerations of discourse coherence and cognitive processing suggest that communicators should adopt consistent perspectives when describing spatial scenes, in many cases they switch perspectives.
      
In this paper the Centering model of anaphoraresolution and discourse coherence(Grosz et al.
      
Stanford.) proposed an elegant theory which predicts a syntactic antecedent for an elided VP is required only for a certain discourse coherence relation (resemblance), not for cause-effect relations.
      
Further, strict identity readings, which should not be available when a syntactic antecedent is required, are influenced by parallelism per se, holding the discourse coherence relation constant.
      
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ith the aim to lay a foundation for a unified theory of cognitive science and together with an attempt to shift the whole center of gravity of pragmatic theory to a general theory of cognition, D. Sperber & D. Wilson have proposed Relevance Theory (RT) in Relevance: Communication and Cognition(1986/1995), which has given a good indication of the origins of the whole theory and outlined a speculative psychology of inference. In RT, pragmatic interpretation is substantially seen as a psychological matter governed...

ith the aim to lay a foundation for a unified theory of cognitive science and together with an attempt to shift the whole center of gravity of pragmatic theory to a general theory of cognition, D. Sperber & D. Wilson have proposed Relevance Theory (RT) in Relevance: Communication and Cognition(1986/1995), which has given a good indication of the origins of the whole theory and outlined a speculative psychology of inference. In RT, pragmatic interpretation is substantially seen as a psychological matter governed by the cognitive principle and communicative principle, thus, it has been considered the fundamentals of cognitive pragmatics with its explanatory potential and promise for the future, although it is still at an early stage of development. Controversial as some aspects of the theory are, this does not diminish the significance of RT as a whole, it has proved to be a very powerful theory which can account for a wide range of linguistic and cognitive problems.Since its first edition of Relevance: Communication and Cognition was published in 1986, there have appeared many comments on and reviews of RT, among which some are more hostile than friendly. Taking these as challenges, Sperber & Wilson further refined the theory, thus the second edition with some modifications to the original framework came out in 1995.The following paper consists of five major parts. The first and second parts serve as an introduction to the present study of the theoretical framework of RT and its major contents. The third part deals with the recent revisions made by Sperber & Wilson with focuses on some significant changes of RT, including principles of relevance, presumption of relevance, conceptual meaning and procedural meaning, truth and relevance, positive cognitive effects, contextual effects and weakening of assumption, etc. The fourth part makes a tentative comparison between RT and Gricean theory with reference to Grice′s saying & implicature and Sperber and Wilson′s explicature & implicature since RT is explicitly intended to replace Grice′s Cooperative Principle with its well-known maxims of conversation. And finally comes the conclusion. In the fifth part, the debates on discourse coherence between R. Giora and D. Wilson are surveyed. Giora shows that RT cannot account for discourse coherence as discourses may be relevant in Sperber and Wilson′s sense while being incoherent, thus such discourses challenge the claim that discourse coherence may be derived from relevance. However, D. Wilson made a quick response to the above arguments, in which some are critically considered to be misunderstandings. And finally the present reviewers make their own comments on RT and firmly hold that RT is the fundamentals of cognitive pragmatics with a promising future.

Sperber和Wilson从认知科学的角度对语言交际进行了尝试性的探讨,提出了有影响的关联理论,从而给语用学带来了新的研究热点,并将语用学的研究重点转移到认知理论上去,所以在西方它又被称为“认知语用学”。本文首先介绍关联理论在语用学领域中的研究近况及其主要内容,以突现该理论的基本框架;接着归纳关联理论的几个新修正与补充,包括关联原则、关联假设、概念意义与程序意义、正面认知效果、语境效果与语境假设的削弱等方面,从而展示关联理论的新发展。然后,从Grice语用理论存在的主要问题和所面临的挑战出发,结合Sperber和Wilson对“明说”与“隐含”的不同观点,探讨关联理论对Grice会话含意理论的修正与补充。本文还介绍了DGiora与DWilson之间有关话语连贯与关联性这一问题的争论。最后是本文作者对关联理论的几点认识与看法,并认为关联理论就是认知语用学的理论基础。

Intentions play a primary role in explaining discourse structure, defining discourse coherence and providing a coherent conceptualization of the term “discourse” itself. Explicitness of the expression of intentions is closely related to the use of cohesive devices. Therefore, a complete analysis of coherence rests in a comprehensive examination of a discourse linguistically, semantically and pragmatically.

话语意图是话语连贯的基础和出发点, 它在说明话语连贯机制和赋予话语连贯概念等方面起重要作用。话语意图的明示与否与话语的表层语言衔接手段相关, 因而, 要对话语的连贯性作出全面而又充分解释应从语言连接机制、语义连贯关系和语用话语意图三个层面综合考察, 尤以话语意图最重要。

Understanding a piece of language means to establish its intended coherence. The cognitive approach to the problem of language understanding has generated two important theories: the relevance theory and the schema theory, with the former concentrating on process and the latter on schemata. The Theory of Reasoning by Default is put,forward to interpret the phenomenon of discourse coherence: when meeting a discourse, the reader/listener will have stimulated some default assumption before a full comprehension,...

Understanding a piece of language means to establish its intended coherence. The cognitive approach to the problem of language understanding has generated two important theories: the relevance theory and the schema theory, with the former concentrating on process and the latter on schemata. The Theory of Reasoning by Default is put,forward to interpret the phenomenon of discourse coherence: when meeting a discourse, the reader/listener will have stimulated some default assumption before a full comprehension, and thereby, different views are communicated through language. Default assumption is the prerequisite:nd psychological basis Of understanding a piece Of language.

话语理解的过程实质上就是要实现话语的连贯。只有当受话人按照说话人所希望的意义去理解并在此意义基础上实现话语连贯,语言交流才可以说获得了成功。认知语言学发展了两个重要理论来解释语言理解:相关性理论和先验图式理论。前者侧重于阐释话语理解的过程,后者则侧重于人类的知识结构。缺省推理理论的提出就是从认知角度来解释连贯现象的一种尝试:读者或听话人在遇到一个语段时,总是在充分理解之前就已激活某种缺省预设,从而个人不同的观念通过语言得以沟通。缺省预设是语言理解的前提和心理基础。

 
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