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脂肪     
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  fat
    A Preliminary Study on the Saving Effect of Protein by Fat in the Artificial Diets to Culture Epinephelus awoara
    青石斑鱼配合饵料中脂肪节约蛋白质效应的初步研究
短句来源
    The Miichthy miiuy juvenile toke protein as a major energy source from 10 to 30℃,fat or saccharide was a secondary energy source.
    10-30℃鮸鱼幼鱼主要以蛋白质为能源,脂肪和碳水化合物其次。
短句来源
    With temperature increasing,the metabolism ratio of protein decreased,while the metabolism ratio of fat or saccharide increased.
    随着温度的升高,鮸鱼幼鱼的蛋白质代谢比率降低,而脂肪和碳水化合物的代谢比率增大。
短句来源
    The optimum requirement for dietary protein,energy,fat,mineral and energy-protein ratio(E/P)was 40.06%, 13.09 kJ/g,6.02%,4% and 32.68 kJ/g in the diets of Schizothorax prenanti, respectively.
    适合幼鱼生长所需的蛋白质、脂肪、无机盐的质量分数分别为40.06%、6.02%、4%,总能为13.09 kJ/g,最适能量蛋白比(E/P)为32.68 kJ/g;
短句来源
    while the fat content is the lowest.
    草鱼鱼体蛋白含量最高,脂肪含量最低;
短句来源
更多       
  lipid
    Studies on Salinity Adaptability and Dietary Lipid Requirement in Juvenile Amur Sturgeon (Acipenser Schrenckii)
    施氏鲟(Acipenser schrenckii)幼鱼对盐度的适应性及其脂肪营养需求研究
短句来源
    Protein and lipid in individual egg all decreased significantly(P<0.05) during the embryonic development. Their losses were(1.97±0.35)μg per egg and(1.99±0.45)μg per egg respectively. At the heartbeat stage,lipid decreased by 50.48% while protein deceased by 23.48% compared to the beginning stage.
    胚胎发育过程中单卵中的蛋白质、脂肪下降显著,分别减少了(1.97±0.35)μg和(1.99±0.45)μg,脂肪含量下降幅度为50.48%,而蛋白质含量下降幅度为23.48%;
短句来源
    After 11 d starvation,the protein content was decreased significantly and the lipid content decreased slightly. This showed that L.sebae mainly depended on protein as their primary energy during starvation.
    经过饥饿11d后,鱼体蛋白质含量明显下降,脂肪含量略有下降,灰分含量有所上升,水分含量明显上升,表明千年笛鲷幼鱼在饥饿过程中主要依靠消耗蛋白质作为能量来源。
短句来源
    Nine diets were formulated to provide three levels of protein(48 %,51 % and 54 %),each with three levels of lipid(9 %,12 % and 15 %).
    试验采用3×3因子设计,蛋白质设48%、51%和54%三个水平,脂肪设9%、12%和15%三个水平,共9组。
短句来源
    Twelve practical diets were formulated to contain four protein levels(50%,46%,42%,38%),each protein levels with three lipid levels(10%,15%,20%),each diets was randomly assigned to triplicate groups of 100 fish.
    实验共设4个蛋白质水平(50%、46%、42%、38%),每个蛋白质水平设3个脂肪水平(10%、15%和20%),共12种饲料,每种饲料投喂组设3个重复,每个重复100尾鱼。
短句来源
更多       
  fats
    The proximate composition of flocculates was 63.1% protein, 5.2% fats and 21.8% ash.
    经测定,凝聚物含蛋白质63.1%,脂肪5.2%,灰分21.8%。
短句来源
    This paper analysed the contents of protein, amino acids, inorganic elements, crude fats in the different growing stages of Haliotis discus hannai and its natural diets----Bacillariophyta, Laminaria japonica, Undaria pinnatifda, Ulva Iactuca as well as other artificial diets.
    分析了不同生长时期的皱纹盘鲍及其天然饵料──硅藻、海带、裙带菜、 石药及17种人工配合饵料的蛋白质、氨基酸、无机元素粗脂肪等营养成分。 明了 不同生长时期的鲍对蛋白质等营养成分的需求量不同,天然饵料和人工配合饵料 之间具有明显差异等。
短句来源
    The viscera of red oceanic squid contain an abundant amount of protein and fats, in which crude protein and fat are 13. 78% and 19. 46% respectively. It is worthy to note that the fat in red oceanic squid contains 86% of unsaturaed fatty acids in which EPA and DHA amount to 36% of the total.
    柔鱼内脏含丰富的蛋白质和脂肪,粗蛋白含量为13.78%,粗脂肪含量为19.46%,其中不饱和脂肪酸含量高达86%,EPA、DHA占总脂肪酸的36%。
短句来源
    Compared with other body parts, the fats of both gonad and liver are high, especially for the female gonad. The annual average of the fats of the female′s is 12.85 and up to 19.36 in April.
    性腺和肝脏的脂肪都比较高 ,尤其是雌性性腺 ,年平均为12.85 % ,4月份可高达19.36 %。
短句来源
  the fatty
    STUDIES ON THE FATTY LIVER DISEASES RESULTED FROM DIFFERENT LIPID LEVELS IN SCIAENOPS OCELLATUS DIETS
    饵料中不同脂肪水平诱导红姑鱼脂肪肝病的研究
短句来源
    The Effect of Starvation and Different Fatty Acids on the Fatty Contents and FAS Activity of Grass Carp
    饥饿和不同脂肪源对草鱼体脂含量及脂肪酸合成酶的影响
短句来源
    Testing for the difference between the treatment and control resulted in: The fatty contents in muscles and livers decreased all.
    以草鱼为试验材料,进行28d饥饿处理,研究了肌肉和肝脏中脂肪含量和FAS活性变化,结果表明:肌肉和肝脏组织中脂肪含量均下降。
短句来源
    The ability that the juvenile tiger shrimp transforms the fatty acids (less than 18 carbon) into HUFA is deficiency.
    斑节对虾幼虾对18碳以下的脂肪酸转化能力有限。 在斑节对虾幼虾的养殖饲料中直接添加含有HUFA的脂肪源是必要的。
短句来源
    The paper reviews the pathologic character and the induced factor of the fatty liver, especially the induction of the unbalanced main nutrients, including fat, protein and carbohydrate to the pathological changes of fatty liver of fish.
    综述了营养性脂肪肝的病理特征与诱病因素,特别是饲料中脂肪、蛋白质和碳水化合物等主要营养素组配不平衡对鱼类脂肪肝病变的诱导作用。
短句来源

