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阴性杆菌     
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  negative bacilli
     32.3% of gram negative bacilli was P. aeruginosa, 12.4% was Acinetobacter Baumannii.
     革兰阴性杆菌中,铜绿假单胞菌占32.3%,鲍曼氏不动杆菌占12.4%。
短句来源
     Results: 53(21.2%) strains was AmpC positive, 98(39.2%) strains was ESBLs positive, and 6(2.4%) strains ESBLs+AmpC positise were found among 250 strains of Gram negative bacilli.
     结果 :在受检的 2 5 0株革兰阴性杆菌中 ,5 3株(2 1.2 % )产AmpC酶 ,98株 (39.2 % )产ESBLs ,6株 (2 .4 % )同时高产AmpC +ESBLs酶。
短句来源
     RESULTS The proportion of Gram positive cocci and Gram negative bacilli was 46 8% and 53 2%, respectively in 1 910 isolated strains.
     结果 分离出的1 910株细菌中,革兰阳性球菌占 46 8%,革兰阴性杆菌占 53 2%;
短句来源
     For the most Gram negative bacilli,the antibiotics of better susceptivity include lmipenem(90%~100%),the 3rd generation of cephalosporins (38%~81%)and gentamicin(71%~73%).
     对大部分革兰阴性杆菌有较好敏感性的抗生素有亚胺培南 ( 90 %~ 10 0 % )、三代头孢 ( 38%~ 81% )及庆大霉素 ( 71%~ 73% )。
短句来源
     In the Gram negative bacilli,the pseudomonas aeruginosa(26.6%),klebsiella pneumoniae(16.7%),haemophilus influenzae(11.5%),acinetobacter(10.5%)go into the top four.
     革兰阴性杆菌中 ,绿脓假单胞菌 ( 2 6 .6 % )、肺炎克雷伯菌 ( 16 .7% )、流感嗜血杆菌 ( 11.5 % )、不动杆菌 ( 10 .5 % )列居前 4位。
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  negative bacillus
     Results 69 pathogenic bacteria isolated from 69 eyes in 242 injuried ones,the percent rates of gram positive coccus,gram positive bacillus,gram negative bacillus and fungus were 57.97%(40 cases),5.80%(4 cases),27.54%(19 cases),8.70%(6 cases)respectively.
     结果242眼中有69眼分离出69株病原菌,其中革兰阳性球菌40株(57.97%)、革兰阳性杆菌4株(5.80%)、革兰阴性杆菌19株(27.54%)、真菌6株(8.70%)。
短句来源
     The rate of Gram negative bacillus was 48.62%,Gram positive coccus was 33.69%,Gram negative coccus was 5.81%,Gram positive bacillus was 0.94%,fungus was 10.91%,the common pethogenics bacterium of positive rate were concentrated in 38 species(count for 86.87%) of 15 genuses(count for 95.39%).
     Gram阴性杆菌占4 8 .6 2 % ,Gram阳性球菌33. 6 9% ,真菌10 . 91% ,Gram阴性球菌5. 81% ,Gram阳性杆菌0 . 94 % ,球菌和杆菌比例为1∶1 2 5。 常见的病原菌有15个属(占95 . 39% )和38个种(占86 . 87% )。
短句来源
     Results: Gram negative bacillus (GNB) accounted for 60.6%, Gram positive coccus (GPC) 22.8%, fungi 15.7% and Gram negative coccus (GNC) 0.8% among the cultivated aetiological bacteria.
     结果 :VAP患者的细菌感染为革兰阴性杆菌 6 0 .6 % ,革兰阳性球菌 2 2 .8% ,真菌 1 5 .7% ,革兰阴性球菌0 .8%。
短句来源
     Result 37.36% of gram negative bacillus produced β-lactamase. The positive rates of β-lactamase in 2000,2001 and 2002 were 32.15%, 35.83% and 41.44%, respectively. Gram negative bacillus showed different levels of drug resistance against TGC.
