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心功能损害
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  cardiac functional damage
     Correlation of plasma neuropeptide Y and neurotensin with cardiac functional damage and prognosis in essential hypertension patients
     原发性高血压患者血浆神经肽Y、神经降压素水平与心功能损害及其预后的相关性(英文)
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     Characteristics of aorta atherosclerosis and cardiac functional damage in smokers
     吸烟者大动脉粥样硬化和心功能损害特征
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     AIM:To analyze the features of aorta atherosclerosis and cardiac functional damage, and seek the regularity.
     目的:分析吸烟者大动脉粥样硬化和心功能损害特征,寻找其规律性。
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     OBJECTIVE:To discuss the changes in plasma neuropeptide Y and NT level in esse ntial hypertension patients as well as its connection with hypertensive cardiac functional damage.
     目的:探讨原发性高血压病患者血浆神经肽Y及NT水平的变化,以及与高血压性心功能损害的关系。
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     Conclusion: Close observation should be given to patients with AMI and much attention should be paid to reduce and avoid unnecessary ward round for teaching, morning nursing care and turning over so as to lighten patient's heart load and cardiac functional damage.
     结论AMI患者须给予严密监护,尽量减少不必要的教学查房、家属探视,晨间护理时避免搬动患者、转换床位,以减少心脏负荷,降低心功能损害
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  heart function damage
     BackgroundIt was cardiac muscle blood supply reduce that result in cell death or function damage, thereby bring heart function damage and heart failure may occur as a worse result.
     目前看来,冠心病的发病率逐年增加,其直接的后果是心肌供血减少导致细胞死亡或功能受损,从而产生心功能损害,严重时造成心力衰竭。
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     Conclusions There exist severe injuries and imbalances of autonomous nervous system in elderly patients with CHF, and they were closely correlative with the degrees of heart function damage.
     结论 老年CHF患者存在着严重的自主神经功能受损和失衡 ,且与心功能损害程度密切相关。
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     Kindney function damage problem was found in 4(control group). Heart function damage problem was found in 1(control group). No kindney heart problem found in treatment group(P>0.05).
     肾功能损害仅见对照组出现4例,心功能损害仅见对照组出现1例,治疗组未出现心肾功能损害(P>0.05);
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     Conclusions The changes of Tbil,ALT,TBA and CK-MB are indexes of the damage of liver and heart function. Asphxia can result in liver and heart function damage in infants. Protection of liver and heart function is important for infants with asphyxia,so as to alleviate organ damage.
     结论Tbil、ALT、TBA和CK-MB的变化反映肝功能和心功能损害情况,窒息时新生儿肝功能和心功能应予以保护,以减轻窒息对于新生儿重要脏器的损害。
短句来源
  cardiac function injury
