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     METHODS:The experiment was carried out in the Department of Pharmacology,Third Military Medical University of Chinese PLA from July to December 2001 Ninety 3,6,12,18 and 21-month-old Wistar rats were divided into 3-month(young),6-month(adult) 12-month (middle-aged),18-month(early aged) and 21-month (aged) brain groups with 16 rats in each group.
     方法:实验于2001-07/12在解放军第三军医大学药理教研室完成。 检测3,6,12,18,21月龄Wistar大鼠90只分成了3(青年),6(成年),12(中年),18(老年前期),21(老年)月龄组,每组16只。
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     Aging related changes in the rat thymus were studied with histological and histochemical methods, 32 healthy male SD rats were divided into four groups, young (3 months), adult (8 months), presenium (15 months), and old (20 months).
     用组织学和组织化学方法对大鼠胸腺的年龄变化进行了研究。 健康雄性SD大白鼠32只,分为3月龄(青年)、8月龄(成年)、15月龄(初老)及20月龄(老年)四组。
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     Conclusion:The incidence of RE in Lixiahe district in Jiangsu province is rather high,it is common in middle aged and senior male patients(Ⅰ Ⅱ).
     结论 :江苏里下河地区 RE发病率较高 ,中老年 (尤其老年 )男性多见 ,以 ~ 级为主。
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     (3)The levels of all blood_lipid related indexes except HDL_c (i.e.T_ch,TG and LDL_c) in aged diabetes group were significantly higher than that in the aged healthy control (P<0.01).
     (3)除了HDL_C外 ,老年糖尿病组所有检测血脂指标都高于正常对照组 (老年 ) ;
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     Aging related changes in the rat epididymides were studied with histological and histochemical methods. Fourty SD rats were divided into four groups: 3 months(young), 7 months(adult), 15 months(presenium) and 20 months(old).
     用组织学和组织化学方法对SD大鼠附睾的年龄变化进行了观察,大鼠分为3月龄(青年)、7月龄(成年)、15月龄(初老)及20月龄(老年)四组,每组10只,共40只.
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     ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION IN THE AGED
     老年心肌梗塞
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     PSORIASIS IN THE AGED
     老年银屑病
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     4.Developing the welfare system for the elderly.
     (4)发展老年福利事业。
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     (3)The myocardial ischemia may appear at low exercise burden in elderly patients with CHD.
     (3)老年冠心病患?
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The result showed that the strong-pathogenic GcM5-1A strain and ZpB1-2A strain significantly increased fecundity, reproduction rate, and the body volume of the adult nematode.
      
The leaf shapes of adult Populus euphratica vary from lanceolate to dentate broad-ovate.
      
Northern blot result shows that the gene is expressed in all examined adult tissues.
      
The analysis of the stomach contents shows that, for adult bullfrogs, the most important prey (by diet volume) overall were Decapoda, Coleoptera, Odonata, Mesogastropoda, Raniformes, and Cypriniformes.
      
Moreover, the prey size and diet volume increased with the body size of both adult and juvenile bullfrogs.
      
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Since the discovery of the virus nature of Citrus yellow shoot,progress has been madein the following studies.It was found that the affected plant may develop first diagnostic symptoms on springshoots aside from those on summer and autumn shoots,the new leaves on the spring shootsturning greyish green and becoming stiffened after they have matured normally.Yellowingof the midribs of new leaves on late autumn shoots in winter time,after acquiring normalcoloration,is also an early diagnostic symptom of the disease.The...

Since the discovery of the virus nature of Citrus yellow shoot,progress has been madein the following studies.It was found that the affected plant may develop first diagnostic symptoms on springshoots aside from those on summer and autumn shoots,the new leaves on the spring shootsturning greyish green and becoming stiffened after they have matured normally.Yellowingof the midribs of new leaves on late autumn shoots in winter time,after acquiring normalcoloration,is also an early diagnostic symptom of the disease.The cleared juice of macerated leaves of diseased shoots generally turns orange-red uponthe addition of KOH or NaOH,but the result is inconsistentA species of Phoma-like fungus suspected by Tu et al(1959)to be the primary causalfactor of the present disease has been proved to be nonpathogenic.Preliminary transmission studies show that an unidentified Species of brown citrus aphidis a probable vector and that the possibility of seed transmission of the disease is not to beexcluded.The rotted roots left in the soil after the roguing of diseased trees apparentlycannot transmit the disease.The yellow shoot virus apparently moves within the plant upward and downward simultane-ously and in about the same speed.Thirteen varieties of Citrus and its relatives tested as rootstocks did not increase theresistance of Ponkan(Citrus.tankan)grafted onto such stocks.Trees of different ages show different degrees of susceptibility to the disease,nurserytrees and older trees being more resistant.The effect of environment on the incidence of the disease is not obvious and there is noevidence that the disease may be controlled through cultural practices.However,roguing ofdiseased trees and spraying with suitable insecticides to control possible insect vectors areeffective to a certain degree bY slowing down the spread of the disease.Preliminary studies show that heat treatment of budwoods taken from diseased trees byimmersing the propagating materials in hot water or by placing them in hot air saturatedwith water vapor in an electric oven at suitable temperatures for appropriate lengths of timeis effective in inactivating the virus.

