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对卵巢
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  of ovary
     The Value of Serum AFP, CEA, CA50, CA19.9, CA50 and CA125 Determination in the Diagnosis and Follow up Studies of Ovary Malignant Neoplasm
     血清AFP、CEA、CA50、CA19.9、CA125联合检测对卵巢恶性肿瘤的诊断及复发的价值
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     THE STUDY OF DIAGNOSTIC SIGNIFICANCE OF OVARY MALIGNANT TUMOR BY USING AFP,β-HCG,CA-125,CEA AND SA IN THE SERUM
     血清AFP、β-HCG、CA-125、CEA、SA联合检测对卵巢恶性肿瘤诊断意义的探讨
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     The Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis of Ovary Tumors With the Measurement of Serum CA_(125) by Axsym Instrument
     Axsym仪检测血清CA_(125)对卵巢肿瘤的诊断及鉴别诊断的意义
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     (2)The value of typical diagnosis of cystic teratoma and endometriosis cyst of ovary could be made by MRI,both are high signal on T|WI and T2WI,cystic teratoma is low signal on T2WI/IR.
     ②MRI对卵巢囊性畸胎瘤和子宫内膜异位囊肿具有特征性诊断价值,两者T_1WI/T_2WI均以高信号为主,前者T_2WI/IR脂肪抑制序列呈低信号改变。
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     2.Ultrasonography combined with serum CA125 assay(30u/ml as positivevalue) can improve the diagnosis rate of endometriosis of ovary.
     2.超声检查结合血清CA125(以30u/ml为阳性界值)测定,可以提高对卵巢子宫内膜异位症的诊出率。
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     The sensitivity and specificity of CA19 9 detection in ovarian carcinoma were 45.8% and 74.1%,and those of CA125 were 83.3% and 71.5%,respectively.
     CA19 9检测对卵巢恶性肿瘤的敏感性、特异性分别为45.8 %、74.1% ,CA125检测的敏感性、特异性分别为83.3%、71.5% ;
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     CA125,CA19.9 and CA15 - 3 in Differentiating Ovarian Cancer From Benign Tumors
     CA125、CA19.9、CA15-3联合测定对卵巢良恶性肿瘤的诊断价值
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     The sensitivity of CA125 in ovarian serous cystoadenocarcinoma and mucous cystoadenocarcinoma were 93.8%,36.8% respectively,the sensitivity of CA199 were 24.5%,84.2% respectively.
     血清CA125对卵巢浆液性囊腺癌和粘液性囊腺癌的灵敏度分别为93.8%和36.8%; CA199为24.5%和84.2%;
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     Methods The granulosa cells of 21-day-old SD female rats were cultured with TGFβRⅡ antibody and FSH of different concentrations,and then the cells were obtained at defined points to determine the phosphorylation of Smad2/Smad3 by immunocytochemistry.
     方法21dSD雌性大鼠,注射PMSG 20IU,48h后对卵巢颗粒细胞进行原代培养,用TGFβRⅡ抗体及不同浓度的FSH对细胞进行不同时间的处理,通过免疫细胞化学方法观察TGFβ信号通路中Smad2/Smad3和P-Smad2/P-Smad3(磷酸化Smad2/3)表达的变化。
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     This research was to explore the correlation of genetic instability of nm23H1 gene to clinicopathologic features of epithelial ovarian carcinoma, and provide experimental basis for revealing the mechanism of nm23H1 gene function and tumor metastasis.
     本实验研究中国人17号染色体D17S396位点MSI和LOH对卵巢上皮性癌nm23H1蛋白表达的影响,阐明nm23H1基因遗传不稳定性与卵巢上皮性癌临床病理特性的关系,为揭示nm23H1基因作用机制和肿瘤转移机制提供实验依据。
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     M.
     M.
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     H.
     H.
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     Effects of growth hormone on ovary function
     生长激素卵巢功能的影响
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     The Regulation of Growth Hormone on Ovarian Functions
     生长激素卵巢功能的调节
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     OVARIAN AUTOTRANSPOSITION
     卵巢自体移植
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  of ovary
In addition, the nerve terminals contact with follicle cells of ovary can be seen.
      
However, females held alone had a higher reproductive output (in terms of ovary weight and GSI) than females held with either larger or smaller companions.
      
A clinical report of refractoty carcinoma of ovary and fallopian tube treated with taxol
      
It was concluded that curcumin could significantly inhibit the growth of ovary cancer cells.
      
