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宪政体制     
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  constitutional system
     One is the ideological precondition that people believe the theory of people sovereignty. Another is the legal basis that the constitutional system is ensured by nomocracy. The other is that elections exert many important political functions.
     选举之所以能够成为现代政党执政的合法性基础,一是需要以人民主权理论作为意识形态前提,二是需要以法治为保障的宪政体制作为法理依据,三是选举本身作为一种政治过程发挥了广泛的政治功能。
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     Separation of the three powers is the cornerstone of the constitutional system in America,and judicial powers is an important implement which matches legislature and administration,for its relative independent and the power of unconstitutional investigation.
     美国的三权分立制度构成了其宪政体制的基石,三权中的司法权由于其宪法上的相对独立性以及联邦法院将违宪审查权掌握在自己手中,从而成为抗衡立法和行政的有力工具。
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     It checked and compiled the laws and regulations, which embodied the thought and will of bourgeoisie, urged the development of the constitutional system in modern China, promoted the modernization process of Chinese legalization and played an active role in the establishment and spread of the western bourgeois-democratic system and democratic consciousness in China, but it also had its' limitations.
     它参与核订编纂的法制法规体现了资产阶级的思想意志,推动了宪政体制在近代中国的发展,促进了中国法制近代化进程,对西方资产阶级民主制度、民主意识在中国的建立和传播起到了积极作用。
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     The second part, dealing with the core values of the constitutional system of property rights legislation.
     第二部分论述了宪政体制下物权立法的核心价值。
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     We think that useful government mainly means the modern government confined the fixed national constitutional system, with full consideration on the foundation of market and social needs and itself ability, applying efficient operations of certain powers and making economic society develop effectively.
     我们认为,有效政府主要是指现代国家政府在既定的国家宪政体制内,在充分考虑市场和社会需求以及自身能力的基础上,通过一定权力的有效运作而使经济社会有效发展的政府。
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  constitutional government system
     At the same time, during the course of the construction of socialistic harmonious society with the main characteristic of ruling by law,we should,with a mode of agreeing with present social concrete national condition of China,further implement the equal rights among nations through such aspects as the constitutional government system,the law enforcement idea and the judicial action,and so on.
     同时,在构建以法治为主要特征的社会主义和谐社会的过程中,应当以契合中国当下社会具体国情的方式,从宪政体制、执法观念和司法举措等几个方面进一步落实民族平等权。
短句来源
     At that time, the Qing government started China modern process of constitutional government system reform under the pressure of domestic trouble and foreign invasion.
     清末民初,清政府迫于内忧外患的压力,启动了中国近代宪政体制改革的进程。
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     This text analyses how to structure the judicial independence under contemporary China's constitutional government system.
     本文浅析在当代中国宪政体制下如何构建司法独立。
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     On the judicial independence under the contemporary China's constitutional government system
     浅论当代中国宪政体制下的司法独立
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     The constitutional government system in China is the democratic political system with corresponding independence of legislation, administration and judicature and commutative balance in a certain extent, and political consultation.
     我国的宪政体制是在中国共产党领导下立法权、行政权和司法权相对独立及一定程度的相互制衡,同时兼有政治协商的民主政治体制。 宪法赋予了各级党委、人大、政府、政协、法院和检察院重大的国家权力或民主权利,因此,这些国家机关和政协组织是我国实施宪政的主要力量。
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  independency of judiciary system
     Constructing a kind of independency of judiciary system, with independency on and mutual-supervision and check with dependent on the People's Congress in Chinese constitutional system, is the development and inheritance of Marxism theory's independency of judiciary and the demand of Chinese constitutional system.
     在我国人民代表大会制的宪政体制下建立独立于人民代表大会,并与之形成相互制约与监督的司法独立体制,是马克思主义司法独立思想的继承和发展,也是现代中国宪政建设的内在要求。
短句来源
  constitutional regime
     Revenue Production, Transaction Costs and Constitutional Regime
     收入生产、交易费用与宪政体制
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     Different from traditional viewpoints, the paper holds that Sun Yat sun made some creative exploration and research based on the theory of human nature of the Confucianism when he adapted the western constitutional regime.
     与传统观点不同 ,本文认为孙中山在移植西方宪政体制时 ,以中国儒家的人性哲学为基础 ,进行了自己的创见和探索。
短句来源
     This essay applies transaction cost politics, political history, and fiscal history to examine the development and sustenance of a constitutional regime.
     本文运用交易费用政治学、政治史和财政史上的理论和经验研究成果研究了宪政体制的发育和维持。
短句来源
     The central argument is that various transaction costs occurring in the revenue production of the state will affect the state' s political choices, hence the development and sustenance of constitutional regime.
     本文的主要观点是,国家在收入生产过程中所面对的各种交易费用约束将影响到国家的政治选择,进而将影响到宪政体制的发育和维持。
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  constitutional system
The European Convention on Human Rights in the Constitutional System of Serbia and Montenegro
      
The paper explores the legal position of the European Convention on Human Rights in the constitutional system of Serbia and Montenegro.
      
