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医学方法学
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  “医学方法学”译为未确定词的双语例句
     They provided useful references for Chinese medical professionals to practice evidence-based medicine.
     结论  2 0 0 2年循证医学研究热点主要包括实践指南及其推广、循证医学方法学、医学伦理、循证临床决策及其应用等 ,可为我国的循证医学研究提供参考。
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  相似匹配句对
     MEDICAL SCIENCE
     医学
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     THE METHODOLOGY OF PSYCHOLOGY
     心理学的方法学
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     Fan Zhongyan and Chinese Medicine
     范仲淹和医学
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     Thinking on Teaching Reform of Health Statistics Combined with Medical Research Methods
     卫生统计学融合医学科研方法学教学改革思路
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     How to read a paper Assessing the methodological quality of published papers
     如何阅读医学论文(3) 评估论文的方法学质量
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Evidence-based medicine(EBM),which is a booming clinic newly deve loped discipline medical science that occ urred in the 1990' s,has been developing all the way during medical practice since 1980' s and widely acknowledged by international medical scope meanwhile influencing our practical cours e tremendously the same way around.This paper gives an introduction of the basic conceptions,core thought of t he EBMand three important elements o f the EBM including patients,doctors and optimal clinical evidence.Foundation...

Evidence-based medicine(EBM),which is a booming clinic newly deve loped discipline medical science that occ urred in the 1990' s,has been developing all the way during medical practice since 1980' s and widely acknowledged by international medical scope meanwhile influencing our practical cours e tremendously the same way around.This paper gives an introduction of the basic conceptions,core thought of t he EBMand three important elements o f the EBM including patients,doctors and optimal clinical evidence.Foundation of clinical practice in EBM includes hi ghly qualified clinic doctors,optimal evi-dences for research(mainly derives from scientific and p roper RCT as well as those on which meta-analysis and systematic review has been done),basic knowledge and skills of clinic epidemiology and enthusiasm of the patien ts.Classification of EBM includes donors and applicators of the optimal evidences for the research.This paper also int roduces the procedures of the EBM pra c-tical course,which can be simply div ided into parts as:questioning,med ical resources searching,evidence coll ection and assessment,guidance wit h opti-mal evidence and treatment assessme nt.At present,EBM methods have been adopted in clinic practice,guidance for all clinical health care,assessment for the feasibility of medicine application,so as to provide reliable scien tific evi-dence for clinical health care and ex ploit of new medicine.This paper shows the introduction of the development and guidance that EBM gives clinic health care and Chinese traditional medicine.It is emphasized that applies the idea and methods of EBM to medical practic e so as to provide reliable scientific evidence for clinical health care,r esearch health policy-making and me dical education and to guide our clinic pol icy.

目前循证医学方法学已广泛应用于临床医疗实践,指导、制定临床各科疾病的治疗方案,评价药物、治疗方案的有效性、适用性,以及为政府部门制定卫生政策、新药的研究、开发评价提供证据,并已形成了许多相关学科。介绍循证医学对临床医疗、中医药发展和药学研究的影响及其临床指导作用,提倡在临床医疗实践中,充分应用循证医学的原则与方法,为临床、科研、卫生决策、医学教育提供最佳证据,并应用最佳证据指导临床决策。

Objective To investigate the hot topics of research on evidence-based medicine in 2002. Method To search MEDLINE for papers on evidence-based medicine published in 2002, identify high-frequency subject headings related to research on evidence-based medicine, and cluster the high-frequency subject headings according to rates they appeared in common papers. Results 545 papers, 1 554 subject headings, 30 high-frequency subject headings on evidence-based medicine, and nine clustering categories of high-frequency...

