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医药卫生
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  medicine and hygiene
     Modern Medicine and Hygiene in Taiwan
     台湾的现代医药卫生(上)
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  “医药卫生(”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Modern Medicine in Taiwan (Ⅱ)
     台湾的现代医药卫生(下)
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  相似匹配句对
     HEALTH CARE TECHNOLOGY
     医药卫生技术
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     Modern Medicine and Hygiene in Taiwan
     台湾的现代医药卫生(上)
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     MEDICAL HEALTH INFORMATIONALIZED AND ELECTRONIC BUSINESS
     医药卫生信息化与电子商务
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     Modern Medicine in Taiwan (Ⅱ)
     台湾的现代医药卫生(下)
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     Evaluation on the class of Medicine and Health in the 4th editon of China Library Classification
     《中图法》(第四版)医药卫生类目评析
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  medicine and hygiene
He received a diploma in tropical medicine and hygiene at Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
      
In history medicine and hygiene have always been counterparts in healing and preventing diseases.
      
Most of the world's population would not even be alive today but for innovations in agriculture and medicine and hygiene.
      
Reviewer for American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2005.
      
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 95, 457-462.
      
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1. α-amylase, saccharifying enzyme, maltase and limit dextrinase have been tested in this research work. According to the results of more than 10 experiments, the following conclusions may be made: (a)Although Asp. oryzae, No. 7 possesses greatest liquifying power, the aleohol yield by using this mold as saccharifying agent is lowest among all the molds tested. It is obvious that, there is no direct relationship between α-amylase value and alcohol yield. (b) Maltase value of Asp. oryzae No.7 is much lower than...

1. α-amylase, saccharifying enzyme, maltase and limit dextrinase have been tested in this research work. According to the results of more than 10 experiments, the following conclusions may be made: (a)Although Asp. oryzae, No. 7 possesses greatest liquifying power, the aleohol yield by using this mold as saccharifying agent is lowest among all the molds tested. It is obvious that, there is no direct relationship between α-amylase value and alcohol yield. (b) Maltase value of Asp. oryzae No.7 is much lower than that of other molds, for example, mal-tase value of Asp. niger, NRRL 330 is 7.24,while that of Asp. oryzae, No.7 is only 0.06. The alcohol yield of the latter is about 20% less than that of the former. in other words, the higher the maltase value, the higher the alcohol yield. This conclusion is obviously in agreement with previous investiga- tions. When the saccharifying value is high, the limit dextrinase value is also high. But the inter-relationship between limit dextrinase and alcohol yield requires further investigation. 2. Concerning the selection of mold suitable for submerged culture, Asp. niger, No. 2 is the best one, according to the results of 1st and 2nd period of our experiments; while Asp. niger, NRRL 330 isnext to Asp. niger No. 2. 3. Concerning the selection of culture medium, 3 kinds of media: (1) potato powder 8%, NaNO_2 0.3%, HCl (37%) 0.1%; (2) maize 5%, rice bran 1%, wheat bran 1.5%; (3) distillers solubles 3.5% maize 5%,(pH 5.0) have been adopted. Among these media, No. 2 is the best, No. 1 is next and No.3 is not suitable for Asp. niger, No. 2.

酒精的用途很大,无论在国防工业上、医药卫生上以及其他有关工业上都需要大量酒精。另一方面,我国土法制酒,淀粉利用率很低,因此,浪费大量粮食。最近中央倡议“白酒酒精化”,就是用酒精配制白酒,因为新法造酒的淀粉利用率较高,可以节约很多粮食。此后酒精工业对国民经济的关系更大,我们科学工作者的任务也更繁重。

The upper 8 centimeters of the great saphenous vein were studied on 102 sides (84male, 18 female) of adult Chinese cadavers. The chief results were as follows: 1. The surface projection of the sapheno-femoral junction is variable. It lies at avariable distance below the point which is situated opposite the junction of the lateraltwo thirds and medial third of the line joining the anterior superior iliac spine to thepubic tubercle. The mean value of the distance between this point and the sapheno-femoral junction...

