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叶间静脉
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  interlobar vein
     The superior section of left interlobar fissure is the line from the left interlobar vein to the antero-left wall of IVC, and the left portal vein and the fissure of round ligament provide natural landmarks for the middle and inferior sections of the left interlobar fissure.
     左叶间裂的上部为左叶间静脉至下腔静脉左前壁的连线,门静脉左支矢状部和肝圆韧带裂是其中、下部的天然标志;
短句来源
     the superior part of left interlobar fissure was the line drawn fron the left interlobar vein to the left anterior wall of IVC, the umbilical part of the left portal vein and fissure for ligamentum teres are the natural landmarks of the middle and inferior parts of the left interlobar fissure respectively;
     左叶间裂的上部为左叶间静脉至下腔静脉左前壁的连线,门静脉左支脐部和肝圆韧带裂是其中、下部的天然标志;
短句来源
  “叶间静脉”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Hemorrhage in the lungs and thrombi in the pulmonary and renal venules were found as well.
     另外,可见肺出血、肺血管和肾叶间静脉有血栓检塞。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Hemorrhage in the lungs and thrombi in the pulmonary and renal venules were found as well.
     另外,可见肺出血、肺血管和肾静脉有血栓检塞。
短句来源
     (2)Irregular thickenning of inter lobar pleura;
     (2)胸膜不均匀增厚;
短句来源
     the right interlobar fissure is the line drawn fron the center of IVC through the right hepatic vein to liver edge;
     右裂为下腔静脉中点至肝右静脉的连线;
短句来源
     There were 2 cases of mixed types (epithelial and mesenchymal components).
     上皮混合型 2例。
短句来源
     the right interlobar fissure is the line drawn from the left anterior wall of IVC through the right hepatic vein to the liver edge;
     右裂为肝右静脉至下腔静脉左前壁的连线;
短句来源
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Microscopic studies of the skin and visceral microcirculation were made in rabbits with burn shock. Based upon the observations, the development of burn shock can be divided into 3 stages, namely: stage of excitation, stage of relative compensation and stage of decompensation. In the stage of relative decompensation, there is dilatation of the venules, margination of the WBC, agglomeration of RBC, stagnation of blood flow in the microcirculation. Margination of WBC increases the post-capillary resistance, and...

Microscopic studies of the skin and visceral microcirculation were made in rabbits with burn shock. Based upon the observations, the development of burn shock can be divided into 3 stages, namely: stage of excitation, stage of relative compensation and stage of decompensation. In the stage of relative decompensation, there is dilatation of the venules, margination of the WBC, agglomeration of RBC, stagnation of blood flow in the microcirculation. Margination of WBC increases the post-capillary resistance, and agglomeration of RBC hinders the blood flow in the microcirculation.Consequently, the stage of decompensation ensues. Histologically, extensive congestion of the heart, liver, spleen, lungs and kidneys was found. Hemorrhage in the lungs and thrombi in the pulmonary and renal venules were found as well.We suspected that the masses of the agglomerated cells or small thrombi obstructing pulmonary vessels might be one of the direct causes leading to the temporary stagnation or slowing down of the blood flow. As the shear velocity of the blood flow increases, dissociation of the agglomerated cell masses occurs, blood pressure will be lowered temporarily and blood flow will slow down. Obstruction of the pulmonary vessels by the cell masses, therefore, may play an important part in the development of burn shock.

复制了烧伤休克动物模型。通过家兔皮肤和内脏微循环的活体显微镜观察发现,烧伤休克可分为3个时期,即兴奋期、相对代偿期和失代偿期。观察了不同时期的血管口径、血液流态以及死后组织切片的变化。在相对代偿期看到细静脉扩张,白细胞附壁滚动、红细胞凝聚以及微循环血流一过性减慢或暂停等现象。白细胞附壁滚动将增加毛细血管后血流阻力;红细胞凝聚使血流通过微循环困难,因而加重微循环障碍,促使向失代偿期演变。烧伤休克动物死后病理解剖见:心、肝、脾、肺、肾等脏器普遍出现瘀血现象。另外,可见肺出血、肺血管和肾叶间静脉有血栓检塞。我们怀疑凝聚的细胞团块或微血栓堵塞肺血管可能是引起血流暂停或减慢的原因之一。当切变速度增快后,聚集的细胞团块解体,使血流减慢和血压下降呈一过性表现。估计这种肺微血管被细胞团块阻塞在烧伤休克发生上有重要作用。

