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未来成本
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  future cost
     Considering fuel cost variation, this article studies generation units with different scales and energy sources, sets objective function as minimizing cash flow of future cost, considers value of flexibility option, and builds mathematical model generation investment decision-making, then introduces decision criteria based on real option, and improves net present value (NPV) decision criteria.
     在考虑燃料成本变化的情况下,以建设不同规模、不同燃料的机组为研究对象,以未来成本流现值最小化为目标函数,考虑机组规模大小选择权的价值,建立了电源投资决策的数学模型,导出了基于实物期权的决策准则,改进了净现值决策准则。
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  “未来成本”译为未确定词的双语例句
     As conclusions, the activity-based cost control by objectives is a kind of new-type cost control which accords with the advanced manufacturing environment, Though at present in our country the conditions that we adopt the system are not very much ripe, undeniable it will be the development trend that the cost will be controlled in future.
     通过研究得出结论:作业成本目标控制是符合先进制造环境的一种新型成本控制方法,尽管目前在我国采用作业成本目标控制的条件还不太成熟,但不可否认它将是未来成本控制的发展趋势。
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     According to the structure of the natural uranium products in China, the dependence of cost on output , and the influence of uranium grade of ore, precessing recovery, price index and labour productivity on the cost, on the basis of estimating the tendency of change of variable factors in future using the past and present data,the mathematical models for prediction were derived and the software for minicomputer use was made by using TURTH BASIC language.
     本文依据我国天然铀产品成本的构成,按照产量和成本的依存关系、矿石品位、加工回收率以及物价指数、劳动生产率等对成本的影响,利用过去和现在的数据估算未来不同因素变化的趋势,推导出预测数学模型,并用TURTH BASIC语言编制微机应用软件。 可用来进行未来成本预测和成本分析。
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  相似匹配句对
     The Past,Present and Future of Cost Management
     成本管理的过去、现状和未来
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     The Future Soldiers
     未来的战士
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     Future Navigation and Telecommunications Satellite
     未来的导航通信卫星
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     Cost System Englineering
     成本系统工程
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     ( b ) lower cost;
     (b)成本低;
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  future cost
Future cost studies will benefit from improved treatment of leakage, general equilibrium interactions, and public finance interactions.
      
The boundary condition on the future cost function at the inaccessible boundary resembles that at a reflecting boundary.
      
The results have important policy implications and also provide a mechanism for incorporating a monetary value for accessibility in future cost-benefit analyses.
      
We explore the temporal, spatial, and industrial/sectoral spillovers using a dynamic external spillover model that assumes each firm derives an optimal plan such that the expected present value of current and future cost streams is minimized.
      
It is concluded the remedies proposed by the Competition Commission are misplaced and may impose a substantial future cost on both banks and SMEs receiving banking services.
      
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According to the structure of the natural uranium products in China, the dependence of cost on output , and the influence of uranium grade of ore, precessing recovery, price index and labour productivity on the cost, on the basis of estimating the tendency of change of variable factors in future using the past and present data,the mathematical models for prediction were derived and the software for minicomputer use was made by using TURTH BASIC language.

本文依据我国天然铀产品成本的构成,按照产量和成本的依存关系、矿石品位、加工回收率以及物价指数、劳动生产率等对成本的影响,利用过去和现在的数据估算未来不同因素变化的趋势,推导出预测数学模型,并用TURTH BASIC语言编制微机应用软件。可用来进行未来成本预测和成本分析。

Production cost functions for unbleached masson pine kraft pulp (UBMKP) under different management models were used to determine the economic weights and value to breeding of standing volume,specific gravity and pulp yield and establish corresponding breeding objectives and index selection equations. It was found that importance of breeding objectives was related to cost structures of pulp production. For the pulp mill from growing trees to the...