 

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      fat
    Protein, fat, fiber, dry material, ash as well as major microelements: calcium, kalium, zincum, sodium in the food were analyzed by standard methodology.
          
    In this study, we further isolated pluripotent stem cells from human fetal heart, liver, muscle, lung, derma, kidney, and fat and then analyzed the characteristics and function of these stem cells.
          
    The enrolled included control (basic chow), hyperlipidemia and fenofibrate-treated groups (high fat diet).
          
    Enzymatic hydrolysis of neutral fat of cotton oil soap stock with a nonspecific lipase produced byOospora lactis F-500 was designed.
          
    The rate of hydrolysis of soap stock fat strongly depended on the way of biological conversion of cotton oil soap stock.
          
    更多          
      lipid
    Hepatic glutathione, lipid peroxides, glutathione peroxidase, alcohol dehydrogenase, aldehyde dehydrogenase, glycogen and total protein in liver were also significantly altered.
          
    The fibrate class drugs effect on lipid metabolism through PPARα receptor.
          
    Thus, PPARα/γ dual agonists may provide superior therapy to the current PPARγ-selective agonists, due to the additional lipid control afforded by the PPARα component.
          
    Antioxidant activity of melatonin and some new melatonin analogue indole derivatives were investigated, using lipid peroxidation and superoxide anion radical scavenger activity assays, in rat liver tissue homogenate.
          
    Hyperlipidemic rats displayed a reduction of the intestinal glutathione level and an increase in intestinal lipid peroxidation levels, and in serum cholesterol, total lipid and phospholipids levels.
          
    更多          
      fats
    A positive effect of iron on the methanogenic fermentation of fats and their degradation products-long-chain fatty acids-in aqueous media was demonstrated.
          
    Biochemical Processing of Fats and Oils As a Means of Obtaining Lipid Products with Improved Biological and Physicochemical Prop
          
    Recent advances in the improvement of biological and physicochemical characteristics of lipids are reviewed, with emphasis on products of biochemical processing of natural (animal or plant) fats and oils.
          
    The kinetic method used could be applied to development of the method for biotransformation of poorly assimilated fats into more valuable products.
          
    The data on the amount of fatty acids in milk, animal, vegetable, and mixed fats were obtained by capillary gas-liquid chromatography.
          
    更多          
      the fatty
    Studies on the Fatty Liver Diseases of Sciaenops ocellatus Caused by Different Ether Extract Levels in Diets
          
    Differences between the fatty acid compositions of total lipids in the trees subjected to defoliation, consisting in the increase in quantities of short-chain saturated fatty acids and trienoic acids, were detected.
          
    Analysis of the fatty acid composition of the scallops has identified diatom plankton, flagellates, and invertebrate larvae as the main scallop food sources.
          