The system of the hepatic veins includes the

猪的肝静脉系统包括肝大静脉和肝小静脉。肝大静脉主要汇集左内叶、左外叶、右内叶和右外叶的血液,尾状叶的血液主要由肝小静脉回流。左外叶、左内叶和右内叶的血液常有专支汇集,它们是左外叶肝静脉、左内叶肝静脉和右内叶肝静脉;汇集右外叶的静脉有3~4支,可总称为右外叶肝静脉。此外,在相邻2叶之间常有叶间静脉,它们是左叶间肝静脉、肝中静脉和右叶间肝静脉。由于猪的叶间切迹深,左、右叶间肝静脉主要汇集左外叶及右外叶的血液,故可分别归属于左外叶肝静脉和右外叶肝静脉;肝中静脉发达,且恒定存在于中裂内,汇集左内叶和右内叶内侧部的血液。

Objective To develop a rat model of partial orthotopic liver transplantation (POLT) to study the graft function and regeneration.Method The POLT was performed in the SD rats using the 2 cuff technique. Three groups were designed: POLT group, orthotopic liver transplantation (OTL) group and partial hepatectomy group. Liver function test, morphological investigations were carried in different time points after transplantation.Results There was no significant difference in the survival time between POLT group...

Objective To develop a rat model of partial orthotopic liver transplantation (POLT) to study the graft function and regeneration.Method The POLT was performed in the SD rats using the 2 cuff technique. Three groups were designed: POLT group, orthotopic liver transplantation (OTL) group and partial hepatectomy group. Liver function test, morphological investigations were carried in different time points after transplantation.Results There was no significant difference in the survival time between POLT group and OLT group. Serum concentrations of total bilirubin and AST, ALT, GGT were increased within one week, but returned gradually to normal levels after transplantation. Large numbers of mononuclear cells infiltrated into the portal areas. On the day 30, the parenchyma cells showed a nearly normal appearance and bile duct proliferation was seen in portal areas. In addition to these findings, after hepatectomy and POLT some mitochondria were hypertrophic and some diploid hepatocytes were found. Dilation of the central veins, adjoining sinusoids and interlobar veins was seen in all animals. On the day 300, liver allografts showed virtually normal organization and structure.Conclusion The partial liver transplantation technique in rats, which is comparable with the LRLT in adult humans, provides a suitable model for studies of preservation, liver regeneration, immunology, and rejection following transplantation

目的 建立稳定的大鼠部分肝移植动物模型 ,以对移植肝的功能、移植肝的增殖活性进行研究。方法 采用雄性SD大鼠 ,用两袖套法行活体供肝移植 ,设部分肝移植组、全肝移植组及部分肝切除组。分别于术后不同时间段取血检测总胆红素、丙氨酸转氨酶、天冬氨酸转氨酶及谷氨酰转移酶 ;取肝组织行组织学检查。结果 部分肝移植组和全肝移植组术后受者存活时间的差异无显著性 ;各组术后 1周肝功能酶学指标增高 ,后逐步降至正常 ;组织学检查可见大量单核细胞浸润 ,特别是在门静脉周围汇管区 ,术后 1个月细胞浸润和坏死减少 ,可见胆管增殖 ;肝切除和部分肝移植组的肝组织可见线粒体肥大以及二倍体和多倍体的肝细胞 ,中央小静脉、肝窦和叶间静脉轻度扩张 ;术后30 0d ,各组的肝组织结构基本正常。结论 本模型是研究活体供肝部分肝移植的较好模型

 
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