The upper 8 centimeters of the great saphenous vein were studied on 102 sides (84male, 18 female) of adult Chinese cadavers. The chief results were as follows: 1. The surface projection of the sapheno-femoral junction is variable. It lies at avariable distance below the point which is situated opposite the junction of the lateraltwo thirds and medial third of the line joining the anterior superior iliac spine to thepubic tubercle. The mean value of the distance between this point and the sapheno-femoral junction is 3.84±0.07 cm (min. 2.1 cm, max. 5.5 cm). 2. Duplication of the great saphenous vein is rare. It is found on 6 sides only(5.88±2.33%) in our material. 3. There is a close relation between the terminal part of the great saphenous veinand the superficial external pudendal artery. In 65.63±4.85% of the cases, this arterypasses behind the terminal part of the vein. 4. The upper part of the great saphenous vein is joined by lateral, medial, or bothaccessory saphenous veins in 86 sides (84.31±3.60%), among which the lateral accessorysaphenous vein occurs most frequently (61.61±5.24%). 5. The junction between the deep external pudendal vein and the great saphenousvein lies within the fossa ovalies in 25 sides (24.51±4.26%). 6. The patterns of the tributaries of the great saphenous vein may be classifiedinto 4 types and 11 subtypes, according to the number of veins and the manner of theircombination. Type II_2, in which two tributaries are combined, occurs more often thanany other types (38.23±4.81%). In the point of view of practical application, the pat-terns of the tributaries may be classified into different types, according to the numberof the direct opening on the upper part of the great saphenous vein, among which the3 tributary and 4 tributary types are the highest in percentage, being 34.31±4.70% and33.33±4.67% respectively. 7. The position of the tributaries which open into the upper part of the greatsaphenous vein is variable. In the majority of sides (91.18±2.80%), the position lieswithin the uppermost 4 centimeters of the great saphenous vein (min. 0.3 cm, max.7.2 cm). The surgical significance is briefly discussed.

大隐静脉上段的形态特点对大隐静脉高位结扎手术具有重要的意义。本文观察了52具(102例)不同性别成年下肢,得到下列主要结果: 1.大隐静脉全部经卵圆窝汇入股静脉,根据它汇入股静脉的部位不同,可把它分为三个类型,其中第Ⅲ型最多占61.76±4.81%。 2.隐股结合点的体表投影是在经髂前上棘与耻骨结节连线外侧2/3与内侧1/3交界点下方平均为3.89±0.07厘米、隐胶结合点的内外位置变化较小。 3.绝大多数个体(95.96±1.95%)的阴部外浅动脉与大隐静脉上端发生紧密的紧邻关系,其中约半数(65.63±4.85%)经静脉上端的后方。 4.双隐静脉是一种较少见的变异,我们仅观察到6例(5.88±2.33%)。 5.大隐静脉上段除接纳三个浅属支外并通常也接纳内、外侧副隐静脉(84.31±3.60%),其中外侧副隐静脉出现率是61.63±5.24%,内侧副隐静脉出现率为16.28±3.98%,内、外侧副隐静脉同时出现率为22.09±4.47%。 6.在观察的全部材料中有24.51±4.26%个体的阴部外深静脉任卵圆窝内汇入大隐静脉末端的内侧面,因此易为手术者所忽略。 7.大隐静脉上段属支根据参加联合的数目和联合...

大隐静脉上段的形态特点对大隐静脉高位结扎手术具有重要的意义。本文观察了52具(102例)不同性别成年下肢,得到下列主要结果: 1.大隐静脉全部经卵圆窝汇入股静脉,根据它汇入股静脉的部位不同,可把它分为三个类型,其中第Ⅲ型最多占61.76±4.81%。 2.隐股结合点的体表投影是在经髂前上棘与耻骨结节连线外侧2/3与内侧1/3交界点下方平均为3.89±0.07厘米、隐胶结合点的内外位置变化较小。 3.绝大多数个体(95.96±1.95%)的阴部外浅动脉与大隐静脉上端发生紧密的紧邻关系,其中约半数(65.63±4.85%)经静脉上端的后方。 4.双隐静脉是一种较少见的变异,我们仅观察到6例(5.88±2.33%)。 5.大隐静脉上段除接纳三个浅属支外并通常也接纳内、外侧副隐静脉(84.31±3.60%),其中外侧副隐静脉出现率是61.63±5.24%,内侧副隐静脉出现率为16.28±3.98%,内、外侧副隐静脉同时出现率为22.09±4.47%。 6.在观察的全部材料中有24.51±4.26%个体的阴部外深静脉任卵圆窝内汇入大隐静脉末端的内侧面,因此易为手术者所忽略。 7.大隐静脉上段属支根据参加联合的数目和联合的形式得出四个类型和11个分型,本材料中以第Ⅱ型最多,为总数的38.23±4.81%,其次是第Ⅰ型,占总数的29.41±4.51%。同时考虑实际应用根据注入属支数目来分型,其中以三支型和四支型最多,分别为总数的34.31±4.70%、33.33±4.67%,其次是二支型占24.51±4.26%,六支型最少占0.98±0.68%。 8.大隐静脉上段的绝大多数属支(91.18±2.80%)是在隐股结合点下方4厘米以内汇入大隐静脉。本文曾在湖南省医药卫生学会1962年年会解剖学分会上宣读,并加以补充和修改。

The paper analyzes national and international situations of machinery industry for econotechnics to expound the importance of machinery maintenance engineering discipline. By analogy with medic discipline, the articleputs forward the structure, theoretieal foundation and developmental direction of machinery maintenance engineering discipline.

本文从技术经济学的观点分析国内外机械行业实际情况阐明机械维修工程学科的重要意义。并且用与医药卫生学科类比的方式提出了机械维修工程学科的体系构成,理论基础和发展方向。

 
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