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     ln the Equatorial zones (10°S- 10°N), the rising rate of sea level of the western Pa cif ic is closing to 2 mm/yr and larger than that of the eastern equatorial Pacific.
     在赤道区(10°s-10°N),西太平洋的上升速率接近2mm/yr,高于东太平洋的上升速率;
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     From the TOPEX/POSEIDON data, the quasi-60 oscillations appear in the middle equatoral Pacific(5°N~5°S,170°W~120°W).
     从TOPEX资料分析还发现在赤道中太平洋(5°N~5°S,170°W~120°W),准60d 振荡也较明显
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     The average chromosome configuration of F_1 in PMC MI was 18.58Ⅰ+18.59Ⅱ+0. 085Ⅲ+0.028Ⅳ. At anphaseⅠin PMC,some laggard chromosomes arranged in equatorial plate.
     F_1花粉母细胞减数分裂中期Ⅰ平均染色体构型为18.58Ⅰ+18.59Ⅱ+0.085Ⅲ+0.028Ⅳ,PMC后期Ⅰ观察到部分落后染色体排列在赤道板上;
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     The analyses of a data series obtained during TOGA- COARE show the existence of remarkable semi-diurnal internal tides in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean around 1°45′S, 156°E.
     通过对TOGA-COARE期间的一组锚系仪器阵列资料的分析得出:在赤道西太平洋1°45′S,156°E。
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     The ozone column falls by up to 44 DU at 76°S in November but rises by 12 DU near the equator.
     结果表明,臭氧柱在11月份76°S减少了44DU,在赤道却增加了12DU。
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     The environment and social standards in international BOT: the Equator Principle
     何为赤道原则
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     The disturbances in the equator is faint.
     赤道上扰动微弱。
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     The extra negative charge distributes in the vicinity of the equator.
     其额外负电荷主要分布赤道附近.
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     One or two bivalents were not on the equatorial plate.
     个别二价体也不排列赤道板上。
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  under the line
The rate of gastric emptying is proportional to the area under the line plot of serum paracetamol concentration against time over 120 min (AUC120).
      
In the same way, subjects also overestimated their capacity of passing under the line.
      
The QTL for intramuscular fat on SSC4 could not be detected in this half-sib analysis, whereas under the line cross model a suggestive QTL on a different position on SSC4 was detected.
      
We discuss preservation of pancircularity under the line-digraph operation, and prove the theorem stated in the title.
      
For general activity at 5 weeks of age, a significant QTL was detected on GGA4 and a suggestive QTL on GGA2 under the line-cross model.
      
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The relation between the basic currents of the low latitudes and the initiation of typhoons is investigated statistically and synoptically by means of recent aerological data. It is shown that about 80% of typhoons developed in the eastern part of the equatorical convergence zone between the equatorial westeries and trade wind of West Pacific Ocean. The equatorial westeries is a large scale and quasi-steady phenomeanon therefore it is probably reasonable to be called "basic current" and typhoons are considered...

The relation between the basic currents of the low latitudes and the initiation of typhoons is investigated statistically and synoptically by means of recent aerological data. It is shown that about 80% of typhoons developed in the eastern part of the equatorical convergence zone between the equatorial westeries and trade wind of West Pacific Ocean. The equatorial westeries is a large scale and quasi-steady phenomeanon therefore it is probably reasonable to be called "basic current" and typhoons are considered as vortices of smaller scale. There is a quite definite relationship between the time, position, frequency of the initiation of typhoons and the position, strength of the basic currents in the low latitudes. There is a quasi-periodical variation of the strength and position of the basic currents with a period longer than one month. This fact may be helpful for the extended forecast the initiation and development of typhoons.

本文根据近年来的资料,对东南亚低緯度基本气流与台风发生的关系进行了統計与个例分析.結果指出,北半球夏季西太平洋极大多数台风发生在赤道西风与北半球信风間交界面的东端.赤道西风尺度大,比較稳定,可視作夏季低緯度基本气流,而台风可視为这种基本气流与另一基本气流——信风——間交界面上的涡旋.台风发生的时間、地点及次数与低緯度基本气流的位置及强度有密切的关系。低緯度基本气流的位置与强度具有一个月以上的长周期式振动,因而可供台风发生频率的中期預报参考.

The allowed regions of a single charged particle moving in the various field of force is investigated assuming that the magnetic field has a potential,which in the present investigation two types of assumed magnetic potential are considered:(1) the magnetic potential is axial symmetric,(2)the magnetic potential is a two dimensional function. The result of the calculation shows that the boundary of the allowed regions is similar to the magnetic lines when special condition is fulfilled,and the allowed regions...

The allowed regions of a single charged particle moving in the various field of force is investigated assuming that the magnetic field has a potential,which in the present investigation two types of assumed magnetic potential are considered:(1) the magnetic potential is axial symmetric,(2)the magnetic potential is a two dimensional function. The result of the calculation shows that the boundary of the allowed regions is similar to the magnetic lines when special condition is fulfilled,and the allowed regions can be studied from the figure of the magnetic line. The results of calculation are also compared with the model experiment,in which glow regions in the gaseous discharge correspond to the allowed regions and the dark regions correspond to the forbidden regions.The comparison results are:(1) In the terrella experiment,the glow is trapped in the dipole field,when the magnetic moment of the terrella is greater than a critical value.(2) When the dipole field is disturbed by a uniform field which is antiparallel to the dipole field at the equatorial plane,or a field originated from a ring current situated outside the trapped region at the equatorial plane;the dipole magnetic lines are stretched and expanded,and the glow will also extended.The variation of the boundary of the glow is similar to the variation of the magnetic lines.(3) In the gasous discharge experiment around the neutral line in the magnetic field,the boundary of the glow is also similar to the magnetic lines. Since many phenomena in gaseous discharge is very complicated,it is very difficult to compare the result of calculation with the experiment quantitatively,therefore we used some simplified and calculated the boundary of the glow regions.The result is very similar with the experiment.

