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纯合
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  homozygous
     Results The detection rates of homozygous GJB2 235delC mutation,heterozygous GJB2 235delC mutation and mtDNA A1555G mutation were 5.67% (11/194),5.67%(11/194) and 9.28%(18/194),respectively.
     结果194例聋哑学生中,GJB2 235delC纯合突变、235delC杂合突变携带率分别为为5.67%(11/194)、5.67%(11/194),mtDNA A1555G点突变检出率为9.28%(18/194)。
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     The homozygous mutation genotype UGT2B7(T/T) displayed in higher frequency in benzidine exposed bladder cancer patients than in normal population in the same city [P=0.006, OR3.30,95%CI(1.36-7.98) ].
     且在膀胱癌病人组中纯合突变UGT2B7(802T/T)基因型频率显著高于同一城市的正常人群[P=0.006, OR3.30,95%CI(1.36-7.98) ]。
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     Two homozygous(G/G and T/T genotypes) and one heterozygous G/T Wx genotype were detected using 484/W2R-ACCⅠ.
     484/W2R-ACCⅠ共揭示出2种纯合类型和1种杂合类型,分别为G/G型、T/T型及G/T型;
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     For example,the flowering peaks of G4A/Xinxiang B,G4A/Ⅱ-32B and Xinxiang A/Ⅱ-32B were 1 h earlier than those of the corresponding homozygous sterile lines.
     如G4A/新香B、G4A/Ⅱ-32B和新香A/Ⅱ-32B的开花高峰均比相应纯合不育系提前1h左右。
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     Six cases carried homozygous SLC26A4 IVS7-2A>G mutation and 12 cases had heterozygous SLC26A4 IVS7-2A>G mutation.
     6例(9.37%)携带SLC26A4基因IVS7-2A>G纯合突变,12例(18.75%)携带SLC26A4基因IVS7-2A>G杂合突变;
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  isozygoty
     In general, the resistant genes of inbred lines are not full isozygoty, which is the basis of disease-resistance improvement.
     一般自交系的抗病基因都不太纯合,这是抗病改良的基础。
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  homozygosis
     plasma tHCY was(34 3±4 2)μmol/L in C/T heterozygosis group,and (28 4±5 8)μmol/L in C/C normal homozygosis group,no significantly difference was found between the two groups;
     C/T杂合突变组血浆tHCY水平为 (34 3± 4 2 ) μmol/L ,C/C正常纯合组为 (2 8 4± 5 8) μmol/L ,两组比较差异无显著性 ;
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     G79A heterozygosis compounded with A341G heterozygosis and G79A homozygosis compounded with A341G homozygosis are polymorphism.
     G79A杂合及A341G杂合复合变异、G79A纯合及A341G纯合复合变异为多态性改变。
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     MTHFR gene situs 677 C/C normal homozygosis accounted for 75%(12/16),C/T heterozygosis 25%(4/16),and no T/T homozygosis was found;
     MTHFR基因第 6 77位点C/C正常纯合者占 75% (12 / 16 ) ,C/T杂合突变者占 2 5% (4/ 16 ) ,未发现T/T纯合突变者 ;
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     ①Comparison of genetype distribution and allelic frequency in the case group and the control group: There were homozygosis 15 %/13 %, heterozygosis 33 %/32 %, wild type 52 %/55 %;
     ①病例组和对照组基因型分布和等位基因的频率比较:纯合15%/13%,杂合型33%/32%,野生型52%/55%;
短句来源
     The genotyping result indicated that the incidence frequency of allele CYP2D6ch was rather high, as the homozygosis mutant percentage of C188T and G4268C sites got to 53% and 54% respectively, which was in well accordance with those results reported outside.
     芯片分型结果表明,CYP2D6ch等位基因在中国人群中出现的频率相当高,C188T和G4268C纯合突变型的比例分别达到了53%和54%,出现相应等位基因CYP2D6ch的频率与文献报道结果大体一致,并通过扩增产物直接测序验证了芯片的分型结果,两者具有良好的一致性。
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  “纯合”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results Of 83 patients,35(42.2%) had del(13q14) with the cell positive rate of 22.0% to 95.0%,and 6(7.2%) showed homogenous deletion.
     结果83例B-CLL中35例(42·2%)有del(13q14),其阳性细胞率为22·0%~95·0%,其中6例(7·2%)纯合缺失。
短句来源
     Odds ratio (OR)of T/T genotype to T/C plus C/C genotype was 3.91(95% CI:1.89~8.11)in ISH patients.
     ISH患者组T/T纯合基因型与T/C +C/C基因型的优势比(OR)为3 91(95 %CI:1.89~8.11)。
短句来源
     The adjusted OR for the TSER 2R/2R genotype showed a 2.44GAAB2 (95% CI 0.89~6.73;P>0.05) and 3.94GAAB2(95% CI 1.29~12.0;P<0.05) fold increased risk for developing SCC and GCA, respectively, when compared with the other TSER genotypes.
     ③与其他基因型相比,纯合突变型(TSER2R/2R)患SCC的危险度升高2.44倍(OR=2.44,95%CI为0.89~6.73,P=0.084),患GCA的危险度升高3.94倍(OR=3.94,95%CI为1.29~12.0,P=0.016)。
短句来源
     QO,0.066.Individuals with phenotype of single null C4A (C4A QO) and C4B (C4B QO) account for 28.3% and 11.1%,and those with phenotype of double null C4A (C4A QO,QO) and C4B (C4B QO,QO),0.56% and 1.11% of the toal respectively.
     QO,0.0660单零C4A(c4A QO)表型个体占总体28.3%,单零C4B(C4B QO)占11.1%; 纯合C4A缺乏(C4A QO,QO)和纯合C4B缺乏(C4BQO,QO)分别占0.56%。
短句来源
     the frequency of I/I, D/D, and I/D was 30.12 % , 27.71 % and 42.17 % separately.
     Alu序列的插入纯合(I/I)频率为30.12%,缺失纯合(D/D)频率为27.71%:(I/D)杂合型频率为42.17;
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  homozygous
A method is developed to fix heterosis through the backcrosses of females of the high-heterosis hybrids to the absolutely homozygous males of androgenetic origin obtained from these females.
      
