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相对增加
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  relative increase
     Myocardial contrast echocardiography(MCE) was performed by a bolus injection of Albunex. The measurement of peripheral blood concentrations of CK-MB and cTnI at baseline,60 min ischemia (T_0) and 60 min reperfusion (T_ 60 ) were initiated,and then the increase slope (T_ 60 -T_0/60) and relative increase value (T_ 60 -T_0/T_0) were calculated at 60 min reperfusion.
     测定外周循环中CK MB和cTnI在基础状态、6 0min心肌缺血 (T0 )、再灌注 6 0min时的浓度(T60 ) ,计算再灌注 6 0min时其上升斜率 (T60 -T0 6 0 )和相对增加值 (T60 -T0 T0 )。
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     ut 64. 71 % with seeding, with a relative increase of 17. 42% (a<0. 05).
     人工播云后降水效率平均达64.71%左右,相对增加17.42%(<0.05)。
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     It is found that the relative reduction of the average life span and the wavelength of soft X-ray are the 1. 83% and 0. 92%, respectively, the relative increase of the transition probability is 1.86% because of the ionicity effect.
     发现电离度效应使Fe+25离子的软X射线波长、平均寿命分别减少0.92%和1.83%,使其跃迁概率相对增加1.86%.
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     A reduction of one ton of sediment erosion results in about a 3.19 to 16.15 m~3 reduction in water yield, but when flushing one ton of sediment; about 33 to 60 m~3 of water is needed. This shows that soil and water conservation practices can result in a relative increase in water resource.
     中游地区水土保持措施每减少1t泥沙约减少地表径流量3.19~16.15m3,而黄河下游河道每输1t泥沙需要水量在33~60m3,在该区采取水土保持措施可以相对增加水资源数量。
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     There was a marked difference in the levels of CK-MB and cTnI between reflow group and no-reflow group,too (P< 0.01 ). An extremely significant difference in the increase slope and relative increase value at 60 min reperfusion between two groups was found (P< 0.001 ).
     6 0min再灌注时CK MB和cTnI的浓度、上升斜率和相对增加值复流组仍显著高于无复流组 (P<0 .0 1和P <0 .0 0 1)。
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  relative increment
     The activity of POD and SOD is raised rapidly. The test result indicates that the relative increment of protective enzyme activity is plus mutuality to the salt tolerance of tomato breed.
     番茄体内POD和SOD活性迅速上升,试验结果表明保护酶活性相对增加量与番茄品种耐盐性呈正相关。 在盐胁迫下,番茄叶片中叶绿素、Chla和Chlb的含量整体变化呈下降趋势,高盐胁迫下叶绿素a/b值呈上升趋势。
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     The regularity index was represented by relative increment of air flow in air adding branch,Sz. As for the ventilation system in a certain mine Sz can be computed conveniently by using the relative decrease value of air flow in air reducing branch, Sj(using absolute value,%).
     调节性指标用加风分支风量相对增加值Sz表示,具体矿井通风系统的Sz可用减风分支风量相对减少值Sj(取绝对值、用“%”)很方便地求算;
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     The relative increment of electrolytic leakage,Pn,recovery power of Pn,Fv/Fm and reco very level of Fv/Fm had highly significant correlation with chilling injury index(the coefficients were 0.9217,-0.9753,-0.9636,-0.9631 and -0.9893 respectively)after low temperature treatment,which could be used as the criteria to evaluate cold tolerance in summer squash.
     低温胁迫后, 电解质渗漏率的相对增加量与冷害指数呈极显著正相关, 光合速率及其恢复能力和Fv/Fm 及其恢复水平与冷害指数呈极显著负相关, 可以作为鉴定西葫芦品系耐冷性指标。
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     On the basis of the first and second laws of thermodynamics and under constant heat flux conditions an analysis was conducted of the influence of fouling on the thermodynamic performance of convection heat exchange process in a tube. A criterion for evaluating such an influence is put forward, the so called relative increment number of dimensionless entropy generation.
     基于热力学第一、二定律 ,在恒热流工况下分析了污垢对管内对流换热过程热力学性能的影响 ,提出了一项在恒热流工况下反映污垢对管内对流换热过程热力学性能影响的指标———无因次熵产相对增加数 ;
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     Results When 8? MV X-ray was delivered through the added facial mask, the buildup region doses were incr eased obviously with a 25% relative increment beneath near the surface.
     结果 加上面罩后 ,8MV光子线建成区剂量有明显增加 ,近表面处相对增加约 2 5 %左右 ;
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  “相对增加”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results: The increase percentage of BFVmca was 29.07%±3.79% in group A, 28.12%±3.97% in group B and 31.19%±3.21% in group C.
     结果:BFVmca的相对增加率在A组、B组及C组分别为29.07%±3.79%,28.12%±3.97%和31.19%±3.21%。
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     For Chinese synonyms, the changes were (13.0±)6.4 in left and 7.3±3.1 in right while for English synonyms they were 9.8±4.3 in left and 7.7±3.1 in right respectively.
     汉语同义词相对增加,左侧为13.0±6.4,右侧为7.3±3.1; 英语同义词相对增加,左侧为9.8±4.3,右侧为7.7±3.1;
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     For Chinese sentence reconstruction, the relative CBFV changes were 13.8±3.2 in left and 8.6±2.2 in right and for English sentence reconstruction they were 11.9±4.0 in left and 7.7±2.8 in right.
     汉语句子重建相对增加,左侧为13.8±3.2,右侧为8.6±2.2; 英语句子重建相对增加,左侧为11.9±4.0,右侧为7.7±2.8;
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     Results Tetrandrine (15mg/kg , 30mg/kg ) can degrade the content of seru-mal ALT,PCⅢ,NO , 6-keto-PGF_(1α),and can degrade the blood flow of mucosaunderlayer ,and can increase the blood flow of mucosa ,and tetrandrine 30mg/kgis best.
     结果: Tet(15mg/kg、30mg/kg)可降低血中 ALT、Ⅲ型前胶原(PCⅢ)、NO、前列环素(6-keto-PGF_(1α))含量,使粘膜下血流量减少、粘膜血流量相对增加,尤以 Tet 30mg/kg 作用显著(P<0.05);
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     While the absolute reduction of CD4 T cells (P<0.05) and relatively increased numbers of CD4+ CD25+ cells from blood (P<0.05), lymph node and spleen (P<0.05) were observed.
     A、B组淋巴结和脾 MNC中 CD4+细胞数减少( P<0 .0 5 ) ,CD4+ CD2 5 +细胞数只在 B组相对增加 ( P <0 .0 5 )。
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  relative increase
Increase in the ADP concentration was shown to be associated with a decrease in the rate of oxidative phosphorylation and with a relative increase in the ATPase activity of mitochondria during the incubation.
      
