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自我中心
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  egocentricity
     Egocentricity of Deixis
     谈指示语的自我中心特性
短句来源
     The characteristics of children's pheno menology are spontaneity,and susceptibility to subjectivity and egocentricity.
     由于儿童的思维主要是具体形象思维 ,故儿童有其自己的现象学。 其特点为自发性、易受主观性及自我中心思想的影响。
短句来源
     Egocentricity is a basic feature of deixis. It is very important in getting deictic information.
     自我中心特性是指示语的基本特性 ,是理解指示信息的重要出发点。
短句来源
     This article discusses the deictic egocentricity, the projection of deictic center and some exceptions to egocentricity.
     本文讨论了指示语自我中心特性的表现 ,以及指示中心的映射和其他有悖于自我中心的指示现象。
短句来源
     Aspect, Evidentiality and Egocentricity in Lhasa Tibetan
     藏语拉萨话的体貌、示证及自我中心范畴
短句来源
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  egocentrism
     (b) the egocentrism ismost significant in 8-year-old children;
     自我中心现象在8岁组表现最为突出;
短句来源
     In the history of psychology,there was a famous argument centering on egocentric speech of children between Piaget and Vygotsky. They disputed over the concepts of egocentrism and psychology development,over the problems of child socialization,etc.
     在心理学史上皮亚杰与维果茨基曾经围绕儿童自我中心言语问题展开过一场著名的争论 ,他们在儿童自我中心主义概念、心理发展观和儿童社会化等问题上存在着根本对立的观点。
短句来源
  “自我中心”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Especially the two great men' s research results in self -centered speech and thinking as well as the children' s education and development provide us new enlightenment for the reform i n education.
     特别是二位巨人在自我中心言语和思维及儿童教育与发展方面的研究成果,给我们当前的教育教学改革提供了新的启示。
短句来源
     Conclusion The typical personality characteristic of the high creativity proneness students was full of pioneer spirit, susceptive, self-affirm and well-being, but had lower self control ability, higher egotism, suspicion and obstinacy.
     结论高创造性倾向大学生具有首创精神和上进心,敏感,自我确认和自我评价较高,社会适应良好,但自我控制力较低,自我中心倾向明显,高怀疑,倔强固执;
短句来源
     36 patients undergoing valve replacement from the department of cardiovascular surgery of Xijing hospital were randomly allocated into two groups: (1) intermittent warm blood cardiaplegia (n = 18) and (2) intermittent cold blood cardiaplegia (n = 18) .
     来自我中心36例行心脏瓣膜替换术患者随机分为温血间断灌注组(n=18)和冷血间断灌注组(n=18),两组患者一般资料差异无显著性。
短句来源
     In results in children's overstepping the self centered stage,the establishment of true moral relationships,a strong desire for morality,a strong feeling of social happiness and the development of moral rationality.
     协作关系的建立使儿童超越了自我中心阶段 ,建立了真正的道德关系 ,产生了强烈的道德需要 ,感受到了社会性愉快 ,道德理性得到了发展。 独生子女家庭道德关系的特殊性使其协作关系的建立呈现出一些独有的特点 ,包括独生子女在家庭内部难以建立真正意义的协作关系 ;
短句来源
     The human self-center and rationality——Comment on Bauman's Modernity and Holocaust in addition
     “人的自我中心”与“理性”——兼评鲍曼的《现代性与大屠杀》
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  egocentricity
This psychodevelopmental approach emphasizes how normal adolescents grow out of a natural egocentricity and idealism through learning about others; this theory converges with more recent neurologic theories.
      
After adding biographical data to the Quay Behavioral Classification Instruments, four second-order factors were obtained, interpreted as a social inadequacy, an obstreperousness, a social orientation and an antisocial egocentricity factor.
      
However, some research has suggested that self-actualized male partners tend to have dissatisfied female partners due to high levels of egocentricity in self-actualized males.
      
Egocentricity was positively correlated with dissatisfaction, however this result was significant for females but not males.
      
Although no relationship was found between personality factors in the female spouse and male enjoyment, male self-actualization, but not egocentricity, was indicative of female dissatisfaction.
      
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  egocentrism
Piaget has demonstrated that socialization is accompanied by a reduction of egocentrism in development.
      
While the field of social work is heavily committed to the treatment of children and adolescents with behavior problems, it has given little attention to the application of Piaget's egocentrism theory to these problems.
      
The Picture Arrangement subtest of the WAIS as an index of social egocentrism: A comparative study of normal and emotionally dis
      
This study examined the relationship between persistent egocentrism and adjustment status in normal school children.
      
