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  foundation course
     On the basis of expounding the importance of knowledge representation method, combined with the representation method of field knowledge, knowledge representation of the hypertext of cognition for computer foundation course has been designed out, meanwhile, implementation model has been given out.
     在阐述知识表示方法重要性的基础上,结合领域知识表示方法,为《计算机基础》课程设计出了一个认知的超文本的知识表示,并给出了实现模型.
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     the Development of Applied Talent in the Software Engineering Foundation Course Teaching
     《软件工程基础》课程教学中应用型人才培养初探
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     “Etrician's Foundation”of the physical electromagnetism is the foundation course with its contents having many concepts and the principle being abstract.
     《电工基础》是以物理电磁学为基础的一门基础课程,其内容概念多,原理抽象。
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     Web-Based teaching system of computer cultural foundation course
     《计算机文化基础》课的网络教学系统
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     Computer application foundation course is one of the professional foundation lessons in higher vocational technology institute.
     《计算机应用基础》是高职院校计算机专业的一门专业基础课 .
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  “基础》”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Architecture Architectural Design
     建筑·建筑设计——《建筑设计基础》课的探讨
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     A Difficult Reconstruction of the Basic Theory of Chinese Library Science
     中国图书馆学基础理论的艰难重建(续)——纪念《图书馆学基础》出版20周年
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     A Difficult Reconstruction of the Basic Theory of Chinese Library Science
     中国图书馆学基础理论的艰难重建——纪念《图书馆学基础》出版20周年
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     Reform on the Teaching of 《Machine Design Foundation》
     《机械设计基础》课程教学改革的基本思路
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     Based on Cooperative Learning of Task-Driven──The Teaching Practice of the Base of Computer Culture
     基于任务驱动的协同学习──《计算机文化基础》课程教学实践
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  相似匹配句对
     The Foundation of Insulation Grid Bipolar Transistor
     绝缘栅双极晶体管基础
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     The Theoretical Basis.
     理论基础
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     FOUNDATIONS OF LOGIC PROGRAMMING
     《逻辑程序设计基础
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     “Scientific Fundamentals of Robotics”
     《机器人学的科学基础
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  foundation course
The latter addresses the more baseline, region-wide aspects of Europeanisation, and is therefore more of a foundation course for EU accession than integration 'proper', but is nevertheless a necessary step in the SAP countries own 'return to Europe'.
      
Despite the fact that it has been included as a foundation course in education curricula, the course of study is characterized by an arbitrary selection of topics and stereotypic, inappropriate, outdated contents.
      
Foundation Course in Physics and Chemistry of the Earthsponsored by Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalorein collaboration with U
      
This article reports on a study of conceptions of learning among engineering students on a one-year foundation course.
      
Our decision to choose the Open University S101 Science: A Foundation Course represents a direct attempt on our part to provide a background in science for our prospective infant and primary teachers.
      
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A new method for the biological assay of vegetable purgatives based on the numbers of wet faeces excreted by groups of mice after dosing is described. The relation of the number of wet faeces per group of mice to the logarithm of the dose was found to be linear. A cage has been specially designed for this assay and it has been found advantageous to incorporate a definite proportion of water in the diet during test. 40 mice divided equally into 4 groups were used in each assay. 2 groups received the standard...

A new method for the biological assay of vegetable purgatives based on the numbers of wet faeces excreted by groups of mice after dosing is described. The relation of the number of wet faeces per group of mice to the logarithm of the dose was found to be linear. A cage has been specially designed for this assay and it has been found advantageous to incorporate a definite proportion of water in the diet during test. 40 mice divided equally into 4 groups were used in each assay. 2 groups received the standard preparation and the other 2 groups received the test preparation. The standard deviation of a single determination based on 9 such assays was estimated to be 15.7 per cent. For rhubarb and its preparations, a“6-point”assay is advocated. With suitable restric-tion in the design of the assay, it is possible to calculate the potency by simple methods. Powdered crude drugs are used as laboratory standards in the assay of senna and rhubarb. The doses of cascara bark required to produce distinctive responses are too inconveniently large to be administered in suspension. It was found possible to use a potent extract of cascara in place of the powdered bark as a laboratory standard. Examples of the assay and the subsequent calculations are given. The method described is not only convenient in use but also gives a comparatively high degree of accuracy. The method has been successfully applied to senna leaf, senna fruit, rhubarb, cascara sagrada and extracts and commercial preparations made from these drugs, pure glycosides(sennosides A and B) and pure anthracene compounds(aloe emodin and aloe-emodine anthranol).

