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骨内
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  intraosseous
     The important x-ray features of osteosarcoma were intraosseous ossification (74.1%), intraosseous bone destruction(66.7%), extraosseous soft tissue mass (88.0%),extraosseous tumor bone formation (84.3%), Codman's triangle (42.6%) and laminated periosteal reaction(32.4%).
     主要X线表现有骨内成骨(74.1%)、骨内骨破坏(66.7%)、骨外软组织肿块(88.0%)、骨外瘤骨(84.3%)、Codman三角(42.6%)和层状骨膜反应(32.4%)。
短句来源
     X-ray and CT diagnosis of intraosseous ganglion
     骨内腱鞘囊肿的X线、CT诊断
短句来源
     Intraosseous ganglion was seen as slight low signal on T 1WI and slight high signal on T 2WI MR images.
     1例在MRT1WI表现为月骨骨内的中低信号灶 ,边缘硬化 ,T2 WI为略高信号。
短句来源
     The results demonstrated that the intraosseous was increased significantly by fixed knee for 5 weeks. The intraosseous pressure of tibia in the fixed hind leg was 3.78±1.02Kpa and that of the other was 2.23±0.47Kpa.
     实验结果证明 :膝关节伸直位固定 5周后 ,固定侧胫骨上端骨内压增高至 3.78± 1.0 2KPa,与对照侧胫骨上端骨内压 2 .2 3± 0 .47KPa相比 ,具有明显差异 (P <0 .0 0 1) ;
短句来源
     A Clinical Study on the Relationship Between the Intraosseous Hgpertension and the Degenerative Knee
     骨内高压与退行性膝关节病关系的临床研究
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  endosseous
     Morphologic Observation and Quantitative Histology Study on the Implant-Bone Interface of Nonsubmerged and Submerged Endosseous Implants in Dogs
     非埋植型和埋植型骨内牙种植体—骨组织界面形态学观察和定量组织学研究
短句来源
     An Evaluation of Clinical Effects on Endosseous Dental Implant Part──Ⅳ.Assessment of Patient Satisfaction by Questionaire
     骨内牙种植体临床效果评价──Ⅳ.病员问卷调查
短句来源
     An Evaluation of Clinical Effects on Endosseous Dental Implant Part──Ⅱ.An Observation of the Superstructure Prostheses
     骨内牙种植体临床效果评价──Ⅱ.上部结构的设计及疗效观察
短句来源
     Futher study on biological safety of Ni Ti shape memory alloy for endosseous implantation
     镍钛形状记忆合金骨内植入生物安全度的深入研究
短句来源
     Experimental study on the influence of calcitonin on the endosseous implants of osteoporotic bone
     降钙素对骨质疏松性骨内种植体影响的实验研究
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  to the bone
     The biological behavior of a new biomaterial, TAMZ titanium alloy,is evaluated by means of the tests of invitio cytotoxicity, subcutaneous implant, implanting to the bone, and haemolgsis.
     通过细胞毒性、溶血、动物皮下埋藏、骨内种植等系统试验,对新型医用TAMZ合金的生物学性能进行了评价。
短句来源
  “骨内”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The tensile strength of carbon tendon increased from 3.01 ±1.2N to 6.1±2.01N at the carbon tendon bone junction in the bone.
     碳腱-骨内联接部的抗张强度从3±1.2N升到6.1±2.01N。
短句来源
     Study on the interface between tissue and bioceramic implanted into bone
     生物陶瓷骨内植入后与组织间的界面研究(英文)
短句来源
     The angle formed by the tentorium and the medial surface of petrous bone,the horizonal level and the trigeminal nerve on coronal CT/MR scan was 88.4±12.8 degrees, 43.2±8.0 degrees and 23.6±7.7 degrees respectively and no significant difference was found between bilateral sides(P> 0.05).
     CT/MR冠状位上(岩尖处)天幕—岩骨内侧面、天幕—水平面及天幕—三叉神经成角依次为88.4±12.8度、43.2±8.0度和23.6±7.7度,双侧无显著性差别(P>0.05)。
短句来源
     Experimental study of Ti-75 alloy by transcortical implant
     Ti-75合金的骨内种植实验研究
短句来源
     The wet weight and volume of femora of the test groups are larger than those of the control groups. The calcium, phosphate, hydroxyproline and hexo-samine per unit length of cortical bone of the test groups are higher significan-tly, and respectively115.1±5.8%, 110.1±4.1%, 114.2±6.6% and 122.4±5.6 of those of the control.
     用药组股骨的湿重和体积大于对照组,用药组单位长度皮质骨内的钙、磷、羟脯氨酸和氨基已糖都明显高于对照组,分别为对照组的115.1±5.8%’110.1±4.1% 114.2±6.6%和122.4±5.6%。
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  intraosseous
The calcaneal cyst-pathogenesis and intraosseous vascularization of the calcaneus
      
The intraosseous lipoma of the calcaneus is a rare bone tumor.
      