It is found that there is a direct correlation between the degree of crystallinity and the relative increase of the yield stress as a measure of the structure strength.
      
The maximum relative increase in the corrosion rate is observed in a weakly alkaline hembar solution (guanidine-based biocidic polymer compound).
      
A relative increase in the ohmic and diffusion constituents is greater than that in the electrochemical constituent.
      
A relative increase in the conductivity is 302% (195°C, 1.6 kV) and 579% (221°C, 3.3 kV), respectively.
      
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  relative increment
It is shown theoretically and experimentally that the relative shift of plasmon resonance is proportional to the relative increment of refractive index of the surrounding medium.
      
Furthermore, this load increased, and the relative increment in the ear weight after flowering decreased in the years of drought, because the contribution of the leaves did not depend on water supply during the growing season.
      
It is shown that the universal linear relation between the relative shift of the wavelength of the collective quadrupole resonance and the relative increment of the refractive index of the surrounding medium is implemented.
      
The use of the relative increment of the total entropy of the system, normalized to the total entropy production, as a measure of the ordering of motion is proposed.
      
Real thermochemical effects and air viscosity are shown to cause a decrease in Kmax and sometimes to influence the optimized wing geometry; however, the relative increment of Kmax to KN is still retained.
      
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(2-C~(14))-acetate was fed to etiolated rice seedlings and the respiratory path- ways of the acetate in them were studied.The following results were obtained from feeding experiments: 1.5-day old etiolated rice seedlings were extracted with 80% alcohol.The extract was passed through the anion exchange resin Amberlite IRA-400 and the eluant was col- lected for chromatography on Sin Hua no.1 filter paper.The paper chromatogram showed that citric,isocitric,α-ketoglutaric,succinic,fumaric and malic acids were present...

