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   慢性肾衰 在 泌尿科学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:1.514秒
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泌尿科学
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心血管系统疾病
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医药卫生方针政策与法律法规研究
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慢性肾衰     
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  chronic renal failure
Renal transplantation (RT) is one of the renal replacement therapy options in the terminal stage of chronic renal failure.
      
New alternatives for erythropoietin therapy in chronic renal failure
      
In this review, we present some general aspects of EPO biology, with emphasis on chronic renal failure, and expose some of the alternatives to EPO used for anemia correction.
      
The objectives, however, differ from those for patients with chronic renal failure because diets that satisfy minimal requirements will not be sufficient for an acute catabolic illness.
      
In both groups progression of chronic renal failure slowed down, but the delay was more pronounced in group B.
      
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  chronic kidney failure
Oral vitamin E therapy reduced endothelial dysfunction, lipid peroxidation and oxidative stress in patients with chronic kidney failure (CKF).
      
A product that is capable of treating acute and chronic kidney failure would, therefore, have significant commercial potential.
      
At that time, in contrast to the present, the only issue was that of withholding treatment for chronic kidney failure.
      
Dyslipidemia is common in chronic kidney failure and is typically present when kidney function begins to decline.
      
ESRD almost always follows chronic kidney failure, which may exist for 10-20 years or more before progression to ESRD.
      
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  patients with chronic renal failure
The objectives, however, differ from those for patients with chronic renal failure because diets that satisfy minimal requirements will not be sufficient for an acute catabolic illness.
      
Are patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) deficient in Biotin and is regular Biotin supplementation required
      
1.The sensory action potentials of the tibial nerve at the medial malleolus were studied by averaging in 51 patients with chronic renal failure treated by hemodialysis.
      
Heart rate variability and cardiac arrhythmias in patients with chronic renal failure
      
We conclude that about three-quarters of patients with chronic renal failure have abnormal cardiac parasympathetic activity.
      
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Long term administration of "gu jie he san(pill)" has been found to be the cause of chronic renal failure. The development of renal insufficiency is so insidious that the patient is usually unaware of the relationship between the drug taking and the kidney injury. During the course of the disease, light proteinurea may be present. However, the disease process will usually smoulder until the end stage of renal disease. The drug should be reevaluated before it can be used as a remedy recommended

慢性肾功能衰竭的病因很多,由中成药“骨结核散(丸)”引起者不易为临床医务人员所注意。本文5例的慢性肾功能衰竭病案其发生和发展都属隐袭性;经深入探询,患者都有长期服用该药达数月或数年之久的病史,通常的慢性肾衰病因又往往并不存在,在整个过程中尿检查仅可有少量蛋白尿,及至患者感到贫血症状及夜尿增多时,肾脏病变已经进入不可逆转的硬化期;存活者经开放性取肾活组织或死者经肾脏病理解剖检查都呈慢性硬化性病变。对该药有重新予以评价的必要。

Serum AT-III and VIIIR:Ag in 33 patients with chronic renal failure were determined by single immunodiffusion and one-dimension rocket immunoelectrophoresis separately.The results were compared with that from control group.There was significant difference between the two groups(p<0.01) from our study.The reduction of AT-III content and increase of VIIIR:Ag probably resulted from local DIC and glomerulus hyperthrombinemia in kidney.These changes,somehow,indicate that renal function was impaired continuously.

对33例慢性肾衰患者应用单向免疫扩散法测定血清AT-Ⅲ蛋白含量与火箭电泳法测定ⅧR∶Ag,其结果与对照组比较有明显改变(P<0.01),该类病人AT-Ⅲ降低与增高常提示肾功能持久损害的指标。

Eighty two patients with chronic renal failure were analysed. Heart damage was found in seventy-three cases (89.0%). Enlargement of the Heart was the most important finding (61.0%). ECG ST--T changes were also common (30.5%); then, were various kinds of arrhythmias (14.6%) and pericarditis (13.4%). The arrhythmia was not related to hypokalemia. Heart damage was related to the severity of uremia (P<0.025) and the degree of anemia (P<0.025). There was no relationship between the heart damage and hypertension or...

Eighty two patients with chronic renal failure were analysed. Heart damage was found in seventy-three cases (89.0%). Enlargement of the Heart was the most important finding (61.0%). ECG ST--T changes were also common (30.5%); then, were various kinds of arrhythmias (14.6%) and pericarditis (13.4%). The arrhythmia was not related to hypokalemia. Heart damage was related to the severity of uremia (P<0.025) and the degree of anemia (P<0.025). There was no relationship between the heart damage and hypertension or the severity of acidosis (P>0.05). Hemodialysis were done in eleven cases. Heart failure occurred in three cases during or after the hemodialysis. Fifty seven cases died in the hospital (69.5%). The most important cause of death was heart failure (45.6%). Autopsy was done in one case. It revealed an uremic cardiomyopthy. The factors effecting the heart damage in chronic renal failure are discussed.

本文对82例慢性肾功能衰竭的心脏损害进行了分析;有心脏损害者73例(89.0%),以心脏增大最多见,心电图以ST-T改变最常见,各种心律失常次之。慢性肾衰的心脏损害与血钾、二氧化碳结合力及血压改变无明显关系,但与尿素氮、贫血有关。11例进行了血液透析,其中3例发生心衰,可能系透析诱发。死亡原因以心衰多见。本文对心脏损害有关因素进行了讨论。

 
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