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  village
Malecot's parameters of isolation by distance and the degree of endogamy were estimated for individual village Soviets of the Kanash, Cheboksary, and Morgaushi raions of Chuvashiya.
      
The suitability of the Malecot's model of isolation by distance for populations of the village-Soviet level was analyzed.
      
The structural-functional variation ofChironomus riparius salivary gland polytene chromosomes was studied in two geographically isolated Palearctic regions, Bulgaria (village Pancharevo) and Russia (St.
      
We carried out our observations at the observational station of the Astronomical Observatory of Shevchenko Kiev State University in the village of Lesniki (near Kiev).
      
Spiders were studied near Dzhanybek Village in Western Kazakhstan Province, the Republic of Kazakhstan.
      
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  villages
We also analyzed a series of ecological factors including altitude, landform, relief, villages and roads which affected the distribution and movement of Asian elephants.
      
Data on all births in women of the city of Syktyvkar and adjacent villages (38 377 and 3828 births, respectively) were analyzed for the period from 1980 to 1999.
      
In the villages studied, some surnames are accumulated (45-65% of the population have five most frequent surnames), which determines the low surname diversity (α = 11.62-25.19) and high random isonymy (Ir= 0.0391-0.0823).
      
The villages studied (Byadi, Dyupsya, and Cheriktey) are characterized by intense migration; however, the migration radius is small (most migrations occur within the district).
      
The sex, age, tribal, and surname compositions of the populations of three villages of Altai Republic, Kulada (Ongudaisk raion), Beshpeltir (Chemal raion), and Kurmach-Baigol (Turochak raion) have been studied.
      
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  ethnic village
Also stop by the Ethnic Village, which showcases characteristic customs and architectures of Yunnan's minority people.
      


In the second half of the 20th century, and especially after 1980's when China began the reform and open door practices, more and more Western scholars had the opportunities to conduct field study in Lijiang. They did their research on Naxi culture from the perspective of cultural anthropology either in cooperation with Naxi scholars or through field studies in Naxi villages. These scholars made great achievements in Naxi study and their findings covered the Naxi philosophy of religion, marriage, family, kinship...

In the second half of the 20th century, and especially after 1980's when China began the reform and open door practices, more and more Western scholars had the opportunities to conduct field study in Lijiang. They did their research on Naxi culture from the perspective of cultural anthropology either in cooperation with Naxi scholars or through field studies in Naxi villages. These scholars made great achievements in Naxi study and their findings covered the Naxi philosophy of religion, marriage, family, kinship and social structure. These Western scholars include the anthropologist A. Jackson who wrote monographs about Naxi culture after J.F. Rock, and Chas Mckhann who established himself as a young anthropologist in 1980’s.

20世纪后半期 ,特别是 80年代中国实施改革开放政策以来 ,大批西方学者得以前往丽江 ,对纳西文化进行实地考察研究 ,他们或与纳西族学者进行合作科研 ,或是直接进入纳西村寨进行田野调查 ,用西方文化人类学的理论方法 ,对纳西文化进行了全方位研究。如杰克逊、孟彻理以及 80年代以后成长起来的西方年轻人类学家 ,他们在纳西族的宗教哲学、婚姻家庭、亲属关系、社会结构等方面的研究取得了可喜的成果

This article analyses the material and cultural f orms of the traditional Dai village in Xishuangbanna and the cultural connotatio ns of the elements which form its material form. It summarizes its main features as “Water-Village, the Yue's Village, Spirit Village and Buddha Village". Base d on this, this article discusses the cultural inheritance and development of th ese ethnic villages. Taking Manwei Village as an example, the author brought for ward some suggestions and measures for the cultural protection...

This article analyses the material and cultural f orms of the traditional Dai village in Xishuangbanna and the cultural connotatio ns of the elements which form its material form. It summarizes its main features as “Water-Village, the Yue's Village, Spirit Village and Buddha Village". Base d on this, this article discusses the cultural inheritance and development of th ese ethnic villages. Taking Manwei Village as an example, the author brought for ward some suggestions and measures for the cultural protection and development o f Manwei Village. Through the application of the principle of “protecting the t raditional form, improving the entire surroundings and adding new cultural conte nt", Manwei Village has won the title of “Model Village of Ecological Protectio n and Cultural Development”.

本文分析了西双版纳地区傣族传统村寨的物质形态和文化形态 ,探讨了物质形态构成要素所蕴含的文化内涵 ,将傣族传统村寨的特征概括为“水之村寨、越人之村寨、神灵之村寨和佛之村寨”。在此基础上 ,进一步研究了民族地区传统村寨文化继承和发展的主要内容 ,针对曼尾村现状和发展中出现的问题 ,根据“保护传统形态 ,改善整体环境 ,增加新文化内容”的规划指导思想以及对傣族传统村寨物质形态和文化形态的分析 ,提出曼尾村规划建设的对策和具体措施。按这个指导思想、对策和具体措施实施 ,曼尾村获得县级“生态文明示范村”称号。

Ethnic hamlets,which are both basic communities of Guizhou′s rural areas and basic carriers of national culture,have always been our main obiect of investigation.With shaking off proverty and building up a fortune of people of all nationalities,every hamlet has changed in various degrees since Reformation and Opening of China In the course of Western Development,it becomes more and more obvious that strengthening investigation and improving understanding and protction of ethnic hamlets.

民族村寨既是贵州的基本社区 ,又是民族的基本空间载体 ,一直列为我们调查研究的主要对象。改革开放以来 ,伴随各民族的脱贫致富 ,每个村寨的面貌都发生了不同程度的变化。在西部大开发中 ,进一步加强调查研究 ,提高对民族村寨的认识与保护发展 ,日益凸现出来了

 
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