(2-C~(14))-acetate was fed to etiolated rice seedlings and the respiratory path- ways of the acetate in them were studied.The following results were obtained from feeding experiments: 1.5-day old etiolated rice seedlings were extracted with 80% alcohol.The extract was passed through the anion exchange resin Amberlite IRA-400 and the eluant was col- lected for chromatography on Sin Hua no.1 filter paper.The paper chromatogram showed that citric,isocitric,α-ketoglutaric,succinic,fumaric and malic acids were present in the rice tissues.It demonstrates that the intermediates of the tricarboxylic acid cycle exist in the intact rice seedling. 2.The rice seedlings were fed with (2-C~(14))-acetate,incubated in various time in- tervals from 2 to 40 or 60 minutes and then extracted with 80% hot alcohol.The extracts were passed through cation exchange resin Zerolite 225 and anion exchange resin Amberlite IRA-400 to separate them into organic acids, amino acids and sugars. The estimation of the three kinds of compounds indicates that radio activity appeared first in the organic acids,followed by amino acids and rarely appeared in the sugars. 3.The above organic acids were fractionated with ion exchange chromatography of Zerolite FF.The fractions were collected and concentrated for radioactivity determina- tion.The results showed that citric,isocitric,succinic,fumaric and malic acids are labelled with C~(14).When malonate was added to the substrate solution,the incorporation of acetate into the organic acids was reduced to below 50%,while the radioactivity of the labelled succinate increased correspondingly.The radiochromatogram indicates the ac- cumulation of succinate in the rice seedlings fed with labelled acetate and malonate. 4.The radioactivities of the organic acids isolated from the rice seedlings showed that succinate appeared in the initial 2 minutes in quite measurable quantity,and ma- late and citrate increased in amount until 10 minutes later.Radiochromatogram con- firmed this result. 5.When arsenite and α,α′-dipyridyl were added to the media,the incorporation of acetate into organic acid was inhibited to 68% and 44% respectively,but the amount in- corporated into succinate was depressed 46% and 29% respectively.It means that some labelled succinate accumulates even as the inhibitors are operative. 6.The radiochromatogram of the amino acids extracted from the seedlings fed with (2-C~(14))-acetate shows that the radioactivities of aspartate and glutamate approach 17% and 20% of the total radioactivity of amino acids respectively.If malonate was added, the incorporation of C~(14) into amino acids was reduced to 50%.It means that the labelled acetate incorporates into those amino acids which are assiociated with the tricarboxylic acid cycle. 7.The following conclusion may be drawn from the above experimental results. Tricarboxylic acid cycle is present in the intact rice seedlings.From the facts that large amounts of succinate was labelled during the first moment of feedings and that some amount of succinate was still accumulated even after inhibition by arsenite and α,α′- dipyridyl,it is suggested that besides the tricarboxylic acid cycle as the main route for the utilization of acetate,it is probable that glyoxylate cycle and dicarboxylic acid cycle may be operative in these rice seedlings.

以[2-C~(14)]-乙酸饲喂水稻黄化幼苗,研究了乙酸在体内的呼吸途径。从饲喂试验获得了以下结果:1.以80%酒精提取萌发5天的水稻幼苗,将提取液通过阴离子交换树脂 AmberliteIRA-400,收集洗脱液进行纸上层析。从层析谱上得到异柠檬酸、柠檬酸、α-酮戊二酸、琥珀酸、延胡索酸及苹果酸。结果表明在水稻幼苗中存在着三羧酸循环的中间成分。2.以[2-C~(14)]乙酸饲喂水稻幼苗,经过不同时间2至40或60分钟保温,立即以80%热酒精提取。提取液通过阳离子交换树脂 Zerolite 225及阴离子交换树脂 AmberliteIRA-400,以分离出有机酸、氨基酸及糖三类化合物。这三类化合物放射性强度的测量结果表明,放射性最初只在有机酸中出现,随后为氨基酸,而糖类几乎始终不出现放射性。3.从饲喂乙酸的水稻幼苗提取液中分离出的有机酸,用阴离子交换树脂 Zerolite FF进行柱层析,分部收集各种有机酸,浓缩并测量其放射性强度。结果表明柠檬酸、异柠檬酸、琥珀酸、延胡索酸及苹果酸均被 C~(14)标记上。当饲喂乙酸时,同时加入丙二酸,则乙酸渗入到有机酸的总量降至50%以下,而标记琥珀酸的放射性强度却相对...

