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观察和处理
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  observation and treatment
    Observation and Treatment of Complications Following Orthotopic Liver Transplantation.
    同种异体肝移植术后并发症的观察和处理
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    Conclusions Emergency diagnosis and treatment and dynamic observation and treatment of complications are essential for unstable pelvic fractures.
    结论应重视不稳定性骨盆骨折的急诊诊断和治疗以及动态观察和处理,防治并发症,以取得满意疗效。
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    METHODS The main points of observation and treatment of the cases with biliary duct external drainage were analysed.
    方法 通过经治的临床病例总结各胆道外引流的观察和处理要点。
短句来源
    Nevertheless, strict operative adoption, reasonable operative design, refined procedures, carefully observation and treatment are the key points of improving therapeutic efficacy.
    但应严格掌握手术适应证 ,合理的手术设计和术中细致操作 ,有危险因素时增用开窗术以及围术期严密观察和处理是提高手术近、远期治疗效果的关键。
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  “观察和处理”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Methods: Retrospectively analysis the clinic data of 41 OPCABG patients.
    方法:回顾性分析41例被施行OPCABG病人的临床观察和处理资料。
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    Conclusion: Shoulder joint arthroscopy will benefit to make a definite diagnosis, get more information for planning the operative procedure. 
    结论:辅助性肩关节镜的优点在于可直接观察和处理肩肱关节和肩峰下关节内病变,明确诊断,指导手术方法选择,镜下手术创伤小,术后康复快。
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    Methods:64 cases of LC patients with Calot's triangle fatty disposition were analysed retrospectively by habitus ,B ultrasound and laparoscope.
    方法:对典型的胆囊三角区脂肪堆积者从体态,B超和腹腔镜下进行观察和处理,并分析可能造成的影响和提出对策。
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    (4) Most of the patients with sternum broken dont have to fix the crack of sternum.
    ( 4 )胸骨骨折诊治重点应放在观察和处理胸内器官的损伤 ,而胸骨骨折端不需手术可自行愈合
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    Preoperative selection of GSV, operative procedure of harvesting, meticulous postoperative supervision and appropriate treatment of the incision, and the control of risk factors as diabetes mellitus, which composed an integral part of periopertive strategies, are critical to avoid infectious complication.
    采用术前选择合适的GSV、术中程序化的游离方法和恰当的保护措施、术后切口的细致观察和处理,以及合并糖尿病等感染高危因素的控制等围术期综合策略,以避免腿部切口的感染。
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  observation and treatment
Progression to T1 hypointensity was significantly more frequent in larger lesions during both the observation and treatment periods (P >amp;lt; 0.01).
      
This study shows that the prognosis for survival of these eyes, despite careful observation and treatment, remains guarded.
      
In a child with multiple injuries the observation and treatment of head and abdominal injuries should always come first.
      
During a 2 year period, some 261 children with behaviour disorders were admitted to the Heilpaedagogic Department of the Paediatric Clinic of the University of Vienna for diagnosis, observation and treatment.
      
Clinical observation and treatment of leptospirosis
      
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Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of the arthroscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of the patient with shoulder disorders. Methods: Twentysix shoulder arthroscopies were performed on 25 patients. Of those, 16 underwent examination of subcromial bursa through arthroscopy at the same setting. The diagnosis includes frozen shouder in 3 cases, rotator cuff tear in 6,recurrent dislocation of shoulder in 6, subacromial impingement syndrome in 3, Rotator interval separation in 2, Rheumatoid arthritis in...

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of the arthroscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of the patient with shoulder disorders. Methods: Twentysix shoulder arthroscopies were performed on 25 patients. Of those, 16 underwent examination of subcromial bursa through arthroscopy at the same setting. The diagnosis includes frozen shouder in 3 cases, rotator cuff tear in 6,recurrent dislocation of shoulder in 6, subacromial impingement syndrome in 3, Rotator interval separation in 2, Rheumatoid arthritis in 1 and shoulder fracture in 4 cases. One of them suffered from traumatic shoulder dislocation and with a loss of bony fragment inside glenohumeral joint. Seven patients accepted arthroscopic surgery, including acromioplasty in 3 cases, torn glenoid labrum resection in 2 cases, removed of bony fragment and synovectomy each in one case. Results: Seven patients who accepted arthroscopic surgery were followed up an average of 16 months postoperatively; excellent or good results were seen in 6 cases. Conclusion: Shoulder joint arthroscopy will benefit to make a definite diagnosis, get more information for planning the operative procedure.

