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越赤道
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  cross-equatorial
     Impacts of Cross-equatorial Flow on Subtropical High Ridge Jumping Northward to 25°N
     越赤道气流对副高脊线北抬至25°N的影响
短句来源
     The cross-equatorial flow that comes from the Northern Hemisphere into the South IndianOcean in the lower troposphere during the winter has been investigated using grid point wind dataat 850hPa and the data of geopotential height field at 500hPa during 1980-1987.It points outthat there are four channels of cross-equatorial flow coming from the Northern Hemisphere nearthe equatorial area from 35°E to 135°E and they are characterized by considerable annual and in-terannual variations.
     本文利用1980—1987年850hPa 格点风资料和500hPa 高度场资料,分析了冬季自北半球流入南印度洋的越赤道气流的特征,指出在35°—135°E 的近赤道地区冬季低空有四支源自北半球的越赤道气流,它们具有明显的年变化和年际变化;
短句来源
     During boreal summer, the maximum longitudinal difference of the SST appears around 130-145°E and 110°E, which is useful to the formation and maintenance of the cross-equatorial flow about 105°E.
     夏季(北半球)最大经向温差出现在130~145°E和110°E附近,它有利于105°E越赤道气流的形成和维持。
短句来源
     (2)In the lower level of the troposphere, the center of the cross-equatorial flows (CEFs) is located at 925hPa other than 850hPa while it is at 150hPa instead of 200hPa in the upper level.
     (2)越赤道气流的中心在低层位于925hPa而非850hPa,高层位于150hPa而非200hPa。
短句来源
     Results show that when the Australian high becomes strong,members of the Asia-Australia monsoon circulation system,such as the cross-equatorial flow between 100°E and 160°E,the ITCZ,the West Pacific subtropical high,the Meiyu front,the South Asian high,the near-equatorial easterly jet,the monsoon meridonal circulation,and the Hadley circulation etc also become strong,thus leading to the strengthen of the whole system.
     结果显示,澳高存在明显的年际变化,当澳高偏强时,亚澳季风环流系统其他各成员 (100~160°E高、低层越赤道气流,近赤道ITCZ,西太平洋副热带高压,梅雨锋,南亚高压,近赤道东风急流,季风经圈环流,Hadley环流等)也随之得到加强,从而导致整个亚澳季风环流系统的增强。
短句来源
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  cross equator
     The interannual relationship between Somali jet and ENSO has broken down in the late 1970s while the interannual relationships between the cross equator flows of 105 E, 125 E and 150 E and ENSO have strengthened in the late 1960s.
     夏季越赤道气流与ENSO的年际关系具有年代际变化特征,索马里越赤道气流与ENSO的关系在二十世纪七十年代末变弱,而105°E及其以东的越赤道气流与ENSO的关系在二十世纪七十年代末增强。
短句来源
     The Relationship between Summer Cross Equator Flows and ENSO and China Summer Rainfall
     夏季低空越赤道气流与ENSO及中国夏季降水关系的研究
短句来源
     East Asia summer monsoon is stronger when the cross equator flow of 90 E is stronger than normal.
     夏季低空90°E附近越赤道气流与中国长江中下游及东北地区夏季降水有着密切的关系。
短句来源
     Influence of the Sea Surface Temperature in the Vicinity of the Indonesia Archipelago on the Cross Equator Flow
     印度尼西亚群岛邻近海域SST对越赤道气流的影响
短句来源
     The eastward shift in the Walker circulation and western wind anomolis are the possible reasons of the change of relationships between summer cross equator flows and ENSO.
     赤道太平洋西风异常及Walker环流上升支的东移使得夏季越赤道气流与ENSO的关系产生了明显的年代际变化。
短句来源
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  “越赤道”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The correlogram of CEF and OLR and the composite chart of 850hPa wind field while CEF is stronger show that in summer both the ascend motion of the buffer zone (90°E~120°E,5°N~5°S) and the variation of the Australia anticyclone (10°S~ 30°S, 120°E~155°E) affect CEF 2~3 pentads later.
     结果表明,夏季海洋大陆赤道缓冲区的对流上升运动(90°E~120°E,5°N~5°S)、澳州大陆冷性高压(10°S~30°S,120°E~155°E)的发展,都影响2~3候以后105°E夏季越赤道气流;
短句来源
     They are 45 E,90 E,105 E, 125 Eand 150 E.
     东半球夏季低空有5个主要的越赤道气流通道,分别位于45°E、90°E、105°E、125°E和150°E附近。
短句来源
     105°E CEF Variation and Corresponding Circulation Systems in Summer
     夏季影响105°E越赤道气流变化的环流系统
短句来源
     Based on the pentad mean Outgoing Longwave Radiation (shorted as OLR) and 850hPa wind data during 1979 to 1986, the circulation in the tropical eastern Indian Ocean and western Pacific Ocean are analyzed.
     作者利用候平均OutgoingLongwaveRadiation(简称OLR)资料与850hPa风场资料(1979~1986年)对热带东印度洋—西太平洋海域与(夏季)越赤道气流有关的环流系统做相关分析和越赤道气流偏强类合成分析。
短句来源
     Analysis and Numerical Simulation of the Cross Equatorial Flow of 1991
     对1991年全球越赤道气流的分析和数值模拟
短句来源
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  cross-equatorial
The burst of monsoon is characte-rized by sudden establishment of low-level jet and strong cross-equatorial flow.
      