     RESULTS: Compared to group Wistar, the rats in group SHR had higher blood pressure, LVW/BW and myocardial MDA concentration, more serious left cardiac function injury and lower myocardial SOD activity and SR Ca~(2+)-ATPase activity;
     结果:与Wistar组比较,SHR组血压、左心室重/体重较高,左心功能损害程度较重,心肌MDA含量较高,SOD活性和SRCa~(2+)-ATP酶活性较低;
短句来源
     group SHR+B had lower myocardial MDA concentration, higher myocardial SOD activity, but no difference in blood pressure, LVW/BW, the degree of left cardiac function injury and myocardial SR Ca~(2+)-ATPase activity.
     SHR+B组血压、左心室重/体重、左心功能损害程度,SR CA~(2+)-ATP酶活性无显著性差异,但心肌MDA含量较低,SOD活性较高。
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  “心功能损害”译为未确定词的双语例句
     These suggested that PTFV_1 be correlated with the left heart function. The abnormality of EF,PFR and ASF in the patients with PTFV_1≤-0.03 mm·s was significantly higher than that of the patients with PTFV_1>-0.03 mm·s(P<0.001). These changes indicated the severity of left heart malfunction of the elderly patients with CHD to a certain degree.
     老年冠心病组PTFV_1≤-0.03/mm·s者的EF、PFR、ASF的异常程度显著高于PTFV_1>-0.0mm·s者(P<0.001)提示:PTFV_1的变化在一定程度上能反映老年冠心病患者左心功能损害的严重程度。
短句来源
     RESULTS: ① The level of Fas/Apo 1 in the 84 CHF cases was much higher than that in the control cases [(0.20±0.07) μg·L -1 vs (0.10±0.04) μg·L -1 , P <0.01] and increased significantly with the aggravation of cardiac dysfunction.
     结果 :①与健康人相比 ,84例CHF患者Fas/Apo 1水平显著升高 [分别为(0 .10± 0 .0 4 ) μg·L-1和 (0 .2 0± 0 .0 7) μg·L-1,P <0 .0 1],CHF患者Fas/Apo 1水平随着心功能损害加重而升高 ,各组间有显著性差异 (P <0 .0 5 ) ;
短句来源
     ⑷ RPEP/ RVET, PEP/ LVET were sensitive indexes detecting the damage of ventricular functions.
     ④反映左、右心功能损害的敏感指标为RPEP/RVET、PEP/LVET。
短句来源
     Result:①The levels of sICAM1 in all CHF cases were much higher than those of the control cases[ ( 587.6± 152.1)μg/L vs ( 167.4± 34.6)μg/L, P< 0.001 ] .
     结果 :① 84例CHF患者血浆中sICAM 1为 ( 5 87.6± 15 2 .1) μg/L ,较健康者 ( 16 7.4± 34.6 ) μg/L显著增高 ( P<0 .0 0 1) ,且随着心功能损害程度加重而升高 ,各组间比较差异有显著性意义 (P <0 .0 5 )。
短句来源
     Result 80.9% ofthe a11 the cases contain cardiac damage 68.1% patients hold the abnormal myocardium enzymeindex 24~48 hours after acute intoxication.
     结果本组病例80.9%存在心功能损害情况,68.1%在中毒后24~48h内出现心肌酶指标改变,接受血液净化治疗期间心电图检查异常63次(60%),心肌酶谱异常115次(71.0%);
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After stimulation of the vicinity area near the midline of medial and pos-terior hypothalamus of anaesthetized rabbits with electrical impulses of frequency50 HZ,duration 0.5 msec and strength 0.25—0.5 mA,the blood pressure andthe left ventricular pressure increased,the pupil dilated.If the anaesthesia levelwas rather light,somatic movement had also been observed.Bradycardia,mis-sing of beats and other manifestations of arrhythmia(ventricular extrasystoles,ventricular tachycardia,etc.)were commonly observed...

