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诱导抗性作用
相关语句
  induced resistance effect
     INDUCED RESISTANCE EFFECT OF SALICYLIC ACID ON ANTHRACNOSE OF MANGO FRUITS(COLLETOTRICHUM GLOESPORIOIDES)
     水杨酸对芒果炭疽病的诱导抗性作用
短句来源
  “诱导抗性作用”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Earthworm feces-induced systemic resistance of cucumber against anthracnose
     蚯蚓粪对黄瓜炭疽病的系统诱导抗性作用
短句来源
     Resistance to Wheat Diseases Induced by Ferment Solution of Penicillium oxalicum (P-o-41)
     草酸青霉菌(P-o-41)发酵液对小麦病害的诱导抗性作用
短句来源
     The peroxidase (POD) and β-1,3-glucosidase (GLU) activity of the leaves of melon was induced by sodium silicon treatment. So it is considered that sodium silicate had effect of induced resistance.
     硅酸钠处理可显著提高过氧化物酶(POD)和β-1,3葡聚糖酶(GLU)的活性,起到诱导抗性作用;
短句来源
     The results showed BABA and BTH had the stronge inducing effects against thepathogen.
     研究结果表明:BTH和 BABA对小麦白粉病表现出较强的诱导抗性作用
短句来源
     Antagonistic bacteria gotcontrol over disease by restraining pathogen settlement, breeding and spreading, but some strains took effect by increasing disease resistance of plant, such as AQB - 62. To summarize, antagonistic bacteria could create obvious prevention to tobacco bacterial wilt.
     颉颃菌除具有直接的抑制青枯菌定殖、繁衍、扩展外,有的菌株如AQB—62还具有一定的诱导抗性作用
短句来源
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  相似匹配句对
     INDUCED RESISTANCE EFFECT OF SALICYLIC ACID ON ANTHRACNOSE OF MANGO FRUITS(COLLETOTRICHUM GLOESPORIOIDES)
     水杨酸对芒果炭疽病的诱导抗性作用
短句来源
     The mechanisms of salicylic acid and its analogs in induced resistance
     水杨酸及其类似物在诱导抗性中的作用机制
短句来源
     Induction of resistance substances in soybean by ethylene
     乙烯利对大豆抗性生化物质的诱导作用
短句来源
     Induced Resistance Effect of Salicylic Acid on Leaf Sport of Aconitum carmichaeli and Mechanism
     水杨酸对附子叶斑病的诱导抗性作用机理研究
短句来源
     Earthworm feces-induced systemic resistance of cucumber against anthracnose
     蚯蚓粪对黄瓜炭疽病的系统诱导抗性作用
短句来源
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168 bacteria isolates were obtained from rhizosphere, root medium soils and both diseased and healthy plants ofsolanaceous crops including tobacco, tomato and hot pepper in Hefei, Xuancheng and Shaoxin. 17 strains out of 168bacteria exhibted clear inhibiting activity to pathogen Rastonia solanacearum by the differred antagonism procedureand the plate diffusion methods, of which strains AQB - 46 and AQB - 33 had the strongest inhibiting effect, withinhibiting ring diameter of 33. 7mm and 30. 6mm respectively....

168 bacteria isolates were obtained from rhizosphere, root medium soils and both diseased and healthy plants ofsolanaceous crops including tobacco, tomato and hot pepper in Hefei, Xuancheng and Shaoxin. 17 strains out of 168bacteria exhibted clear inhibiting activity to pathogen Rastonia solanacearum by the differred antagonism procedureand the plate diffusion methods, of which strains AQB - 46 and AQB - 33 had the strongest inhibiting effect, withinhibiting ring diameter of 33. 7mm and 30. 6mm respectively. Their control effects have maintained high levels from54. 2 % to 64. 7 % throughout 30 days after inoculated with pathogen. Though AQB - 62 had a lower inhibitory ability than AQB - 46 and AQB - 33, it showed higher control effect to tobacco bacterial wilt during 20 days after inoculation, its control effects ranging from 49. 9% to 53. 0%. According to control effect to tobacco bacterial wilt, alltreatments with antagonistic bacteria before inoculaion displayed much higher levels than those after inoculaion, theformer being 64. 7 % and the latter being 15. 0 %. However, control effects of antagonistic bacteria to tobacco bacterial wilt mainly embodied lightening the disease seventy not reducing the disease incidence. Antagonistic bacteria gotcontrol over disease by restraining pathogen settlement, breeding and spreading, but some strains took effect by increasing disease resistance of plant, such as AQB - 62. To summarize, antagonistic bacteria could create obvious prevention to tobacco bacterial wilt. Strain AQB - 46, AQB - 33 and AQB - 62 could be developed into biological pesticide, in order to control tobacco bacterial wilt with better effect.