本文讨论了带电粒子在电磁场中的运动区域.在计算过程中假定磁场是有势的,并且势函数分别考虑为轴对称与平面函数.计算结果表明:当磁场足够强时,粒子运动区的边界与磁力线是相似的.这个结果表明,我们可以根据磁力线图形确定带电粒子的运动区.此外,还将上述计算结果与模型实验做了对此,在磁场中的辉光放电实验里,放电中的辉光区部分相当于粒子的运动区,暗区部分相当于粒子禁区.对比结果表明,辉光区的边界与磁力线相似,其中有以下几个结果:(1)当磁场是一个偶极磁场,并且其磁短的大小大于其临界值时,则放电辉光将被捕获于偶极磁场中,其边界近似于磁力线;(2)当偶极磁场受到扰动时,设扰动场分别考虑为与赤道面上的偶极磁场方向相反的均匀磁场,以及位于捕获区之外在赤道面上的电流环磁场时,则偶极磁场磁力线将向外伸长,实验观测到被捕获于偶极磁场中的辉光将同时伸长,并且辉光区边界的变化与磁力线的变化是相似的;(3)根据中性线磁场中的辉光放电实验表明,辉光区的边界仍然与中性楱磁场的磁力线相似.由于气体放电中的现象比较复杂,因此要进行定量的计算是比较困难的,为此我们引进了一些简化假定,定量计算了辉光区在上进各种磁场中的边界,计算出来的辉光边...

本文讨论了带电粒子在电磁场中的运动区域.在计算过程中假定磁场是有势的,并且势函数分别考虑为轴对称与平面函数.计算结果表明:当磁场足够强时,粒子运动区的边界与磁力线是相似的.这个结果表明,我们可以根据磁力线图形确定带电粒子的运动区.此外,还将上述计算结果与模型实验做了对此,在磁场中的辉光放电实验里,放电中的辉光区部分相当于粒子的运动区,暗区部分相当于粒子禁区.对比结果表明,辉光区的边界与磁力线相似,其中有以下几个结果:(1)当磁场是一个偶极磁场,并且其磁短的大小大于其临界值时,则放电辉光将被捕获于偶极磁场中,其边界近似于磁力线;(2)当偶极磁场受到扰动时,设扰动场分别考虑为与赤道面上的偶极磁场方向相反的均匀磁场,以及位于捕获区之外在赤道面上的电流环磁场时,则偶极磁场磁力线将向外伸长,实验观测到被捕获于偶极磁场中的辉光将同时伸长,并且辉光区边界的变化与磁力线的变化是相似的;(3)根据中性线磁场中的辉光放电实验表明,辉光区的边界仍然与中性楱磁场的磁力线相似.由于气体放电中的现象比较复杂,因此要进行定量的计算是比较困难的,为此我们引进了一些简化假定,定量计算了辉光区在上进各种磁场中的边界,计算出来的辉光边界的大小和形状与实验结果是相同的.

The effect of large-scale geomagnetic fluctuation on the distribution function of charged particles trapped in the outer radiation belt is investigated with the following main results. (1)During the main phase, the position of maximum electron intensity shifts outwards with decreasing peak intensity, while in the sudden commencement the position of maximum electron intensity moves inwards with increasing peak intensity.This is supported precisely by the measurements of Explorer 6 as well as by the observations...

The effect of large-scale geomagnetic fluctuation on the distribution function of charged particles trapped in the outer radiation belt is investigated with the following main results. (1)During the main phase, the position of maximum electron intensity shifts outwards with decreasing peak intensity, while in the sudden commencement the position of maximum electron intensity moves inwards with increasing peak intensity.This is supported precisely by the measurements of Explorer 6 as well as by the observations of two Soviet Lunar rockets 1 and 2. (2)The variation of the distribution of kinetic energy is likewise very considerable.The peak shifts to the range of smaller energy during the main phase and to the range of higher energy during the initial phase. (3)The pitch angles decrease in the main phase but increase during the initial phase. (4)The altitudes of the mirror point decrease in the initial phase and increase in the main phase. With these findings we come to the following conclusion. Because of the expansion of the tube of force as well as the diminishing of the kinetic energy, the density and hence the intensity of the charged particle on the magnetic equator is reduced during the main phase. While in the initial phase, owing to the descent of the mirror point,a part of the charged particle may precipitate into the lower atmosphere and excite the aurorae, but because of the compression of the tube of force and increase of the particle's kinetic energy, the intensity of the charged particle on the magnetic equator still shows up clearly the tendency of increasing.

本文根据磁矩守恆的条件,利用刘維定理(Liouville's theorem),討論了磁暴期間在赤道平面外輻射带內,带电粒子的空間分布及能量分布的变化。結果表明:当主相时,粒子密度及通量的峯值变小而且位置向外移动。此結果与探測事实相符。能譜分布也有显著的变化,不論垂直能量或是平行能量,当主相时能量分布的峯值向低能量的方向偏移;急始时向高能量的方向偏移。对投擲角及鏡点高度作了計算,发現当急始时投擲角变大,而鏡点高度下降;主相吋投擲角变小,镜点高度上升。由此可以訊为,在主相期間緩慢的磁場下降,不能使外輻射带內粒子侵入上层大气。相反,在急始时則可能有一部分粒子会侵入上层大气。根据所得結果,基本上可以解释目前的观測現象。

 
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