It has been demonstrated that in the first stages of this disease, pain is due to intraosseous venous engorgement for the earlier thickening of the cortical bone under the articular cartilage.
      
Lesions involving the oral and maxillofacial region (OMFR) and intraosseous examples are rare.
      
Tumor location included the infra-temporal fossa, buccal mucosa (recurrence extending into bone), anterior mandible (intraosseous primary, focally extending into soft tissue), and left parotid and submandibular gland (with metaplastic bone) regions.
      
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  endosseous
As the use of endosseous implants has revolutionized oral rehabilitation, a specialized technique has become available for the preoperative planning of oral implant placement: cone beam computed tomography (CT).
      
Morbidity and complications of bone grafting of the floor of the maxillary sinus for the placement of endosseous implants
      
Very weak and noisy trigeminal somatosensory evoked potentials (TSEPs) are considered, which are successfully evoked by electrical stimulation of the trigeminal nerve of 15 patients with endosseous oral implants.
      
For this purpose, a study of TSEP signals acquired from patients with endosseous oral implants has been carried out.
      
Inappropriate implant loading has been suggested as one of the most important factors for late failures of endosseous oral implants.
      
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  to the bone
Substantial forces may apply to the bone fragments, due to multidirectional muscular contraction.
      
In 1998, Indonesia was shaken to the bone by a political, economic, social and cultural crisis that has lasted at least six years.
      
To fix PVA-H firmly to the bone, we have devised an implant composed of PVA-H and porous titanium fiber mesh (TFM).
      
Osteonecrosis is a clinical entity characterized by death of bone marrow and trabecular bone as a result of disruption of blood supply to the bone (1,2).
      
This implies that these cells must have the potential to extravasate and home to the bone marrow environment.
      
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Sixty-eight adult male rabbits were selected for this experiment. A defect was made by sawing off a fragment of bone, 4 mm in length, from the diaphysis of both radii., under anesthesis of sod. amytol. The materials for the study were removed from these animals at intervals of 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, 17, 21, 28, 35 and 42 days after the operation. Sections were prepared for both histological and histochemical studies. Three types of bone calli were observed in different phases during the bone repair: 1) trabeculae...

Sixty-eight adult male rabbits were selected for this experiment. A defect was made by sawing off a fragment of bone, 4 mm in length, from the diaphysis of both radii., under anesthesis of sod. amytol. The materials for the study were removed from these animals at intervals of 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, 17, 21, 28, 35 and 42 days after the operation. Sections were prepared for both histological and histochemical studies. Three types of bone calli were observed in different phases during the bone repair: 1) trabeculae with coarse woven fibers, 2) trabeculae with fine parallel fibers, and 3) the mixed type. The contents of ribonucleic acids, alkaline phosphatase, cytochrome oxydase and succinic dehydrogenase increase in the osteoblast as the cell develops from flat to collumnar form. As the osteoblast develops into osteocyte the above reactions decrease in intensity. In the fine-fibered trabeculaer the osteocytes were almost free from the above content, while in the coarse-fibered trabeculae, the osteocytes still retain a moderate intensity for the above reactions. This indicates that the latter type of bone trabeculae is relatively immature. Periodic acid-Schiff reactions in the coarse-fibered bone matrix and fibers are more intensive than in that of the fine-fibered. Reactions for acid mucoplysaccharides (Mowry's and Alcian blue reactions) are negative in all the bone matrix observed, except on the wall of bone lacunae and cement lines. Alkaline phosphatase activity is restrictod within that narrow area of fine fibers under the periosteum. The histological and histochemical features of osteoclast are described and its functions are discussed.

