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高血压
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  “高血压)”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Plasma levels of endothelin (ET),atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) were measured by RIA in 12 patients with chronic renal failure maintained by continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) for more than one year and 16 patients by hemodialysis (HD) over one year (9 of them complicated by hypertension) to study the effect of CAPD and HD.
     对12例持续非卧床腹膜透析(CAPD)维持一年以上和16例维持一年以上血液透析的慢性肾衰透析患者(其中9例合并高血压),用放射免疫分析测定血浆内皮素(ET)、心钠素(ANP)和甲状旁腺素(PTH)的水平,以观察经HD和CAPD的慢性肾衰患者血浆ET、ANP和PTH的变化。
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     The relevant RE factors in patients Who received rerediotherapy are X4(complicated with diabetes or hypertension),X19(radiotherapeutic number of times),among which X33 and X19 are inyarous factors.
     两程放疗后RE的有关因素有X4(合并糖尿病或高血压),X19(照射次数),其中X33及X19为有害因素。
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     \ Methods\ A 278 bp I/D polymorphism in intron 16 of the ACE gene was examined by polymorphism chain reaction in a study of 117 ischemic stroke patients(80 cases accompanied with hypertension) and 100 hypertensives and 40 control subjects(age,sex matched each other).
     方法用PCR方法对117例缺血性脑卒中(其中80例伴发高血压)及100例年龄、性别相匹配的原发性高血压患者、40例正常人ACE基因I/D多态性进行检测。
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     In logistic regression analysis, 2-hPG, PGS, CRP and HBP were found to be independent determinant of abnormal IMTccA-Conclusions
     L。 gistic回归分析显示2-hPG、餐后血糖峰差值、CRP、伴随疾病(高血压)是异常IMTo。
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     Microcirculation of hand nailfold was detected in 101 Cerebral prothrombotic state patients with frank symptom and 23 Cerebral thrombosis patients were diagnosed with CT 97 cases(96.5%) had hypertension in prothrombotic state group,all Cerebral thrombosis patients present hypertension.
     对101例脑血栓前状态(栓前组)症状明显的中老年患者(高血压97例,96.5%)及23例均经CT检查证实为脑血栓形成(栓后组)患者(均为高血压)和23例健康者(对照组)进行了手甲襞微循环检测。
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     Brand New View of Hypertension
     高血压新说
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     The second was hypertension.
     其次为高血压
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  hypertension)
We recognized and honoured the important contributions of these Chinese pioneers in portal hypertension, recurrent pyogenic cholangitis, hepatocellular carcinoma and liver transplantation.
      
Splenic autotransplantation and oesophageal transection anastomosis in patients with portal hypertension (26 years clinical obse
      
The surgical treatment methods for cirrhosis patients complicated with portal hypertension are complicated.
      
From 1979 to 2005, 274 cirrhosis patients with portal hypertension who underwent the new treatment strategy were followed up to observe different clinical indexes, which were then compared with those of the traditional surgery treatment.
      
Splenic auto transplantation and esophageal transection anastomosis are a safe, effective, and reasonable treatment strategy for portal hypertension with varicial bleeding.
      
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Among a total of 20,067 pregnant women ad- mitted to the Lying-In Hospital of the Shanghai First Medical School in the three-year period from January 1953 to December 1955,there were 342 cases of heart disease,giving an incidence of 1.7%.The etiological types of heart disease were,in their order of frequency,as follows:rheumatic heart disease 65.2%,heart failure due to toxemia of pregnancy 14.3%,congenital anomalies of heart 9.3%,anemia heart disease 5.3%,hypertensive heart disease 2.7%,and others 3.2%. Only...