Fifty-three fourth-graders (33 males, 20 females) were administered measures of egocentrism and peer sociometric status, and indices of classroom adjustment were obtained from teachers.
      
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The study explores the developmen-tal characteristics of 5—11—year—oldChinese children's idea of fair shar-ing.The results indicate:(1)If thenumber of shared articles and the nu-mber of the persons involved are equal.children intend to equate each otherboth in the cases of sharing generalarticles and honorable articles:if it isunequal,they appear to be generous.(2)Whether the egocentric phenominumexists among younger Chinese childrenis still a question.(3)In the case ofsharing generously,most children tendto...

The study explores the developmen-tal characteristics of 5—11—year—oldChinese children's idea of fair shar-ing.The results indicate:(1)If thenumber of shared articles and the nu-mber of the persons involved are equal.children intend to equate each otherboth in the cases of sharing generalarticles and honorable articles:if it isunequal,they appear to be generous.(2)Whether the egocentric phenominumexists among younger Chinese childrenis still a question.(3)In the case ofsharing generously,most children tendto share the general articles with thepersons who need them,and this incli-nation becomes obvicus at the age of9.But to the honorable articles,young-er children tend to favour the personswho are meritorious and the olderchildren tend to favour the needer.Theturn happens between age 7 to 9.

本研究采用间接故事法。结果表明:(1)物品件数与分享人数两者相等时,我国儿童都倾向于“均分”;两者不等时,则都倾向于“慷慨”。(2)我国更年幼儿童在分享中的“自我中心”现象是一个尚待研究的问题。(3)在“慷慨”的分享上,我国儿童对一般物品大多指向“需者”,但此倾向在9岁始占优势;对荣誉物品则有一个从指向“能者”到指向“需者”的发展过程,其转折在7~9岁之间。

In this experiment on the development of spatial representation, chil-

本实验分别从运动、照片和“地图”方面对4岁、5岁和6岁儿童在真实空间中的心理旋转及对参照信息的使用等空间表征的发展作了初步考察,结果发现,(1)运动部分客体定位最容易,“地图”部分其次,照片部分最难,(2)心理旋转能力在不同的实验方式下有不同的表现;(3)儿童的自我中心性反应也是相对的,并不一律依存于儿童的年龄,还与客观标记的作用有关。

This experiment was conducted on young children (aged from 3 to 7)and based on the previous study, "Study on children's prediction andidentification of spatial positional relationship between the ages of 8 and13". 200 Ss were divided into 5 age groups (40 Ss in each group), theywere tested in the present study. The procedure included two steps: theprocedure of the previous study was repeated on the first step; an ob-ject with an obvious mark on each of the four sides was used as stimulus. The findings of the...

This experiment was conducted on young children (aged from 3 to 7)and based on the previous study, "Study on children's prediction andidentification of spatial positional relationship between the ages of 8 and13". 200 Ss were divided into 5 age groups (40 Ss in each group), theywere tested in the present study. The procedure included two steps: theprocedure of the previous study was repeated on the first step; an ob-ject with an obvious mark on each of the four sides was used as stimulus. The findings of the experiment further illustrated (a) children's per-ceptural experiences and obvious marks of objects are important factorsin the children's development of spatial cognition; (b) the egocentrism ismost significant in 8-year-old children; (c) the developmental stages insolving the three-mountain problem in Chinese children are the same asdiscribed by Piaget; (d) there are two kinds of relations between chil-dren's performance and errors in this task: the changes of performance areconsistent with the tendency of allocentralization after 8 and withother errors before 7. The data of the study tells us something aboutdevelopmental stages and features in the three-mountain problem of Chin-ese children.

本实验是在8—13岁儿童空间表象发展研究的基础上进行的。共有200名被试,分5个年龄组,每组40人。分为两个单元,第一单元是以幼儿为对象重复对8—13岁儿童的实验,第二单元采用四个侧面都有鲜明特征的单个物体为刺激物。 实验结果进一步说明了知觉经验和物体的鲜明特征是儿童空间认知发展的重要因素;自我中心现象在8岁组表现最为突出;我国儿童解决三山课题的发展阶段与皮亚杰划分的阶段基本一致;发现解决三山课题的成绩与错误结果之间有两种不同性质的关系,8岁以后成绩的发展变化与脱中心化的倾向相应,7岁以前是与其他错误相应,7岁是两种性质的转换点。 研究数据提供了我国儿童解决三山课题的发展阶段和发展特点的资料。

 
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