从安徽、浙江等地的烟草、蕃茄和辣椒等茄科作物根标、根围土壤和病、健植株组织中,分离纯化到168个细菌菌株,通过室内异步培养法和平板扩散法,筛选出17个对烟草青枯病菌具有一定颉颃作用的菌株,其中,AQB—46和AQB一33两菌株抑菌能力最强,抑菌圈直径分别为33.7mm和30.6mm。盆栽防病结果表明,这2个菌株对青枯病的防治效果在接种青枯菌后的30d内一直维持在54.2%64.7%。菌株AQB-62室内抑菌试验效果明显低于AQB-46和AQB一33,但盆栽防病的效果在接种后的20d内也一直维持在49.9%53.0%的水平。接种前3d喷施颉颃菌的各处理,其防病效果远高于接种后3d喷施颉颃菌的各处理,前者防效最高为64.7%,而后者最高仅为15.0%,说明颉颃菌对烟草青枯病的防治主要表现为预防。此外,颉颃菌的防病作用主要表现为减轻发病程度,而对发病率没有影响。颉颃菌除具有直接的抑制青枯菌定殖、繁衍、扩展外,有的菌株如AQB—62还具有一定的诱导抗性作用。AQB-46,AQB-33和AQB-62等3个菌株可望研制成生物农药,使之更有效地防治烟草青枯病。

Extracts made from livestock manure composts could significantly control sweet pepper fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum). In pot test in green house, the treatment of compost extract from pig manure reached a relative efficacy of 88.5%, and the treatment efficaciges with compost extracts from horse and cow manure were 56.6% and 65.5%, respectively. Study on possible mechanisms shown that the compost extracts had a mycolytic effect on the chlamydospores and microspores. Strong antagonistic...

Extracts made from livestock manure composts could significantly control sweet pepper fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum). In pot test in green house, the treatment of compost extract from pig manure reached a relative efficacy of 88.5%, and the treatment efficaciges with compost extracts from horse and cow manure were 56.6% and 65.5%, respectively. Study on possible mechanisms shown that the compost extracts had a mycolytic effect on the chlamydospores and microspores. Strong antagonistic bacteria of sweet pepper fusarium wilt were isolated from the compost extracts. The activities of β-1,3-dextranase, polyphenol oxidase, and phenylalanine ammonia lyase of sweet pepper were raised by 12%, 367%,and 20% with compost extracts. In addition, nutritional effect, that made plant growth well, helped to defend the pathogen. Tab 5, Ref 12

研究表明家畜沤肥浸渍液对青椒枯萎病具有显著防治效果 ,其中猪粪沤肥浸渍液在温室盆栽的防治效果为88.5 % ,马粪、牛粪沤肥浸渍液在温室盆栽的防治效果分别为 5 6 .6 %和 6 5 .5 % .作用机理研究结果表明 ,①三种沤肥浸渍液对青椒枯萎病菌的厚垣孢子、小孢子都具有强烈的溶菌作用 .②沤肥微生物中具有对青椒枯萎病菌有强烈的拮抗作用的细菌 .③沤肥浸渍液处理青椒后 ,β 1,3 葡聚糖酶 ,多酚氧化酶 ,苯丙氨酸转氨酶活性分别增高 12 .0 %、36 7.0 %和 2 0 .0 % .④沤肥浸渍液处理青椒后 ,其植株高度、叶片厚度和叶脉直径均比对照有所增高 .显示防病机理既有拮抗作用 ,又有诱导抗性作用 .表 5参 12

The history is reviewed on the occurrence and control of the larch casebearers,Coleophora spp ,(Lepidoptera:Coleophoridae)in China.Their occurrence cycle under natural condition is summarized.Some important factors are discussed such as man's interfering action and the application of chemical insecticides in the larch forest which can greatly shorten the occurrence interval,and cause the pest infesting frequently.The scientific evidences are provided for the sustainable control of the larch casebearers.For...

The history is reviewed on the occurrence and control of the larch casebearers,Coleophora spp ,(Lepidoptera:Coleophoridae)in China.Their occurrence cycle under natural condition is summarized.Some important factors are discussed such as man's interfering action and the application of chemical insecticides in the larch forest which can greatly shorten the occurrence interval,and cause the pest infesting frequently.The scientific evidences are provided for the sustainable control of the larch casebearers.For example,some chemical substances are changed in twigs and leaves with the larvae feeding,which takes part in the induced resistance and chemical defense.Meanwhile,several physiological reaction indexes are increased,which contributes to the compensating growing of the larch.Some successful examples are reviewed in the application of natural enemies and biology control to the larch casebearers in the forest ecosystem.The management strategy is suggested on the sustainable control.

回顾了国内外落叶松鞘蛾Coleophoraspp .的发生与防治历史 ,总结了落叶松鞘蛾发生的自然周期规律以及不合理的人为干扰 ,如施用化学杀虫剂等会缩短害虫发生周期和导致连续再猖獗。提供了落叶松鞘蛾可持续控制的科学证据 ,从落叶松受害后针叶和枝条内与抗虫性相关的几类化学物质变化 ,与自我补偿、恢复生长的几项因子、指标测定等方面 ,指出发挥树木对虫害的组成抗性和诱导抗性作用。从森林生态系统的水平 ,总结了落叶松鞘蛾的天敌及其生物防治在世界和我国的成功范例与前景。较全面的论述了落叶松鞘蛾可持续控制的可行性和策略

 
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