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正常髋臼
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  normal acetabulum
     (2)The normal acetabulum angle in infant under three months was under 30°;
     (2)3个月以内婴儿正常髋臼指数应<30°;
短句来源
     Group one: Both lower limbs were in standing status with normal acetabulum; Group two: single foot was in standing status with normal acetabulum;
     正常髋臼双下肢静立状态组及单足站立状态组、模拟发育不良髋臼双下肢静立状态组,应用实验应力分析法分别在不同载荷下髋臼周围骨面进行应力分布测定。
短句来源
     Conclusion:Acetabulum of congenical hip dislocation in older children changes qualitatively,markedly changes in biomechanics curve of normal acetabulum.
     结论:大龄儿童先天性髋关节脱位髋臼各点的应力产生了质变,显著改变了正常髋臼的生物力学曲线。
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  “正常髋臼”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results (1)The normal pattern of acetabulum in neonate and infant appeared as definite“—”,indefinite“—” was considered as abnormal,its sensitivity,specificity and accuracy was 100%,91.59 and 85% respectively,and statistical comparison P<0.05;
     结果(1)婴儿早期正常髋臼形态为清晰的“一”字形,模糊“一”字形或形态不清应视为异常,敏感度为100%,特异度为91.59%,准确度为85%。 统计学比较显示P<0.05;
短句来源
     The stress on the top area of acetabulum and posterior area of acetabulum were increased with the increased of distance to the limbus of acetabulum (1.0cm, 2.0cm, 3.0cm), the difference was significant (p
     正常髋臼的双下肢静立状态下与单肢站立状态下相应部位的应力有显著差异(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     Absolute value of stree on anterior area of acetablulum,top area of caetabulum and posterior area of acetabulum in both group one and group three had significant difference (p
     正常髋臼与发育不良髋臼双下肢静立状态下的相应部位的应力对比有显著差异(P<0.05),其中臼顶区间的应力值有非常显著性差异(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     The stress value of both top acetabulum was very significantly different (p
     正常髋臼周围应力集中于臼顶区,应力分布均匀。
短句来源
     All patients except for type HI hips were measured with BAI ( Bony Acetabular Index) , CAI ( Cartilaginous Acetabular index) , BAQ ( Bony Acetabular Quotient) and CAQ (Cartilaginous Acetabular Quotient) on the coronal view passing fem-oral head center according to the method described by Fisher etc.
     正常髋和Ⅰ、Ⅱ型脱位髋选择经过股骨头中心的MRI冠状层面,依照Fisher等描述的方法测量骨性髋臼指数(BAI)和软骨性髋臼指数(CAI)以及骨性髋臼商(BAQ)和软骨性髋臼商(CAQ)。 Ⅲ型脱位鉴于正常髋臼形态消失,测量相关指标已无意义,不进行指标测量。
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  相似匹配句对
     their acetabula were relatively normal.
     他们的髋臼相对正常
短句来源
     CT measurement of acetabular sector angle in normal adult
     正常成人髋臼断面角的CT测量
短句来源
     ⑤normal.
     ⑤正常
短句来源
     (G)normal control;
     G ,正常对照 ;
短句来源
     Fracture of acetabulum
     髋臼骨折
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  normal acetabulum
In this illustration, an abnormally shaped femoral head and neck articulate with a normal acetabulum.
      


本文讨论了髋关节“双杯”的材料和设计,对几种人工关节材料作了磨损试验。同时为了使设计的“双杯”较为符合正常髋臼和头下股骨颈的大小和形态,观察了正常成人干燥股骨100根、髋臼80个、20根正常成人干燥股骨的X光片,测得了几个重要数据。

AbstractTwo anatomical curves were made through dy-namic measurement of the angles of acetabular abduc-tion and anteversion with the change of inclination ofthe pelvis. On the basis of the analysis of the curves,the following are known:(1)the normal range of ac-etabular abduction of standing adult is 40°~ 47°,theanteversiOn is 4°~20°,and there is no significance dif-ference between male and female(P> 0. 05);(2)theexistence of the anteversion makes the angle of the ab-duction reduced slowly with the increase...

AbstractTwo anatomical curves were made through dy-namic measurement of the angles of acetabular abduc-tion and anteversion with the change of inclination ofthe pelvis. On the basis of the analysis of the curves,the following are known:(1)the normal range of ac-etabular abduction of standing adult is 40°~ 47°,theanteversiOn is 4°~20°,and there is no significance dif-ference between male and female(P> 0. 05);(2)theexistence of the anteversion makes the angle of the ab-duction reduced slowly with the increase of hip flexionand maitains better coverage of the acetabulum for thefemoral head;(3) the change of inclination of thepelvis influcences the level of acetabular anteversion,as inclination of the pelvis increases 10°, the antever-sion reduces 6°.The above results provide reliableanatomical basis for total hip replacement.

作者通过对112个正常髋臼外展角和前倾角随骨盆前倾度改变而变化的动态测量研究,制作出髋臼两角与骨盆倾度之间的相关变化曲线。根据结果和曲线分析而知:(1)正常成人站立和行走时的髋臼外展角约为40°~47°,前倾角为4°~20°,男性与女性之间无显著性差异(P>0.05);(2)髋臼前倾角的存在使外展角在屈髋活动时减小比较缓慢,保证了髋臼对股骨头较好的覆盖;(3)骨盆倾度的改变对髋臼前倾角的大小影响较大,骨盆倾度每增大10°,前倾角即减小6°。该结果为临床全髋置换术前判断髋臼位相,术中正确放置人工臼杯,术后指导髋关节功能锻炼,提供了可靠的解剖依据。

Objective To evaluate the use of a stemmed (McMinn) acetabular cup with morselized bone allograft in treatment of severe acetabular bone insufficiency with revision acetabuloplasty. Methods From March 1997 to March 2003, 15 cases (16 hips) with loosened cup and bone defect were revised by the stemmed uncemented acetabular cups (McMinn) with allograft morselized bone. The acetabular deficiency was classified as follows according to AASO: 3 cases in typeⅠA (segmental peripheral deficiencies), 12 cases (13 hips)...