This in turn implies an account of what makes an action good: what makes an action good is that it is deliberated upon and chosen in a way that unifies the person into a constitutional system.
      
Finally, we argue that it is the choice of a legal or constitutional system rather than the choice of law that is paradigmatic of the coordination problem.
      
Madison's writings inThe Federalist serve as a reminder that our constitutional system was structured to alleviate the problem of factions.
      
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  constitutional regime
Although in theory a constitutional regime could be based solely on the quantity control principle it has not yet occurred.
      
But there is much less indication that the constitutional regime made a difference in larger territorial entities.
      
It is just such nonviolent compromise that Parsons found to be the virtue of a constitutional regime.
      
One possibility is that incentives involving default depend upon a country's constitutional regime.
      
The constitutional regime appears to have made a difference for credibility, but only within the group of citystates in the sample.
      
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  其他


The republicanism has been a kind of political organization form pursued by politicians and jurists for thousand years. Republicanism can make full use of various political resources, while the democracy is a main form of the regime worshipped by people of modern society, that is to say, people is the host of the country and make its own decision. The core of constitutionalism is to abolish absolute sovereignty and to emphasize the restrictions to sovereignty by the constitution so as to ensure and protect people's...

The republicanism has been a kind of political organization form pursued by politicians and jurists for thousand years. Republicanism can make full use of various political resources, while the democracy is a main form of the regime worshipped by people of modern society, that is to say, people is the host of the country and make its own decision. The core of constitutionalism is to abolish absolute sovereignty and to emphasize the restrictions to sovereignty by the constitution so as to ensure and protect people's right. There's no conflict between the republicanism and democracy. Democracy is an important part of republicanism, for there's no republicanism without democracy. But there should have restrictions on the democracy. Republicanism should receive the baptism of democracy and democratic republicanism is confirmed by the constitution. Under the constitutional system, it is the basic requirement of building a modern and civilized country to develop the democracy and republicanism.

共和国是千百年来政治法律家们所追求的政权组织形式。共和主义可以使各种社会政治资源得以充分利用。民主是人民当家作主 ,自己决定自己的事业 ,是近现代人们所推崇的政体的主流形式。宪政主义的核心是废除绝对主权 ,强调对宪法限制统治权 ,确认并保护人民的权利。共和与民主并不矛盾 ,民主是共和的重要组成部分 ,没有民主就没有共和 ,但民主必须受到节制 ,共和必须接受民主的洗礼 ,民主共和必须由宪法予以确认。在宪政的体制下发扬民主 ,完善共和 ,是建设现代文明国家的基本要求。

Rule by Law requires fair justice. The causes of unfair justice are: There are some problems in constitution to justice; The internal administration of justice is not so good; We have no external environment of rule by law. Some measures to tackle them are : To guarantee the independent justice;To improve the internal administration of justice ;To foster the external cultural environment of rule by Law.

确保司法公正是实现法治的必然要求 ,司法不公的成因主要有 :宪政体制对司法的保障有不足之处 ;司法权内部制度不健全 ;社会缺乏外部法治环境。相应的治理对策有 :完善宪政体制对司法的保障 ;改革司法权内部制度 ;培育法治化的文化环境

The procuratorial organ of China is regarded as legal supervision department of the country.Under Chinese' system of constitution ,the procuratorial system is based on liening's legal supervision theory ,reasonable factors of foreign system of public prosecution and Chinese tradition of law and reality of society,which is fit for Chinese society,satisfies the demand of "administering a country according to law"and the demand of development of the rule of practice and the world procuratorial system,and has necessity...

The procuratorial organ of China is regarded as legal supervision department of the country.Under Chinese' system of constitution ,the procuratorial system is based on liening's legal supervision theory ,reasonable factors of foreign system of public prosecution and Chinese tradition of law and reality of society,which is fit for Chinese society,satisfies the demand of "administering a country according to law"and the demand of development of the rule of practice and the world procuratorial system,and has necessity and reasonnableness.

我国检察机关的角色定位为国家法律监督机关 ,是在我国宪政体制下 ,以列宁的法律监督思想为理论基础 ,借鉴外国检察制度的合理因素 ,结合我国的法律文化传统和法制现状所确立的。它适合我国国情 ,顺应依法治国的要求 ,符合诉讼规律和世界检察制度的发展趋势 ,具有应然性和合理性。

 
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