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Chinese ancient brain truster system came form the system provide for the aged and the system of divine. It emerged in the last stage of primitive society, and came to the periods of great prosperity in the Warring States. It has the following characteristics. First, there were many different schools for the policy-makers to choice. Second, the brain truster has the double task with the plot and execution. Third, the planed and the unexpected exist side by side and the science and superstition are compatible....

Chinese ancient brain truster system came form the system provide for the aged and the system of divine. It emerged in the last stage of primitive society, and came to the periods of great prosperity in the Warring States. It has the following characteristics. First, there were many different schools for the policy-makers to choice. Second, the brain truster has the double task with the plot and execution. Third, the planed and the unexpected exist side by side and the science and superstition are compatible. Chinese ancient brain truster system enlightens us at four aspects. First, we can draw lessens from the history experience, strengthen the construction of the brain truster system. Second, policy-maker should authorize the advisers to carry out the plan. Third, the authorities should take the policy of “blame not the critic". And last, we should bring old-timers' intelligence into full play.

中国古代的智囊制度产生于原始社会末期形成的养老制度和占卜制度 ,鼎盛于战国时期。中国古代的智囊制度有以下特点 :第一 ,学派林立 ,给决策者以广泛选择的余地 ;第二 ,智囊兼具谋划与执行的双重任务 ;第三 ,人谋与天算并存 ,科学与迷信混杂。中国古代智囊制度对我们有四点启示 :第一 ,借鉴历史经验 ,加强智囊制度建设 ;第二 ,适当授权 ,让智囊参与执行 ;第三 ,对智囊实行言者无罪的政策 ;第四 ,发挥老同志的智囊作用

 
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