Objective To evaluate the use of a stemmed (McMinn) acetabular cup with morselized bone allograft in treatment of severe acetabular bone insufficiency with revision acetabuloplasty. Methods From March 1997 to March 2003, 15 cases (16 hips) with loosened cup and bone defect were revised by the stemmed uncemented acetabular cups (McMinn) with allograft morselized bone. The acetabular deficiency was classified as follows according to AASO: 3 cases in typeⅠA (segmental peripheral deficiencies), 12 cases (13 hips) in type Ⅲ(combined deficiencies). There were 11 females and 4 males, the average age of the patients was 69 years old (62~78 years). 9 cases underwent revision for the first time, of whom one was revised by McMinn prosthesis on bilateral acetabuloplasties, 7 cases were for the second time. The interval between the last hip arthroplasty and revision on average, was 8 years. The shape of McMinn was a stemmed cup, made of titanium alloy with porous surface coated by HA. The liner was made of UHMPE. Results The mean duration of follow-up was 1.4 years (3 months to 6 years). 12 patients 13 McMinn hips were followed up. Except one, all the McMinn components were firmly fused with the iliac bone, translucent line could not be found between the donor bone bed and McMinn, there was new bone formation around the McMinn cup. The Harris hip score increased from 39.0 points preoperatively to 87.1 points postoperatively. The successful rate of revision was 84.6%. One McMinn stem sunk and was displaced 3 years after revision, and re-revision was performed with morselized bone, cement and acetabular prosthesis with wings. Another case suffered from repeated dislocation one year after revision even though the McMinn component combined well with the iliac bone, this patient need further re-revision. The rate of complication was 12.5%. Conclusions This technique has permitted the hip center to be brought to a near-normal position and it reduces the difficulties of acetabuloplasty revision surgery. The McMinn can give instant stability in the presence of massive bone loss. The revision skill can be reproduced and can improve the successful rate of revision surgery.

目的 探讨带柄McMinn髋臼假体在伴有严重髋臼骨缺损髋臼翻修术中的应用。方法  1997年3月~ 2 0 0 3年 3月 ,应用带柄McMinn髋臼假体治疗 15例 16髋髋臼骨缺损的翻修病例 ,按美国矫形外科医师学会 (AAOS)分型标准 ,ⅠA型 (节段型缺损周围型 ) 3例 3髋、Ⅲ型 (混合型缺损 ) 12例 13髋。女 11例 12髋 ,男 4例 4髋 ;年龄 6 2~ 78岁 ,平均为 6 9岁。首次翻修 8例 9髋 ,第 2次翻修 7例 7髋。距上次全髋置换时间平均为 8年。带柄杯McMinn髋臼假体为柄杯一体 ,由钛合金材料制成 ,表面多孔 ,杯的表面喷涂羟基磷灰石 ,内衬为超高分子聚乙烯。在杯的周围植入适量异体冻干颗粒骨。结果 随访 3个月~ 6年 ,平均随访 1.4年 ,共随访 12例 13髋。 11髋McMinn柄杯与髂骨结合良好 ,无松动及移位 ,X线摄片显示假体与骨床间无透亮带 ,杯的周围有新骨形成且覆盖假体 ;1髋术后 3年McMinn柄下沉向盆腔内移位 ,取出McMinn假体 ,植入异体颗粒骨结合骨水泥带翼髋臼杯再次翻修 ;1髋McMinn假体与髂骨结合牢固 ,但翻修术后 1年...

目的 探讨带柄McMinn髋臼假体在伴有严重髋臼骨缺损髋臼翻修术中的应用。方法  1997年3月~ 2 0 0 3年 3月 ,应用带柄McMinn髋臼假体治疗 15例 16髋髋臼骨缺损的翻修病例 ,按美国矫形外科医师学会 (AAOS)分型标准 ,ⅠA型 (节段型缺损周围型 ) 3例 3髋、Ⅲ型 (混合型缺损 ) 12例 13髋。女 11例 12髋 ,男 4例 4髋 ;年龄 6 2~ 78岁 ,平均为 6 9岁。首次翻修 8例 9髋 ,第 2次翻修 7例 7髋。距上次全髋置换时间平均为 8年。带柄杯McMinn髋臼假体为柄杯一体 ,由钛合金材料制成 ,表面多孔 ,杯的表面喷涂羟基磷灰石 ,内衬为超高分子聚乙烯。在杯的周围植入适量异体冻干颗粒骨。结果 随访 3个月~ 6年 ,平均随访 1.4年 ,共随访 12例 13髋。 11髋McMinn柄杯与髂骨结合良好 ,无松动及移位 ,X线摄片显示假体与骨床间无透亮带 ,杯的周围有新骨形成且覆盖假体 ;1髋术后 3年McMinn柄下沉向盆腔内移位 ,取出McMinn假体 ,植入异体颗粒骨结合骨水泥带翼髋臼杯再次翻修 ;1髋McMinn假体与髂骨结合牢固 ,但翻修术后 1年因发生关节不稳而反复脱位 ,需进一步返修。本组翻修成功率为 84 .6 %。翻修前Harris髋关节功能评分为 39.0分 ,术后随访平均为 87.1分。并发症发生率为 12 .5 %。结论 此技术可重建接近正常的髋臼中心 ,

 
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