Exogenous CAR expression had a potential role in inhibiting the malignant metastasis phenotype of ovary cancer cells.
      
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This paper reports the changes of nucleic acid and protein contents in the developing ovary of the normal copulating female of oriental migratory locust, Locusta migra-toria manilensis Meyen. Comparisons have been made on the effects of parthenogenesis and the treatment with gonadotropic factor of the male locust.The results obtained indicate that the ovary of the female locust begins to develop rapidly after copulation which takes place from 7 to 10 days after adult emergence. The fresh weight, the total phosphorus...

This paper reports the changes of nucleic acid and protein contents in the developing ovary of the normal copulating female of oriental migratory locust, Locusta migra-toria manilensis Meyen. Comparisons have been made on the effects of parthenogenesis and the treatment with gonadotropic factor of the male locust.The results obtained indicate that the ovary of the female locust begins to develop rapidly after copulation which takes place from 7 to 10 days after adult emergence. The fresh weight, the total phosphorus and protein contents of the ovary increase in different degrees. At the same time the length of the terminal oocyte increases gradually. On the fifteenth day after emergence the ovary nearly reaches its full development; and the contents of these ovarian constituents also reach to their highest peaks. At this time the acid-soluble phosphorus occupies about 70% of the total phosphorus content while the phospholipid-P about 20%.The RNA-P content from the first to the fifteenth day after emergence may increase 28 times and the DNA-P content 6 times. That the increase of RNA-P is more rapid than DNA-P and that the increase of the ratio RNA/DNA is parallel with ovary development indicate the increase of protein synthesis in the ovary. This has also been proved by a quantitative determination of the ovarian protein contents. During the course of ovary development, however, the percentages of RNA-P and DNA-P with reference to total phosphorus as well as to the fresh weight of the ovary decrease gradually. This means that other phosphorus components and other constituents in the ovary accumulate more rapidly than the nucleic acids.After the female locust has laid its egg-pod, the contents of nucleic acids and other constituents in the ovary decrease suddenly to the level similar to those of the female 10 days after emergence. Thereafter, the ovary development and the inceases of nucleic acids, protein and other constituents will start once more. At the same time the length of the terminal oocyte increases to a large extent. It thus shows a clear cyclic change of the ovary during reproductive activity.In the parthenogenetic female locust the pre-oviposition period is greatly prolonged. Its terminal oocyte grows so slowly that on the fortieth day after emergence the ovarian contents of nucleic acids, protein, etc. remain at the same level as if the female ten days after emergence.When the parthenogenetic female locust is treated on the lateral surfaces of the abdomen and the antennal foveolae with the crude lipid-extract from the fat bodies of the male locust, its ovarian development can be greatly accelerated. As a consequence the contents of the ovarian constituents increase to a level comparable to those of the copulating control. This fact indicates that, the crude lipid-extraet from the fat bodies of the male locust is gonadotropic. The significance of the above mentioned results is discussed. We propose that the gonadotropic factor may regulate the metabolism of the ovarian nucleic acids, protein, etc. via/or with the action of the juvenile hormone from the corpora allata.

本文报道东亚飞蝗交配后雌蝗卵巢中核酸和蛋白质的含量变化,以及孤雌生殖和雄蝗促性腺因子对卵巢中核酸和蛋白质代谢的影响。雌蝗羽化后7—10天进行交配,卵巢开始迅速发育,卵巢鲜重、总磷量以及蛋白质含量皆迅速增长,同时末端卵母细胞长度亦不断增加。到羽化第15天时卵巢已接近发育完成。末端卵母细胞长达6.2毫米。在各种磷化合物中,酸溶性部分在羽化15天时占总磷量的70%,磷脂磷可达20%。这表明酸溶性磷化合物和磷脂在卵巢发育过程中有较高的代谢和积累。卵巢中RNA-P增长28倍,DNA-P,增长6倍。RNA/DNA比值随着卵巢的发育而增加,这标志着蛋白质在卵巢中合成;对蛋白质含量的测定也证实了这一点。如果以RNA-P和DNA-P占总磷量的百分含量或以每百毫克卵巢鲜重计算其含量,则在卵巢发育过程中反而皆相对降低,表明卵巢中其他含磷化合物的积累优于核酸磷的增长。当雌蝗第一次产卵后,卵巢的各组成成份迅即减少,此后四天内卵巢中核酸和蛋白质的含量复可再度迅速增长,末端卵母细胞(即原未产卵前之末端第二卵母细胞)亦进一步长大,从而表现了卵巢发育的周期性变化。 人为隔离的孤雌生殖的雌蝗在羽化后40天内,卵巢发育缓慢,其末端卵母...

