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精子活动力     
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  sperm motility
     The effects of peritoneal fluids obtained from the 2 groups on human sperm motility and development of 2cell mouse embryo were also studied in vitro.
     并将两组的腹腔液分别与人精子和鼠2细胞期胚胎进行体外培养 ,观察其对人精子活动力和鼠 2细胞期胚胎发育的影响。
短句来源
     the improvement rate of sperm motility was 60% in treatment group and 24% in control group, P<0.01;
     精子活动力指标的改善率治疗组为6 0 % ,对照组为 2 4 % (P <0 0 1) ;
短句来源
     The abnormal sperm motility group was treated with PSA. Results: The PSA concentration was(1.34±0.63)mg/ml in normal sperm viscosity group,(0.69±0.31)mg/ml in abnormal sperm viscosity group; there were significant difference(P<0.01).
     结果:PSA含量比较:精液粘度正常组为(1.34±0.63)mg/ml,高粘度组为(0.69±0.31)mg/ml,两组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),加入PSA使32例高粘稠度精液精子活动力和活动率改变有统计学意义。
短句来源
     There was significantly negative correlation between PLA2 content in seminal plasma and sperm density( r =- 0.602 , P < 0.05 ), while there was insignificant correlation between PLA2 and sperm motility or percentage of motility.
     精浆中PLA2含量与精子密度呈显著负相关 (r=- 0 .6 0 2 ,P <0 .0 5 ) ,而与精子活动力及活率无显著相关性 (r=0 .2 6 6和r=- 0 .2 0 0 ,P均 >0 .0 5 ) ;
短句来源
     Results MTCYB deletion in spermatozoa was observed in 16 of the 100 infertile males,9 being in the infertile males with poor sperm motility and 7 in the normoal motility group( P >0 05).
     结果 男性不育组精子MTCYB基因缺失率为 16 % ,其中精子活力差的 5 0例标本检出 9例 ,精子活动力正常的 5 0例标本中检出 7例 ,经统计学检验二组差异无显著性 (P >0 0 5 )。
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  sperm activity
     Objective To explore the levels of soluble intercellular adhesive molecule(sICAM - 1), solute vascular intercellular adhesive molecule( sVCAM - 1), vascular endotheliocyte growth factor( VEGF) and interleukin- 1(IL- 1) in the blood serum and peritoneal fluid(PF)of endometriosis( EM) patients, their relation with acyesis,and the effect of supemate of PF on human sperm activity.
     目的 探讨子宫内膜易位症(内异症,EM)患者血清及腹腔液(PF)中可溶性细胞间粘附分子1(sICAM-1),可溶性血管细胞间粘附分子1(sVCM-1)、血管内皮细生长因子(VEGF)、白细胞介素1(IL-1)的水平及与不孕的关系和患者PF上清液对人精子活动力的影响。
短句来源
     Besides, TNF-α contents in subjects with lower sperm activity and less motility rate as well as IL-8 contents in subjects with less sperm motility rate were both significantly higher than those in subjects with more normal sperms ( p<0 01, p<0 05 ).
     另外 ,精浆中TNF -α含量在精子活动力、活动率正常与减少之间 ,IL - 8含量在精子活动率正常与减少之间均存在显著性差异 (p <0 0 5或p <0 0 1 )。
短句来源
     The sperm activity and motile ratio, hypoosmotic swelling test (HOS) and sperm penetration in capillary in 4 h, 8 h, 16 h and 24 h after infectionwith UU.
     于感染后4、8、16、24h观察精子的低渗肿胀试验、精子爬高试验、精子活动力及活率。
短句来源
     The sperm activity rate of the control group including the rate of A grade,B grade,C grade,D grade was higher than that of the infection group(P<0.05). The sperm movement ability and quality of the control group including VCL,VSL,VAP,MAD was better markedly than that of the infection group(P<0.01).