    Thus, CTAB decreases the ADP/ATP antiporter involvement and increases to the same extent the aspartate/glutamate antiporter involvement in the fatty acid-induced uncoupling.
          
    "Free respiration" induced by the "mild" uncouplers, the fatty acids, can be considered as possible mechanism responsible for adaptation of the bacteria to a constantly changed environment.
          
    更多          


    The chief chemical composition of some marine zooplanktonic crustaceans, Acetes, chin-ensis,Euphausia sp, Acanthomysis longirostris and Copepods-mainly Schmakeria poplesia, offAmoy water and its vicinity has been analysed, with special emphasis laid on the proteinand the essential amino-acids contents. The results reported in this paper show that theprotein content of these animals is quite rich, amounting to 50% or over in the dry matterbase and the essential amino acids of the protein are fairly complete....

    The chief chemical composition of some marine zooplanktonic crustaceans, Acetes, chin-ensis,Euphausia sp, Acanthomysis longirostris and Copepods-mainly Schmakeria poplesia, offAmoy water and its vicinity has been analysed, with special emphasis laid on the proteinand the essential amino-acids contents. The results reported in this paper show that theprotein content of these animals is quite rich, amounting to 50% or over in the dry matterbase and the essential amino acids of the protein are fairly complete. Among the animalspecies analyzed,the copepod is especially prominent in these respects and contains essentialamino acids in higher proportion than the other species. When prepared dry, both the con-tents of protein and the proportion of essential amino acids are without much lost. The content of the lipid in the zooplankton is higher than that in the benthos, but thereverse is true of the ash. The results show that the marine zooplanktonic crustaceans have a relatively high nut-ritive value as the food for human consumption as well as for the marine economic animals,and, therefore are of great importance to the fisheries.

    1.本文分析的几种海洋浮游甲壳动物都含有占干物质50%以上的蛋白质,氨基酸的组分也相当完整。其中必需氨基酸的含量相当丰富,特别是色氨酸。如桡足类的色氨酸含量比牛肉多了三分之二。 2.经过加工处理的甲壳动物干制品,无论是蛋白质或必需氨基酸的含量损失不大,基本上保持其原有的营养值。 3.一般浮游甲壳类比底栖型的甲壳类,所含的脂肪多而灰分的含量正相反,这是营浮游生活的一种适应现象。 实验结果表明,以上几种海洋浮游甲壳动物,无论作为人类的食品或其他海洋经济动物的饵料,都具有很高的营养价值,在渔业上具有重大的意义。

    The holostome metacercariae were found in the fresh water fishes of Hypseleotrisswinbonis, Macropodus opercularis, pseudorasbora parva and rasborinus lineathusin Guangdong area. These encysted metacercariae have been experimentally fed toducklings from which adult worms are obtained in the intestine. Two species havebeen identified, one is Apatemon pellucidus discribed by Yamaguti, 1933 and theother is a new species and the name Cyathocotyle sinense is given.The former requires6 days to develop to adult after...

    The holostome metacercariae were found in the fresh water fishes of Hypseleotrisswinbonis, Macropodus opercularis, pseudorasbora parva and rasborinus lineathusin Guangdong area. These encysted metacercariae have been experimentally fed toducklings from which adult worms are obtained in the intestine. Two species havebeen identified, one is Apatemon pellucidus discribed by Yamaguti, 1933 and theother is a new species and the name Cyathocotyle sinense is given.The former requires6 days to develop to adult after infection while the latter requires 4 days. Histologicaland histochemical structure of the cyst wall was studied.Body pyriform, not concave ventrally,0. 740--0.996 by 0.620--0.805mm. Oralsucker terminal, Acetabulum absent. Pharynx developed, Esophagus not distinct.Caeca extending to posterior extremity of body. Testes diagonal and varying in size,Genital pore opening to the posterior terminal of the body. Ovary oval and anterior tothe left testis, Uterus very short, Vitellaria follicles numerous and well developed.Eggs large, 0. 096--0. 120 by 0.056--0.064mm, Definitive host: Macropodus opercu-laris, Pseudorasbora parva, Rasborinus lineathus.Location: intestine.Locality: Guang zhou, Guangdong Province, China.Type specimen: Deposited in the Department of Parasitology, Zhongshan MedicalCollege, Guangzhou.C. sinense sp. nov. is morpliologically similar to C. orientalis, but they differ from theproporation of the oral sucker and pharynx, position and size of the testis, distributionand number of vitelline follicles and the eggs in number.The outer wall of two species belong to areolar connective tissus, as well as their chemical compositions, except containing a little amount of the glycogen and lipid, areconsisted mainly of carbohydrate-protein complexes including tyrosine, mucoprotein,neutral mucopolysaccharide and glycoprotein. While the inner wall of two species is anon-cellular structure and belongs to collagenous fibers, its nature of histochemistry issimilar to that of outer wall except that it lacks of lipid and has less in amount of theramaining elements. As for the origin of the cyst wall, the outer wall, similarly to thatof the surrounding host tissue, is assumed to be originated from the host tissue and theinner wall may be formed from the excretory substances of the parasite itself.