     结果革兰阴性杆菌产ESBLs的平均产酶率为37.36%,其中2000年、2001年、2002年产酶率分别为32.15%、35.83%、41.44%,革兰阴性杆菌对TGC有不同程度的耐药。
短句来源
     Results In isolates of 200 gram negative bacillus, the detectable rates:ESBLs-producing strains was 27.5%; with 16.5% of induce AmpC-highly producing strains; 9.5% of producing ESBLs and induce AmpC strains;
     结果200株革兰阴性杆菌中有55株单产ESBLs(27.5%),33株诱导高产AmpC酶(16.5%),19株同时产ESBLs和诱导高产AmpC(9.5%),有20株去阻遏突变高产AmpC酶(10.0%)。
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  negative bacteria
     In patients with bronchiectasis exacerbated due to bacterial infection,86.2% were caused by gram negative bacteria with Pseudomonas aeruginosa(27.5%),Haemophilus parainfluenzae(13.7%),and Haemophilus influenzae(11.8%) as the most frequent pathogens.
     支气管扩张症患者感染革兰阴性杆菌占86.2%,前3位分别为铜绿假单胞菌(27.5%)、副流感嗜血杆菌(13.7%)和流感嗜血杆菌(11.8%)。
短句来源
     Results In 505 positive specimens,Gram negative bacteria were 231(45.6%),among them,the rates of detection of staphylococcus aureus were 19.4% Coagulasenegative,Staphycoccuswere 15.8%; Crram negative bacteria were 185(36.8%),among them,Enterobacteriaceae 26.3% Nonfermenters 10.5%; all classes of epiphyte were 73(14.5%);
     结果505份阳性标本中革兰阳性球菌231株占45.6%,其中,金黄色葡萄球菌的检出率占19.4%,凝固酶阴性葡萄球菌占15.8%,革兰阴性杆菌185株占36.8%,其中肠杆菌科占26.3%,非发酵菌占10.5%,各类真菌73株占14.5%;
短句来源
     Distribution and drug resistance of gram negative bacteria in Lianyungang Third People's Hospital during the years from 2002 to 2004
     连云港市第三人民医院2002~2004年革兰阴性杆菌分布及耐药性分析
短句来源
     In pathogens of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,gram negative bacteria occupied 73.9%,with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae as the most common pathogens(18.2% and 13.6%,respectively).
     慢性阻塞性肺疾病急性加重期患者感染的病原菌中革兰阴性杆菌占73.9%,铜绿假单胞菌和肺炎克雷伯菌最常见,分别为18.2%和13.6%;
短句来源
     Detection of qacE-sul1 Gene Resistant to Quaternary Ammonium Compounds and Sulphonamide Compounds in Gram Negative Bacteria
     革兰阴性杆菌耐季铵盐消毒剂-磺胺复合物基因qac E-sul1的检测
短句来源
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  negative bacterial
     Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance of gram negative bacterial isolates from patient in intensive care unit during 1998 2003
     重症监护病房革兰阴性杆菌连续六年耐药性监测研究
短句来源
     Objective: To investigate the Gram negative bacterial resistance rates in ICU and discuss how to treat infections caused by these resistant strains.
     目的 :调查从我院重症监护病房 (ICU)患者中分离的革兰阴性杆菌耐药状况 ,并探讨对耐药菌感染的治疗策略。
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  negative bacilli
Gentamicin was administered to 32 patients with severe infections due to gram-negative bacilli, 17 caused byPseudomonas aeruginosa.
      