     精子活动率指标a级精子率、b级精子率、c级精子率、d级精子率对照组明显好于感染组(P<0.05),精子活动力评估项目曲线速度、直线速度、平均路径速度、平均移动角度对照组优于感染组(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     The culture of UU , the inspection of the clinical symptoms, the determination of the PH and the norm of WBC in prostatic fluid ,as well as Lecithin Corpuscle, sperm activity, sperm survival rate were carried out respectively before and after treatment.
     治疗前后分别作UU培养,观察临床症状,测定前列腺液的Ph值以及前列腺液中白细胞、卵磷脂小体,精子活动力、活率等指标。
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  motility of sperm
     The content of IGF-1 in seminal plasma was significantly lower in the group of decreased spermatic function than those in the group of normal spermatic function(P<0.01),using the motility of sperm and the rate of movable sperm to evaluate the spermatic function.
     精浆IGF-1含量在精子活动力、精子活动率等精子功能下降组均明显低于精子功能正常组(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     As compared with 10 control rats, the sperm density in testis rete fluid of the treated rats declined to 7% and the motility of sperm from epididymus cauda reduced to 6%. While the testosterone level in serum increased to 255%, the testosterone level in the rete fluid decreased to 50%.
     与10只对照大鼠比较,十一酸睾酮处理大鼠睾丸网液中精子密度下降到对照组的7%,附睾尾部精子活动力下降至对照组的6%,血清睾酮水平上升至对照组的255%,而睾丸网液睾酮却下降至对照组的55%。
短句来源
     The levels of IgG in the seminal plasma were significantly different between males with normal motility of sperm and males with abnormal motility of sperm,as well as between AsAb positive and AsAb negative(P<0.05).
     精浆中IgG在精子活动力正常组和不良组、精浆AsAb阳性组和AsAb阴性组之间存在显著性差异(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     The motility of sperm was observed before and after treatment in both groups.
     两组均观察用药前后的精子活动力
短句来源
  “精子活动力”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results The spermmotility (a+b), survival rate and density in uremic patients were 12.2%、30.6% and 31.2×106/ml respectively.
     结果 尿毒症患者的精子活动力(a+b)、存活率和精子密度平均分别为12.2%、30.6%和31.2×106/ml;
短句来源
     When semen are excreted for 11 hours,spermatozoalMotility is O—I and spermatozoal Survival rateis 22.85% in the contralgroup,but spermatozoal motility is Ⅰ—Ⅱ grade and spermatozoal rate was 46.27%in 14.73mmol/L group,while spermatozoal Survivuel time prolong for 5.27 hours.
     当精液排出11小时,对照组精子活动力为O—I 级,存活率为22.85%时,14.73mmol/L 浓度组的精子活动力仍为Ⅰ—Ⅱ级,存活率为46.27%。
短句来源
     The quantity and motility, viability teratogenesis of sperm, HP1/TBP, HP2+ 3/HP1 were different significantly.
     精子密度、精子活动力、畸形率、HP1/TBP、HP2+3/HP1等相差显著(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Compared with the Parvo and the negative groups, human sperm viability was significantly decreased(P< 0.05) in the Uu T 960 infection group.
     Uu感染T960型组与Parvo组和阴性组相比,精子活动力则明显下降(P<0. 05)。
短句来源
     The activity of LDH,α-HBDH,AST in seminal plasma in azoospermia group was significant lower than fertile group(P<0.001)andthe CPK activity in the lowerspermatic activigty group was higher than fertile group(P<0.001).
     男性不育症中无精子组LDH、α-HBDH、AST 活性与正常对照组相比有极显著减低(P<0.001); 精子活动力差组(Ⅰ级)CPK 含量明显增高(P<0.01);
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  sperm motility
Insufficient sperm motility and/or their unsuccessful capacitation result in poor if any fertilization.
      
