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进化的认识论
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     epis- temology and methodology;
     认识论和方法论;
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     Theory of Knowledge about Literary Image
     形象认识论
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     Characteristics of Nonlinear Evolutions
     非线性进化的特征
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     ON THE DIALECTICS OF BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION
     生物进化的辩证法
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  evolutionary epistemology
With the help of evolutionary epistemology based on evolutionary ontology, this paper locates the time of relativity's space-time in the integrated, interdisciplinary study of time.
      
Evolutionary epistemology, realism and analytical chemistry
      
Analytical chemistry supports an evolutionary epistemology: the multitude of sensors developed in the last fifty years can be seen as analogous to new sense organs.
      
Concept and approaches in evolutionary epistemology: Towards an evolutionary theory of knowledge
      
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Evolutionary epistemology is a western epistemological thought which appeared in the sixties and seventies of the 20th century. This thought is typically represented by Gerhard Vollmer, D.T.Campbell and others. Evolutionary epistemology is first a theory of knowledge, so most of the questions it solved can be found in the modern epistemology. However, as a contemporary theory of knowledge, it is mainly based on Darwin's theory of Evolution. Evolutionary epistemology tries to understand and explain the origin...

Evolutionary epistemology is a western epistemological thought which appeared in the sixties and seventies of the 20th century. This thought is typically represented by Gerhard Vollmer, D.T.Campbell and others. Evolutionary epistemology is first a theory of knowledge, so most of the questions it solved can be found in the modern epistemology. However, as a contemporary theory of knowledge, it is mainly based on Darwin's theory of Evolution. Evolutionary epistemology tries to understand and explain the origin and development of the human cognition structure or ability. Not only does it put a new interpretation on a system of classical epistemological problems, namely the cognition essence, the possibility of objective cognition, natural conception and so on, but also it attempts to make its own answer to numerous questions of scientific theory, such as the assessment of scientific theory, the progress and objectification of science and inductive problem. Besides, it has adequately considered the importance of language problems in epistemology. Evolutionary epistemology possesses such characteristics as historic, positivism, trans-subjectivity.

进化认识论是西方 2 0世纪 6 0年代末~ 70年代初出现的一股认识论思潮 ,代表人物有福尔迈、坎贝尔等人。进化认识论首先是一种认识理论 ,因此 ,它所要解决的问题 ,大多可以从近代认识论中找到。但是 ,作为一种认识理论 ,它又主要依赖于达尔文的生物进化论。它力图从进化的观点去理解和说明人类认识结构 (能力 )的起源及其发展。它不仅对一系列的经典认识论问题 (认识的本质、客观认识的可能性、天赋观念等等 )作出新的解答 ,而且试图对许多科学理论问题 (科学理论的评价、科学的进步和客观化、归纳问题等等 )作出自己的解答 ,此外 ,它也充分地考虑到了语言问题在认识论当中的重要性。进化认识论具有历史性、实证性、跨学科性等特点

This paper approaches from five aspects the paradigm provided by Darwin's evolution theory for the study of human nature: 1.A new retrospective model of interpreting human nature; 2. A biological interpretation of social behavior; 3. A game explanation of the evolution of social morals; 4. The theory of natural selection based on the determinism of genes; 5. An elaboration of evolution epistemology concerning the mind body issue.

本文从五个方面说明了达尔文进化论对于认识人的本质的范式作用 :(1 )对人的解释的从下到上的新模式 ;(2 )对社会合作行为的生物学解释 ;(3 )对社会道德的进化博弈论说明 ;(4 )关于基因决定作用的“自然选择”说 ;(5 )对身心关系问题的进化认识论说明

The paper reflects Lorenz's main works and stresses his initiative contributions in the field of the ethology. The paper also remarks his works in the evolutional epistemology and social biology.

本文以洛伦茨的研究经历为主线 ,着重介绍了他在动物行为学领域中的开创性贡献及其产生的深远影响 ,并评介了他对其他研究领域的工作 ,如进化认识论、社会生物学等

 
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