The new aminoglycoside antibiotic, sisomicin, was used to treat 19 hospitalized patients with a variety of infections caused by gram-negative bacilli.
      
Beta lactamase resistance of newer cephalosporins and antimicrobial effectiveness against gram-negative bacilli
      
Several cephalosporins need to be used in antimicrobial susceptibility testing of gram-negative bacilli.
      
faecalis grew other organisms as well, chiefly gram negative bacilli.
      
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  negative bacillus
Ochrobactrum anthropi, formerly"Achromobacter" CDC group Vd, is a nonfermentative, nonfastidious gram-negative bacillus, that only recently has been given attention as a potential human pathogen.
      
coli was the only aerobic gram-negative bacillus present and exhibited a relatively homogenous fluoroquinolone MIC distribution.
      
Yersinia pestis is a gram-negative bacillus that can cause pneumonia if inhaled.
      
Melioidosis is a tropical infection caused by a gram-negative bacillus, Pseudomonas pseudomallei.
      
Background:Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an opportunistic, gram-negative bacillus.
      
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  negative bacteria
These new synthesized compounds evaluated for their antibacterial activities against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria using the tube dilution method.
      
The finding of antibacterial activity study showed that the sulfamide derivative 5 was the best compound of the series, exhibiting antibacterial activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.
      
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major component of the outer membrane of all gram-negative bacteria.
      
LuxR homologues are the main components of LuxR/LuxI circuit in Quorum Sensing (QS) of Gram-negative bacteria.
      
Flagellin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and outer membrane proteins (OMP) are major immunogenic antigens in many Gram-negative bacteria.
      
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  negative bacterial
However compounds 23-27 possess potent activity against Klebsiella pneumonia, a Gram-negative bacterial strain, compared to the standard drug used, ciprofloxacin.
      
Nine gram-negative bacterial strains, selected from 300 strains isolated from soils of the West Siberian petroliferous basin and growing on oil and oil products, consume phenol as a single carbon and energy source.
      
A complete nucleotide sequence analysis of the C23O revealed that it has one ORF, which showed a strong overall amino acid similarity to the known gram-negative bacterial mesophilic C23Os.
      
Aminophosphazene derivatives exhibited a broad spectrum of activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial with a magnitude comparable to reference antimicrobial agents.
      
coli, a Gram-negative bacterial strain (GNB), are reported here.
      
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  其他


The antibacterial activities of Piperacil-lin,Furbenicillin and Carbenicillin against275 strains of 19 species which were isolated clinically in vitro and in vivo were compa-ied. The results were following:

本文研究了氧哌嗪青霉素在体内外的抗菌作用,并与呋苄青霉素和羧苄青霉素进行比较。结果表明氧哌嗪青霉素在体内外具有广谱抗菌作用,对阴性杆菌抗菌作用强,均优于呋苄青霉素与羧苄青霉素。其抗绿脓杆菌的敏感性比呋苄青霉素强2~4倍,比羧苄青霉素强16~30倍。血清蛋白结合率为46%,人血清不影响其抗菌活性。

Three colony types (330 S, 330 L, and 330 V) were isolated from a cowpea Rhizobium sp. strain 330. Some of their characteristics were studied. Both symbiotic and free-living (non-associative) nitrogen fixation analysis revealed that the strain 330Ⅴ was significantly more effective than the 330 S, that the strain 330 S was moderately effective, whereas that the strain 330 L was ineffective. On the basis of comparing their properties, it was found that five characteristics seem to be correlative: High non-associative...

Three colony types (330 S, 330 L, and 330 V) were isolated from a cowpea Rhizobium sp. strain 330. Some of their characteristics were studied. Both symbiotic and free-living (non-associative) nitrogen fixation analysis revealed that the strain 330Ⅴ was significantly more effective than the 330 S, that the strain 330 S was moderately effective, whereas that the strain 330 L was ineffective. On the basis of comparing their properties, it was found that five characteristics seem to be correlative: High non-associative nitrogenase activity, high symbiotic nitrogen-fixing activity formed by a strain with cowpea host plant, small colony morphology, long doubling time, and low specific viscosity.The three colony types were all gram-negative rods (0.70×2.0 μ) with polar flagella. The thermal denaturation temperature of their DNAs was same. It corresponds to a mole per cent quanine plus cytosine composition of 60%. The soluble antigens from these strains and antibodies from anti-330 S serum separately form a precipitin band in gel-immune diffusion. Experiment showed that 330Ⅴ and 330 S were antigenically identical and that 330 L was related, but not identical, to 330Ⅴ or 330 S. Their sensitivity to 50 mM NaCl was similar. Their correlation between relatives was discussed in the paper.

