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  tang and song dynasties
Discussions on the contrast between the Tang and Song dynasties are common in Chinese cultural and intellectual history.
      
It promoted economic and social development of the Sui, Tang and Song dynasties (605 A.D.-1279 A.D.).
      
During the Tang and Song dynasties, Chengdu was famous for its music, songs and operas.
      
  tang and song dynasty
The progression of moxibustion therapy in Tang and Song Dynasty folk medicine: An analysis on the background of technology choic
      
  tang and song
The Fu of Minnan: A Local Clan in Late Tang and Song China (9th-13th Centuries)
      
Discussions on the contrast between the Tang and Song dynasties are common in Chinese cultural and intellectual history.
      
Shifting our concern from the "original thinking" of the Tang and Song to the "compromise thinking" of the Song and Ming will cause an increase in the kinds of documents about cultural and intellectual history.
      
The progression of moxibustion therapy in Tang and Song Dynasty folk medicine: An analysis on the background of technology choic
      
Evolution of Ci Poetry of the dynasties of Tang and Song in the perspective of dissociation and integration of Shi and Ci
      
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The present article is written on the basis of the author's paper read in the 8th Congress of World History of Science held in Italy- in September 1956. It deals with the invention and development of time-keeping apparatus in our country during a historical period of some three thousand years, tracing this development from remote antiquity with its sundial and clepsydra making use of the shadow of the sun down to the Dynasties of Han, Sui, Tang and Sung with their water-powered astronomical clockworks (installed...

The present article is written on the basis of the author's paper read in the 8th Congress of World History of Science held in Italy- in September 1956. It deals with the invention and development of time-keeping apparatus in our country during a historical period of some three thousand years, tracing this development from remote antiquity with its sundial and clepsydra making use of the shadow of the sun down to the Dynasties of Han, Sui, Tang and Sung with their water-powered astronomical clockworks (installed on water-powered astronomical apparatuses) which used gears and cams for transmission and were, therefore, mechanical. The final stage of development was reached with the independent mechanical clockwork of Kuo Shou-ching in the Yuan Dynasty and that of Chan Hsi-yuan with hand and dial in the first years of the Ming Dynasty.Unfortunately in the last 400 years from the introduction of European clocks into our country at the time of the reign of Wan-li in the Ming Dynasty till the Liberation we always remained in the stage of imitation in the sphere of time-keeping apparatus and the work of invention came to a stand.The original paper was published in English by the Congress after its closing. It was republished in Chinese in December 1956 in the Acta Astrono-mica Sinica Vol. IV, No.2. Now it is rewritten in the light of new materials with some additions, omissions as well as revisions in its contents.

本文系根据笔者于1956年9月在意大利参加第八届世界科学史会议时宣读的论文重行增订写的。内容论述我国古代三千年左右有关计时器的发明和发展。自远古利用日影的圭表和日晷起,中间经汉、隋、唐、宋等朝代,附装在水力天文仪器上的水力天文钟,都采用了齿轮和凸轮的传动,即已都属于机械性。元代郭守敬以后,到明初的詹希元,更发展到独立时钟机构,並有了指针和表盘。可是近四百年,即自明代万历年间,西洋的自鸣钟传来我国,我国在计时器方面的工作,始终在模制阶段,自己的发明遂归于停顿。 那次会议闭幕以后,会中曾用英文出版一次,我国1956年12月,《天文学报》4卷2期用中文出版一次。现在根据一些新资料,重新加以增删和改正。

The main body of this article is Mr Fu Zhenlun's teaching materials with which he has given lectures all over China. It is divided into three parts: Ⅰ、 A Survey of Chinese Porcelain's Development. Ⅱ、Variety and Scope of Ancient Ceramics Documents. Ⅲ、Content and Summary of Ancient Ceramics. This issue only shows readers the first part.

瓷器是中国伟大发明之一,国人特别是文物考古工作者,对古代陶瓷多爱惜珍藏,进而作科学的研究。历史学家、工艺美术家、轻工业部门也多以古代陶瓷作为一种研究的对象。而所有古陶瓷研究者都须通古陶瓷文献学。宋马端临尝说:“引古经史谓之文,参以唐宋以来诸臣之奏议,诸儒之议论谓之献”(《文献通考、自序》),可以说文献学是图书资料之学,包括口碑往事的追述回忆,不见经传的古事古物的再现、勘查,以及现在人类、民俗等调查在内。其实文献学也就是目录学。它有“辨章学术、考境源流”的功用。清人张之洞《輏轩语》论研究学问的方法说过,“读书宜有门径。泛滥无归,终身无得。得门而入,事半功倍。”他所说的“读书门径”即是目录学或文献学。我们要研究我国古代陶瓷,固然要在博物馆和文物单位(如文物管理委员会、考古研究所、考古工作队、文物研究所、文物商店)研究实物、或参加勘察,或参加征集、发掘,但阅读图书资料也是很重要的,不可忽视。1976年我参与硅酸盐学会筹划编纂《中国陶瓷史》,曾编写参考资料五种。今加整理,写成此稿,来和同志们交换意见,尚希指教。此稿仍以瓷器文献资料为主,古陶、砖瓦、琉璃、紫砂、钧陶以及近现代科技等资料,亦姑附之。

The art of seal inscriptions,with the direct seduction of characters on sides and tops of official and private stamps in Tang and Song Dynasties, with the indirect absorption of fruits from the froms and contents in painting inscriptions, and through the active practice of men of letters,was gradually developed. The achievement of its techniques and the formation of its artistic schools can be seen hath in the cutting and in the calligraphy.

边款艺术是在唐宋官私印印背文字的直接诱发下,间接地吸收了绘画题记在形式和内容两个方面的营养,并通过文人的积极参与发生、发展起来的。其技法演变和艺术流派的形成,主要反映在刀法和书法两个方面。

 
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