Second, in terms of theory, the major points of the comment are to be emphasized on Lukacs'arguments about the writing or realistic writers who are mostly from Hungary, Germany, the Soviet Union of Raussia and France.
Different from the romantic and modernist writers who depict love from the views of ontology and nature, the Russian realistic writers pay more attention to the social values of love and uncover the moral and social relation that love embodies.
In this article, combining the point of view that Balzac's works have been acknowledged as realism in the academic circles with the comparison between French social status in the 19th century and the themes of works, we conclude that in common sense Balzac is not a realistic writer.
Ivan S.Turgenev is a great realistic Russian writer in thenineteenth century. In this paper are displayed recent advances in studies on Turgenev and his works. Among them are:1. Turgenev and his works are approached in a comprehensive way and from various angles;2. New theories and new methods for research are stressed and adopted in practice;3. Influential academic monographs have been published;4. Comparative studies are to become a new trend.
Dreiser's background which laid a solid foundation on his writing career is initially discussed. Then his masterpiece as a whole together with its two striking features as well as itsmajor characters are analysed individually.
The second collection of short stories, Flower Season by Lin Dan , embodies rich implicitness and a plain pure style of his creation and shows that Lin Dan is a realist author in the region of Dalian who has creative strength and stylistic characteristics.