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核能
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  nuclear energy
    The Status and Prospect of Nuclear Energy Development in China
    中国核能发展的现状和前景
短句来源
    CHINESE ENERGY IN 21st CENTURY AND THE WAY FOR DEVELOPING NUCLEAR ENERGY
    21世纪的中国能源预测和核能发展途径分析
短句来源
    THE ROLE AND POSITION OF NUCLEAR ENERGY IN THE LONG-TERM ENERGY SUPPLY OF CHINA
    核能在中国长期能源供应中的作用和地位
短句来源
    NUCLEAR ENERGY DEVELOPMENT AND NUCLEAR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    核能发展与核废物管理
短句来源
    A COST AND SAFETY SUPERIORITY OF FUSION-FISSION HYBRID REACTOR IN CHINA NUCLEAR ENERGY DEVELOPMENT
    在中国核能发展中聚变裂变混合堆成本与安全的优势(英文)
短句来源
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  nuclear power
    Progress of Research and Development of Clean Nuclear Power System Driven by Accelerator in the World
    加速器驱动的洁净核能系统国际研究进展
短句来源
    Development of Nuclear Power and Safe Disposal of Nuclear Wastes
    核能发展与核废物安全处置
短句来源
    Study of U Pu Cycle in Advance Nuclear Power System
    对先进核能系统中U-Pu循环的研究
短句来源
    Conceptual Study of High Power Proton Linac for Accelerator Driven Subcritical Nuclear Power System*
    加速器驱动次临界核能系统高功率质子直线加速器概念研究(英文)
短句来源
    Study on Design of Superconducting Proton Linac for Accelerator Driven Subcritical Nuclear Power System*
    加速器驱动次临界核能系统超导质子直线加速器设计研究(英文)
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  “核能”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Fitting the energy level width by using Lorentzian and Gaussian convolutions
    用高斯与劳仑兹卷积分析核能级宽度
短句来源
    ANALYSIS OF ECONOMICS AND MARKET FOR URBAN NUCLEAR HEATING IN CHINA
    城市核能供热规模与市场分析
短句来源
    A HR-200 NUCLEAR DESALINATION SYSTEM
    HR-200核能海水淡化系统
短句来源
    Study of 200MW NHR Nuclear Seawater Desalination and Its Interface Plan
    200MW核供热堆核能海水淡化及接口方案的研究
短句来源
    The Apparatus for Lifetime Measurement with Recoil Distance Method
    反冲距离法测核能级寿命的装置
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  nuclear energy
Strategic position and development prospects of nuclear energy in China
      
PWR-FBR with closed fuel cycle for a sustainable nuclear energy supply in China
      
From the thermal reactor to the fast reactor and then to the fusion reactor; this is the three-step strategy that has been decided for a sustainable nuclear energy supply in China.
      
Today, in view of a sustainable nuclear energy production, development of advanced reactors re-proposes the choice of innovative fuel cycle concepts, in a context of greater expectations and more stringent requirements.
      
Such systems are used in satellite communications, nuclear energy, and defense electronics.
      
更多          
  nuclear power
By analyzing the challenges of China's energy supply, an excellent perspective of nuclear power development in the country has been described.
      
Taking into account the near-, mid-, and long-term development requirements, a comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable nuclear power program is proposed.
      
China's ambitious nuclear power program motivates the country's nuclear community to develop advanced reactor concepts beyond generation III to ensure a long-term, stable, and sustainable development of nuclear power.
      
Based on the suggested selection criteria, two new types of water-cooled reactors are recommended for future Chinese nuclear power generation.
      
Experience from design and application of the top-level system of the process control system of nuclear power-plant
      
更多          


The recent developments in nuclear technology bring us nearer to the possibility that the well developed thermal converters will play the role as near-breeders or even breeders. For instance, the U-233-Th fuel cycle in LWR and HWR is expected to have a breeding ratio approaching or slightly over 1.0, and it is reported that in certain close-packed water lattice the breeding ratio of Pn-U-238 cycle may be as high as 1.08. Thus the nuclear strategies formerly based mainly on the scenarios generally consisting...