This method is used for assessing the main parameters of sperm motility by means of a microscope and video camera connected to a computer with easily available software.
      
Ofloxacin: Concentration in human ejaculate and influence on sperm motility
      
Sperm motility was not affected by ofloxacin in a concentration of 4.5 mg/l as tested on fresh ejaculate of 29 andrologic patients.
      
Studies on the relationship between urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and human sperm motility
      
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  sperm activity
The method is illustrated with reference to the analysis of sperm activity in Zebrasoma scopas (Acanthuridae), a representative of the ichthyofauna of coral reefs.
      
Recovery of Sperm Activity After Osmotic Shock in the Three-Spined Stickleback: Implications for Pre-Oviposition Ejaculation
      
Present results also suggest that EDL first induces impairment of Sertoli cells function and this leads to reduction of sperm activity and secretion of inhibins.
      
It seems that sperm activity is the most sensitive, and that fertilization and gastrulation are more sensitive than first cleavage, blastulation and pluteus formation.
      
We found no differences between sneakers and parentals in length and swimming speed of sperm, or percent and duration of sperm activity.
      
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  sperm motion
Here, we use computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) to examine changes in stickleback sperm motion over time in fresh water, showing for the first time that this reduction in motility can be reversed by an increase in osmolality.
      
Other sperm motion characteristics did not significantly differ between the two groups except for postthaw curvilinear velocity (P=0.01).
      
Louis, MO; salica-based) and the IxaPrep (Medicult, Copenhagen, Denmark; non-salica based, polysucrose medium) method, with respect to recovery of pregressive motile sperm and various sperm motion characteristics.
      
The microtubules determine the axis of the developing sperm; polarity is set by the direction of sperm motion and is homologous with most flagellate sperm in that the nuclear material is anterior and the microtubule initiating center is posterior.
      
Sperm motion analysis was performed at the same time.
      
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  motility of sperm
According to results obtained, L-PGDS may have the ability to improve progressive motility of sperm, and L-PGDS in seminal plasma and on sperm surface may impact male fertility in the female reproductive tract.
      
The study of sperm obtained from epididymises of males did not reveal significant differences in both morphology and motility of sperm between males of the control and experimental groups.
      
The motility of sperm decreased remarkably in EDL rats compared with controls on 5 d after the operation.
      
Relief effect of vitamin A on the decreased motility of sperm and the increased incidence of malformed sperm in mice exposed neo
      
Oral administration of the compound to adult male beagle dogs (50-246 mg/kg) or rhesus monkeys (85-100 mg/kg) was associated with a decline in motility of sperm in ejaculates obtained after dosing.
      
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Spermatogenesis in the dog can be suppressed when the temperature of the testis is elevated to about 42±1℃ by means of a microwave diathermy unit. This unit(Chengdu Electro-Tube Plant, Type WL-200)is used medically as a therapeutic heat source on physical medicine and rehabititatio. The radiating energy is at 2450 megacyles/sec. The wave length is i2 cm with a maximum output of 0-200 watt. The output was adjusted to 10-15mw/cm~2 and as soon as the testicular temperature was raised to 42±1℃, it was kept constant...

Spermatogenesis in the dog can be suppressed when the temperature of the testis is elevated to about 42±1℃ by means of a microwave diathermy unit. This unit(Chengdu Electro-Tube Plant, Type WL-200)is used medically as a therapeutic heat source on physical medicine and rehabititatio. The radiating energy is at 2450 megacyles/sec. The wave length is i2 cm with a maximum output of 0-200 watt. The output was adjusted to 10-15mw/cm~2 and as soon as the testicular temperature was raised to 42±1℃, it was kept constant for 20 minutes. A thermister clements for monitoring the temperature was used.The sperm ejected for analysis was collected by means of etectric stimulator per rectum within 3-5 minutes. The stimulation parameters were 20-30 Hz in frequency, 300 mA in current and 500-700mv in potential with continuous hand manipulation.4 dogs weighing 15±1 kg have been under observation. It showed that heat affects spermatogensis: (1) before heat trcatment sperm density (P<0.001); (2) The motility of sperm decreased gradually from the normal 7-8 cm (10.8cm individually) per 8 hours to 1cm per 8 hours (some were reduced to zero) in three months; (3) after heat treatment the survival rate of sp-erm was reduced from 92.70% to 60.46% in three months, (P<0.01).With only a single microwave irradiation, various rates of reduction of sperm production, sperm motility and sperm survival were obtained in 3-5 months in different dogs. This study offers the possibility of a means of producing reversible and irreversible sterility in human males, without surgical or pharmacological procedures.

