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     The Socio-Economic Study on Injury of Rural Residents
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     Preliminary Study on the Acute Injury of Mulberry by Atmospheric Phenol
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     EFFECTS OF MAGNETIC FIELD ON PHYSIOLOGICAL FUNCTION OF WHEAT AND ON ITS PROTECTION FROM O_3 INJURY
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     Mathematical and Computer Simulation for Horizontal Formation Damage(I) Mathematical Model and Its Solution
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The 25-year-old was particularly scathing in his criticism, determined to prevent a new dyscrasia theory right from the very beginning.
      
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Thirteen adult guinea-pigs were divided into 3 groups:2 as normal controls;6 and 5 being treated with streptomycin sulphate 200 and 400mg per kilo body weight res- pectively for 21—60 days.The vestibular and auditory functions were tested.Their brains were prepared for Bielschowsky and Nissl sections.Microscopic examination re- vealed the following facts. Vascular disturbances prevail in the nervous system.The blood vessels are crumpled with concommittent perivascular edema.The adjacent nervous tissue shows...

Thirteen adult guinea-pigs were divided into 3 groups:2 as normal controls;6 and 5 being treated with streptomycin sulphate 200 and 400mg per kilo body weight res- pectively for 21—60 days.The vestibular and auditory functions were tested.Their brains were prepared for Bielschowsky and Nissl sections.Microscopic examination re- vealed the following facts. Vascular disturbances prevail in the nervous system.The blood vessels are crumpled with concommittent perivascular edema.The adjacent nervous tissue shows ischemic softening and the nerve fibres become demyelinated. The intoxicated nerve cells are generally dehydrated and shrunken often with eccen- tricity of nuclei and chromophilic lumps.Gliosis and neurophagosis are common. The vestibular and cochlear systems of the eighth or stato-acoustic nerve exhibit intoxicative changes in the 2 groups of animals.On the peripheral as well as the central side,the degeneration of the vestibular structures supercedes that of the cochlear system. The site and nature of the intoxication are much alike in the light and heavy-dose groups,yet the latter shows a higher severity. The degenerative alterations appear simultaneously in the perpheral and central struc- tures.A question of primacy in intoxication—peripheral or central—is not existent. There is a chain of structures on the peripheral and central sides of the stato-acoustic system;their degeneration does not proceed along the conduction path,nor the degree of intoxication varies with their relative positions on the conduction scale.The peri- pheral and central units get intoxicated independently. Besides the stato-acoustic structures streptomycin afflicts other sensory(e.g.trige- minal) and motor systems,the viscero-motor in particular.Streptomycin intoxication is general in nature,yet some structures are especially sensitive to it. The relative vulnerability to streptomycin of the nervous structures is apparently conditioned by their chemical constitution. Streptomycin injuries higher brain parts which are mainly motor,especially viscero- motor.The diencephalic viscero-motor nuclei,the striate complex and the visceral cor- tex are excessively disintegrated.The extensive intoxicative manifestations have a neurological basis. The toxin of streptomycin affects the entire nervous system and hence the whole bodily mechanisms.Its medical application calls for a meticulous consideration with respect to the patient's sensitivity to the antibiotic,the size of the dose and the length of the therapeutic course.

十三个成长的豚鼠分为三粗,2个作正常对照,此外6个和5个每日分别注射链霉秦硫酸盐,一公斤体重200和400毫克,共经21至60天。未了,豚鼠都经过平衡和听觉的测验。各脑分别染制Nissl和Bielschowsky切片。显微镜的检查得到以下的结果。神经系中普见血管的病变。血管塌陷,管外间质水肿。邻近的神经组织失血软化。神经纤维表现髓鞘溶解。中毒的神经细胞脱水萎缩,常见胞核偏位,染色质偏聚、结块。也时有神经胶质增生和神经吞噬现象。二组豚鼠在位听神经的前庭系和耳蜗系都有中毒的征象。在周缘部和中枢部,前庭系各极结构的病变,与耳蜗系相较,更为严重。在注射轻剂和重剂的二组豚鼠,神经系中毒的部位和性质是相似的,但重剂组的病变程度较高。在位听系,中毒的病变同时见于周缘部和中枢部。中毒的第一性的问题——在周缘, 抑在中枢——是不存在的。周缘和中枢各有一系结构,病变的表现不沿神经传导的路线;病变的轻重也不随路线上地位的高低。周缘和中枢的各项结构是各自中毒的。链霉素不仅毒害位听神经一系,而更损伤其它感觉系(如三叉神经系)和运动系——特是内脏运动系——的结构。链霉素中毒是一般性的,但有些结构特易感受它的毒害。在各级结构中,神经细胞的...

