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人力资本失灵
相关语句
  human capital failure
     From Life's Adversity: Human Capital Failure ” in Re-employing Laid-off Workers in North China
     走出生活逆境的阴影——失业下岗职工再就业中的“人力资本失灵”研究
短句来源
     Human Capital Failure in Social Transformation
     社会结构转型中的人力资本失灵
短句来源
  “人力资本失灵”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The specificity of human capital makes it difficult for workers to search for new jobs and is therefore responsible for the serious unemployment during the state-owned enterprise restructuring.
     文章认为,既定的专用性人力资本导致了劳动力在搜寻匹配岗位时遇到了很大困难,以致于在转岗再就业过程中表现出明显的人力资本粘性和人力资本失灵
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Simple Analysis of Manpower Capital
     浅析人力资本
短句来源
     Bringing in human capital;
     人力资本的引进;
短句来源
     Human Capital Failure in Social Transformation
     社会结构转型中的人力资本失灵
短句来源
     An Analysis of Failure of Human Capital and the Contrary Intellectual Theory
     人力资本失灵”与“悖论”之理论解析
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This paper examines approaches to helping laid-off workers overcome adversity. P revious studies have focused on the effects of market demand and institutional a rrangements. We argue that the increasing opening-up and market-oriented trans fo rmation, plus rapid economic growth, have provided more opportunities for people to adapt themselves to changes in the new reform period with interactions betwe en social structure and individual choice. Based on a survey sample during Augus t and September of 2002 of...

This paper examines approaches to helping laid-off workers overcome adversity. P revious studies have focused on the effects of market demand and institutional a rrangements. We argue that the increasing opening-up and market-oriented trans fo rmation, plus rapid economic growth, have provided more opportunities for people to adapt themselves to changes in the new reform period with interactions betwe en social structure and individual choice. Based on a survey sample during Augus t and September of 2002 of 1,000 laid-off workers in 4 cities in Liaoning provi n ce, where resources have been exhausted, we find that, contrary to our hypothesi s, laid-off workers suffered from “human capital failure” in terms of income dec ision, class identification and social attitudes. In other words, their accumula ted human capital (education, technical identity, work experience) no longer pla ys a role in improving their income level and rationalizing their social attitud es. This is mainly due to the rupture of their human capital accumulation and th e changing occupational structure and market demands for knowledge. Therefore, a side from more job opportunities, policies should be made to provide more traini ng courses to prepare laid-off workers for new posts in new trades, and to equi p them for more choices in the market and help them overcome adversity.

本文是对失业下岗职工走出生活逆境途径的探讨。以往相关方面的研究主要是关注市场需求和制度安排对就业的影响。本文认为 ,中国改革所带来的社会变迁 ,开创了一个社会结构与个体行动互动作用的新历史 ,在对外开放扩大、市场化转型和经济高速增长的大背景下 ,面对同样的社会事件 ,人们有了更大的通过调整自己的选择来改变生活的可能性。基于 2 0 0 2年 8— 9月对辽宁省 4个资源枯竭型城市约 10 0 0个样本下岗职工的抽样调查 ,作者发现 ,与一般的常规推论相反 ,在下岗职工的收入决定、阶层认同和社会态度等方面 ,存在着“人力资本失灵”现象 ,即下岗职工以往的人力资本积累对提高其收入水平和促进社会态度的理性化不再发挥作用。这是因为随着市场的知识需求和职业结构的变化 ,下岗职工人力资本积累过程发生了断裂。所以 ,相应的政策建议是 ,在千方百计创造更多就业机会的同时 ,要特别注重对下岗职工转业转岗的培训 ,以增强其在就业市场上的选择能力 ,帮助他们走出生活逆境的阴影。

Some scholars think that a contrary intellectual theory in economics is reflected in the widespread phenomenon of failure of human capital. This article makes an analysis of failure of human capital and the contrary intellectual theory. We do not think that the "failure" of human capital is widespread. It results from the risk of the investment of human capital, and the profits of the investment reflect the spirit of relying on human beings themselves.

理论界有些学者认为,人力资本存在普遍失灵的现象,是一个经济学的悖论。所谓的人力资本“失灵”并不具普遍性,它主要源于人力资本投资的风险性,而人力资本投资的收益性,深刻体现了“以人为本”的精神实质。

In the old industrial bases of Northeast China, resource-depended industrial chains, heavy-industry biased industrial structures and special institutional settings with respect to the traditional economic system have resulted in specified human capital. The specificity of human capital makes it difficult for workers to search for new jobs and is therefore responsible for the serious unemployment during the state-owned enterprise restructuring. To enhance the regional economies and facilitate the reemployment...

In the old industrial bases of Northeast China, resource-depended industrial chains, heavy-industry biased industrial structures and special institutional settings with respect to the traditional economic system have resulted in specified human capital. The specificity of human capital makes it difficult for workers to search for new jobs and is therefore responsible for the serious unemployment during the state-owned enterprise restructuring. To enhance the regional economies and facilitate the reemployment of lay-off workers, it is imperative to have reformation of the heavy industries in the regions, and to change the institutions stimulating human capital production, human capital mobility and human capital incentive.

资源依赖型产业链、重工业偏向型产业结构和既定的体制环境,造成了东北老工业基地的劳动力所拥有的人力资本存在不同类型和不同程度的专用性。文章认为,既定的专用性人力资本导致了劳动力在搜寻匹配岗位时遇到了很大困难,以致于在转岗再就业过程中表现出明显的人力资本粘性和人力资本失灵。为了促进区域经济发展,有效推动下岗失业劳动力高质量地完成转岗再就业过程,应当重新对东北老工业基地进行重工业化改造,同时还应对人力资本生产制度、流动制度和激励制度进行有效调整。

 
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