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角膜
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  cornea
    ln cornea anesthesia in rabbit,the EC_(50) obtained with combination of lidocaine with TTX(EC_5) was muchsmaller than that produced by it alone, but the EC_(50) of combination of procaine with TTX(EC_5) was not different from that induced by it alone.
    在家兔角膜麻醉中,利多卡因与TTX合用,其EC_(50)比单用利多卡因低(P<0.05),而普鲁卡因与TTX合用的EC_(50)与单用普鲁卡因无显著性差异。
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    Detect and analysis the expression change of MMP2, MMP9 and VEGF in mouse cornea before and after corneal alkali-burn. Mouse cornea was burned with NaOH (1 mol/L) saturated filter paper, the induction of angiogenesis was observed in the following day.
    采取滤纸片放置法,用1mol/L的NaOH在小鼠角膜中央进行碱烧伤,建立动物模型。 取烧伤前和烧伤后的小鼠角膜制备组织切片,用抗MMP2、抗MMP9和抗VEGF的抗体分别进行免疫组化染色,检测它们在碱烧伤前后的小鼠角膜组织中的蛋白表达情况;
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    After alkali burn the mouse corneal expression of MMP2, MMP9 and VEGF increased immediately and reach the peak, then decrease progressively, in accordance with the cornea wound healing and the developing and regress process of angiogenesis.
    以上结果说明碱烧伤后的角膜组织中MMP2、MMP9和VEGF的表达均经历先上升后下降的变化,与角膜愈合及新生血管发育和退化过程相
短句来源
    METHOD Using saline solution,lidocaine hydrochloride injection and lidocaine base aerosol to observe the inhibitive effect of lidocaine-base aerosol on cornea of rabbit and on leg contraction flex of frog.
    方法以生理盐水、盐酸利多卡因注射液以及空白气雾剂为对照,观察利多卡因碱气雾剂对家兔角膜反射和蛙腿刺激反射的抑制作用。 结果浓度在1%以上的利多卡因碱气雾剂对家兔角膜和蛙腿均有表面麻醉作用。
短句来源
    A Histopathologic Study of Rabbit Cornea after Excimer Laser Photorefractive Keratectomy
    家兔角膜准分子激光切削术后病理学观察
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  “角膜”译为未确定词的双语例句
    One year results of excimer laser for photorefractive keratectomy in myopia and astigmatism
    准分子激光屈光性角膜切削术治疗近视和近视散光一年临床观察
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    A preliminary clinical report of laser in situ keratomileusis for grrection of high myopia
    准分子激光角膜原位磨镶术治疗高度近视
短句来源
    Analysis of the Complications of Photorefractive Keratectomy
    准分子激光屈光性角膜切削术并发症分析
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    In the phacoemulsification group,the increase of the post oprative refractivity in 7mm frown shaped incision group was less than that in 5mm tunnel incision group at 1/2 month and 3 months (P<0.05).
    超声乳化7mm眉状切口和5mm弧形切口组之间,前者术后1/2和3个月的角膜屈光力差明显低于后者(P<0.05)。
短句来源
    Postoperative surgically induced astigmatism were 1 21±0 38D. cyl after the first week. 1 02±0 17D.
    手术致角膜散光第一周为1.21±0.38D,第一月为1.02±0.17D,第三月为0.87±0.12D。
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  cornea
Fibroblasts of rabbit cornea were seeded on HA coated Ti disc, pure Ti disc and glass.
      
The Causes of Necrobiosis and Apoptosis of Cornea Epithelial Cells during Primary Acquired Keratoconus Cornea
      
We studied 56 biopsy samples of conjunctiva and 50 corneal discs excised from 28 patients with acquired keratoconus cornea.
      
Studies on the Effect of the Adhesion Protein Isolated from Bovine Eye on Cell Proliferation in the Newt Cornea
      
The effect of the adhesion protein isolated from the bovine cornea was studied on the model of mechanical injury (cross cutting of the cornea).
      
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One hundred and thirty patients with tic douloureux underwent treatment of percutaneous retrogasserian glycerol injection (PRGI). At the final assessment 63.1% had complete relief of pain; 32.3% improved; and 4.6% had no results. In contrast to thermal rhizotomy by the radiofrequecy—indueed lesions, PRGI offers patients relief of painful tic douloureux without altering facial sensation and corneal sensory loss in most cases. In this group 66.5% had no demonstrable change in facial sensation, 33.5% had minor...

One hundred and thirty patients with tic douloureux underwent treatment of percutaneous retrogasserian glycerol injection (PRGI). At the final assessment 63.1% had complete relief of pain; 32.3% improved; and 4.6% had no results. In contrast to thermal rhizotomy by the radiofrequecy—indueed lesions, PRGI offers patients relief of painful tic douloureux without altering facial sensation and corneal sensory loss in most cases. In this group 66.5% had no demonstrable change in facial sensation, 33.5% had minor hypalgesia but still reacted to pin stimulation. Corneal sensory loss was not noted in 27 cases with the first division trigeminal pain. 13 patients had a second PRGI because of no results following the first injection. Most of them made an improvement afterwards. Maxillary and mandibular division pain were treated satisfactorily with 0.2—0.25ml glycerine and ophthalmic division with 0.3—0.4ml.

