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皮瓣     
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  flap
    An Anatomical Study on the Venous Architecture of the Flap and Its Clinical Significance
    皮瓣静脉构筑的解剖学研究及其临床意义
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    Transplantation of Free Scapular Flap: Report of 5 Cases
    肩胛皮瓣游离移植五例报告
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    Anatomical Analysis on the Cause of Skin Necrosis of the Great Toe Nail Flap
    (足母)甲皮瓣术(足母)趾侧皮肤及创面植皮坏死原因的解剖学分析
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    Sensory regenerating nerve endings in skin flap following nerve implan tation
    感觉神经植入皮瓣后再生末梢的观察
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    Clinical types of the second dorsal metacarpal artery in flap transfer
    第二掌背动脉皮瓣血管的临床分型及其意义
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  skin flap
    Sensory regenerating nerve endings in skin flap following nerve implan tation
    感觉神经植入皮瓣后再生末梢的观察
短句来源
    EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE BLOOD SUPPLY OF SUBDERMAL VASCULAR NETWORK ISLAND SKIN FLAP
    真皮下血管网岛状皮瓣血供的实验研究
短句来源
    The effects of basic fibroblast growth factor on SOD, MDA and NO in skin flap tissues of rats
    bFGF对大鼠皮瓣组织中SOD、MDA和NO的影响
短句来源
    The Anatomical Basis of Association Graft Transplantation of the ScapularLateralThoracicLatissimus Dorsi Skin Flap
    肩胛、侧胸、背阔肌联合皮瓣移植的解剖学基础
短句来源
    Objective To study the anatomy of the blood vessel of the frontal skin flap, especially the anastomosis among them to provide basis for clinical use.
    目的明确额部常见皮瓣间供血血管系统之间的吻合情况,为额部皮瓣特别是眶上动脉蒂反流轴型皮瓣的临床应用提供解剖学基础。
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  “皮瓣”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Objective: To observe the course, distribution and variation of inferior gluteal artery and explore a simple approach to detect inferior gluteal artery to provide basis for clinical application.
    目的:尸体解剖(autopsy AUT)考察臀下动脉(inferior gluteal artery IGA)的走行及变异情况,探索一种简单的方法对活体臀下动脉(IGA)进行检测,为临床应用该动脉供养的臀大肌肌皮瓣手术提供依据。
短句来源
    The width and thickness of the ilioinguinal nerve of the lateral crus of the superficialinguinal ring were acquired (1.69±0.54mm and 0.82±0.0mm).
    血管蒂的长度平均为:37.73±10.41mm。 皮瓣前、中、后部的厚度平均值分别是:5.72±1.44mm、5.13±1.12mm、4.37±0.91mm。
短句来源
    Particularly, T 6~8 have a bigger nerve distribute area and a longer nervre pedicle which near the artery pedicle.
    其中T6~ 8分布于皮瓣范围较大、神经蒂较长并距血管蒂较近。
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    The distribute area of 8 and 9 thoracic nerve are especially greatre others.
    其中以第 8、9胸脊神经后支在皮瓣中分布较大。
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    The colour and appearance of the skin were satisfactory.
    随访期间皮瓣色泽好,外形满意。
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  flap
Application of three-dimensional digitalized reconstruction of latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap
      
The aim of this study was to reconstruct the normal structures of thoracodorsal artery in 3D images and to establish the digitized visible models of latissimus dorsi myocutaneous (LDM) flap.
      
Three-dimensional computerized reconstructions of LDM flap structures were conducted from these datasets by using Amira 3.1 (TGS) software respectively.
      
The 3D reconstructed visible models established from these datasets perfectly displayed the anatomic characteristics of LDM flap.
      
Affinity Labeling of Flap-endonuclease FEN-1 by Photoreactive DNAs
      
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  skin flap
The surgery involves exposure of the orbicularis oculi muscle via a skin flap starting near the upper orbital margin then progressing downward.
      
The orbicularis oculi fibers near the lid margin are then joined to the proximal orbicularis fibers and the skin flap is sutured back to normal position.
      
The syndrome of the sunken skin flap: a?neglected potentially reversible phenomenon affecting recovery after decompressive crani
      
Brown Norway (BN) rats served as donors and Lewis rats as recipients of VBMTx and free skin flap allografts.
      
In the VBMTx group, the free skin flap survived 70 days after weaning off cyclosporine A (CsA).
      
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In this report we have provided a preliminary assessment of the application of gastrocnemius in microsurgery after having observed the gastrocnemius and the blood vessels and nerves of 50 adult cadavers (100 cases of lower limbs).1. The gastrocnemius has relatively wide and thick belly both in the medial and in the lateral head , the strength of which is rather strong.Each head of the gastrocnemius has a single vessel and nerve.The outside diameter of the blood vessel is above 2 mm and the vessel pedicle 3-4...