Among a total of 20,067 pregnant women ad- mitted to the Lying-In Hospital of the Shanghai First Medical School in the three-year period from January 1953 to December 1955,there were 342 cases of heart disease,giving an incidence of 1.7%.The etiological types of heart disease were,in their order of frequency,as follows:rheumatic heart disease 65.2%,heart failure due to toxemia of pregnancy 14.3%,congenital anomalies of heart 9.3%,anemia heart disease 5.3%,hypertensive heart disease 2.7%,and others 3.2%. Only 5 patients were submitted to therapeutic abortion.In no case was artificial termination of pregnancy attempted after the third month of gestation. The maternal death rate in this series was 2.9%.Among the 241 pregnant cardiacs who re- ceived antenatal care,there was only one death, the death rate being 0.4%,whereas the number of deaths among 101 patients not receiving antenatal care was 9,giving a death rate of 9%.The im- portance of early and adequate management as a prognostic factor in heart disease associated with pregnancy is thus quite obvious. Heart failure due to toxemia of pregnancy carried with it a grave prognosis concerning both the mother and the fetus.Among the 10 maternal deaths in this series,6 were due to heart failure caused by toxemia of pregnancy. Although the maternal death rate from heart disease in the present study has shown a signifi- cant drop in comparison with earlier years,heart disease constituted the main cause of death in the obstetric service during the period under study. It is believed,however,that in the future,if more pregnant women can receive adequate antenatal care,a further decline in the death rate from heart disease in pregnancy may be expected.

一、本报告分析了我院由1953至1955年三年内妊娠期心臓病342例,并对其处理及预后加以讨论。二、本组病例中心臓病的病因分类如下:风湿性65.2%,妊娠中毒症性14.3%,先天性9.3%,贫血性5.3%,高血压性2.7%,其他3.2%。三、342例中施行人工流产者仅5例,占1.4%。怀孕超过三个月者并无一例试行人工终止妊娠。四、本组病例的死亡率为2.9%,经本院产前检查的241例中仅一例死亡,死亡率为0.4%。未经产前检查101例中,有9例死亡,死亡率为9%。可见及时与适当的处理对预后有决定性的意义。五、妊娠中毒症心臓病对母亲与胎儿的预后均十分恶劣,本组内10例死亡中有6例系由本病所引起。六、三年来心臓病产妇死亡率较前有了显著的降低,但仍占产科死亡原因中主要地位。相信今后如果能改进与加强产前检查和处理,心臓病产妇的死亡率尚有进一步降低的可能。本文的完成,承蒙妇产科教研组王淑贞、司徒亮等教授及其他同志的指正与帮助,特此致谢。

The "Compound Mixture of Two Fairies" has been used clinically for treatment of hypertension. It is composed of Curculigo ensifolio, Epimedium, sp., Morinda officinalis, Phellodendron chinense, Anemarrhena asphodeloides, and Angelica sinensis. In normal dogs, intragastric administrations of 6g (crude drugs) per kg t.i.d, for 20 days produced no toxic reactions: If the dosage was increased 3—4 times, emesis and diarrhea occurred, probably due to alimentary disorder from the bulk of the decoction. When the Compound...

The "Compound Mixture of Two Fairies" has been used clinically for treatment of hypertension. It is composed of Curculigo ensifolio, Epimedium, sp., Morinda officinalis, Phellodendron chinense, Anemarrhena asphodeloides, and Angelica sinensis. In normal dogs, intragastric administrations of 6g (crude drugs) per kg t.i.d, for 20 days produced no toxic reactions: If the dosage was increased 3—4 times, emesis and diarrhea occurred, probably due to alimentary disorder from the bulk of the decoction. When the Compound Mixture was introduced 6. g/kg into the lumen of duodenum in anesthetized cats, the blood pressure began to descend at 30 minutes, and lowered an average of 30% below the original level in 2 hours. Four Goldblatt renal hypertensive dogs were given the Compound Mixture by stomach tube. The dose for the first 10 days Was 9 g/kg/day, and doubled for the next, 10 days. The post-medication observation period was another 10 days. Blood pressure was measured daily by auscultation on the carotid loop. The average reduction of the diastolic pressure in the space of 30 days was 10 mm Hg (8%), and that for the lowest 5 days running was 16 mm Hg (12%). A therapeutic action (a reduction of at least 11 mm Hg diastolic) was demonstrated in 3 dogs. Among them 2 dogs received a second course of treatment which appeared to be equally efficacious. Intraperitoneal injections of the Compound Mixture 6 g/kg to anesthetized dogs resulted in a decrease of cardiac output during the hypotension, while the dilatation of peripheral vessels was insignificant. Comparative experiments on the 6 ingredients revealed that the hypotensive action of "Compound Mixture of Two Fairies" could be primarily attributed to Phellodendron chinense and Epimedium sp., whereas Curculigo ensifolio alone had little effect. Eight hypertensive dogs were fed daily the Compound Mixture or a mixture of 6 decoctions of the components. Analysis of variance disclosed that the hypotensive potency of the former was no better than the latter. Hypertensive dogs were fed the Compound Mixture which was devoid of Morinda officinalis, and the therapeutic potency was shown to be no less than that of "Compound Mixture of Two Fairies". Hence, we deem that Morinda officinalis is dispensable.

