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   肾肿瘤 在 泌尿科学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:1.511秒
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  kidney neoplasms
No evidence of recurrent local disease or distant metastasis of kidney neoplasms was observed in either group.
      
Nitroso-1-(2-hydroxypropyl)-3-chloroethylurea was a less potent carcinogen at equimolar doses, inducing fewer liver neoplasms than the nitrosohydroxyethyl analog and only few kidney neoplasms.
      
  renal tumor
Since its inception in June 1990, laparoscopic radical/total nephrectomy for renal tumor has been successfully applied worldwide to hundreds of patients.
      
Oncocytoma is the most common benign solid renal tumor, comprising roughly 5% of resected renal masses.
      
Our results showed that Trastuzumab had inhibitory effect on the growth of renal tumor cells and reversing effect on the multi-drug-resistance (MDR) in RCC in a time- and dose-dependent manner.
      
The histologic appearance was identical to the renal tumor removed 6 yr before.
      
Targeting of human renal tumor-derived endothelial cells with peptides obtained by phage display
      
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  renal neoplasms
The increased application of radiographic imaging has paralleled a simultaneous increase in the detection of incidental and asymptomatic renal neoplasms.
      
This lesion should be considered in the differential diagnosis of renal neoplasms in childhood, particularly cystic Wilms' tumor or Wilms' tumor with significant intratumoral hemorrage.
      
We present two cystic renal neoplasms observed by ultrasound scanning to have cysts within septa.
      
The distinctive demographic, clinical and radiological findings, as described in the present case, should suggest this aggressive tumour in the differential diagnosis of renal neoplasms in adolescents.
      
A 53-year-old man with triple renal neoplasms in his left kidney presented.
      
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  其他


The role of renal arterial embolization in the diagnosis and treatment of renal tumors was discussed and 8 cases were reported. In all cases,gelatin sponge was used for embolization,and renal arteriography was taken prior to renal arterial embolization in order to assure the diagnosis. After embolization, edema occurred in the perirenal tissue, enabling dissection more easily. Besides, the tumor mass shrank in volume, with superficial blood vessels collapsed, making resection of the tumor more convenient,bleeding...

The role of renal arterial embolization in the diagnosis and treatment of renal tumors was discussed and 8 cases were reported. In all cases,gelatin sponge was used for embolization,and renal arteriography was taken prior to renal arterial embolization in order to assure the diagnosis. After embolization, edema occurred in the perirenal tissue, enabling dissection more easily. Besides, the tumor mass shrank in volume, with superficial blood vessels collapsed, making resection of the tumor more convenient,bleeding decreased,and thus saving the amount of blood transfusion. In one word, the operability of the disease increased after renal arterial embolization. In case of advanced renal carcinoma or patients with distant metastasis where resection of the tumor is impossible,renal arterial embolization may enhance the immunological function of the patient, making the metastasis reduced in size, even disappeared, and thus extending the patients' life.

本文报道了为肾肿瘤的诊断和治疗所进行的8例肾动脉栓塞,其中1例为巨大结核性脓肾。先进行选择性肾动脉造影,确定诊断后,再进行肾动脉栓塞。全部栓塞剂均为医用明胶海绵。栓塞后,肾脏周围与健康组织有水肿,易于分离,肿瘤缩小,表面血管萎陷,便于手术切除肿瘤,出血和输血均减少,提高了手术切除率。对于晚期肾癌或有远处转移的病人,手术不能切除时,经过肾动脉栓塞之后,体内免疫功能增强,转移灶可以缩小甚至消失,起到延长病人生命的作用。

Two cases of renal hemorrhage and nine cases of renal tumor were treated with renal arterial embolization with satisfactory results in our college last year. This paper selectively stated the indications of embolization, operative procedure, and complications after embolization. We especially discussed the practical value of herb medi-cin"白芨" which was used as the permanent embolization material in our hospital. Renal arterial embolization in the treatment of renal hemorrhage and tumor was also discussed.

我院近一年多应用肾动脉栓塞术治疗2例肾出血和9例肾肿瘤,取得满意的效果。本文重点论述栓塞术的适应证、操作方法和栓塞后的并发症,及其中药“白芨”作为永久性栓塞剂的实用价值。

This article presents the clinical material of 68 cases of adult renal tu-mors, 18(26.5%)of which were diagnosed incorrectly. Incorrect diagnosismay arise from: (1) a mass in the upper abdomen not being considered asa renal tumor, (2) overlook of the extra-renal manifestations of renalcarcinoma, (3) being satisfied with the nontypical X-ray changes of IVPand not making furthen examination with other methods, (4) lack ofvigilance for secondary carcinoma of renal pelvis, (5) lack of experienceof differentiating...

This article presents the clinical material of 68 cases of adult renal tu-mors, 18(26.5%)of which were diagnosed incorrectly. Incorrect diagnosismay arise from: (1) a mass in the upper abdomen not being considered asa renal tumor, (2) overlook of the extra-renal manifestations of renalcarcinoma, (3) being satisfied with the nontypical X-ray changes of IVPand not making furthen examination with other methods, (4) lack ofvigilance for secondary carcinoma of renal pelvis, (5) lack of experienceof differentiating blood clot and tumor in the urinary system, (6) errorsin accessory examinations. According to the analysis of the causes of incor-rect diagnosis, the author makes the suggestions which are important to es-tablish correct diagnosis.

本文报告68例肾肿瘤的临床资料,其中18例误诊或术前未确诊。误诊原因有①对上腹肿物的患者未考虑肾肿瘤的可能,②忽视肾癌的肾外表现,③满足于静脉肾盂造影的非典型改变,④对继发性肾孟癌警惕不够,⑤缺乏尿路积血与肿瘤的鉴别经验,⑥辅助检查的误差。在分析误诊原因的基础下,作者提出了提高诊断正确率的意见。

 
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