助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   加速退变 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.646秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

加速退变
相关语句
  accelerated degeneration
     Accelerated Degeneration of the Segment Adjacent to Spinal Fusion
     脊柱融合术后邻近节段的加速退变(附107例报告)
短句来源
     Conclusion:The upper adjacent vertebra above the obviously narrowed intervertebral space has the tendency of instability and the upper adjacent disc has the inclination of accelerated degeneration.
     结论CSM患者明显狭窄椎间隙的上方邻近椎体有失稳倾向,上方邻近椎间盘有加速退变的趋势。
短句来源
  accelerate the degeneration
     Spontaneous model with intervertebral disc degeneration was the balance of unstability in modal function, while the effect of genetic factor could change this balance and accelerate the degeneration.
     自发间盘退变的动物模型主要是间盘形态功能之间不稳定的平衡,遗传因素的影响可以改变这种平衡而加速退变
短句来源
  “加速退变”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The ROM of the adjacent segment increases which accelerates the degeneration after the fusion, especially at the time when solid metal internal fixations are used.
     当脊柱融合术后特别是在同时使用刚性金属内固定的情况下,相邻节段三维运动ROM值增加,从而加速退变
短句来源
     So they are risk factors of resulting lambar degeneration and effecting prostecdtive efficacy.
     3.腰椎曲度,前凸指数,骸骨倾斜角和椎间隙高度手术前后的差异在统计学上有显著性,他们是加速退变,影响远期疗效的因素。
短句来源
     But the current disc research was focused on the natural degeneration mechanism.
     临床上观察到创伤后椎间盘有加速退变的现象,但目前椎间盘的相关分子病理基础研究集中在椎间盘自然退变等相关领域内。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Ischemia accelerated the degeneration of mitochondria and sarcoplasmic reticulum.
     缺血加速肌细胞线粒体 ,肌质网退变 ;
短句来源
     The degeneration of mitochondria and sarcoplasmic reticulum was accelerated after limb fixation.
     肢体制动加速了肌细胞的线粒体 ,肌质网退变 ;
短句来源
     Different methods are compared and evaluated comprehensively.
     B 加速方法 ;
短句来源
     accelerated test;
     加速试验;
短句来源
     The Trilogy of Lumbar Vertebral Degeneration
     腰椎退变三联症
短句来源
查询“加速退变”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

    我想查看译文中含有:的双语例句
例句
为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  accelerated degeneration
After measuring the mobility of degenerated adjacent segments, relative hypermobility was more likely responsible for the accelerated degeneration rather than the absolute increase of mobility.
      
This would result in accelerated degeneration and regeneration of endothelial cells, in thickening of the basement membrane and, secondarily, disturbed metabolism of fibroblasts with alterations of the collagen and elastic fibers.
      
There is evidence that the adjacent segment above a double-level T12-L2 posterior fixation becomes more mobile, and this may lead to an accelerated degeneration in the facet joints due to increased stress at this point.
      
Due to inherently poor healing of spinal ligaments, accelerated degeneration of disc and facet joints may occur.
      
A tendency of accelerated degeneration in the youngest recipients has been reported.
      
更多          
  accelerate the degeneration
Disc degeneration can also accelerate the degeneration of other surrounding tissues, such as facet joints.
      
This response may further accelerate the degeneration of the disk by increasing the cellularity and the metabolic demand of the tissue.
      


The nail fold microcirculation is a direct,simple and reliable index for evaluation of peripheral circulation of the body.By the examination of 9 indexes for 33 youths(aged 18-30yr),41 middle aged subjects (31-50)and 40 olders(aged more than 55yr),we found that there are no significant differences in the indexs between the youth and the middle aged groups, but the differences between the middle aged and the elderly groups are evident. In the elderly stage, the microcirculation is degraded evidently.The concordance...

The nail fold microcirculation is a direct,simple and reliable index for evaluation of peripheral circulation of the body.By the examination of 9 indexes for 33 youths(aged 18-30yr),41 middle aged subjects (31-50)and 40 olders(aged more than 55yr),we found that there are no significant differences in the indexs between the youth and the middle aged groups, but the differences between the middle aged and the elderly groups are evident. In the elderly stage, the microcirculation is degraded evidently.The concordance rate between new groups on the microcirculation and original groups on the age of the subjects is 35.35% verified by discrimination analytical,method,demonstrating nail fold microcirculation is a good index in evaluating the senility.We take a simple discussion about its influencing factors.