A homozygous insertion mutant with the inactivated clpP2gene, which encodes the proteolytic subunit of ATP-dependent peptidase, was obtained in the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechocystissp.
      
Significant changes in platelet membrane protein fractions were found in patients (especially non-splenectomized) with homozygous β-thalassemia.
      
Regions LUCA and AP20 (3p21.3) showed a high (90%) frequency of aberrations, including homozygous deletions in almost 20% cases.
      
On the other hand, epigenetic modification of RASSF1A was considerably more frequent than hemizygous or homozygous deletions from the RASSF1A region.
      
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  homozygosis
Promising matromorphs were identified in the M1 generation which were studied in the M2 generation for assessing their genetic status with respect to homozygosis.
      
Genetic death in field populations is caused by semisterility of the translocation and by homozygosis of the mutations in females and non-translocation males of field origin.
      
The impetus for this work was a classical study of the effect of homozygosis on the expression of the maize red color (r1) locus.
      
Mutational homozygosis may be relevant to both carcinogenesis and the evolution of asexual diploid organisms.
      
The SCI2-1 mutation decreased sporulation efficiency by 70% in heterozygosis and by more than 90% in homozygosis.
      
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Desalting the sodium chloride from water solution of 9-aminopelargonic acid by elec-trodialysis, using "Permaplex" C-20 and A-20 ion-exchange membranes has been studied. Experiments indicate the following operating conditions to be the optimum for a bulk solution containing 3.5 gm of 9-aminopelargonic acid and 1.5 gm of sodium chloride in 100ml of the solution:1. pH value of the solution in central conpartment=7.5-7.8;2. Maximum current density=about 8 mA/cm2; applied voltage=65 V;3. Concentration of anolyte--sodium...

Desalting the sodium chloride from water solution of 9-aminopelargonic acid by elec-trodialysis, using "Permaplex" C-20 and A-20 ion-exchange membranes has been studied. Experiments indicate the following operating conditions to be the optimum for a bulk solution containing 3.5 gm of 9-aminopelargonic acid and 1.5 gm of sodium chloride in 100ml of the solution:1. pH value of the solution in central conpartment=7.5-7.8;2. Maximum current density=about 8 mA/cm2; applied voltage=65 V;3. Concentration of anolyte--sodium hydroxide=0.00135± 0.0002 N, and concentration of catholyte--hydrochloride acid=0.0040?0.0002 N;4. Electrodialysis is stopped when the specific conductivity of the solution reaches to 5×10-3Ω-1cm-1.After desalting the sodium chloride by electrodialysis, 9-aminopelargonic acid was crystalized twice from water to give the pure product, mp. 186-189℃, ash content 0.1%, chloride ion trace. The yield is about 93%.

用离子交换膜“Permaplex”,C-20和A-20电渗析法煶纯合氯化钠的9-氨基壬酸,当每100毫升电渗析溶液中合3.5克9-氨基壬酸及1.5克氯化钠时,优惠条件与实验结果如下: 1.中间槽溶液的pH值为7.5—7.8; 2.最大电流密度约为8毫安/厘米~2;电压为65伏; 3.阴极液——氢氧化钠的浓度为0.00135±0.0002N;阳极液——盐酸的浓度为0.0040±0.0002N; 4.电导值为5×10~(-3)欧姆~(-1)厘米~(-1)时,停止电渗析操作。 应用上述条件,用电渗析法除去9-氨基壬酸中氯化钠后,于水中重结晶两次得9-氨 基壬酸纯品,熔点186—189℃,灰分含量不大于0.1%,氯根微量,其收率约93%。

Three varieties of carp were chosen as parental stocks for cross breedings:mirrorcarp of the scatter-scaled type (MCS),fully scaled red carp (RC),and the Long-chow mirror carp (LMC).Hybrid offspring (F_1) were reared in coexistence withthe inbred offspring at the same stocking rate and in the same pond.By the end ofthe first growing season the average individual weight of the offspring of MCS(?)×RC♀ was 50—60% heavier than the inbred RC,and that of MCS(?)×LMC♀ was57% heavier than the inbred LMC,meanwhile the...