从豇豆根瘤菌330菌株分离获得三株菌落型(330S,330L和330V)。共生固氮和自生(非共生)固氮研究表明,330V的固氮作用比330S明显有效,330S中等有效,而330L无效。对它们的一些特征作了比较,看来有五个特征是有相关性的:非共生固氮活性高,菌株与豇豆宿主形成的共生固氮活性高,菌落形态小;世代时间长;比粘度低。 这三个菌落型均为革兰氏阴性杆菌,菌体大小为0.7×2.0微米,都有极生鞭毛。它们DNA的解链温度相同。在凝胶免疫扩散中,各菌株的可溶性抗原分别与330S抗血清的抗体形成一条沉淀带,330S与330V抗原性相同,330L与330S或330V有关但不同一。它们对50毫克分子盐的敏感度亦相似。本文讨论了它们的亲缘关系。

By serial broth dilution technique, the MIC of piperacillin (PIPC) and carbenicillin (CBPC) against 119 isolates of Gram negative bacilli from 84 burn patients, and the MIC of PIPC against 46 isolates of Streptococcus faecalis and 34 isolates of penicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pyogenes from the burn patients were determined.

以试管双倍稀释法测定氧哌嗪青霉素(PIPC)和羧苄青霉素(CBPC)对从84例烧伤病人创面分离到的118株革兰氏阴性杆菌的MIC和PIPC对46株粪链球菌、34株耐药性金黄色葡萄球菌的MIC。结果表明PIPC对粪链球菌和奇异变形杆菌的抗菌作用最为突出,在3.12μg/ml时分别可抑制100%和83%的菌株。在6.25μg/ml时抑制全部菌株。其次为产气杆菌和绿脓杆菌,在12.5μg/ml时分别抑制70%和63%的菌株。在PIPC临界药敏浓度(12.5μg/ml)不敏感的绿脓杆菌菌株,全部被≤100μg/ml抑制,而CBPC在100μg/ml和200μg/ml时分别抑制76%和79%的菌株。对大肠杆菌、枸橼酸杆菌和硝酸盐阴性杆菌,在12.5μg/ml时分别抑制45%、44%和40%的菌株。对耐药性金黄色葡萄球菌和肺炎克雷白氏菌,在12.5μg/ml时分别抑制32%和21%的菌株,抗菌作用较差。PIPC对7种革兰氏阴性杆菌的抗菌作用均较CBPC为优。在9株对庆大霉素(GM)耐药的绿脓杆菌中,6株对PIPC的MIC在6.25~12.5μg/ml间。PIPC和丁胺卡那霉素(AMK)...

以试管双倍稀释法测定氧哌嗪青霉素(PIPC)和羧苄青霉素(CBPC)对从84例烧伤病人创面分离到的118株革兰氏阴性杆菌的MIC和PIPC对46株粪链球菌、34株耐药性金黄色葡萄球菌的MIC。结果表明PIPC对粪链球菌和奇异变形杆菌的抗菌作用最为突出,在3.12μg/ml时分别可抑制100%和83%的菌株。在6.25μg/ml时抑制全部菌株。其次为产气杆菌和绿脓杆菌,在12.5μg/ml时分别抑制70%和63%的菌株。在PIPC临界药敏浓度(12.5μg/ml)不敏感的绿脓杆菌菌株,全部被≤100μg/ml抑制,而CBPC在100μg/ml和200μg/ml时分别抑制76%和79%的菌株。对大肠杆菌、枸橼酸杆菌和硝酸盐阴性杆菌,在12.5μg/ml时分别抑制45%、44%和40%的菌株。对耐药性金黄色葡萄球菌和肺炎克雷白氏菌,在12.5μg/ml时分别抑制32%和21%的菌株,抗菌作用较差。PIPC对7种革兰氏阴性杆菌的抗菌作用均较CBPC为优。在9株对庆大霉素(GM)耐药的绿脓杆菌中,6株对PIPC的MIC在6.25~12.5μg/ml间。PIPC和丁胺卡那霉素(AMK)联合,对12株绿脓杆菌有66.6%的菌株呈协同,而PIPC和GM联合未见协问。对8株枸橼酸杆菌,PIPC和AMK或GM联合均未见协同。最后就PIPC和AMK对绿脓杆菌的协同作用的机制进行了讨论。

 
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