Objective To investigate the hot topics of research on evidence-based medicine in 2002. Method To search MEDLINE for papers on evidence-based medicine published in 2002, identify high-frequency subject headings related to research on evidence-based medicine, and cluster the high-frequency subject headings according to rates they appeared in common papers. Results 545 papers, 1 554 subject headings, 30 high-frequency subject headings on evidence-based medicine, and nine clustering categories of high-frequency subject headings were identified through search. Conclusions Both high-frequency subject headings and their clustering categories suggested that "evidence-based practice guidelines and their innovation", "evidence-based health research and health policy", "methodology on systematic reviews and randomized clinical trials", "method of evidence-based decision making and its application in various subjects", were the hot topics of evidence-based medicine. They provided useful references for Chinese medical professionals to practice evidence-based medicine.

目的 分析 2 0 0 2年国外循证医学研究热点 ,为我国开展循证医学研究与实践提供借鉴。 方法 检索MEDLINE数据库中收录的 2 0 0 2年“Evidence basedmedicine”论文 ;遵循文献计量学原理、利用作者所在系编制的文献计量分析软件确定循证医学研究高频主题词 ;对高频主题词进行同篇聚类分析、并描绘聚类关系图。 结果 共检出循证医学研究论文 5 45篇 ;相关主题词 1 5 5 4个 ;高频主题词 3 5个 ,其中包括循证医学、循证医学标准、方法及教育、实践指南及其标准、决策等 ;聚类分析显示高频主题词主要聚于循证实践指南及其推广、循证医学方法学等 9个类别。 结论  2 0 0 2年循证医学研究热点主要包括实践指南及其推广、循证医学方法学、医学伦理、循证临床决策及其应用等 ,可为我国的循证医学研究提供参考。

The science of acupuncture and moxibustion is belonged to the traditional experienced medicine.The evidence-based medicine is a rising medical methodology and the developmental result of experienced medicine.Since 1990s the workers of that who have engaged in research on the science of acupuncture and moxibustion have initiated to absorb and use the experiences of the methods and principles of the evidence-based medicine.Now more and more clinical workers in acupuncture and moxibustion field are adopting and...

The science of acupuncture and moxibustion is belonged to the traditional experienced medicine.The evidence-based medicine is a rising medical methodology and the developmental result of experienced medicine.Since 1990s the workers of that who have engaged in research on the science of acupuncture and moxibustion have initiated to absorb and use the experiences of the methods and principles of the evidence-based medicine.Now more and more clinical workers in acupuncture and moxibustion field are adopting and following the methods and principles of the evidence-based medicine.The current systematic reviews concerning acupuncture and moxibution published in Cochrane library has showed that there isn't enough evidence to indicate that acupuncture and moxibution are effective for the treatment of many kinds of diseases,which was directly related to the small and low quality of clinical trials.In the future,the developing and forming a professional research talents teams and clinical research center only can ultimately raise the level of clinical study evaluation.At the same time,the developing evidence-based acupuncture and moxibustion in China should be combined with their own characteristics of domestic acupuncture and moxibustion,such as putting emphasis on the original evidences in the ancient books,carrying on some randomly controlled RCT with high quality,paying attention to the systematic evaluation of the nonrandom trials,and so on.

针灸学属于传统经验医学,循证医学是新兴的医学方法学,是经验医学的发展。自20世纪90年代以来,中国从事针灸学研究的工作者已开始吸收和借鉴循证医学的方法和原理,用于指导针灸临床研究与医疗实践,现在国内已有越来越多的针灸临床工作者采用和遵循循证医学的原则和方法。从目前Cochrane图书馆发表的与针灸有关的系统评价来看,以往认为有效的针灸疗法却没有足够的证据表明有效,这与目前国内随机对照试验(RCT)质量不高直接有关。今后,发展并形成针灸临床研究专业化队伍和针灸临床研究中心,才能从根本上提高针灸临床研究和评价的水平。同时,发展中国循证针灸学,应结合中国针灸学的自身特点,如重视古籍中的原始研究证据,开展高质量的单个随机对照试验,重视非随机研究的系统评价等。

 
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