助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   [修复] 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.02秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
石油天然气工业
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

修复
相关语句
  相似匹配句对
     The repair of fingertip injury.
     指尖损伤的修复
短句来源
     Repair of Air Hammer by Bead Welding
     空气锤的堆焊修复
短句来源
查询“[修复]”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

    我想查看译文中含有:的双语例句
例句
没有找到相关例句


A total of 23 adult rabbits were used in this study. Six were used as control andthe remaining 17 rabbits were injected with adrenaline to produce cardiac lesion. Theseanimals were sacrificed alternatively either by medullary-shock or clacium block after 1,3, 5, 7, 10, 14 and 21 days of experiment. The left ventricle was excised and fixed inCarnoy fixative, embedded in paraffin, stained with either H-E or PAS (McManus)method. Slides of saliva digestion and PAS staining were used for the identificationof glycogen....

A total of 23 adult rabbits were used in this study. Six were used as control andthe remaining 17 rabbits were injected with adrenaline to produce cardiac lesion. Theseanimals were sacrificed alternatively either by medullary-shock or clacium block after 1,3, 5, 7, 10, 14 and 21 days of experiment. The left ventricle was excised and fixed inCarnoy fixative, embedded in paraffin, stained with either H-E or PAS (McManus)method. Slides of saliva digestion and PAS staining were used for the identificationof glycogen. The following points of conclusion were drawn: 1. More glycogen was present in the left ventricle of animals killed by calciumblock than those killed by medulla-shock. 2. The glycogen content in the outer and inner myocardial layers of the normalanimal killed by calcium block was identical and that of the middle layer was lesser.Since these myocardial layers perform different functions in ventricular contraction, theauthors suggest that the glycogen content of the different normal myocardial layers wasassociated with its function. 3. Medulla-shock causes anoxia of the heart. There were severe exhaustion ofglycogen in the outer layer during anoxia. The influence of anoxia was restricted to theintersinusal region (the parasinusal region was less influenced) of the middle layer. Theinfluence of anoxia to the inner layer was minimal. These phenomena were interpretedas due to the different blood sources of each layer. 4. In the myocardium of the shocked animals, glycogen was constantly stagnatedat the following places: the perisinusal fibers of the middle layer, the lateral boundariesof the papillary muscle, and the inner layer of the myocardium. These phenomena fur-ther proved the relationship between the glycogen distribution and the blood supply. 5. The perilesion deposition of glycogen due to adrenaline was not influenced bythe process of anoxia in any layer of the myocardium. The abnormal glycogen disap-peared coincidentally with other cytoplasmic material during degeneration. So, it wasbelieved that this glycogen probably was combined with the protein. The range ofabnormal glycogen distribution was in accordance with the severity of the lesion. 6. Within the first 5 days of our experiment, the focal lesion had not yet form-ed, the injury of individual fiber was variable and so did glycogen distribution. Afterthe 14th experimental day, the lesion was replaced by scar tissue and the perilesion car-diac fibers reappeared to normal. Thus, there was no abnormal glycogen deposit in thatregion. Only between the 5th and 14th experimental days, the abnormal glycogen de-position was distinct.

作者应用肾上腺素产生实验性心肌病变。从钙杀死及捶死的正常及实验的家兔心肌PAS及H.E染片的观察中,作者得出下列几点结论: 1,钙杀死的动物较之捶死动物的心肌含有更多的糖原。 2,钙杀死动物心肌内层与外层糖原含量相等而其功能皆为缩短心室纵径;司心室横径收缩的心肌中层糖原较少。因此作者认为心肌各层糖原含量与其功能有关。 3,乏氧对心肌糖原的影响以外层最显著,心肌中层的血窦间地区(不包括血窦旁地区)糖原消耗较多,而乏氧对心肌内层亦有一定影响。作者认为以上差别是与其血液来源相关。 4,在捶死动物中,血窦旁及乳头肌两侧以及心肌内层皆保留糖原一事再次证明糖原与血液供应的关系。 5,心肌异常糖原不受乏氧影响,它可能是与蛋白貭结合的糖原。 6,5—14天的病灶周旁异常糖原较多。14天以上的病灶结瘢修复,其周旁纤维康复,无异常糖原。在5天以内的材料中,病灶尚未形成,病变纤维周旁的纤维因受损与恢复程度不同故而糖原分布极不恒定。

Sixty-eight adult male rabbits were selected for this experiment. A defect was made by sawing off a fragment of bone, 4 mm in length, from the diaphysis of both radii., under anesthesis of sod. amytol. The materials for the study were removed from these animals at intervals of 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, 17, 21, 28, 35 and 42 days after the operation. Sections were prepared for both histological and histochemical studies. Three types of bone calli were observed in different phases during the bone repair: 1) trabeculae...