The recent developments in nuclear technology bring us nearer to the possibility that the well developed thermal converters will play the role as near-breeders or even breeders. For instance, the U-233-Th fuel cycle in LWR and HWR is expected to have a breeding ratio approaching or slightly over 1.0, and it is reported that in certain close-packed water lattice the breeding ratio of Pn-U-238 cycle may be as high as 1.08. Thus the nuclear strategies formerly based mainly on the scenarios generally consisting of two different types of reactors, i. e. converters and breeders, may give way to new strategies base on some different concepts taking into consideration the capability to substitute fossil energy sources; for instance, the future nuclear system may consist of low temperature reactors (1st generation) and high temperature reactors (2nd generation) in order to cover more areas in energy markets. The concepts "substitution capability" of reactor types is suggested as an important factor for such strategies and various factors having influences on determination of such "substitution capability" are discussed briefly in this article. The HTGR's, when coupling with new technologies such as long-distance nuclear heat and thermal splitting of water, is found to have the highest "substitution capability" and therefore considered to play an important role in future nuclear systems.

核能技术的最新进展,使成熟的热中子转化堆更接近于可能由其本身承担近增殖甚至增殖堆的任务。例如,据美国报导,轻水堆内采用铀-233/钍循环可望获得增殖比BR=1.0,在稠密栅内采用钚/铀-238循环也有可能获得增殖比 BR≈1.08,估计至少可以作为“近增殖堆”运行。因此,原来以核燃料的转化与增殖两类堆型为基础的核能战略,将来可能过渡到以考虑不同的“能源取代率”作为重要因素的新战略;例如核能体系可能由第一代的低温堆与第二代的高温堆所组成,以适应更多领域内的能源需要。本文提出并初步分析了这种考虑“能源取代率”概念进行核能战略分析的基本要素;并认为原已具备高温、多用途与安全性好等特点的高温气冷堆,在解决了远程核能传输与水的热裂解制氢等先进工艺的配合下,若在经济成本方面经过改进,将具有较高的能源取代率,从而可能在未来的核能系统内占据重要地位。

This article outlins the principal ways for developing nuclear energy of our country, proves the necessity of nuclear power because of inadequacy of conventional energy resources and their nonuniform distribution, expounds in detail the role of nuclear power in energy resources of our country and the advantages of nuclear power, and goes further into the three patterns for developing our nuclear power. The last part of this article looks forward to the future of our nuclear energy development, and poses tentative...

This article outlins the principal ways for developing nuclear energy of our country, proves the necessity of nuclear power because of inadequacy of conventional energy resources and their nonuniform distribution, expounds in detail the role of nuclear power in energy resources of our country and the advantages of nuclear power, and goes further into the three patterns for developing our nuclear power. The last part of this article looks forward to the future of our nuclear energy development, and poses tentative ideas about developing our nuclear power station by three stages.

本文概述了我国核能发展的主要途径,全面分析了在能源供需矛盾突出,常規能源分布不均的情况下,发展核电势在必行。并且詳細地闡述了核能在我国能源中的地位和它特有的优点。进一步探討了我国核电发展的三种方式。在本文的最后部分展望了我国未来核能发展的前景。用近期、中期、远期等三个阶段提出了我国核电发展的初步設想。

The future economic development of China will depend largely on the satisfactory solution of her energy problems, as shown by the preliminary results of the forecast of energy demands given in this article. The exploitatien of nuclear energy in certain regions of China seems well justified and indispensable, on the basis of considerations of the uneven distribution of her conventional energy resources, the transportation problem. the difference in the efficiency of energy conversion and utilization, tho pollution...

The future economic development of China will depend largely on the satisfactory solution of her energy problems, as shown by the preliminary results of the forecast of energy demands given in this article. The exploitatien of nuclear energy in certain regions of China seems well justified and indispensable, on the basis of considerations of the uneven distribution of her conventional energy resources, the transportation problem. the difference in the efficiency of energy conversion and utilization, tho pollution to the environments and the relative costs of energy production. There will be three categories in which the nuclear energy plays very important role, i. e., 1. to take the base load in the grids of the energydeficient regions; 2. to provide clean energy source in huge energy consumption centers; and 3. to supply the tremendous amount of heat for enhanced oil recovery, the production of oil from unconventional resources, as well as for coal gasification and liquefaction. An example of preliminary forecast of the development of nuclear energy in China is also given according to some reasonable assumptions.

本文对我国能源预測的初步結果表明,我国未来經济发展速度在相当程度上受到能源的制約。从能源资源的人平均儲量及其分布、能源运輸、能源利用效率、对环境的污染以及能源成本等几个方面看,在我国一定地区发展核能都是合理的与必要的。作者认为,核能在我国未来能源系統中的重要作用在于:一、作为缺能地区电力系統的基本負荷电站;二、作为巨大能源消費中心的清洁能源;三、作为增产石油与煤的气化液化的热源。本文还根据若干假設,对我国核能的中远期发展規模进行了初步預測。

 
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