After stimulation of the vicinity area near the midline of medial and pos-terior hypothalamus of anaesthetized rabbits with electrical impulses of frequency50 HZ,duration 0.5 msec and strength 0.25—0.5 mA,the blood pressure andthe left ventricular pressure increased,the pupil dilated.If the anaesthesia levelwas rather light,somatic movement had also been observed.Bradycardia,mis-sing of beats and other manifestations of arrhythmia(ventricular extrasystoles,ventricular tachycardia,etc.)were commonly observed whenever the pressor res-ponse was rather pronounced.Although the former two manifestations of ar-rhythmia disappeared,the extrasystoles could still be elicited by hypothalamicstimulation.However,this could be abolished together with the pressor responseby administration of α-receptor blocking agent(phentolamin)and abolished orattenuated by β-receptor blocking agent(propranolol),thus it was believed thatthe extrasystolic activity was due to β-activation and the effect of rising of arterialpressure caused by hypothalamic stimulation.This argument was strengthenedby the fact that the premature beat could also be elicited simply by increasing theload of the left ventricle bv retrograde injection of saline into the aorta.

1.刺激兔下丘脑近中线区可出现血压、左内压上升、瞳孔扩大以及一系列驱体运动等类似于发生防御反应的现象,间有心律失常出现。反复刺激之,可导致心输出量减少,心肌缺血等心功能损害。2.刺激下丘脑近中线区时出现的窦性心动过缓、窦房暂停等与迷走神经的作用有关。而过早搏动则与交感兴奋对心肌β受体的作用以及血压升高、心室负荷骤然增高的关系较为密切。3.反复刺激下丘脑近中线区所引起的心肌缺血、心输出量减少等。心功能损害主要与儿茶酚胺对心肌β受体的刺激有关。

The method of measuring cardiac-pump function with electromagneticflowmeter was studied in rats. CI, SVI, AFV and dF/dt measured in 20 nor-mal rats were 227 + 7 ml/kg/min, 0. 50 ± 0. 0.2ml/kg, 3. 35 ± 0. 17ml/secand 167 ± 9 ml/sec~2, respectively. The physiological status of the modelwithin 60 minutes was stable, When volume loading was given, CI and SVI of normal rats were incr-eased by 183 ± 8% and 190 ± 9%, AFV and dF/dt also increased significantlywith less degree (83 ± 8% and 64 ± 5%). The comparision of...

The method of measuring cardiac-pump function with electromagneticflowmeter was studied in rats. CI, SVI, AFV and dF/dt measured in 20 nor-mal rats were 227 + 7 ml/kg/min, 0. 50 ± 0. 0.2ml/kg, 3. 35 ± 0. 17ml/secand 167 ± 9 ml/sec~2, respectively. The physiological status of the modelwithin 60 minutes was stable, When volume loading was given, CI and SVI of normal rats were incr-eased by 183 ± 8% and 190 ± 9%, AFV and dF/dt also increased significantlywith less degree (83 ± 8% and 64 ± 5%). The comparision of the pump function indices of the normal and themyocardial infarcted rats showed that during volume loading, the changesof pump function and its response curve were helpful to assess the damageof cardiac function.

本文介绍应用电磁血流计测定大鼠心泵功能的方法。测得20例正常大鼠心脏指数(Cl)为227±7ml/kg/min,心搏量指数(SVl)为0.50±0.02ml/kg,主动脉血流速度(AFV)为3.35±0.17ml/sec,血流加速度(dF/dt)为167±9ml/sec~2,在实验条件下,动物的生理状况在60分钟内基本稳定。容量负荷(VL)使正常鼠Cl、SVl分别增加了193±8%和190±9%,AFV和dF/dt也有明显增加但程度较小(83±5%和64±5%)。正常鼠和心肌梗塞鼠泵功能指标的比较表明,VL时泵功能的改变及其反应曲线有助于更好地估计心功能的损害。

The authers analysed the power spectrum, transfer function, coherence impulse and amplitude histogram of the EKC of 94 workers who exposed under occupational noise for more than 10 years, and compared with that of the sequels of myocardial infarction (35 patients) and the controls (37 normals). The incidence of abnormal indexes in the myocardial infarction patients group was 33-90% and that of the control group was 0-11%. The incidence of abnormal indexes in the workers group was 6-43%, it was higher than that...

The authers analysed the power spectrum, transfer function, coherence impulse and amplitude histogram of the EKC of 94 workers who exposed under occupational noise for more than 10 years, and compared with that of the sequels of myocardial infarction (35 patients) and the controls (37 normals). The incidence of abnormal indexes in the myocardial infarction patients group was 33-90% and that of the control group was 0-11%. The incidence of abnormal indexes in the workers group was 6-43%, it was higher than that of controls and lower than that of the patients, This fact expresses that long term of occupational noise exposure is able to influence the function of the heart, and the indexes we used in this paper could be used clinically.

本文测试了94名长期暴露于噪声条件下的工人的心电功率谱、传递函数、相干函数、脉冲响应和幅度直方图指标,并将它们与35名心梗病人和37名正常(对照组)人的结果作比较。结果表明:这些指标在对照组中的阳性率仅0~11%,在心梗病人中的阳性率为33~90%,在噪声工人中的阳性率为6~42%。说明本文所用的指标具有临床诊断价值,并且证实了噪声对心功能的损害。

 
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