Sixty-eight adult male rabbits were selected for this experiment. A defect was made by sawing off a fragment of bone, 4 mm in length, from the diaphysis of both radii., under anesthesis of sod. amytol. The materials for the study were removed from these animals at intervals of 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, 17, 21, 28, 35 and 42 days after the operation. Sections were prepared for both histological and histochemical studies. Three types of bone calli were observed in different phases during the bone repair: 1) trabeculae with coarse woven fibers, 2) trabeculae with fine parallel fibers, and 3) the mixed type. The contents of ribonucleic acids, alkaline phosphatase, cytochrome oxydase and succinic dehydrogenase increase in the osteoblast as the cell develops from flat to collumnar form. As the osteoblast develops into osteocyte the above reactions decrease in intensity. In the fine-fibered trabeculaer the osteocytes were almost free from the above content, while in the coarse-fibered trabeculae, the osteocytes still retain a moderate intensity for the above reactions. This indicates that the latter type of bone trabeculae is relatively immature. Periodic acid-Schiff reactions in the coarse-fibered bone matrix and fibers are more intensive than in that of the fine-fibered. Reactions for acid mucoplysaccharides (Mowry's and Alcian blue reactions) are negative in all the bone matrix observed, except on the wall of bone lacunae and cement lines. Alkaline phosphatase activity is restrictod within that narrow area of fine fibers under the periosteum. The histological and histochemical features of osteoclast are described and its functions are discussed.

本实验选用了雄性、成年、健康家兔68只。在阿米妥钠溶液静脉注射之麻醉情况下进行无菌手术:在挠骨中段人工造成4毫米的缺损。手术后1, 2, 3,,、7, 10, 14, 17,21, 28, 35及42天后杀死动物,取材,固定,进行了组织学和组织化学研究。 在骨折修复过程中,不同时期内可以见到三种不同的骨痴:(1)粗纤维编织状骨,(2)细纤维板层状骨,以及(3)混合性骨小梁。 当扁平的成骨细胞分化成高柱状的成骨细胞时,细胞内所包含的核糖核酸、碱性磷酸酶、细胞色素氧化酶及墟拍酸脱氢酶等逐渐增加。在成骨细胞分化成骨细胞过程中则上述的各种组织化学反应弦度逐渐减低。在细纤维骨小梁内的骨细胞,上述各种成分几乎完个消失;在粗纤维骨小梁的细胞内部仍旧显示了中等程度的上述各种组织化学反应。在新生的粗纤维骨小梁内骨基质和骨纤维内高碘酸雪夫氏反应是要较细纤维骨内的反应要强一些。在上述各种骨小梁的基质内,除了细纤维骨骨陷窝壁和粘合线内,都没有见到明显的酸性粘多糖反应和异染性;碱性磷酸酶的反应也仅限于骨外衣下粗纤维外包裹的细纤维。 本文尚结合破骨细胞的形态结构及组织化学反应讨论了破骨细胞的机能问题。

A total of 26 adult rabbits were used in this study. Six were used as control and

注射大量肾上腺素后,变性心肌纤维可以呈现异常糖原的堆聚,脂肪变性及硫氢基增多现象,这是心肌受损的表征。这种受损的纤维可以康复,亦可进一步的变性,以致坏死,形成病灶。病灶周围的心肌亦呈上述损伤表征。单一次注射大量肾上腺素14日后,病灶已结瘢修复,瘢疤周围心肌基本正常,仅极少数纤维仍呈变性现象。本文着重讨论了在受损的心肌内,脂肪变性及异常糖原二者间的代谢关系,同时也探讨了蛋白质变性对脂肪及糖原二者代谢的可能影响。由于肾上腺素对心肌的影响,大量使用时应谨妥为宜。

 
<< 更多相关文摘    
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关[修复]的内容
在知识搜索中查有关[修复]的内容
在数字搜索中查有关[修复]的内容
在概念知识元中查有关[修复]的内容
在学术趋势中查有关[修复]的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社