目的:对肩关节镜技术作为肩关节疾病的辅助诊断和治疗手段进行初步探讨。材料和方法:总结近年作者开展肩关节镜25例,26个肩关节,16例同时行肩峰下滑囊镜检。其中冻结肩3例,肩袖撕裂6例,肩袖间隙撕裂2例,复发性肩关节脱位5例,肩关节后下方半脱位1例,肩峰撞击征(Ⅱ期)3例。肩关节类风湿性关节炎1例,肩盂或肱骨头粉碎骨折4例。镜下手术操作7例,其中镜下肩峰外侧端成形手术3例,复发性肩关节脱位和肩袖撕裂患者合并肩胛盂唇舌瓣样撕裂各1例行镜下切除,1例肩关节镜下滑膜切除,1例关节内游离骨片摘除术。结果:7例镜下手术,术后平均随访16个月,优4例,良2例,进步1例。结论:辅助性肩关节镜的优点在于可直接观察和处理肩肱关节和肩峰下关节内病变,明确诊断,指导手术方法选择,镜下手术创伤小,术后康复快。

Objective:To explore the influence of Calot's triangle fatty disposition on laparoscopic cholecystecto-my(LC)and its prevention.Methods:64 cases of LC patients with Calot's triangle fatty disposition were analysed retrospectively by habitus ,B ultrasound and laparoscope. Results: Calot' s triangle fatty disposition can obviously increase the difficulty of LC.The patients with Calot's triangle fatty disposition have a higher complication rate, its complication accounted for 44.4% of the bile duct damage of LC....

Objective:To explore the influence of Calot's triangle fatty disposition on laparoscopic cholecystecto-my(LC)and its prevention.Methods:64 cases of LC patients with Calot's triangle fatty disposition were analysed retrospectively by habitus ,B ultrasound and laparoscope. Results: Calot' s triangle fatty disposition can obviously increase the difficulty of LC.The patients with Calot's triangle fatty disposition have a higher complication rate, its complication accounted for 44.4% of the bile duct damage of LC. Conclusion: Calot's triangle fatty disposition increases the operation difficulty,and causes bile duct complications more commonly,so it should be cautioned by the clinical doctors.

目的:探讨胆囊三角脂肪堆积对LC的影响及其预防方法。方法:对典型的胆囊三角区脂肪堆积者从体态,B超和腹腔镜下进行观察和处理,并分析可能造成的影响和提出对策。结果:胆囊三角区脂肪堆积明显影响手术操作,增加难度,由此引起的并发症比例高,占LC胆道并发症的44.4%。结论:胆囊三角脂肪堆积增加手术难度,引起胆道并发症比率高。

cases of thoracic trauma were analyzed for improving diagnosis and treatment. The emphasis was put on cardiovascular injuries, transfusion blood from oneself thorax, pulmonary contusion and sternum broken. Following advices were given: (1). Patients of cardiovascular injuries must be operated immediately; (2)It is safe that most of adult patients are transfused within 3?000?mL from themselves thorax;(3)Pulmonary contusion needed to be treated early; (4) Most of the patients with sternum broken dont have to...

cases of thoracic trauma were analyzed for improving diagnosis and treatment. The emphasis was put on cardiovascular injuries, transfusion blood from oneself thorax, pulmonary contusion and sternum broken. Following advices were given: (1). Patients of cardiovascular injuries must be operated immediately; (2)It is safe that most of adult patients are transfused within 3?000?mL from themselves thorax;(3)Pulmonary contusion needed to be treated early; (4) Most of the patients with sternum broken dont have to fix the crack of sternum.

为进一步完善胸外伤的诊治 ,提高治愈率 ,减少并发症 ,对 2 5 0例胸外伤病例进行总结分析 ,着重讨论心脏大血管损伤、血胸血自体回输、肺挫伤、胸骨骨折的诊治 .根据临床治疗经验作者重点指出 :( 1)抢救心脏大血管外伤的关键在于及时诊断、高度怀疑、迅速手术 ;( 2 )回输血胸血在 3 0 0 0mL以内是安全的 ;( 3 )肺挫伤的病理过程是渐进的过程 ,对肺挫伤早期症状不严重时仍应按肺挫伤的治疗原则处理 ;( 4 )胸骨骨折诊治重点应放在观察和处理胸内器官的损伤 ,而胸骨骨折端不需手术可自行愈合

 
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