复方“二仙合剂”由仙茅、淫羊藿、巴戟天、黃蘗、知母及当归組成,所用药液均为水煎剂。正常狗每日灌胃給二仙合剂18克/公斤,連服20天,无毒性反应。增加剂量3—4倍,則有嘔吐泄泻,可能由于药液容量过大,影响消化道的机能。麻醉猫十二指腸注射二仙合剂6克/公斤,30分钟后血压开始下降,2小时后平均降低原水平的30%。慢性腎型高血压狗斗只,每日灌胃給二仙合剂2次,第1—10天剂量为9克/公斤/天,第11—20天剂量为18克/公斤/天,停药10天。舒张压“30天平均降压值”平均为10毫米汞柱(8%),“最低5天降压值”平均为16毫米汞柱(12%)。4狗中3狗呈現疗效(舒张压下降11毫米汞柱或以上),其中2狗重复一次試驗依然降压有效。麻醉狗腹腔注射二仙合剂6克/公斤,在急性降压时有心脏指数的减少,而外周血管的扩张并不明显。单味药的比較試驗証明黃蘗和淫羊藿为二仙合剂降压作用的主要有效成分,而仙茅几无降压效能。高血压狗8只,每天服二仙合剂或分煎合剂,变异数分析証明分煎合剂的降压效果不亚于二仙合剂。高血压狗灌胃試驗二仙減巴合剂,降压效果并不較二仙合剂为弱,所以我們建議复方二仙合剂中可減省巴戟天。

In normal dogs intragastric administration of the decoction of the leaves of C.trichdtomum induced emesis after a single dose of 20g(crude drug)/kg or more,but no emesis below 10g/kg. Daily administration of 10g/kg for 3 weeks rendered no significant changes in the liver function, blood picture,EKG,and pathologic examination. Five Goldblatt renal hypertensive dogs were used for the experimental therapy.Blood pres- sure was measured by auscultation on the carotid loop.C.trichotomum was given 10g/kg/day for 4...

In normal dogs intragastric administration of the decoction of the leaves of C.trichdtomum induced emesis after a single dose of 20g(crude drug)/kg or more,but no emesis below 10g/kg. Daily administration of 10g/kg for 3 weeks rendered no significant changes in the liver function, blood picture,EKG,and pathologic examination. Five Goldblatt renal hypertensive dogs were used for the experimental therapy.Blood pres- sure was measured by auscultation on the carotid loop.C.trichotomum was given 10g/kg/day for 4 weeks.Hypotension began in the 2nd week,and became more marked on further medication. The weekly average diastolic pressure decreased 32,17,6,20,and 12 mm Hg(25%,14%,5%, 16%,and 10%) respectively.The liver function and the blood picture were apparendy unaltered. After 3 weeks of medication the T wave in the EKG was found to be inverted in 3 dogs. When compared with the therapeutic activities of the Chinese drugs previously tested on the hypertensive dogs in this laboratory,C.trichotomum is probably less effective than Veratrum Schindleri,Scutellaria baicalcnesis,and the total alkaloids from Rauwolfia wrticillata,is similar to the Compositus Erxian-heji,but is better than Eucommia ulmoides.

正常狗灌胃海州常山叶水煎剂1次20g/kg以上即嘔吐,10g/kg以下无嘔吐。每天灌胃10g/kg,共3周,肝机能、血象、心电图及病理检查均无明显改变。慢性腎型高血压狗5只,听诊测量颈动脉皮桥血压。每日灌胃10g/kg,共4周。在给药第2周降压作用开始显著,继续给药则降压更多。每周平均舒张压低时分别下降32,17,6,20,12mmHg(25%,14%,5%,16%,10%)。心搏率、肝机能及血象无明显变化、给药第3周以后3只狗心电图T波变为倒置。与本实验室过去以慢性腎型高血压狗口服几种中药相比较,海州常山比藜芦、黄芩及蘿芙木全硷的降压效力可能稍差,与二仙合剂相差不多,但比杜仲较好。

 
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