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法国启蒙运动
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  french enlightenment
    The "History from below" Approach in Robert Darnton's Study of the French Enlightenment
    自下而上:罗伯特·达恩顿的法国启蒙运动研究
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    Whereas the French Enlightenment stepped into atheism, its German counterpart established a rationalist religion through textual research of the Scripture and through rational criticism.
    与法国启蒙运动最终导致了无神论的结论不同,德国启蒙运动通过对《圣经》的历史考证和理性批判而建立起一种理性宗教。
短句来源
    Voltaire is an accomplished thinker in the French Enlightenment of 18th century. He advanced a series of important propositions,such as the proposition that religion is one of the means of realizing social control,the proposition that religious mania is not cosmopolitan,the proposition that the theocracy is not the indispensable phase in the course of social political development and so on.
    伏尔泰是18世纪法国启蒙运动中杰出的思想家,他在中法比较的基础上提出一系列重要的看法,如宗教是实现社会控制诸多手段中的一种、宗教狂热并不具有世界性意义、神权政治并非人类社会政治发展的必经阶段等等。
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    Rousseau was the famous thinker in the period of French Enlightenment Movement, whose thoughts of social contract have significant influence on later generations.
    卢梭是法国启蒙运动时期著名的思想家,其社会契约思想对后世影响深远。
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  “法国启蒙运动”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The Enlightenment of France Is the Beginning of Modernization in the Sphere of Ideology
    法国启蒙运动是意识形态现代化的开端
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    From this significance we can say that the most representative thinker of France Enlightenment in 18th century is Diderot.
    从这个意义上说狄德罗是18世纪法国启蒙运动中具有代表性的思想家。
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    The Enlightenment in Scotland is an important link of the European Enlightenment in the 18th century.
    苏格兰启蒙运动是18世纪欧洲启蒙运动的重要一环,它具有与法国启蒙运动不同的背景与特点。
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    Rousseau was one of the greatest thinkers of the French EnlightmentMovement in the 18th century.
    卢梭是十八世纪法国启蒙运动中最伟大的思想家之一。
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    As a master of the Enlightenment in French in 18th Century,Voltaire had put forward two subjects of his rationalism;
    伏尔泰作为十八世纪法国启蒙运动的一代宗师,提出了他的理性主义的两大主题:推倒两樽神,即天上之神——宗教神学,和地上之神——封建专制主义;
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  french enlightenment
By 1789 the French Enlightenment had alreadyestablished that the rights of citizensincluded the right to speak, write, and printfreely.
      
Eighteenth-century French enlightenment was vigorous in rejecting the instinct concept but Reimarus demonstrated its validity.
      
Rousseau's earliest writings on the question of gender reflect the feminist leanings of the radical French Enlightenment philosophers.
      
The elements of this scenario include Wittgenstein, talking chimpanzees, babbling babies and a couple of philosophers of the French Enlightenment.
      


The Glorious Revolution (1688-1689) which respetecd tradition had established the base of the freedom and constitutionalism, but the French Revolution which, broke with the past and denied it, established a kind of system which were similar to the tyranny. By comparing the Glrious Revolution with the French Revolu-tion, this article reveals that the rationalism stemed from Rene Descartes and the passion of pursuing equalities during The Enlishtenment were the main cause of transforming the French Revolution...

The Glorious Revolution (1688-1689) which respetecd tradition had established the base of the freedom and constitutionalism, but the French Revolution which, broke with the past and denied it, established a kind of system which were similar to the tyranny. By comparing the Glrious Revolution with the French Revolu-tion, this article reveals that the rationalism stemed from Rene Descartes and the passion of pursuing equalities during The Enlishtenment were the main cause of transforming the French Revolution into the autocracy.

尊重传统的1688年英国光荣革命奠定了西方近代政治发展的自由与宪政的基础,而同过去决裂并否定过去的1789年法国大革命却走向了一种与暴政有着许多相似之处的制度。本文通过对英法两国革命的比较研究,揭示了源于笛卡尔的理性主义以及法国启蒙运动中追求平等的激情是导致法国大革命蜕变为专制统治的根本原因。

Voltaire, the great pioneer of the Enlightenment of France in the eighteenth century. Votaire initiated the historical science of rationalism and put forward the progressive concept of the rationalism; He transfered his historical visual angle from traditional political and military affairs to culture so as to become the forerunner of the cultural history; He criticized the traditional opinion that it was western Europe that was the centre of the earth, raised the new method of studying that regarded the human's...

Voltaire, the great pioneer of the Enlightenment of France in the eighteenth century. Votaire initiated the historical science of rationalism and put forward the progressive concept of the rationalism; He transfered his historical visual angle from traditional political and military affairs to culture so as to become the forerunner of the cultural history; He criticized the traditional opinion that it was western Europe that was the centre of the earth, raised the new method of studying that regarded the human's history as a whole; Moreover, He firstly advanced the concept "philosophy on historical science". Because of all these thoughts and his two famous historical writings, Age of louis XTV and An Essay on the Manners and Spirit of Nations which reflected his historical theory,Votaire was worthy of the immortal title of "the western pioneer of morden historical science". However, He extremely exaggerated human's ration and simply negated Middle Age,which became the focus of counterattract by the historical science of romanticism .

18世纪法国启蒙运动的伟大先驱伏尔泰开创了理性主义史学 ,提出了理性主义进步史观 ;他把目光从传统的政治军事史转向文化史 ,开文化史之先河 ;他批判了传统的西欧中心论 ,提出整体史的研究方法 ;他还首次提出“历史哲学”这一概念。所有这些思想精华和将其理论付诸实践的两部史著《路易十四时代》和《风俗论》使之享有西方“近代历史学的先驱”这一不朽称号。但是 ,伏尔泰对人的理性过分夸大和对中世纪的论战性的否定 ,成为19世纪浪漫主义史家反击的焦点

In modern times, the world center of science and technology was first in Italy and then in British, France, Germany, and the United States of America successively. How could the above countries become the center in a certain period of time? The article is trying to answer the above question.

近代世界科学活动中心经历了从意大利→英国→法国→德国→美国的转移 ,为什么这些国家在一定时期可以成为世界科学中心 ?一般而言 ,这个国家或地区由于战争或革命得到特殊的条件 ,人们的思想得到前所未有的解放 ,如意大利的文艺复兴运动、法国的启蒙运动 ,然后 ,由于资产阶级的需要 ,大规模的引进科学技术和智力 ,充分利用先进地区和国家的科技成果推动这个地区科学技术和生产力的飞速发展 ,从而成为世界科学活动中心

 
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