Three varieties of carp were chosen as parental stocks for cross breedings:mirrorcarp of the scatter-scaled type (MCS),fully scaled red carp (RC),and the Long-chow mirror carp (LMC).Hybrid offspring (F_1) were reared in coexistence withthe inbred offspring at the same stocking rate and in the same pond.By the end ofthe first growing season the average individual weight of the offspring of MCS(?)×RC♀ was 50—60% heavier than the inbred RC,and that of MCS(?)×LMC♀ was57% heavier than the inbred LMC,meanwhile the survival rate of both hybrids wereas high as the inbred ones.Regarding the inheritance of scale-covering and body coloration,the resultsof our experiment indicate that the scattered scale-covering,and the red coloration aswell,is a recessive character.The second generation (F_2) derived from the self-crossof the hybrid (F_1) of MCS(?)×RC♀ should,theoretically,have 8 genotypes and 4phenotypes.The occurrence of the 4 phenotypes have actually been realized,amongwhich the red mirror carp (scatter-scaled,red coloration) has been a new recombina-tion,distinct from F_1 hybrid and from either parent in external appearance.Thescalation pattern and the body coloration of the red mirror carp seem to be theresult of homozygosis of the two recessive genes.Rearing experiment shows that thered mirror carp has a growth rate superior to MCS or RC.It is to be expected thatit should be relatively stable in inheritance and would emerge,as a new,economicvariety of the carp.

本研究希望通过鲤鱼品种间杂交出现的杂种优势来提高鲤鱼的产量以及在杂种的后代中选择具有优良的经济性状的类型培育出新的鲤鱼品种。两组杂交的杂种一代具有明显的杂种优势,可以直接应用于渔业生产上并可望获得增产效果。根据对鳞被和体色的遗传特性的研究结果断定散鳞镜鲤与兴国红鲤的杂种二代中出现的红色镜鲤的鳞被和体色是由纯合型隐性基因控制的,可以预期它的后代不再出现分离而可能成为一个稳定的新品种。研究了不同品种及其杂种的血清蛋白聚丙烯酰胺盘状电泳图谱,希望借此作为一种选种的工具。

The ploidy of about thousand pollen plants of rice that were obtained from anther culture in vitro were studied and the homozygosity and the hereditary rule of a part of those plants derived from hybrid F1 were investigated.Sixty per cent of the studied pollen plants were diploids,and set seeds normally.And ninety per cent of pollen plants of those derived from hybrid F1 produced uniform offsprings without any segregation,i.e.the progenies of those pollen plants were genetically homozygous.Segregation either...

The ploidy of about thousand pollen plants of rice that were obtained from anther culture in vitro were studied and the homozygosity and the hereditary rule of a part of those plants derived from hybrid F1 were investigated.Sixty per cent of the studied pollen plants were diploids,and set seeds normally.And ninety per cent of pollen plants of those derived from hybrid F1 produced uniform offsprings without any segregation,i.e.the progenies of those pollen plants were genetically homozygous.Segregation either on characters or fertility or on both of them occurred in progenies of the rest 10% of the studied pollen plants,but appeared rather simple and obviously distinct from those in F.The recombination and segregation for four characters in forty nine pollen plants obtained from hybrid F1 of the same cross were studied in comparison with F2 plants of the same cross combination.Both of them showed fundamentally similar results.The experimental results,denoted that the frequency of producing pollen plants for various micrnspores of hybrid F1 were identical.And no obvious competition among pollens with different genotypes were observed during culture.Two new varieties of keng rice were obtained by means of pollen haploid plant breeding and have been put into-seeds propagation and distribution for practical production.

对自1972年以来,通过花药培养所获得的近千株花粉植株的倍数性和部分来源于杂种F_1的花粉植株的纯合性及性状遗传规律进行了研究。结果观察到60%的花粉植株为能正常结实的二倍体。90%来自F_1的花粉植株的后代是整齐一致没有分离的,也即在遗传上是纯合的。其余10%来自F_1的花粉植株的后代或在性状上、或在能育性上、或同时在性状与能育性上发生分离。但性状分离一般都较简单,与F_2的分离有明显区别。对来源于同一杂交组合F_1的49个花粉植株的四个性状的重组与分离的规律,以同组合F_2植株为对照,进行了研究。结果两者表现基本相似。说明杂种F_1的各种小孢子发育为花粉植株的机率是相同的,没有发现在培养过程中不同基因型的花粉间有明显的竞争。 通过花粉单倍体育种已培育出二个粳稻新品种在生产上繁殖推广。

 
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