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我国古代学者
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  ancient chinese scholars
     Simple Treatise on Ancient Chinese Scholars' Self-restraint Intellectuality Skills
     简论我国古代学者的知性涵养功夫
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  “我国古代学者”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Embodied philosophy and cognitive linguistics we are hotly discussing recently originate from the Western, but some of their basic ideas were initiated by our forefathers long time ago, which is a fact and which should not be neglected.
     近年来我们所谈论的体验哲学和认知语言学起源于西方 ,但其中一些最基本的观点我国古代学者早有论述 ,这也是一个不可忽视的事实。
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     Simple Treatise on Ancient Chinese Scholars' Self-restraint Intellectuality Skills
     简论我国古代学者的知性涵养功夫
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     On the Retroactive Effect of Ancient Criminal Law in China
     我国古代刑法的溯及力
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     Ancient Scholars' Views of the Rhetoric Means of Deconstruction and Re-combination of Chinese Characters
     古代学者论离合
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     K.
     学者K.
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     A STUDY ON ANCIENT METEORITES OF CHINA
     我国古代陨石的研究
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Several important concepts of non-intglli-gence factors in ancient China are summed upin the paper as follows:“aspiration, attentive-ness, kindness, cheerfulness, constancy andmodesty”.Their basic implications are also dis-cussed.The author maintans that as the con-cepts of non-intelligence factors held by an-cient Chinese scholars are different from thoseof modern psychology, they are uniquely valu-able.The paper elaborates on the importanceof the ancient concepts to learning.

本文将我国古代几个重要的非智力因素概念概括为“一志五心”。一志,指“立志”;五心,指“专心、好心、乐心、恒心、虚心”,并探讨了“一志五心”的基本涵义。作者认为,我国古代学者使用的非智力因素概念与现代心理学的非智力因素概念并不是完全周延的,所以有其独特价值.在阐释概念的基础上,本文着重论述了“一志五心”在学习中的重要作用。

Exegetics is a traditional subject allowing ancient Chinese scholars to study Chinese semantic meaning from the from recognition aspect, its core is vocabulary and the meaning of words Lexicology is a new subject formed under influence of western linguistics in the past one hundred years, its core of studying is also vocabulary and the meaning of words But these two subjects arise in different conditions and different philosophy basis, so they are in different historical stages in studying Chinese language...

Exegetics is a traditional subject allowing ancient Chinese scholars to study Chinese semantic meaning from the from recognition aspect, its core is vocabulary and the meaning of words Lexicology is a new subject formed under influence of western linguistics in the past one hundred years, its core of studying is also vocabulary and the meaning of words But these two subjects arise in different conditions and different philosophy basis, so they are in different historical stages in studying Chinese language So there is much difference between the two subjects in recognizing vocabulary and the meaning of words either in theoretical system or in studying method However, they share some similarities for both of them study vocabulary and the meaning of words Either the difference or the similarity shows there exists complement between the two subjects, and originality of studying vocabulary and the meaning of words is embodied in this complement It emphasis is on the questions as unit of Chinese language, the characteristic of Chinese characters, unit, structure, theoretical ground and vocabulary system of Chinese vocabularies

训诂学是我国古代学者从认知方面研究汉语语义的传统学科,词汇词义是其核心。词汇学是近百年来在西方语言学影响下形成的新学科,其研究中心也是词汇词义。但是,这两个学科产生的条件不同,哲学基础不同,研究汉语的历史阶段也不同。因此,对词汇词义的认识无论在理论体系上还是在研究方法上,都有很大差别。但是,由于研究的都是词汇词义,它们又有一定的内同性。差别和内同都反映了这两个学科的互补性,而互补性当中就包含了汉语词汇词义研究的原创性。其重点在于汉语语言单位、汉"字"的性质、汉语词汇的单位、结构和理据以及词汇系统等问题。

In our country,ancient scholars' thought on selfrestraint intellectuality skills is of long standing.Before Qing Dynasty,knowledge of innerwisdom from Confucianism takes the lead in putting forward that study should "selfcultivate based on respect","with all one's heart","cultivate nature","empty and single in one's mind"."Wise spirit", which is canonized in the period of Song and Ming,does its utmost to pursue scholars' introspective skills of consummating by oneself, getting the nature by oneself and "achieving...

In our country,ancient scholars' thought on selfrestraint intellectuality skills is of long standing.Before Qing Dynasty,knowledge of innerwisdom from Confucianism takes the lead in putting forward that study should "selfcultivate based on respect","with all one's heart","cultivate nature","empty and single in one's mind"."Wise spirit", which is canonized in the period of Song and Ming,does its utmost to pursue scholars' introspective skills of consummating by oneself, getting the nature by oneself and "achieving Truth on Respect". Physicists Wang Chong,Zhang Zai,Wang Fuzhi etc.give much attention to the relation of pursuing one's studies and subject's cultivation too.selfrestraint Intellectuality skills are both the personality moral bourn pursued by ancient scholars and the way of scholars' study.Modern scholars should inherit and carry forward ancient scholars' selfrestraint intellectuality skills positively.

我国古代学者的知性涵养功夫思想源远流长。先秦儒家的内圣之学率先提出为学须"修己以敬"、"尽心"、"养性"、"虚壹而静"。宋明时期推崇的"圣贤气象"极力追求学者自完其心、自尽其性、"居敬穷理"的内省功夫。唯物论者王充、张载、王夫之等人也对求知治学与主体修养的关系予以极大关注。"知性涵养功夫"既是古代学者竭力追求的人格道德境界,又是当今学者的为学之道。

 
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