柑桔黄梢(黄龙)病的研究几年来的进展不快,但仍取得了如下一些成果。柑桔树受侵染后,一般在夏、秋梢老熟期开始发病,但最近发现,亦可在春梢老熟后开始表现病状,其特征为新叶老熟后转为灰绿色。冬季发病的初期病状有时表现为老熟后的新叶中肋黄化。病树叶的澄清汁液与 KOH 或与 NaOH 混和,每有转变为橙缸色的反应,但不一致。曾经被认为可能是黄梢病原的真菌“Deuterophoma sp”已被证明与本病的发生无关。初步试验结果表示柑桔褐蚜可能是一种传染媒介。种子带病的可能性不能排除,有待进一步探讨。病树的根残留土中显然不起传病作用。黄梢病毒在病株体内似以相等的速度同时向上下运转。用13种柑桔类作为砧木,对蕉柑的抗病性皆不起显著的增强作用。不同树龄的植株表现显然不同的抗病性。苗木和老年树比较抗病,幼年树则容易发病。环境因素对植株的发病不起决定性的影响,因而采取栽培措施不能抑制发病,更不能收到治疗效果。挖除病株和喷药除虫则可在一定程度上起抑制蔓延的作用。初步试验表示,用热水或湿热空气处理病树芽条可以消除带病。

The human skulls studied here were unearthed from the Zhenpiyan neolithic siteat Guilin, Guangxi. They represent 6 men, 5 women and 3 children. On four ofthe adult skulls injuries from artificial agent are observed. The racial type of the Zhenpiyan neolithic series of skulls is Mongoloid andmore closed to the Southern Asiatic Mongoloid. Jndging from most of characteristicsof skulls, this series has affinity with the neolithic skulls from northern China,especially with the Banpo series. In addition, some "Austral-Negroid"...

The human skulls studied here were unearthed from the Zhenpiyan neolithic siteat Guilin, Guangxi. They represent 6 men, 5 women and 3 children. On four ofthe adult skulls injuries from artificial agent are observed. The racial type of the Zhenpiyan neolithic series of skulls is Mongoloid andmore closed to the Southern Asiatic Mongoloid. Jndging from most of characteristicsof skulls, this series has affinity with the neolithic skulls from northern China,especially with the Banpo series. In addition, some "Austral-Negroid" characteris-tics of this series of skulls might be regarded as the succeeded and developed onesof late paleolithic skulls of our country and are hardly considered as a result of themixture with the Austral-Negroid.

广西桂林市郊甑皮岩新石器时代遗址出土的人类头骨代表6个成年男人、5个成年女人和3个幼童。壮年者极少,以中、老年者和幼童为主。至少有4具成年头骨上可看到人工伤痕。头骨特征表明,甑皮岩新石器时代居民属蒙古人种,与现代分布于华南、印度支那和印度尼西亚等地的南亚种族较接近;与新石器时代的华北居民在头骨绝大部分形态特征上十分相近,尤其与半坡遗址居民更接近。其头骨上若干“赤道人种”的特征,可看作是继承和发展了我国旧石器时代晚期人类体质特征的结果,未必意味着有其它人种因素的混杂。

Traditional Chinese medicine suggests that senile constipation may occur under such conditions: 阴阳失调 Yini-yang Shitiao (Yin-yang imbalance), 气血虚弱 Qixue Xuruo (weakness of vitality and blood) and 脏腑功能衰退 Zanfu Gongneng Shuaitui (functional degradation of internal viseral organs), which cause insufficiency of intestinal passage and deficicency of secretion of body fluids. Basing on the traditional theories of 八纲辩证 Bagan Bianzheng (analysis and differentiation of pathologic condition in coordination with the 8 principal...

Traditional Chinese medicine suggests that senile constipation may occur under such conditions: 阴阳失调 Yini-yang Shitiao (Yin-yang imbalance), 气血虚弱 Qixue Xuruo (weakness of vitality and blood) and 脏腑功能衰退 Zanfu Gongneng Shuaitui (functional degradation of internal viseral organs), which cause insufficiency of intestinal passage and deficicency of secretion of body fluids. Basing on the traditional theories of 八纲辩证 Bagan Bianzheng (analysis and differentiation of pathologic condition in coordination with the 8 principal syndromes), and 脏腑辩证 Zangfu Bianzheng (analysis and differentiation of pathologic conditions in accordance with internal organs), the senile constipation is classifiedinto 4 types: a. 肾水不足便秘 Shengshui Buzu constipation caused by renal fluid insufficiency and treated by 滋阴生肾水 Ziyin Shengshenshui methed (nourishing Yin and increased renal fluids using 六味地黄丸 Rhenia glutinosae pill; b. 气阴两虚便秘 Qiyie Liangxu constipation caused by deficiency of both vitality and Yin) and 润肺能便 Runfei Tungbian (moisten the lung and free bowel movement) using 加味生脉散 Jiawei Shengmei powder (additional drugs to promote the blood circulation by invigorating vital energy;c. 中气不足便秘 Zhongqi Buzu constipation caused by deficiency of vitality and treated by 调补脾胃 Tiaobu Piwei (reinforce the stomach and bowels) and 益气升阳 Yiqi Shengyang (reinforce vitality and increase Yang) using 补中益气汤 Buzhong Yiqi decoction (drugs to nurish the midtorso and reinforce vitality) and d. 脏寒便秘 Zanghan constipation caused by coldness of internal viseral organs and treated by 温肾逐寒 Wenshen Znuhan (warm the Kidney and expel coldness) and 通阳泻浊 Tongyan Xiezu (clear Yang passage and expel the foul excretion) using 加味半硫 Jiawei Baliu pill (semi-sulfur adding other herbal drugs).

中医学认为,老年便秘是由于阴阳失调,气血虚弱,脏腑功能衰退而导致大肠传导不利,津液不足之故。笔者根据八纲辨证和脏腑辨证等原则,将老年便秘分为肾水不足便秘,治以滋阴生肾水为法,六味地黄丸为代表方;气阴两虚便秘,治以益气养阴,润肺通便为法,加味生脉散为代表方;中气不走便秘,治以调补脾胃,益气升阳为法,补中益气汤为代表方;脏寒便秘,治以温肾逐寒,通阳泻浊为法,加味半硫丸为代表方。

 
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