甲皱微循环是反映机体末梢循环状态的直观、简易,可靠的指标。对青年,中年,老年甲皱微循环9项指标的观察发现,各项指标在青、中年之间无明显差别,在中年、老年之间差别十分显著。老年段存在微循环状态明显加速退变的过程。用判别分析法确认按微循环状态的再分组与按年龄的原分组之间符合率为85.4%,证明甲皱微循环状态确为表示衰老程度的良好指标。对相关因素做了扼要的讨论。

Objective:To investigate the relationship between obviously narrowed intervertebral space and cervical instability or spinal cord compression in cervical spondylotic myelopathy(CSM) and to discuss its significance for the choice of operation.Method:The dynamic radiographs and MRI of 35 patients of CSM with obviously narrowed intervertebral space were reviewed retrospectively.Factors of cervical instability and spinal cord compression were analyzed.75 cases of CSM with normal intervertebral space were analyzed...

Objective:To investigate the relationship between obviously narrowed intervertebral space and cervical instability or spinal cord compression in cervical spondylotic myelopathy(CSM) and to discuss its significance for the choice of operation.Method:The dynamic radiographs and MRI of 35 patients of CSM with obviously narrowed intervertebral space were reviewed retrospectively.Factors of cervical instability and spinal cord compression were analyzed.75 cases of CSM with normal intervertebral space were analyzed for comparison.Result:In CSM with obviously narrowed intervertebral space, cervical instability of upper adjacent vertebra was found in 25 cases(71.4%) and degeneration of upper adjacent discs was found in 21 cases(60%).In CSM with normal intervertebral space, cervical instability was found in 17 cases(22.7%).Conclusion:The upper adjacent vertebra above the obviously narrowed intervertebral space has the tendency of instability and the upper adjacent disc has the inclination of accelerated degeneration.Multisegmental anterior cervical decompression and fusion with plate or posterior laminoplasty should be used for operative treatment.

目的探讨脊髓型颈椎病(cervicalspondyloticmyelopathy,CSM)患者椎间隙狭窄程度与颈椎不稳和脊髓压迫部位的关系及其对术式选择的意义。方法回顾性分析35例伴有椎间隙明显狭窄的CSM患者的动态X线和MRI表现,观察颈椎不稳和脊髓压迫部位与狭窄椎间隙的关系,并与同期75例椎间隙接近正常的CSM患者比较。结果伴有椎间隙明显狭窄的CSM患者组中,25例狭窄椎间隙上方的邻近椎体出现不稳(71.4%),21例上方邻近椎间盘明显退变(60%)。椎间隙接近正常的CSM患者组,17例存在节段性颈椎不稳(22.7%)。结论CSM患者明显狭窄椎间隙的上方邻近椎体有失稳倾向,上方邻近椎间盘有加速退变的趋势。手术时应注意对邻近节段的处理。

OBJECTIVE: To review the method and principle of establishing animal models with intervertebral disc degeneration at home and abroad at present, compare the advantage and disadvantage of various methods and its clinical correlation and explore the establishing method, which is easy to use and with strong reliability in animal models with intervertebral disc degeneration. DATA SOURCES: The Medline database was searched for articles about animal models with intervertebral disc degeneration published between January...

OBJECTIVE: To review the method and principle of establishing animal models with intervertebral disc degeneration at home and abroad at present, compare the advantage and disadvantage of various methods and its clinical correlation and explore the establishing method, which is easy to use and with strong reliability in animal models with intervertebral disc degeneration. DATA SOURCES: The Medline database was searched for articles about animal models with intervertebral disc degeneration published between January 1998 and August 2004 with the of "animal model,intervertebral disc degeneration" in English. STUDY SELECTION: The data were selected firstly, and then studies on non-randomized clinical trials were excluded. The full-texts of leftover were retrieved. Inclusive criteria were whether studies on randomized controlled clinical trial or not. DATA EXTRACTION: A total of 15 articles on randomized and non-randomized establishing animal models with intervertebral disc degeneration trials were collected. Fourteen literatures on randomized controlled clinical trial were included in the review, and 1 article on non-randomized controlled clinical trial was excluded. In the 14 literatures, there were 448 experimental subjects. The advantage and disadvantage of different grouping models and its clinical correlation were evaluated by the classification of different methods of establishing models. DATA SYNTHESIS: Models with intervertebral disc degeneration could be divided into experimental induced models and spontaneous models. Experimental induced models also could be assigned into mechanical model (stress model and unstable spine-induced intervertebral disc degeneration model) and structure model (operation injured model and chemical injured model) in detail. ①Stress model: Effect of outside pressure on intervertebral disc led to redistribution of internal stress, followed by local biological effect. ②Unstable spine-induced intervertebral disc degeneration model: Shoring tissues, such as articular facet or spinous process, etc. were destroyed in operation, which became true by giving overexercise on spine directly with repeated stimulation on muscle of spine or confluence at close segment of spine, etc. ③Operation injured model: Degeneration of disc induced by interfering fibrous rings or end plate by surgery operation was a common used method to establish models. ④Chemical injured model: Volume of disc was reduced by selectively degrading proteoglycan so as to relieve the pressure of involved nerve roots. The therapeutical method of injecting chymopapain had been confirmed in the animal experiment with rabbits and dogs. ⑤ Spontaneous model: In some special germ line, moist, density of fixed charge and oncotic pressure in intervertebral disc decreased with the increase of age, while there was no change around muscle of spine and spongy bone of vertebral body. Spontaneous model with intervertebral disc degeneration was the balance of unstability in modal function, while the effect of genetic factor could change this balance and accelerate the degeneration. CONCLUSION: Animal models with intervertebral disc degeneration have certain limitation, showing short observational time and part of observational index cannot be monitored. Small animal models with intervertebral disc degeneration have distance with human with intervertebral disc degeneration. But intervertebral disc of human can be studied fully by observing intervertebral disc degeneration in rats and rabbits.