十三个成长的豚鼠分为三粗,2个作正常对照,此外6个和5个每日分别注射链霉秦硫酸盐,一公斤体重200和400毫克,共经21至60天。未了,豚鼠都经过平衡和听觉的测验。各脑分别染制Nissl和Bielschowsky切片。显微镜的检查得到以下的结果。神经系中普见血管的病变。血管塌陷,管外间质水肿。邻近的神经组织失血软化。神经纤维表现髓鞘溶解。中毒的神经细胞脱水萎缩,常见胞核偏位,染色质偏聚、结块。也时有神经胶质增生和神经吞噬现象。二组豚鼠在位听神经的前庭系和耳蜗系都有中毒的征象。在周缘部和中枢部,前庭系各极结构的病变,与耳蜗系相较,更为严重。在注射轻剂和重剂的二组豚鼠,神经系中毒的部位和性质是相似的,但重剂组的病变程度较高。在位听系,中毒的病变同时见于周缘部和中枢部。中毒的第一性的问题——在周缘, 抑在中枢——是不存在的。周缘和中枢各有一系结构,病变的表现不沿神经传导的路线;病变的轻重也不随路线上地位的高低。周缘和中枢的各项结构是各自中毒的。链霉素不仅毒害位听神经一系,而更损伤其它感觉系(如三叉神经系)和运动系——特是内脏运动系——的结构。链霉素中毒是一般性的,但有些结构特易感受它的毒害。在各级结构中,神经细胞的化学合成决定它们反应链霉素的灵钝和轻重。链霉素伤害高级的脑部,这多属运动性,特是内脏运动性。间脑的内脏性核团、纹状体簇和内脏性皮质中毒特别剧烈。链霉素中毒症状广泛,这是有神经基础的。链霉素的毒质伤害全神经系,也影响全身;为医疗使用这个抗菌素,关于患者对此药的敏感,剂量和疗程是要慎重考虑的。

Black spot of cotton seedlings caused by Alternaria tenuis Nees.Formerly designated as“zenate leaf spot”is differentiated from the true zonate leaf spot of cotton caused by A.macrospora Zimm.The former appears on the cotyledons and the young true leaves asirregular brownish-black spots which then covered with olivaceous sporulations with a fewinconspicuous zonations,while the later occurs most prevalent in the late autumn as circularbrown spot with several zonations.Owing to the fact that spores of this pathogen...

Black spot of cotton seedlings caused by Alternaria tenuis Nees.Formerly designated as“zenate leaf spot”is differentiated from the true zonate leaf spot of cotton caused by A.macrospora Zimm.The former appears on the cotyledons and the young true leaves asirregular brownish-black spots which then covered with olivaceous sporulations with a fewinconspicuous zonations,while the later occurs most prevalent in the late autumn as circularbrown spot with several zonations.Owing to the fact that spores of this pathogen was disseminated by air current,the seedtreatment or crop rotation alone,was not sufficient to attain satisfactory control.The disease development was closely correlated with chilling and wind injuries of theseedlings and also with growth-stage of the plant.The date of disease incidence varied withyears and was apparently influenced by the climatic factors.This correlation suggested thepossibity for prognosis.It was suggested that for avoiding the chilling and wind injuries in the seedling stage,anadequate early thining was to be scheduled.The varietal difference in resistance to this diseasewas not significant.However it was demonstrated that,the application of a mixture ofBordeaux mixture and E1059 before the temperature lowering,yielded a fair result.