    本文报道了用寄生在史氏黄黝鱼体腔内的 Apatemon pellucidus Yamaguti,1933(Stri-geidae)囊蚴和寄生在岐尾斗鱼、麦穗鱼和线细鳊肌肉内的 Cyaltrocotyle sinense sp.nov.(Cy-athocotylidae)囊蚴对家鸭作人工感染试验的结果。描述了两种鴞形吸虫的发育,并用组织学和组织化学方法研究了其囊蚴壁的构造和成分。另外,还对两种囊蚴壁的起源作了探讨。试验结果表明,囊蚴壁的内壁属胶元纤维结构,外壁为网状纤维结构;囊壁的组织化学成分主要为碳水化合物蛋白质复合物(包括粘蛋白、糖蛋白和中性粘多糖),囊蚴壁外壁的DNA含量不多,RNA 含量较丰富。外壁含酸性脂肪;内壁不含脂肪。作者认为两种囊蚴的外壁可能来源于寄主的网状内皮系统;内壁可能为幼虫本身分泌物形成。

    1) Changes of biochemical, composition in muscles of silver carp (Hypophthalmichys molitrix (Cuv. et Val.)) and bighead (Aristichthys nobilis (Rich)) with respect to different body-lengths were studied.Samples were collected from lake Donghu, Wuhan, in late autumn 1979 and early winter 1980. The body-length of fishes were as follows: 61 silver carp of 11.44—74.21 cm (14.16——7551.77g) and 64 bighead of 12.02——68.30 cm (32.06—5942.13g). The biochemical composition of muscles was analysised for fishes of different...

    1) Changes of biochemical, composition in muscles of silver carp (Hypophthalmichys molitrix (Cuv. et Val.)) and bighead (Aristichthys nobilis (Rich)) with respect to different body-lengths were studied.Samples were collected from lake Donghu, Wuhan, in late autumn 1979 and early winter 1980. The body-length of fishes were as follows: 61 silver carp of 11.44—74.21 cm (14.16——7551.77g) and 64 bighead of 12.02——68.30 cm (32.06—5942.13g). The biochemical composition of muscles was analysised for fishes of different body-lengths.The results of analysis were: (1)The water content of muscle in silver carp is 60.29—80.34%, protein—15.32—17.18%, fat—2.00—20.84%, non-nitrogen extract—0.17—1.71% and ash—1.04—1.39%. The water content of muscle in bighead is 73.17—83.13%, protein—14.75—18.53%, fat—0.96—7.8%, non-nitrogen extract—0.08—1.33% and ash—1.05—1.29% With the increase of body-length the water content in muscle decreases and, on the contrary, the fat content of muscle increases. The contents of other substances are not apparently correlated with body-length. (2) The water content in muscle of bighead of the same body-length is higher than that of silver carp, while the fat content, lower. The content of other substances are about the same.2) Samples for the study of seasonal Variation of biochemical composition of 1~+ and 2~+ age group of 55 silver carp and 53 bighead were collected form February to December 1980 in lake Donghu, Wuhan.The results are as follows: (1) variations of biochemical composition of muscle in both age groups demonstrate that the water content decreases and protein and fat content-increase gradually as the fishes grow season by season. Chan-ges of non-nitrogen extract and of ash content however, are insignificant. (2) water content in 1~+ fish is higher than that in2~+ fish, protein, and fat in 1~+ fish are lower than that in 2~+ fish.

    同一季节收集的不同体长组的鲢、鳙肌肉的生化成分,随着鱼体的增长水分含量逐渐下降,而脂肪含量则逐渐增加,蛋白质、无氮浸出物及灰分变幅不大,且与体长变化无明显的从属关系;同一体长组的鳙肌肉水分高于鲢,而脂肪含量则低于鲢,蛋白质、灰分、无氮浸出物含量差异不大。同年收集的1~+及2~+龄鲢、鳙的肌肉生化成分随着季节的延续,水分含量逐步下降,蛋白质及脂肪含量逐步上升,无氮浸出物及灰分含量变化不大;1~+龄鱼水分含量比2~+龄鱼高,蛋白质及脂肪含量则比2~+龄鱼低,其余成分含量差别不显著。

     
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