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封闭的市场条件
相关语句
  closed market
     In the closed market, forestry tax directly becomes a part of the price and commercial forest producers should gain the normal profit regardless of forestry tax, but some woodland will exit from the production.
     在封闭的市场条件下 ,林业税费会直接成为价格的一部分 ,商品林生产者应当能够获得正常利润 ,与税费高低无关 ,但会使一部分林地退出生产。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     MARKET PLACE
     市场
短句来源
     MARKETING
     市场
短句来源
     The Attempt to Go Out of Close
     走出封闭的尝试
短句来源
     f(x), is given.
     f(x)的条件
短句来源
     close teaching pattern etc.
     封闭的教学模式等。
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  closed market
Closed market pulp mills in Prince Rupert and Chetwynd, British Columbia are reopening in 2003 under new ownership.
      
Malaysia was a closed market until 1989 and completely open until September 1998.
      
Market failure arises when private calculations dictate a closed market, but a social calculation shows that a gain is possible through exchange.
      
This was not a high priority at that time because limited efficiency was no problem in the closed market.
      
The closed market structure can be seen as an internal application of our approach.
      


The paper, using supply and demand curves, explores the function mechanism and connotation of forestry tax on commercial forest. It holds that the production of commercial forest has positive externalities and its producers can't provide enough commercial forest truly required by the society under market failure. In the closed market, forestry tax directly becomes a part of the price and commercial forest producers should gain the normal profit regardless of forestry tax, but some woodland will exit from the...

The paper, using supply and demand curves, explores the function mechanism and connotation of forestry tax on commercial forest. It holds that the production of commercial forest has positive externalities and its producers can't provide enough commercial forest truly required by the society under market failure. In the closed market, forestry tax directly becomes a part of the price and commercial forest producers should gain the normal profit regardless of forestry tax, but some woodland will exit from the production. Forestry allowance is a negative forestry tax in theory. In the open market, domestic supply of commercial forest is less than that when there is no forestry tax and even less than that when its social and ecological needs are considered, which causes social welfare suffer greatly. So forestry tax should be reduced, forestry support should be enhanced and price control should be canceled. The paper also probes into the cutting quota policies, thinking that the cutting quota policies should be canceled for commercial forests.

该文运用经济学的基本工具———供给和需求曲线 ,以商品林为研究对象 ,探讨了林业税费的作用机理和内涵。该文认为商品林生产具有正的外部性 ,市场失灵使生产者将不能提供社会真正所需要的商品林数量。在封闭的市场条件下 ,林业税费会直接成为价格的一部分 ,商品林生产者应当能够获得正常利润 ,与税费高低无关 ,但会使一部分林地退出生产。林业补贴是一种负的林业税收。在开放市场经济条件下 ,国内商品林供应量低于没有林业税收时的商品林供应量 ,更低于考虑社会生态需求时的商品林供应量 ,造成巨大的社会福利损失 ,应减免林业税费、增加林业扶持、取消价格管制。该文进一步研究了与林业税费密切相关的森林采伐限额政策 ,认为对商品林应该完全取消采伐限额政策

 
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