In this report we have provided a preliminary assessment of the application of gastrocnemius in microsurgery after having observed the gastrocnemius and the blood vessels and nerves of 50 adult cadavers (100 cases of lower limbs).1. The gastrocnemius has relatively wide and thick belly both in the medial and in the lateral head , the strength of which is rather strong.Each head of the gastrocnemius has a single vessel and nerve.The outside diameter of the blood vessel is above 2 mm and the vessel pedicle 3-4 cm in length.The removal of either of the heads is of little effect on the functions of lower limbs.2. The medial head of the gastrocnemius has a wider and thicker belly, a bigger diameter and longer pedicle of the blood vessel than the lateral head.Theblood for the skin in the area of the medial head is mainly supplied by the musclocutaneous artery, while that in the area of lateral head by the direct cutaneous artery.

本文调查50具成人尸体(100例下肢〕的腓肠肌及其血管神经,对其在显微外科上的应用作了初步评价。 一、腓肠肌内、外侧头的肌腹较宽厚,肌力较强,各有单一的血管和神经;血管外直径在2mm以上,血管蒂长度为3~4cm;移去一头对下肢功能影响不大,可用于战伤修补大块组织缺损,或对某些动力肌的功能重建。 二、腓肠肌内侧头的肌腹宽厚度、血管外径以及血管蒂长度均大于腓肠肌外侧头,故选用供肌以内侧头为宜。内侧头区的皮肤血供以肌皮动脉为主,外侧头区以直接皮动脉为主,故前者可选用肌皮瓣,而后者可选用皮瓣或肌瓣。

The iliac bones of 50 cadavers (100 pieces)and 100 pieces of dry iliac bones were studied. Ink perfusion of local vessels and vasography were made. Detailed investigations have been made on the ilium and the position, morphology, calibre and length of its blood vessels. Consideration has been given to the local relationship necessary for surgical exposure, The author considers the ilium an ideal donor because of the fact that the ilium is loose in bone tissue, highly plastic,rich in blood supply,substantial...

The iliac bones of 50 cadavers (100 pieces)and 100 pieces of dry iliac bones were studied. Ink perfusion of local vessels and vasography were made. Detailed investigations have been made on the ilium and the position, morphology, calibre and length of its blood vessels. Consideration has been given to the local relationship necessary for surgical exposure, The author considers the ilium an ideal donor because of the fact that the ilium is loose in bone tissue, highly plastic,rich in blood supply,substantial in filling and strong in weight-hearing capacity, meanwhile it provides a desirable donor length. In regard to the requirements of ilium transplantation for free micro-blood vessels; the superior gluteal artery and circumflex iliac deep artery and third lumbar artery provide favourable conditions for vascular pedicles in ilium transplantation; the circumflex lateral artery and the circumflex iliac superficial artery will serve as appropriate pedicles for the transplantation of the compound tissue flap of bone, muscle and skin; the circumflex femoral lateral artery can be suitably used as the vessel for intraosteal transplantation of the head and neck of the femur: The fourth lumbar artery is, however, not suitable for use as vascular pedicles in bone transplantation.

作者比较系统的观察了50具尸体(100侧)的髂骨及100侧干性髂骨,并做了血管的局部墨汁灌注和X线血管造影。对髂骨及其血管的位置、形态、口径、长度,以及考虑到手术显露中所需要的局部关系等,做了比较详细的研究。作者认为髂骨质疏松,可塑性大,血液供应丰富,充填确实,承重较好,且有适当的截取长度,故力理想的移植供区。按游离显微血管髂骨移植的要求:臀上动脉、旋髂深动脉、第三腰动脉作为髂骨移植的血管蒂的条件是很优越的;旋股外侧动脉、旋髂淺动脉适于作骨肌皮瓣复合组织的移植蒂;旋股外侧动脉适于作股骨头、颈骨内移植血管;第四腰动脉、髂腰动脉不适用于骨移植的血管蒂。

Excision with skin graft of soar on the face can improve laxity and mobility of that portion, but it contributes little to remould the disfiguration. Since Oct. 1981 we have restored scar on the lower face in 4 cases by rotation and extension of platys-mal musoulooutaneous flap with good functional and morphological effects. Our design for the musculocutaneous flap and the operative technic were described in detail.

面部疤痕切除植皮只能改善功能,容貌损毁的改善远非理想。我们应用颈阔肌肌皮瓣旋转推进,修复4例下面部疤痕,获得满意的功能和形态效果。本文着重阐述设计方法,手术要点及初步体会。

 
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