(1)本文详述植物性泻药的一种新的生物测定法,此法係用小白鼠在服药后所排出的濕粪数为基础,以定泻药的效价。(2)小白鼠服药後所排出的湿粪数与剂量指数的关係经证明为一直线。(3)本法所用鼠笼係特别设计,并证明在饲料内加入一定量的饮水,具有多种优点。(4)番泻效价的测定,每次用小白鼠4组,每组10只。2组给与标准品,另外2组给与试验品。根据9次试验的结果,试验的标准差是15.7%.(5)大黄效价的测定,以采用“6点”法为宜,即每次试验用小白鼠6组,3组给与标准品,另外3组给与试验品,所得的准确度与上述相仿。波希鼠李皮浸膏的效价测定,则用“4点”法或“6点”法均可。(6)所有试验一律采用粉状生药为实验室的比较标准,但是波希鼠李皮的效价太低,它的粉末不适於作为标准之用,可用波希鼠李皮乾浸膏来代替,作为比较标准。(7)本文对於效价测定及其计算方法都举例说明,并介绍了比较常法为简捷的相关效价计算法。(8)本法不但方便易行,而且有相当高的准确度;曾用在番泻、大黄、波希鼠李皮及其制剂,以及一些纯粹的蒽醌衍生物的效价测定,都获得了满意的结果。

~~

本文目的主要是介紹蘇聯學者在彈性地基上基礎梁方面的新理論和實用的計算方法,在過去,人們一直採用文克爾(Winkler)在1867年提出的假定,即:地基在某點的壓力是和該點的沉陷有關,並和該點的沉陷成正比,雖然早經認識到這個假定和絕大部分實際情况之間的距離很大,但是一直被因循延用,這確是不能令人滿意的现象,蘇聯學者們提出的新理論,是認為在這個問題的範圍內,土壤是可以應用彈性理論的公式來處理的材料,而將地基看作是一個半無限彈性體,根據土壤力學的理論和實際,這樣的處理是可以滿意地反映實際情况的。新的理論在數學處理上比較困難,本文首先介紹日莫契金教授所提出的計算方法,這在蘇聯是最被廣泛應用的,然後介紹利文在1951午提出的改進力法,由於新理論需要的計算工作十分困難冗長,筆者在上述這些方法的同一原理下,提供了一些十分簡單的計算方法和公式,它們在某一定範圍內有很好的精確度,可供初步設計之用。

In chronical experiments on dogs provided with gastric pouches, we showed that the gastric secretion stimulated by histamine can be reflexly inhibited by electrical stimulation on the skin. This inhibition can be shown with Heidenhain pouches as well as with Pavlov pouches, indicating that the phenomenon does not depend on an intact vagus innervation. Furthermore it can still appear in Heidenhain pouches after bilateral subdiaphragmatic section of the splanchnic nerves and bilateral extirpation of the solar...

In chronical experiments on dogs provided with gastric pouches, we showed that the gastric secretion stimulated by histamine can be reflexly inhibited by electrical stimulation on the skin. This inhibition can be shown with Heidenhain pouches as well as with Pavlov pouches, indicating that the phenomenon does not depend on an intact vagus innervation. Furthermore it can still appear in Heidenhain pouches after bilateral subdiaphragmatic section of the splanchnic nerves and bilateral extirpation of the solar plexuses. In such dogs the adrenal glands are of course also severed from their external nerve supplies. It thus follows that the sympathetic innervation to the stomach and the adrenal glands are not indispensable either. Apparently there is some humoral factor as yet unknown, which inhibits gastric secretion and which can be reflexly mobilized by such means as electrical stimulation of the skin. On the other hand, we were able to show that both direct electrical stimulation of the splanchnic nerve and intravenous injection of adrenaline can inhibit the gastric secretion stimulated by histamine. This suggests that when the sympathetico-adrenal system is intact it is likely to be also involved in the inhibitory phenomenon under consideration. The phenomenon is evidently a complex one involving both nervous and humoral factors, and we had also shown that it requires the participation of higher nervous centres, being not elicitable in anesthetized animals. We wish to express our deep gratitude to Prof. T. P. Feng for suggesting this problem and for constant guidance throughout this work.

(一)在慢性實驗中用備有小胃的狗,我們证明組織胺引起的胃分泌能反射地为皮膚電刺激及一些其他外界刺激所抑制。 (二)這抑制現象在除去胃的迷走神經支配相交或神經支配,並隔離腎上腺的神經聯系時,仍能出現。它似有某種可以反射地形成的抑制性體液變化為基礎。 (三)但在急性實驗中我們又證明大內臟神經和注射腎上腺素均能抑制組織胺引起的胃分泌,這指示在正常動物胃分泌的反射抑制仍可能通過交感神經-腎上腺系統而得實現。 (四)本文所述的胃分泌的反射抑制現象顯然包含複雜的神經-體液機制,並且是在高級神經中樞參加下產生的。

 
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