本文报道东亚飞蝗交配后雌蝗卵巢中核酸和蛋白质的含量变化,以及孤雌生殖和雄蝗促性腺因子对卵巢中核酸和蛋白质代谢的影响。雌蝗羽化后7—10天进行交配,卵巢开始迅速发育,卵巢鲜重、总磷量以及蛋白质含量皆迅速增长,同时末端卵母细胞长度亦不断增加。到羽化第15天时卵巢已接近发育完成。末端卵母细胞长达6.2毫米。在各种磷化合物中,酸溶性部分在羽化15天时占总磷量的70%,磷脂磷可达20%。这表明酸溶性磷化合物和磷脂在卵巢发育过程中有较高的代谢和积累。卵巢中RNA-P增长28倍,DNA-P,增长6倍。RNA/DNA比值随着卵巢的发育而增加,这标志着蛋白质在卵巢中合成;对蛋白质含量的测定也证实了这一点。如果以RNA-P和DNA-P占总磷量的百分含量或以每百毫克卵巢鲜重计算其含量,则在卵巢发育过程中反而皆相对降低,表明卵巢中其他含磷化合物的积累优于核酸磷的增长。当雌蝗第一次产卵后,卵巢的各组成成份迅即减少,此后四天内卵巢中核酸和蛋白质的含量复可再度迅速增长,末端卵母细胞(即原未产卵前之末端第二卵母细胞)亦进一步长大,从而表现了卵巢发育的周期性变化。 人为隔离的孤雌生殖的雌蝗在羽化后40天内,卵巢发育缓慢,其末端卵母细胞长度增长缓慢,卵蜒中核酸和蛋白质的含量皆较低,相当于正常发育卵巢5—10天的水?

The present paper reports an investigation on the life history of Culicoides riothi Kieffer carried out in Chunking area, Szechuan Province. Laboratory observations were carried out in conjunction with those in the natural condition. Bearing methods with dead insects and suitable rearing conditions for the immature stages in the laboratory were devised. The process of metamorphosis of Culicoides was followed.Animal hosts: The natural hosts of the insect are cattle, buffalo, pigs, horses, donkeys, dogs, sheep...

The present paper reports an investigation on the life history of Culicoides riothi Kieffer carried out in Chunking area, Szechuan Province. Laboratory observations were carried out in conjunction with those in the natural condition. Bearing methods with dead insects and suitable rearing conditions for the immature stages in the laboratory were devised. The process of metamorphosis of Culicoides was followed.Animal hosts: The natural hosts of the insect are cattle, buffalo, pigs, horses, donkeys, dogs, sheep and goats, monkeys, rabbits, etc. Among them the chief hosts are cattle and pigs.Blood digestion and ovarian development : After the female midge sucks blood, sugars are not required for ovarian development. At the temperature range of 18-23℃, average 20.1℃, blood in stomach of half of the females digests to Bella's 7th stage after 62 hours and ovarian development reaches Christophere 's V stage after 44 hours. At 9-11.5℃ blood digestion in stomach and ovarian development can still carry on slowly, reaching Sella's 7th stage and Christophere's V stage respectively, on the 13th day.Mature egg and egg deposition : Mature eggs in a gravid female amount to 43-246, 151 on average. At 20-28℃, as a rule female deposits eggs 3-4 days after blood sucking, a few prolong to the 12th day. The number of eggs deposited is 40-213. Eggs are not deposited all at a time, part of them retain in the ovary temporarily, and a few are not going to lay eggs until after the next blood sucking.Bearing the immatures: Bearings with mud and dead insects are carried out simultaneously. Under the condition of the laboratory rearing with dead insects, metamorphosis of the midge can be successfully carried out; and the hatching of egg, molting of larva, pupation, and emerging of adult are observed.Time for the development of immature stages: At 27±1℃, in rearing with dead insects, the life cycle requires 28-44 days (egg 3 days; first instar 6-8 days, second instar 5-10 days, third instar 6-9 days, fourth instar 5-11 days; pupa 3 days). At 6.8-22℃, the egg would last for 3-8 days; first instar 9-31 days, second instar 27-35 days, third instar 34-48 days, fourth instar 25-80 days; pupa 3-10 days. The complete life cycle from egg to adult requires 101-212 days. Bearing with mud at summer room temperature requires 22-32 days to complete the life cycle.