以[2-C~(14)]-乙酸饲喂水稻黄化幼苗,研究了乙酸在体内的呼吸途径。从饲喂试验获得了以下结果:1.以80%酒精提取萌发5天的水稻幼苗,将提取液通过阴离子交换树脂 AmberliteIRA-400,收集洗脱液进行纸上层析。从层析谱上得到异柠檬酸、柠檬酸、α-酮戊二酸、琥珀酸、延胡索酸及苹果酸。结果表明在水稻幼苗中存在着三羧酸循环的中间成分。2.以[2-C~(14)]乙酸饲喂水稻幼苗,经过不同时间2至40或60分钟保温,立即以80%热酒精提取。提取液通过阳离子交换树脂 Zerolite 225及阴离子交换树脂 AmberliteIRA-400,以分离出有机酸、氨基酸及糖三类化合物。这三类化合物放射性强度的测量结果表明,放射性最初只在有机酸中出现,随后为氨基酸,而糖类几乎始终不出现放射性。3.从饲喂乙酸的水稻幼苗提取液中分离出的有机酸,用阴离子交换树脂 Zerolite FF进行柱层析,分部收集各种有机酸,浓缩并测量其放射性强度。结果表明柠檬酸、异柠檬酸、琥珀酸、延胡索酸及苹果酸均被 C~(14)标记上。当饲喂乙酸时,同时加入丙二酸,则乙酸渗入到有机酸的总量降至50%以下,而标记琥珀酸的放射性强度却相对增加,纸层析谱的放射自显影也证明有琥珀酸的积累。4.从不同时间饲喂乙酸所分离出的有机酸,其放射性强度测量结果表明,2分钟标记琥珀酸出现最多,至10分钟后,苹果酸和柠檬酸同时随之增加,纸层析谱的放射自显影也证实了这点。5.当饲喂乙酸时,同时加入亚砷酸钠或α,α′-联呲啶,则乙酸的利用受到不同程度的抑制,分别为68%及44%,而 C~(14)渗入琥珀酸的量只分别受到46%及29%的抑制,即施用抑制剂后仍有相当数量标记琥珀酸的积累。6.氨基酸的纸层析及放射性强度结果表明,天门冬氨酸及谷氨酸的放射性分别占氨基酸总放射性的17%和20%。饲喂乙酸时加入丙二酸,C~(14)渗入氨基酸下降50%以上,由此亦可见乙酸最早渗入到与三羧酸循环有直接联系的氨基酸中。7.从上述实验结果可以得出结论,在水稻整体幼苗中存在着三羧酸循环。同时根据短时间饲喂乙酸首先出现大量标记琥珀酸以及亚砷酸钠和α,α′联呲啶抑制后仍有较大量琥珀酸积累的事实,可以认为乙酸的利用除了主要通过三羧酸循环以外,还可能通过乙醛酸循环及二羧酸循环等途径。

The concentration of ice-nuclei active at temperatures of -15℃,-20℃, -25℃ and -30℃ was measured with an mixing cloud chamber, during the period from March 18th to April 30th in 1963 at Peking.The average concentration and daily varitions at four temperatures of ice-nucleus concentration counts are given. The results are discussed with reference to the conditions of wind and pollution.

1963年3月18日至4月30日在北京利用混合型云室进行了-15℃至-30℃温度范围内冰核浓度的测定。得到了在4个温度下(-15°,-20°,-25°,-30℃)的平均冰核浓度和冰核浓度的逐日变化的观测结果。 当能见度变低和测点处于市区的下风方向时,观测到的冰核浓度显然较高,这表示城市污染是造成北京地区冰核浓度逐日变动的一个重要原因。另外,在有风砂现象时也常观测到冰核浓度的相对增加,看来北京地区的土壤可能是冰核的另一个比较次要的来源。

During the August and September 1974, the artificial precipitation stimulation experiments with silver iodide from the ground by antiaircraft gun were conducted in Kutieng Reservoir region in Fukien province And two different Kinds of procedures were used for evaluation For the nimbo-stratus clouds of typhoon, the randomized regression tschnique was used. In this experiment, 3 hrs was taken as an experimental time unit. Statistical analysis shows that the amount of precipitation after seeding is about 9.1 mm/3...

During the August and September 1974, the artificial precipitation stimulation experiments with silver iodide from the ground by antiaircraft gun were conducted in Kutieng Reservoir region in Fukien province And two different Kinds of procedures were used for evaluation For the nimbo-stratus clouds of typhoon, the randomized regression tschnique was used. In this experiment, 3 hrs was taken as an experimental time unit. Statistical analysis shows that the amount of precipitation after seeding is about 9.1 mm/3 hr. more than that without seeding with the level of significance 0.05. Moreover, most of the situation as suitable for claud seeding in August were seeded in the target area. The target-control regression analysis for the rainfall of month was made. The result of analysis Shows that the rainfall of month of augmentation under seeding in August is about 53.8 mm with the level of significance 0.025.

一九七四年八、九月份,在福建古田水库地区设置影响区和对比区进行了高炮人工降水试验。采用随机回归试验方案,利用统计方法检验效果。对系统天气(主要是台风)下的雨层云,以三小时为试验单元,进行了八次随机试验,其中催化四次,平均增加雨量9.1毫米/3小时,相对增加率达99%,用多个事件t——检验法,检验平均增值的显著性,信度α<0.05(单侧检验),雨量增值的90%置信区间为△y_k~′>2.51(毫米/3小时)[单侧]。同时,结合抗旱,八月份共催化14次,对月雨量进行了回归分析,经人工催化增加的月雨量达53.8(毫米),相对增加率为24.7%。利用t——检验法检验其显著性,信度α接近0.025(单侧检验),雨量增值的90%置信区间为△y′>23.11(毫米)[单侧]。

 
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