Production cost functions for unbleached masson pine kraft pulp (UBMKP) under different management models were used to determine the economic weights and value to breeding of standing volume,specific gravity and pulp yield and establish corresponding breeding objectives and index selection equations. It was found that importance of breeding objectives was related to cost structures of pulp production. For the pulp mill from growing trees to the production of UBMKP increasing pulp yield and specific gravity had major effects on reducing production cost,since pulp yield and specific gravity primarily influenced the future costs (harvesting,transport,and pulping). Increasing the discount rate should result in decreasing of importance of pulp yield and specific gravity. For a pure forest production system with no affiliation to pulp mill,the breeder′s attention should be focused on genetic improvement of standing volume,not on specific gravity and pulp yield. Sensitivity analysis indicated that economic weights including component costs,rotation and discount rate had minimal effects on the selection decisions. Economic consequences for breeding of pulp production showed that the first generation improved plantation could be expected to achieve additive annual profit of RMB Yuan 6.6~7.5 million for a pulp company with a mill capacity of 200 000 t and self sufficiency in wood supply. assuming that the ten top trees in every 100 was selected.

在构建不同经营模式马尾松未漂硫酸盐浆(UBMKP)生产成本函数的基础上,尝试研究目标性状木材产量(V)、木材密度(SG)和制浆得率(PY)的经济权重及对育种的重要性,建立相应的育种目标和选择方程。研究发现,目标性状对育种的重要性与纸浆生产的成本构成有关。对包括从纸浆林营建到制浆等阶段的林纸一体化的造纸企业,由于与PY和SG有关的木材收获、运输和制浆等未来成本分量在纸浆生产总成本中所占比例很高,因而PY和SG对降低纸浆生产成本的重要性较高,随着贴现率的提高,PY和SG的重要性下降。对于仅靠生产和出售木材的纯林业生产系统,V是最重要的育种目标,可较少考虑SG和PY。敏感性分析指出,对于林纸一体化的企业,成本构成、贴现率和轮伐期等变量对选择决策影响较小。对纸浆生产不同经营模式下育种经济效果的分析表明,若入选率为10%,经过第1代遗传改良,生产能力为2×105t·a-1UBMKP的纸厂每年可获得657.6~746.8万元的额外效益。

Before the 20th century,the theory of cost management was in its infancy whose focus was placed on afterreflectionThe mid20th century saw the development of management theory,and with it came the evolution of the core of cost management theories from the passive afteraccounting to concurrent control which resulted in the formation of traditional cost management theories.In the last decades,the changs in the operation environment of enterprise were presenting challenges to the traditional cost management...

Before the 20th century,the theory of cost management was in its infancy whose focus was placed on afterreflectionThe mid20th century saw the development of management theory,and with it came the evolution of the core of cost management theories from the passive afteraccounting to concurrent control which resulted in the formation of traditional cost management theories.In the last decades,the changs in the operation environment of enterprise were presenting challenges to the traditional cost management model,and the focus of cost management was shifting from concurrent control to precost prediction and precost planningAnd a new type of cost management model,strategic cost management,has thus come into being,which,supporting the development strategies of enterprises,marks the growing maturity of cost management theories.This paper describes the four stages of development of cost management theories,reveals their features and significance,and predicts the trend of cost management research

20世纪以前,成本管理理论尚处于萌芽状态,其重点是对各项成本进行事后核算和反映。20世纪中期,随着管理理论的发展,成本管理理论的核心由事后消极的成本核算转向事中的成本控制,并逐步形成了传统的成本管理理论。近一二十年来,企业经营环境的变化使得传统的成本管理模式面临挑战,成本管理的重心也由事中的成本控制向前进一步扩展到事前的成本预测、计划阶段,并与企业发展战略相匹配,形成了一种新型的成本管理模式———战略成本管理,它标志着成本管理理论日趋成熟。本文拟对成本管理理论发展的四个阶段进行评述,揭示其特征与意义,并对企业未来成本管理研究的发展趋势作出展望。

 
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