棉苗黑斑病的致病菌在关中棉区初步认为是 Alternaria tenuis Nees 与棉成株期叶片上的致病菌不同。病菌孢子借气流传布。种子带菌率虽然很高,但诱发苗病率却很低,因此,种子消毒或采用轮栽来控制这个病害,是不能达到预期效果的。病害发生与棉苗受冻、强风对棉苗的伤害以及棉苗阶段发育有密切的关系。各年发病期有早有晚,但以真叶出现时为易感阶段。本文阐述了棉苗生育阶段、气候条件与发病的关系,为预测病害发生的物候与气象参考条件提供了资料。棉株伤害与发病有关系,建议在生产上适当降低播种量,提高播种质量,适期早疏苗、早间苗;以减轻由于伤损而导致病害侵染。品种与病害发生的关系不显著。试验证明,使用波尔多液加1059于降温前喷射效果较好。

From the point of view of totipoteney of plant cells, a study of the effect of ionizing radiation on tissues and cells of higher plants in vitro may give us useful knowledge on radiation genetic of plant cells, on radiation damage mechanism, and may also enable us to seek a new, more effective pathway of plant breeding. This article deals with the studies on growth and variation of gamma-irradiated tobacco callus. The results obtained are summarized as follows:1. Tobacco callus were subjected with various doses...

From the point of view of totipoteney of plant cells, a study of the effect of ionizing radiation on tissues and cells of higher plants in vitro may give us useful knowledge on radiation genetic of plant cells, on radiation damage mechanism, and may also enable us to seek a new, more effective pathway of plant breeding. This article deals with the studies on growth and variation of gamma-irradiated tobacco callus. The results obtained are summarized as follows:1. Tobacco callus were subjected with various doses (1-120 kilo-Eoentgen) of gamma radiation at 95 r/min. and subsequently cultured for 28 days in Linsmaier-Skoog medium. Callus irradiated with 3 kr showed significant retardation of growth. Over 10 kr, the growth of the irradiated callus were severely inhibited, then it turned black and eventually die out. The radiosensitivity of dry seeds and callus of tobacco were compared: 40 kr of gamma radiation killed the callus, but seeds irradiated with the same doses germinated and grew normally. This results is in contradiction with the work of Bajaj. It seems that the callus is more susceptible to irradiation than that of seeds.2. Many giant cells were observated after callus irradiated with 5 kr. With the increase in doses, the volume and number of giant cells were increased correspondingly. The largest volume and number of giant cells were observed at the treatment of 40 kr, with giant cells about 85%. Over 40 kr, the volume and number of giant cells were gradually reduced. The ratio of dry weight/fresh weight of callus irradiated with 40 kr were higher than that of control.3. Differentiation of buds appeared after the callus irradiated cultured in medium, and some aberrant plantlets were obtained. Within the range of 0.5-8 kr irradiation callus maintained its abilitys of differentiation. Certain morphological variations of plantlets were also observed at lower doses (for instance 3kr).

由于高等植物细胞具有全能性,研究电离辐射对高等植物离体组织的作用,有助于了解射线对植物伤害作用的原理,更重要的是希望找到辐射育种的更有效的新途径。本文报道γ射线对烟草(Nicotiana tabacum L.)愈伤组织生长和变异的作用。其主要结果如下: (1)3千伦以上的γ射线就能抑制烟草愈伤组织的生长,10千伦以上明显抑制生长,不久就变黑而死亡。比较了烟草干种子及愈伤组织的辐射敏感性,40千伦处理的愈伤组织不能存活,而同样剂量处理的干种子却能正常萌发和生长。和Bajaj用菜豆做的工作相反,证明愈伤组织比干种子更敏感。 (2)γ射线处理愈伤组织后能引起巨型细胞的产生。 (3)将照射过的愈伤组织转移到分化培养基上,8千伦以下的处理都能诱导出烟草小植株,得到了一些畸形的植株。证明愈伤组织能在较低剂量射线作用下发生变异。

 
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