应用微波理疗机的透热效应,频率2450兆周,波长12厘米的微波局部辐照成年健康狗睾丸,使局部睾丸温度升到42±1℃维持恒温20分钟。用电刺激收集精液,检查精子密度(由辐射前146.6×10~6±24.50×10~6个/毫升降到81.22×10~6±6.87×10~6个/毫升,P<0.001)精子存活率(由照前90.7%降到60.46%);精子的活动力(由照前10.8厘米/8小时逐渐降低甚至达到零)。实验表明,犬经一次微波辐照睾丸后,这三项指标都明显下降,虽然以后可逐渐恢复,但恢复的速度各犬不一。实验证明了微波对睾丸局部短时的透热效应是一种简易可行,既无创伤,又可恢复男性节育措施。

Induction of possible male sterility in laboratory rats by gossypol was examined by microscopic observations on sperm motility, sperm morphology following silver staining, and meiosis. The rats were force-fed with gossypol acetate once with 400mg/kg body weight. In a span of 2-5 weeks post-feeding, a marked reduction of sperm motility was observed with a concurrent increase of abnormal spermatozoa Silver staining of the spermatozoa showed various tail abnormalities, including disrupted connecting piece, bent...

Induction of possible male sterility in laboratory rats by gossypol was examined by microscopic observations on sperm motility, sperm morphology following silver staining, and meiosis. The rats were force-fed with gossypol acetate once with 400mg/kg body weight. In a span of 2-5 weeks post-feeding, a marked reduction of sperm motility was observed with a concurrent increase of abnormal spermatozoa Silver staining of the spermatozoa showed various tail abnormalities, including disrupted connecting piece, bent tails, looped tails, and cracked midpiece, Sperm head structure appeared to be not affected. Beginning 6 weeks post-feeding, there was a complete recovery. Short-term in vitro experiments showed similar but weaker response. In all samples, histologieal sections and cytogenetic preparations of testes revealed no abnormalities in the activity and normally of meiotic divisions. In animals 2-4 weeks after feeding with gossypol, no argentophilic accessary structures in developing mammalian spermatids were observed.

大白鼠喂服棉酚后,对其附睾精子活动力、精子形态学及睾丸减数分裂制片进行银染观察。对大白鼠一次性喂服大剂量棉酚(400 mg/kg体重),喂后2~5周,精子活动力明显降低,不正常精子频率增加,附睾精子银染显示精子尾部有损伤,包括精子头尾分离、尾部成圈、精子尾部中段部分区域损伤,但精子头部形态正常。服药6周后,附睾精子全部恢复正常。短期体外孵育实验,显似类似结果,但较轻微。喂服棉酚2~4周期间,不同发育阶段精子细胞的嗜银结构消失。实验组睾丸组织切片及睾丸减数分裂制备片,并无异常发现。

In the study of male contraception, much importance is attached to the obseryation on the density, survival ratio and motility of the spermatozoa in the semen. In experimental studies in the animals, however, certain difficulties are encountered in collection of the animal semen specimens at regular intervals. This paper describes an apparatus and the methods used for regular collection of guinea-pig and rat semen by an electroejaculation .technique, practical application of the method is anticipated

在雄性节育的研究中,观测精液中精子的浓度、存活精子的比率及精子的活动力是极为重要的。然而,在动物的实验研究中,在一定的时间间隔里收集动物精液标本会遇到某些困难。本文描述一种借助电射精术有规律地收集豚鼠和大鼠精液的实验装置和方法。预期到这种方法的实际应用

 
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