本实验选用了雄性、成年、健康家兔68只。在阿米妥钠溶液静脉注射之麻醉情况下进行无菌手术:在挠骨中段人工造成4毫米的缺损。手术后1, 2, 3,,、7, 10, 14, 17,21, 28, 35及42天后杀死动物,取材,固定,进行了组织学和组织化学研究。 在骨折修复过程中,不同时期内可以见到三种不同的骨痴:(1)粗纤维编织状骨,(2)细纤维板层状骨,以及(3)混合性骨小梁。 当扁平的成骨细胞分化成高柱状的成骨细胞时,细胞内所包含的核糖核酸、碱性磷酸酶、细胞色素氧化酶及墟拍酸脱氢酶等逐渐增加。在成骨细胞分化成骨细胞过程中则上述的各种组织化学反应弦度逐渐减低。在细纤维骨小梁内的骨细胞,上述各种成分几乎完个消失;在粗纤维骨小梁的细胞内部仍旧显示了中等程度的上述各种组织化学反应。在新生的粗纤维骨小梁内骨基质和骨纤维内高碘酸雪夫氏反应是要较细纤维骨内的反应要强一些。在上述各种骨小梁的基质内,除了细纤维骨骨陷窝壁和粘合线内,都没有见到明显的酸性粘多糖反应和异染性;碱性磷酸酶的反应也仅限于骨外衣下粗纤维外包裹的细纤维。 本文尚结合破骨细胞的形态结构及组织化学反应讨论了破骨细胞的机能问题。

1)The arteries of the human thoracic vertebrae are studied on 14 cadavers(1 fetus,11 children and 2 adults)by dissection,clearing,and radiography.Their origins, branches,distributions,and their relations to each other on the external surfaces of the vertebrae as well as their numbers,points of entrance,and intravertebral distributions are recorded and studied. 2)All the vertebrae obtain their blood supply,directly or indirectly,from the neighbouring intercostal arteries.In addition,the upper 2 vertebrae receive...

1)The arteries of the human thoracic vertebrae are studied on 14 cadavers(1 fetus,11 children and 2 adults)by dissection,clearing,and radiography.Their origins, branches,distributions,and their relations to each other on the external surfaces of the vertebrae as well as their numbers,points of entrance,and intravertebral distributions are recorded and studied. 2)All the vertebrae obtain their blood supply,directly or indirectly,from the neighbouring intercostal arteries.In addition,the upper 2 vertebrae receive also the descending branches from the inferior thyroid artery,the subclavian artery,the costo- cervical trunk or the vertebral artery,among which the branches deriving from the inferior thyroid artery occur more frequently.Both the arteries reaching the internal and external surfaces of the vertebral bodies and those distributed to the internal and external surfaces of the vertebral arches divide into ascending and descending branches(the main trunk of the intercostal artery gives rise to a number of upper and lower slender branches over the antero-lateral surfaces of the vertebral body)to supply the adjacent vertebrae.On each side(right and left)the neighbouring ascending and descending branches anastomose longitudinally,and the arteries of the same name on both sides join to form transverse anastomosis. 3)The nutrient arteries of each vertebral body form 3 groups,two of which enter the body through its right and left antero-lateral aspects respectively.The 3rd group pierces the central portion of its posterior aspect.The numbers of the arteries penetrating the antero-lateral aspect of the body vary in different ages;5—6 branches on either side of the body in 4 month fetus,reduced to 3 branches in 1—3 year old children.On the dorsal aspect,the upper ten bodies receive 2 branches each;and the lower twos,3—4 branches.In the spongy bone of the vertebral body,all the arteries of the 3 groups converge and anastomose to each other. 4)The end arteries occur only in the developing cartilaginous regions of the verte- brae.As the ossification proceeds the anastomosis develops in the spongy bone. 5)It is usually found that a nutrient artery enters the vertebral arch from behind through its superio-lateral aspect or near the base of the upper articular process of the vertebra.