Excitation of Low-level cross-equatorial flow in the western Indian ocean results from an interaction between extratropical perturbations moving eastward across the South African-Malgassy region of the Southern Hemisphere.
      
Intensification of cross-equatorial flow is followed by an increase in rainfall activity along the west coast of India after 3-4 days.
      
However, the abilities of the models on reproducing the cross-equatorial wind of EAM system, the interannual variation of EAM and the regional precipitation variability are unsatisfactory.
      
The onset process of the tropical eastern Indian Ocean (TEIO) summer monsoon (TEIOSM) and its relationship with the cross-equatorial flows are investigated via climatological analysis.
      
更多          
  cross equator
This means the model reproduces the structure of the cross equator flow well.
      


Based on data of July and August for years 1974-1977,the general circulationin the equatorial regions from south China Sea to the West Pacific is studied.It is found that,so far as the climatological average is concerned,the EastAfrican low-level jet can influence the south parts of India,Bay of Bengal,Indo-China,and South China Sea.In this regions,the interannual changes of monthlymean intensity of southwest monsoon are consistent with each other.There is achannel of cross-equatorial flow Iocated at about 150°E...

Based on data of July and August for years 1974-1977,the general circulationin the equatorial regions from south China Sea to the West Pacific is studied.It is found that,so far as the climatological average is concerned,the EastAfrican low-level jet can influence the south parts of India,Bay of Bengal,Indo-China,and South China Sea.In this regions,the interannual changes of monthlymean intensity of southwest monsoon are consistent with each other.There is achannel of cross-equatorial flow Iocated at about 150°E near the east coast of NewGuinea,while in the area of 110-140°E equator there is no strong and consistentsoutherly cross-equatorial flow.To the east of New Guinea,the air from SouthernHemisphere crosses the equator and turns to southwesterly flow blowing in the Ne-rthwestern Pacific.The topographical influence of the high mountains in NewGuinea is the important cause of the existence of this cross-equatorial flow.It isfound that the southwest monsoon in the southern parts of Indo-China and SouthChina Sea mainly comes from southern India and Bay of Bengal,it does not dire-ctly comes from the Southern Hemisphere.But the southwest monsoon in tropicalNerthwestern Pacific comes directly from Southern Hemisphere.The intensity ofthe southerly component of cross-equatorial flow near the east coast of New Gui-nea closely relates to the intensity of the southwest monsoon in the tropicalNerthwestern Pacific.Hence,the southwest monsoon to the south about 15°Nfrom Southern Asia to Nerthwestern Pacific consists of two branches of air flow,one is the East African low-level jet,which flows from southern India to SouthChina Sea,and the other comes from the Southern Hemisphere crossing equatornear 150°E.

本文对南海至西太平洋一带夏季低空越赤道气流的情况和西南季风的来源,进行了初步研究。发现:(1)就气候平均而言,东非低空急流的影响范围,包括印度南部、孟加拉湾南部直到中南半岛南部和南海南部。在这一范围内,夏季月平均西南季风强度的年际变化十分一致;(2)夏季在中南半岛南部、南海南部,西南季风的主要来源是上游印度、孟加拉湾地区,直接来自南半球的气流比重不大。而热带西北太平洋的西南季风,则主要来自南半球;(3)在110-140°E 的赤道地区,并不存在一支主要的越赤道气流;(4)在150°E 附近的新几内亚东岸,有一条越赤道气流的通道。热带西北太平洋的西南季风,主要就是这支越赤道气流转向而成(但似乎要求这支气流的南风分量强度超过某一下限,即存在一阈值,才能对西北太平洋的西南季风变化有影响)。新几内亚岛上的山脉,对南半球东南信风的阻挡,是形成这支越赤道气流的重要原因之一;(5)大致在15°N 以南的南亚至西北太平洋地区,其西南季风主要由二支气流构成:一支在非洲东岸附近越过赤道,成为东非低空急流,经印度南部,往下游一直影响到南海南部;另一支在新几内亚东岸附近越过...