目的:对国内外近年来建立椎间盘退变动物模型的方法及原理进行回顾,并对比各种方法的优缺点及临床相关性,探讨具有操作方法简便,可重复性强的椎间盘退变动物模型建立方法。资料来源:应用计算机检索Medline1998-01/2004-08的与椎间盘退变动物模型相关的文献,检索词“animalmodel,intervertebraldiscdegeneration”,并限定文献语种为英文。资料选择:对资料进行初审,然后筛除非随机临床试验的研究,对剩余的文献开始查找全文,以是否为随机对照临床试验作为纳入标准。资料提炼:共收集到15篇关于建立椎间盘退变动物模型的随机和非随机试验研究,14篇文献为随机对照临床试验,纳入综述,排除1篇为非随机试验研究。14篇文献包括448个实验对象,通过对不同的建模方法进行分类,并对不同分组模型优缺点及临床相关性进行评定。资料综合:椎间盘退变模型可以划分为实验诱发和自发性模型,实验诱发的动物模型又可以细分为机械型(应力型、脊柱不稳致椎间盘退变模型)和结构型(手术直接损伤型、化学损伤型)。①应力动物模型:外部压力作用于椎间盘,导致内部应力的重新分配,随后在局部出现生物学效应。②脊柱不稳致椎间盘退...

目的:对国内外近年来建立椎间盘退变动物模型的方法及原理进行回顾,并对比各种方法的优缺点及临床相关性,探讨具有操作方法简便,可重复性强的椎间盘退变动物模型建立方法。资料来源:应用计算机检索Medline1998-01/2004-08的与椎间盘退变动物模型相关的文献,检索词“animalmodel,intervertebraldiscdegeneration”,并限定文献语种为英文。资料选择:对资料进行初审,然后筛除非随机临床试验的研究,对剩余的文献开始查找全文,以是否为随机对照临床试验作为纳入标准。资料提炼:共收集到15篇关于建立椎间盘退变动物模型的随机和非随机试验研究,14篇文献为随机对照临床试验,纳入综述,排除1篇为非随机试验研究。14篇文献包括448个实验对象,通过对不同的建模方法进行分类,并对不同分组模型优缺点及临床相关性进行评定。资料综合:椎间盘退变模型可以划分为实验诱发和自发性模型,实验诱发的动物模型又可以细分为机械型(应力型、脊柱不稳致椎间盘退变模型)和结构型(手术直接损伤型、化学损伤型)。①应力动物模型:外部压力作用于椎间盘,导致内部应力的重新分配,随后在局部出现生物学效应。②脊柱不稳致椎间盘退变动物模型:通过手术间接破坏关节面或棘突等支撑组织,反复刺激脊柱肌肉或进行脊柱相邻节段融合等方法间接对脊柱施加过度运动而实现。③手术直接损伤型动物模型:通过外科手术的方法干扰纤维环或终板引发间盘的退变是目前广泛应用的一种建模方法。④化学损伤型动物模型:旨在通过选择性的降解蛋白多糖减少间盘容积从而达到减轻受累神经根压力的作用。通过注入木瓜凝乳蛋白酶的治疗方法已经在兔和狗的动物实验中得以证实。⑤自发性模型:一些特殊的动物种系中,随着年龄的增加,椎间盘的水分、固定电荷密度和膨胀压逐渐降低,而在脊柱周围肌肉和椎体松质骨中无此变化。自发间盘退变的动物模型主要是间盘形态功能之间不稳定的平衡,遗传因素的影响可以改变这种平衡而加速退变。结论:椎间盘退变动物模型具有一定的局限性,表现在观察时间相对较短,部分观察指标无法监测。小动物椎间盘退变模型与人椎间盘退变之间存在差距,但通过大鼠和兔的椎间盘退变模型仍可对人椎间盘进行很好的研究。

 
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关加速退变的内容
在知识搜索中查有关加速退变的内容
在数字搜索中查有关加速退变的内容
在概念知识元中查有关加速退变的内容
在学术趋势中查有关加速退变的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社