1.用解剖、透明和 X 线造影等方法,观查了胎儿、幼儿及成人尸体胸椎骨的动脉血管共14具,其中胎儿1具、幼儿11具和成人2具。观查的内容包括胸椎骨动脉的来源、动脉在椎骨外的分支分布、相互关系,以及每个椎骨体营养动脉的支数、进入部位和它在椎骨体内的配布。2.全部胸椎骨除直接或间接地接受相邻肋间动脉供应外,其中上2胸椎骨尚接受由甲状腺下动脉、锁骨下动脉、肋颈干或椎动脉发出的降支,尤其自甲状腺下动脉来者最多。动脉血管在相应椎骨体前后面和椎弓内外面皆分为升、降支供应相邻椎骨,每侧相邻升、降支间互相连成纵吻合;左右同名支间连成横吻合。3.每个胸椎体的营养动脉共分三群:二群分别由椎骨体左右前外侧面进入。一群由椎骨体背侧面中央进入。其由椎骨体前外侧面进入的营养动脉支数,随年龄而有所变动。四个月胎儿椎骨体每侧有5—6支;1—3岁幼儿椎骨体常减少为3支。由椎骨体背侧进入上10个胸椎体的营养动脉支数常为2支;末2个胸椎体常为3—4支。此三群动脉在椎骨体内呈放射状排列,并在松质骨内相互吻合。4.终动脉只出现在椎骨体发育中的软骨范围内;后来随着骨化,动脉支在松质骨内形成吻合,终动脉卽口随之消失。5.椎弓背侧外...

1.用解剖、透明和 X 线造影等方法,观查了胎儿、幼儿及成人尸体胸椎骨的动脉血管共14具,其中胎儿1具、幼儿11具和成人2具。观查的内容包括胸椎骨动脉的来源、动脉在椎骨外的分支分布、相互关系,以及每个椎骨体营养动脉的支数、进入部位和它在椎骨体内的配布。2.全部胸椎骨除直接或间接地接受相邻肋间动脉供应外,其中上2胸椎骨尚接受由甲状腺下动脉、锁骨下动脉、肋颈干或椎动脉发出的降支,尤其自甲状腺下动脉来者最多。动脉血管在相应椎骨体前后面和椎弓内外面皆分为升、降支供应相邻椎骨,每侧相邻升、降支间互相连成纵吻合;左右同名支间连成横吻合。3.每个胸椎体的营养动脉共分三群:二群分别由椎骨体左右前外侧面进入。一群由椎骨体背侧面中央进入。其由椎骨体前外侧面进入的营养动脉支数,随年龄而有所变动。四个月胎儿椎骨体每侧有5—6支;1—3岁幼儿椎骨体常减少为3支。由椎骨体背侧进入上10个胸椎体的营养动脉支数常为2支;末2个胸椎体常为3—4支。此三群动脉在椎骨体内呈放射状排列,并在松质骨内相互吻合。4.终动脉只出现在椎骨体发育中的软骨范围内;后来随着骨化,动脉支在松质骨内形成吻合,终动脉卽口随之消失。5.椎弓背侧外上方或接近上关节突基部,常有一营养动脉进入。

In the 1976,a tibiotarsus of fossil bird was obtained by a field party of theInstitute from Xichaun district,Honan Province.This is the first time that fossil birddiscovered from the Lower Eocene of China.Materials was found from the bed of Yu-Huang-Ding Series.Described in this paper represent 1 genus and 1 specis:Zhongyuanus xichuanensis gen.et sp.nov.Diagnosis:The outer articular condyle extends beyond the line of the outer sideof tibiotarsus;outer articular condyle forms a “V” angle with that of the inner...

In the 1976,a tibiotarsus of fossil bird was obtained by a field party of theInstitute from Xichaun district,Honan Province.This is the first time that fossil birddiscovered from the Lower Eocene of China.Materials was found from the bed of Yu-Huang-Ding Series.Described in this paper represent 1 genus and 1 specis:Zhongyuanus xichuanensis gen.et sp.nov.Diagnosis:The outer articular condyle extends beyond the line of the outer sideof tibiotarsus;outer articular condyle forms a “V” angle with that of the inner one;inner surface and inner condyle forms a “T” tuberosity;upper margin of osseoussupratendinal bridge projecting outwards,Lower margin of bridge projecting inwards;osseaus supratendinal bridge was situated towards inner side of tibiotarsus.

河南淅川这一新原鸟类化石,根据如下特征:胫跗骨外关节髁的外边缘超过胫跗骨的外边缘、内外两髁间成一“V”字形沟、内关节髁的内面具一近似“T”字形隆凸,骨质腱桥上边缘外斜、下边缘内斜,腱桥靠近胫跗骨内缘等,订一新属种:淅川中原鸟。中原鸟的时代为早始新世,它代表到目前为止我国时代最早和巨型鸟类——不飞鸟目的唯一材料。

 
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