本文报告130例经皮三叉神经节后根甘油封闭术。63.1%疼痛完全消失,32.3%疼痛减轻,4.6%无效。与射频治疗三叉神经痛相比,甘油封闭可解除疼痛,大部分病例中没有面部感觉障碍与角膜反射消失,本组病例66.5%术后面部感觉正常,33.5%面部感觉减退,但对针刺有反应,27例第1支痛的病人注射后无角膜反射消失,13例病人因第一次术后无效进行了二次注射,都取得了良好效果。三叉神经2、3支痛的病人一般注射0.2~0.25ml甘油,1支痛的病人注射0.3~0.4ml。

One hundred cases of trigeminal neuralgia were treated by the ald of a ruler to localize the Gasserina ganglion and a selfdesigned radiofrequency apparatus t coagulate the selected nerve. In this series of patients 99 Cases had been followed up from 1 to 18 months. The effect might be classified as: excellent in 74, good in 21 and relapse in 4. The side-effects were: facial paresthesia, temporal muscle atrophy (3 cases) and corneal nebula (1 case).Scalp-recorded somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) during...

One hundred cases of trigeminal neuralgia were treated by the ald of a ruler to localize the Gasserina ganglion and a selfdesigned radiofrequency apparatus t coagulate the selected nerve. In this series of patients 99 Cases had been followed up from 1 to 18 months. The effect might be classified as: excellent in 74, good in 21 and relapse in 4. The side-effects were: facial paresthesia, temporal muscle atrophy (3 cases) and corneal nebula (1 case).Scalp-recorded somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) during trigeminal stimulation were observed in 45 normals and 27 patients before and after treatment. P19 peak of the SEP was clearcut and a good reproducible, it served as an important index to be measured. We found thermocoagulation lesion could cause inhibited changes in the trigeminal EPs, i. e. the wave F19 was delayed, grosssly attenuated and dis- torted, even equivocal or absent. In 18 out of 23 cases with excellent effect EPs were markedly inhibited, the 5 reminders and 3 cases with good effect were less affected. 1 case with poor response had no change, it seems that there is a certain relationship between the alternation of SFP and the clinical effect. This revealed that EP test may be helpful in evaluating whether the extent of the lesion is big enough to obtain a satisfactory analgestic effect and whether another treatment will be needed.

报告应用三叉神经半月节定位尺和自行研制的射频治疗仪治疗100例三叉神经痛患者,其有效率98%,1例穿刺失败。随访1年半,效果优者74例,良者21例,复发4例。7例患者并发面区异样感觉,3例出现患侧颞肌萎缩,1例遗留患侧角膜云翳。45例正常人记录三叉神经体感诱发电位为对照组,其中P_(19)正波波形清楚,重复性好为主要观察指标。治疗组27例治疗前后作诱发电位检查,结果疗效优者23例中诱发电位18例抑制,5例变化不明显;疗效良者3例诱发电位没有显著变化,1例效果差者诱发电位无改变,认为诱发电位与临床疗效有一定相关联系。同体分支刺激引导诱发电位结果表明,临床疗效与刺激该支引导诱发电位变化平行,提示分支刺激记录诱发电位,可作为半月节热凝范围与程度的客观指标,对估量疗效,指导补充热凝具有一定参考价值。

The clinical data,the prognosis,and thefinal issue of 50 cases of severe brain injurieswere evaluated.All 50 cases were scored <8according to Glasgow,s Coma Scale(GCS).Thebrainstem was arbitrarily divided into six func-tional planes,namely:Ⅰ.cortex-subcortex,Ⅱ.diencephalon,Ⅲ.diencephalo-mesencephalonjuncture,Ⅳ.mesencephalon,Ⅴ.pons andⅥ medulla.Ten reflexes were choosen to iden-tify the specific functional status at each plane.It was proved that the division of brainstemand the dynamic changes of specific reflexeswere...

The clinical data,the prognosis,and thefinal issue of 50 cases of severe brain injurieswere evaluated.All 50 cases were scored <8according to Glasgow,s Coma Scale(GCS).Thebrainstem was arbitrarily divided into six func-tional planes,namely:Ⅰ.cortex-subcortex,Ⅱ.diencephalon,Ⅲ.diencephalo-mesencephalonjuncture,Ⅳ.mesencephalon,Ⅴ.pons andⅥ medulla.Ten reflexes were choosen to iden-tify the specific functional status at each plane.It was proved that the division of brainstemand the dynamic changes of specific reflexeswere of great value in predicting the prognosisof the severe brain injuries with coma.Thediencephalo-mesencephalon juncture(plane Ⅲ)appeared to the critical plane,when the injuryover-crossed this plane,the prognosis was almostinvariably fatal.

本文报道选用10种脑干反射对严重脑外伤昏迷病例进行预后预测的经验体会。作者将脑干人为地分成6个不同平面,包括:Ⅰ、皮质—皮质下,Ⅱ、间脑,Ⅲ、间脑—中脑交接处,Ⅳ、中脑,Ⅴ、桥脑,Ⅵ、延脑。选用的反射包括8种生理性反射:1.睫脊反射 2.额眼轮匝肌反射 3.垂直性眼头运动反射 4.瞳孔对光反射 5.角膜反射 6.嚼肌反射 7.水平性眼头运动反射 8.眼心反射;2种病理性反射 9.掌颏反射 10.角膜下颌反射。本组50例检测结果提示脑干反射的动态变化有助于及时正确作出脑干损害平面的定位诊断并随时了解其发展趋向。每一脑干功能平面有其特征性脑干反射作为代表。故从脑干反射的动态隐现中可以预卜脑干损害平面的扩展或缩小,从而达到预测预后的效用。本组经验提示Ⅲ平面是脑干损害的临界点,损害逾此平面以下预后极为恶劣。本组50例中损害达Ⅳ~Ⅵ平面者全部死亡。作者设计一种新的昏迷记录单,结合10种脑干反射和 GCS 评分的动态观测,有助于此法的推广应用。

 
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