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科学文化
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  the scientific culture
     Summary for the One-Year Anniversary of “Review on the Scientific Culture
     《科学文化评论》创刊周年回眸
短句来源
     Review on the Scientific Culture, a comprehensive academic journal edited by Institute for the History of Natural Science and the department of scientific policy, CAS, has been formally published on Feb. 10, 2004. The present paper introduced the objective and contents of the magazine and reviewed some important papers published on the magazine during the first year as well as commentary and reaction about them.
     由中国科学院自然科学史研究所和中国科学院科技政策局共同主办的综合性学术刊物《科学文化评论》于2004年2月10日正式发刊.
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  相似匹配句对
     A Tentative Research into Culture of Science
     科学文化初探
短句来源
     Cultural Reviving of Science
     科学文化复兴
短句来源
     Culture
     文化
短句来源
     SCIENCE
     科学
短句来源
     Culture
     文化
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  the scientific culture
The program was fairly well received, but further investigations demonstrated that it was doing much regarding the scientific culture.
      
Unfortunately, this measure seems less relevant in embedded systems, which is perhaps a reflection of change in the scientific culture.
      


Chime bells were second to noneamong the Chinese classical music instruments and the symbols of au- thorities and high status,therefore close attention has ever been paid to their founding and developing. This set of Chime bells assembled the cream of melting and founding techniques,acoustics,tempe- rament and industrial arts,representing the higher levels of science and technology in ancient China. To explore and inherit the ancient cultural heritage and bring to light the technological processes structure...

Chime bells were second to noneamong the Chinese classical music instruments and the symbols of au- thorities and high status,therefore close attention has ever been paid to their founding and developing. This set of Chime bells assembled the cream of melting and founding techniques,acoustics,tempe- rament and industrial arts,representing the higher levels of science and technology in ancient China. To explore and inherit the ancient cultural heritage and bring to light the technological processes structure characteristics and sounding rules and to promote the cultural communications at home and abroad, Natural Science History Institute of China,Henan Historic Relic Institute and Harbin University of Science and Technology worked together to study and reconstruct Xichuan Chime-bells.A set of new bells was successfully reconstructed with the new technologies. The replicas are identical with original ones in shapes,decoration,geometric sizes,alloying elements, metallurgical structures,fundamental frequency,vibra- ting modes,timbre,etc.Through appraisal the experts concerned considered that the reconstructed bells re- flected the features and traits of the original ones guite well.The replicas were on shown abroad in January 1982.

编钟是中国古代乐器之首,也是权势与地位的象征,因而,编钟的铸做与发展历来受到重视、它荟萃着中国古代冶铸技术,声学、乐律学和工艺美术的精华,代表着中国古代科学技术的高超水平。为发掘和继承古代科学文化遗产,揭示中国古编钟的制作工艺,结构特性和发音规律,促进国内外的科技文化交流,由哈尔滨科技大学、中国自然科学史研究所和河南省文物研究所合作,对浙川编钟进行了复制研究工作,采用新的工艺方法成功的复制出浙川编钟的复制品,在钟形、及几何尺寸、合金成分,金相组织、基频、振动模式以及音色等均与原钟一致,经有关专家鉴定,认为:复制钟较好的反映了原编钟的特征和面貌。复制钟于82年1月出国展出。

In order to heighten the farmers' socialist consciousness and enrich their kaowledge of science, great attention should be paid to the research on the relations of production and superstructure besides productive forces in the field of enterprise management science, according to the characteristics of the Chinese farmers and the conditions of rural socicty. With a view not only to producing plentiful agricultural products for the sake of meeting the people's material and cultural needs, but also to creating...

In order to heighten the farmers' socialist consciousness and enrich their kaowledge of science, great attention should be paid to the research on the relations of production and superstructure besides productive forces in the field of enterprise management science, according to the characteristics of the Chinese farmers and the conditions of rural socicty. With a view not only to producing plentiful agricultural products for the sake of meeting the people's material and cultural needs, but also to creating abundent spiritual wealth, the managers of socialist agricultural enterprises should execute two new functions of enterprise management—serving function and educating function, besides planning,organizing, controlling and other functions This is the most important characteristic of Chinese enterprise management science, which is different from that in the West.

根据我国农民的特点和农村的实际情况,建立中国的社会主义农业企业经营管理学,不仅要研究生产力方面的问题,还要加强对生产关系和上层建筑方面的研究,以便在提供丰富的农产品满足人民物质文化生活需要的同时,不断提高农民的社会主义觉悟和科学文化水平,产生出丰硕的精神成果。因之,企业管理者除了执行计划、组织、控制等职能外,还要执行两个新的管理职能:即服务职能和教育职能。这是我国管理科学别区于西方资本主义企业管理的一个重要特征。

The author describes rougly the basic blueprint of China of 2000,

作者首先从人口、人民生活水平、工农业生产水平、科学文化水平、经济实力、传统观念和经济体制等方面,概括地描绘了2000年中国的基本蓝图。同时,指出了在实现2000年的宏伟目标的过程中,我国将遇到的主要困难:就业压力十分沉重;交通、通信比能源更为严重地钳制国民经济发展;教育和科技远远不能适应经济发展的要求;地面资源严重短缺,生态环境有可能恶化;资金不足。 作者还就实现2000年目标的有关战略和政策的设想,谈了颇有见地看法。如:我国应摒弃重型结构和超高速发展战略,选择国民经济持续、稳定、协调发展的战略;在本世纪末把人口控制在12.5亿以内,实行政府安排就业与劳动者自己创业结合的就业方针;农业要采取“贸工农”格局,由单一发展农作物向大农业方向演进,促进农、林、牧、副、渔和农、工、商、运的综合发展;工业要形成一大批高技术与传统技术相结合的“技术复合体”,要求在整个传统技术的发展中渗透高技术因素;建立以商品市场为主,以一定范围的技术、金融、劳务和智力等相配合的市场体系;逐步实行国营企业职工参股,有些企业可考虑成立有代表国家利益、企业利益和参股利益的代表组成董事会,负责企业的战略决策和厂长(经理)的任免等等。此...

作者首先从人口、人民生活水平、工农业生产水平、科学文化水平、经济实力、传统观念和经济体制等方面,概括地描绘了2000年中国的基本蓝图。同时,指出了在实现2000年的宏伟目标的过程中,我国将遇到的主要困难:就业压力十分沉重;交通、通信比能源更为严重地钳制国民经济发展;教育和科技远远不能适应经济发展的要求;地面资源严重短缺,生态环境有可能恶化;资金不足。 作者还就实现2000年目标的有关战略和政策的设想,谈了颇有见地看法。如:我国应摒弃重型结构和超高速发展战略,选择国民经济持续、稳定、协调发展的战略;在本世纪末把人口控制在12.5亿以内,实行政府安排就业与劳动者自己创业结合的就业方针;农业要采取“贸工农”格局,由单一发展农作物向大农业方向演进,促进农、林、牧、副、渔和农、工、商、运的综合发展;工业要形成一大批高技术与传统技术相结合的“技术复合体”,要求在整个传统技术的发展中渗透高技术因素;建立以商品市场为主,以一定范围的技术、金融、劳务和智力等相配合的市场体系;逐步实行国营企业职工参股,有些企业可考虑成立有代表国家利益、企业利益和参股利益的代表组成董事会,负责企业的战略决策和厂长(经理)的任免等等。此外,作者通过对未来的消费结构、投资结构、经济梯度结构以?

 
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