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小火灾
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     Describes the general process of performance-based design of smoke control system in atria, analyses in detail each step of the design and quantifies the main design parameters such as the height of smoke layer, the minimum fire size capable of conquering intermediate stratification, the temperature of smoke layer, the smoke production mass rate, the smoke exhaust rate, the number and the area of the vents for different smoke plumes.
     阐述了中庭防排烟系统性能化设计的一般过程 ,详细分析了各个设计步骤 ,对重要的设计参数如烟层高度 ,能克服分层的最小火灾规模 ,烟层温度 ,不同类型烟羽流的质量生成率、排烟量、排烟口个数和排烟面积进行了量化。
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     The future fire distribution can be forecasted by enough historical fire data, the occurrence probabilities of large fires can be calculated by those of small fires, and the forest-fire model can be used to assess the long-term performance of fire protection policies.
     稳定的幂律分布对于火灾防治具有实际意义,当获得了足够多的火灾历史数据时,可以预测未来的火灾发生情况,可以利用小火灾的发生情况预测大火灾的发生概率,利用自组织临界性森林火灾模型,可以评估火灾防治措施的长期效果。
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  相似匹配句对
     Little Things
    
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     Little Voice
     嗓门
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     Fire Science
     火灾科学
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     ⑦ fire hazard.
     ⑦火灾
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     Discussion on fire characteristics and fire safety design of dwellings with a small courtyard
     天井住宅楼的火灾特性与防火安全设计
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  small fire
With this model, changes to the body and the environment can also be modelled; this was very relevant in one of the cases, as the body had been in the presence of a small fire.
      
Pseudacteon curvatus Borgmeier (Diptera: Phoridae) is a small decapitating fly that attacks small fire ant workers.
      
Zukoski developed an analytical model to determine the time required to fill a room with products of combustion from a small fire.
      
Additionally, the fire itself could range from a small fire to a huge conflagration.
      
Author Unknown A cigarette is a roll of paper, tobacco and drugs, with a small fire at one end and a large fool at the other.
      
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Describes the general process of performance-based design of smoke control system in atria, analyses in detail each step of the design and quantifies the main design parameters such as the height of smoke layer, the minimum fire size capable of conquering intermediate stratification, the temperature of smoke layer, the smoke production mass rate, the smoke exhaust rate, the number and the area of the vents for different smoke plumes.

阐述了中庭防排烟系统性能化设计的一般过程 ,详细分析了各个设计步骤 ,对重要的设计参数如烟层高度 ,能克服分层的最小火灾规模 ,烟层温度 ,不同类型烟羽流的质量生成率、排烟量、排烟口个数和排烟面积进行了量化。

Fire system, which is composed of fire and its effect factors, is a complex system. In this paper, the recent studies on fire complexity are introduced. The frequency-size distribution of forest fire satisfies a power law relation that is invariant with time and system size. Actual forest fire data accords well with the simulation and calculation results of the forest-fire model, indicating that the forest fire system is a self-organized critical system. If more effect factors such as precipitation and forest...

Fire system, which is composed of fire and its effect factors, is a complex system. In this paper, the recent studies on fire complexity are introduced. The frequency-size distribution of forest fire satisfies a power law relation that is invariant with time and system size. Actual forest fire data accords well with the simulation and calculation results of the forest-fire model, indicating that the forest fire system is a self-organized critical system. If more effect factors such as precipitation and forest scale are considered, the forest-fire model gets better accordance with actual forest fire data. The city fire data is also found satisfying power-law relation invariant with system size and time. A steady power-law relation has practical implications. The future fire distribution can be forecasted by enough historical fire data, the occurrence probabilities of large fires can be calculated by those of small fires, and the forest-fire model can be used to assess the long-term performance of fire protection policies.

火灾系统即火灾和它的影响因素构成的整体,它是一个复杂系统。本文介绍了火灾系统复杂性的研究。森林火灾的分布满足较好的幂律分布,并且具有尺度不变性和时间不变性,实际的火灾数据与自组织临界性森林火灾模型的计算和分析结果相互符合,这表明森林火灾系统是一个自组织临界性系统。当考虑降水、森林尺度等更多火灾影响因素时,森林火灾模型的计算结果与实际数据符合得更好。对实际火灾数据的分析表明,城市火灾的分布同样满足具有时间不变性和尺度不变性的稳定的幂律分布。稳定的幂律分布对于火灾防治具有实际意义,当获得了足够多的火灾历史数据时,可以预测未来的火灾发生情况,可以利用小火灾的发生情况预测大火灾的发生概率,利用自组织临界性森林火灾模型,可以评估火灾防治措施的长期效果。

Ceiling panei heating with electro-thermal film has been finding increasingly wider application. It is therefore necessary to analyze this type of heating technique in detail. In this paper, an effect analysis of energy conservation for low-temperature ceiling panei heating with electro-thermal film was carried out in connection with room temperature and chemical-energy utilization rate. The economic feasibility of this heating technique was analyzed in connection with installation, operating, and maintenance...

Ceiling panei heating with electro-thermal film has been finding increasingly wider application. It is therefore necessary to analyze this type of heating technique in detail. In this paper, an effect analysis of energy conservation for low-temperature ceiling panei heating with electro-thermal film was carried out in connection with room temperature and chemical-energy utilization rate. The economic feasibility of this heating technique was analyzed in connection with installation, operating, and maintenance costs. In addition, the benefit to environmental protection, safety in operation, and the influence of using this heating technique on personai health was briefly discussed. It was concluded from this study that using this heating technique wastes energy and money and is thus uneconomic. Moreover, using this heating technique is not beneficial to the comfort and environment. Application of the conventional centralized heating system was suggested in China.

顶棚低温辐射电热膜供暖应用越来越多,对这种供暖方式详细分析很有必要。从供暖室温和化学能利用率两方面详细讨论了使用顶棚低温辐射电热膜供暖节能效果,从安装费用、使用费用和维护费用三方面分析使用低温辐射电热膜供暖的经济性,然后对使用低温辐射电热膜供暖的环保作用、使用安全以及对人健康的影响进行了简单讨论。分析结果表明使用低温辐射电热膜供暖浪费能源,而且经济性较差,环保方面只是使污染区转移,有很小的火灾隐患,舒适性差,还是传统的管道集中供暖方式比较节能、经济和安全。

 
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