本文对南海至西太平洋一带夏季低空越赤道气流的情况和西南季风的来源,进行了初步研究。发现:(1)就气候平均而言,东非低空急流的影响范围,包括印度南部、孟加拉湾南部直到中南半岛南部和南海南部。在这一范围内,夏季月平均西南季风强度的年际变化十分一致;(2)夏季在中南半岛南部、南海南部,西南季风的主要来源是上游印度、孟加拉湾地区,直接来自南半球的气流比重不大。而热带西北太平洋的西南季风,则主要来自南半球;(3)在110-140°E 的赤道地区,并不存在一支主要的越赤道气流;(4)在150°E 附近的新几内亚东岸,有一条越赤道气流的通道。热带西北太平洋的西南季风,主要就是这支越赤道气流转向而成(但似乎要求这支气流的南风分量强度超过某一下限,即存在一阈值,才能对西北太平洋的西南季风变化有影响)。新几内亚岛上的山脉,对南半球东南信风的阻挡,是形成这支越赤道气流的重要原因之一;(5)大致在15°N 以南的南亚至西北太平洋地区,其西南季风主要由二支气流构成:一支在非洲东岸附近越过赤道,成为东非低空急流,经印度南部,往下游一直影响到南海南部;另一支在新几内亚东岸附近越过赤道,转向成西南气流影响西北太平洋。

The relationship between the intensity of summer southwest monsoon over Northwest Pacific and the 500mb circulation patterns of the Southern Hemisphere in 1978 is investigated. It is found that Southwest monsoon is intensified when a meridional circulation pattern of Southern Hemisphere appears and the Southwest monsoon is weakened when a zonal circulation pattern appears.The cold air could reach low latitude area when the stable meridional circulation pattern controls the Southern Hemisphere. The strong southeast...

The relationship between the intensity of summer southwest monsoon over Northwest Pacific and the 500mb circulation patterns of the Southern Hemisphere in 1978 is investigated. It is found that Southwest monsoon is intensified when a meridional circulation pattern of Southern Hemisphere appears and the Southwest monsoon is weakened when a zonal circulation pattern appears.The cold air could reach low latitude area when the stable meridional circulation pattern controls the Southern Hemisphere. The strong southeast wind to the north of lower layer cold high located behind the long wave trough could form a strong and persistent cross-equator flow in a relatively fixed narrow channel. In some favorable conditions of Northern Hemisphere circulation, this cross-equator flow could turn into southwest flow over the Northwest Pacific and lead to intensification of southwest monsoon. Because the Southern Hemisphere long wave troughs can easily be intensified and stay over the east and west coasts of Australian continent, the paths of cross-equator flow relatively concentrate at the back of the two long wave troughs, near 150°E and 105°E.

本文分析了1978年夏季西北太平洋西南季风的强弱变化与南半球500mb环流形势的关系,发现当南半球出现经向环流型时,西南季风相应增强,反之,出现纬向环流型时,西南季风则减弱。 在南半球稳定的经向环流形势控制下,冷空气可以影响到低纬地带,高空长波槽后冷高压北侧的东南大风在其相对固定的通道上形成一股强而持久的越赤道气流,在北半球环流条件有利的情况下,这股越赤道气流可以在西北太平洋上转向成西南气流,导致该地区西南季风增强。由于南半球的长波槽容易在澳洲大陆东西两岸同时停滞加深,因此越赤道气流的路径则相对集中在这两个长波槽后的150°E和105°E附近地区。

By using the MONEX data the onset of the summer monsoon over Eastern Asia in 1979 is analyzed. Prior to the onset of the southwest monsoon in Southern Asia and the Northwest Pacific for ten days there was an intensification of the jet stream of the upper westerlies in the region 40°-160°E in the Southern Hemisphere. During the onset period strong cold air outbreaks occurred in the Australian region and strong cross-equatorial current in the lower troposphere occurred in the region 80°-100°E, and the easterlies...

By using the MONEX data the onset of the summer monsoon over Eastern Asia in 1979 is analyzed. Prior to the onset of the southwest monsoon in Southern Asia and the Northwest Pacific for ten days there was an intensification of the jet stream of the upper westerlies in the region 40°-160°E in the Southern Hemisphere. During the onset period strong cold air outbreaks occurred in the Australian region and strong cross-equatorial current in the lower troposphere occurred in the region 80°-100°E, and the easterlies in the upper troposphere in Southern Asia and the south-westerlies in the lower troposphere in the South China Sea and the Northwest Pacific were, intensified. At the same time, the rainfall belt moves northward from South China to the Yangtze River Valley. It seems to us that the strong cold air outbreaks in S. H. act as a trigger for the onset of the summer monsoon in Eastern Asia.

本文分析1979年季风试验期间5—7月从春到夏的季节转变过程。在亚洲南部和西北太平洋地区大范围夏季风爆发前1—2候,南半球40°—160°E之间中纬度地区高空西风急流有一次增强过程。南半球对流层中部的经向环流发展,对流层低层的越赤道偏南气流加强,这时亚洲南部和西北太平洋热带地区低空西南风风速增大,并且范围向北扩展,南亚地区对流层上部热带东风加大,季风环流圈加强,我国东部雨带出现季节性北移。看来南半球大气环流的变化对东亚地区夏季风的建立及其向北推进起着触发作用。

 
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