在重庆地区所作有关李拭库蠓生活史的研究,观察在实验条件结合自然情况下进行。设计了虫尸培养法,在虫尸培养内幼期处于严格控制的条件下,可以确切地观察卵的孵化、幼虫蜕皮、化蛹和羽化等现象,解决了库蠓变态发育的规律。 李拭库蠓的主要动物宿主是牛和家猪,雌虫吸取血液后糖类对卵巢的发育并不是必需的。9—11.5℃时胃血消化和卵巢发育仍能缓慢地进行。雌虫在20—28℃时一般在吸血后第3—4日间产卵,产卵数为40—213。 幼期发育的时间随温度和食物而改变。虫尸培养,在27±1℃时自卵至成虫为28—44天(卵期3天:第一龄幼虫6—8天:第二龄幼虫5—10天;第三龄幼虫6—9天:第四龄幼虫5一11天;蛹期3天)。当6.8—22℃时,共需101—212天(卵期3—8天;第一龄幼虫9—31天;第二龄幼虫27—35天;第三龄幼虫34—48天:第四龄幼虫25—80天:蛹期3—10天)。夏季室温条件下泥土培养基内自卵至成虫为22—32天。

The present paper deals with observations on the cycle of histological changes inovaries of the small yellow croaker, Pseudosciaena polyactis Bleeker. Samples werecollected monthly from Bo Hai and in the northern part of Huang Hai, in May, 1963to June 1964. 1) Maturity. Based upon the macro-and microscopic characteristics the matura-tion of the ovaries can be divided into six stages: Stage Ⅰ-Juveniles; Stage Ⅱ-includingimmature ovaries, and those recovered spent ovaries; Stage Ⅲ-ripening ovaries; StageⅣ-nearly...

The present paper deals with observations on the cycle of histological changes inovaries of the small yellow croaker, Pseudosciaena polyactis Bleeker. Samples werecollected monthly from Bo Hai and in the northern part of Huang Hai, in May, 1963to June 1964. 1) Maturity. Based upon the macro-and microscopic characteristics the matura-tion of the ovaries can be divided into six stages: Stage Ⅰ-Juveniles; Stage Ⅱ-includingimmature ovaries, and those recovered spent ovaries; Stage Ⅲ-ripening ovaries; StageⅣ-nearly ripe ovaries; Stage Ⅴ-ripe ovaries near spawning or spawning, Stage Ⅵ-spent ovaries and Stage Ⅵ-Ⅳ', Stage Ⅴ'-recovered ovaries. 2) Annual cycle of the ovaries. The ovaries enter into Stage Ⅵ-Ⅱ' in July-Aug.; Stage Ⅱ' in Sept.-Oct.; Stage Ⅲ in Nov.-Jan. (mostly in Dec.-Jan.) this is theoverwinter period; Stage Ⅳ in Mar.-May (often in April); Stage Ⅴ from mid-May tomid-June (mostly in May) this is the spawning period. After the fish releases onebatch of ova the ovary is in Stage Ⅵ-Ⅳ' (or Ⅳ') and later on developes to Stage Ⅴ'.Stage Ⅵ occurs in June. 3) Reproductive cycle Sections of ovaries of each successive age group (2~+-15~+)collected during the spawning season showed empty follicles. This indicates that thereproductive cycle of the small yellow croaker is of the plural cyclic type, the adultfish spawning every year. 4) Type of spawning. The ripe eggs of this fish are released at least two batchesin a breeding season. It is evident that sections of ovaries sampled from fishes beforeand after spawning all show oocytes of various sizes.

本文根据对黄海北部和渤海水域小黄鱼卵巢周年组织学观察的资料,对卵巢各发育期的形态特征和卵巢发育周期、产卵类型等问题,进行了组织学的描述和探讨。将小黄鱼卵巢划分为:Ⅰ,幼年期、Ⅱ性未成熟或重复发育Ⅱ期、Ⅲ开始成熟期、Ⅳ接近成熟期、Ⅴ临产期或产卵期、Ⅵ产后期。本文还分析了小黄鱼卵巢的年周期变化和产卵类型,肯定小黄鱼在一个生殖期中,至少产出两批成熟卵子。产出每批卵子间隔不长,约为1—2周。

 
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