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  peroneal
     and (34.9±5.4) m/s,(39.2±4.6) m/s and (42.7±4.7) m/s for the peroneal nerve.
     总神经CV10%为(34.9±5.4)m/s、CV50%为(39.2±4.6)m/s、CV90%为(42.7±4.7)m/s。
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     And the mean value measured in the horizontal projection of the superficial peroneal nerve to L 2 6 was in 0 447 0 533、0 384 0 561、0 351 0 598、0 338 0 611 and 0 383 0 561mm area respectively.
     而浅神经向L2~6各节段SG水平切面投射均值分别为0.447~0.533、0.384~0.561、0.351~0.598、0.338~0.611、0.383~0.561mm的范围。
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     the perforating peroneal A (0.87mm±0.34);
     动脉穿支(0.87mm±0.34);
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     common peroneal nerve 97.7±15.7 and 85. 9±18.8;
     总神经97.7±15.7和85.9±18.8;
短句来源
     Results (1) The length of medial sural cutaneous nerve, peroneal communicating nerve,sural nerve were20.01 ± 0.61 cm,20.19 ± 0.80 cm, 12.98 ± 0.61 cm, their breadth werel . 51 ± 0.10 mm, 2.50 ± 0.10 mm, 2.95 ± 0.12 mm.
     结果 (1)肠内侧皮神经、神经交通支、肠神经的长度分别为20.01±0.61 cm、20.19±0.80 cm、12.98±0.61 cm,其横径分别为1.51±0.10 mm、2.50±0.10 mm、2.95±0.12 mm。
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  fibular
     The average angle was 173°±7°between fibula and fibular head, and 171°±6°between fibula and lateral malleolus.
     骨头或外踝与骨干倾斜角:骨头为(173°±7°),外踝为(171°±6°);
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     Results The average distance between lateral tibial plateau and fibular head was 10.96 mm±3.49 mm in men (range,5.13 to 16.76 mm),and 9.21 mm±2.26 mm in women (range,6.74 to 11.70 mm).
     结果男性外侧胫骨平台到骨小头高度的平均距离为:10.96mm±3.49mm(5.13~16.76mm)。 女性外侧胫骨平台到骨小头高度的平均距离为:9.21mm±2.26mm(6.74~11.70mm)。
短句来源
     The external diameter of posterior tibial artery and fibular artery were 2.5±0.6 mm and 2.0±0.4 mm respectively at the site 11 cm superior to internal malleolus.
     ④胫后动脉、动脉在内踝上方 11cm处的直径分别是 2 .5± 0 .6mm和 2 .0± 0 .4mm。
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     ② the point of nerve entering to the anterior and posterior parts of the peroneus brevis lay 13.98±3.16cm and 16.71±2.74cm below the fibular head respectively.
     ②骨短肌前部、后部的神经入肌点分别在骨小头下方 13.98± 3.16cm ,16 .71± 2 .74cm处。
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     The diameters of the lateral branch of the fibular artery and the tibial nerve to lateral half of soleus was 1.3±0. 6mm and 1.2±0. 4mm respectively.
     动脉的比目鱼肌外侧支外径为1.3±0.6mm,胫神经比目鱼肌外侧支横径为1.2±0.4mm。
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  “腓”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The numbers of branches of the source arteries of the sural nerves and its roots average 2.55±0.31, 3.31±0.39, 1.75±0.27 and 2.20±0.24 respectively.
     吻合型肠神经、非吻合型肠神经、肠内侧皮神经和神经交通支来源动脉平均支数分别为2.55±0.31支,3.31±0.39支,1.75±0.27支和2.20±0.24支;
短句来源
     motor evoked potentials also showed abnormal:72.5%(37/51) for the nervi fibularis communis and 13.7%(7/51) for the tibial nerve.
     诱发电位异常:总神经72.5%(37/51),胫神经13.7%(7/51)。
短句来源
     0.19±0.01mm,1.57±0.77cm and 24.12±1.06cm.
     第 5支出现率 7.5 % ,外径 0 .19± 0 .0 1mm ,长度 1.5 7± 0 .77cm ,距骨小头约 2 4 .12± 1.0 6cm。
短句来源
     78 of 86 (90.7%) had meniscoperoneal ligament, 24±0.4mm in length, 5.2±0.3mm in width, 4.2±0.2mm in thickness.
     在86例中 ,78例有半月板侧韧带 ,其出现率为90.7 %。 半月板侧韧带长24±0.4mm ,宽5.2±0.3mm ,厚4.2±0.2mm。
短句来源
     ②Wet weight of anterior tibia muscles and quantity of nerve fiber at 12 weeks after operation: The ratios of wet weight of anterior tibia muscles and quantity of nerve fiber of the SDNF group were significantly higher than the saline control group (0.785±0.152, 0.515±0.132; 0.747±0.126, 0.453±0.151; P < 0.05).
     ②两组术后12周胫前肌湿重及总神经纤维数量测定结果:许旺细胞源神经营养因子组胫前肌湿重比值及总神经纤维数量比值均显著高于生理盐水对照组(0.785±0.152,0.515±0.132;0.747±0.126,0.453±0.151;P<0.05)。
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  peroneal
The viernstein/kelly procedure for recurrent dislocation of the peroneal tendons
      
Surgical treatment of displacement of peroneal tendons
      
Possible injury to the branches of the peroneal nerve during fibular osteotomies
      
The peroneal nerves and their blood supply are at risk during high tibial osteotomies.
      
Fixation of nerves by fibrous tissues, compression by tendinous arcades of the peroneus longus tendon, and narrow passages for nerves crossing dense fibrous septa are all factors which favor the development of peroneal nerve lesions.
      
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  fibular
Resection of the so-called fibular cord in congenital absence of fibula
      
Resection of the distal radius for tumors and arthroplasty with fibular autograft
      
Possible injury to the branches of the peroneal nerve during fibular osteotomies
      
The muscle branch for the extensor hallucis longus muscle is particularly at risk during the fibular osteotomy since it runs directly on the bone.
      
Technic and diagnostic value of so-called stress-x-rays in injuries of the fibular ligaments
      
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Under the convulsive action of certain drugs, such as chloralose, a diffuse electrical response due to peripheral nerve stimulation could be evoked in extensive regions of the cerebral cortex of the cat. In sensorimotor cortex, besides the primary response, the initial potential complex of the response consisted of two positive wavelets having respectively a latency of 20—25 msec, and 30—40 msec, when peroneal nerve was stimulated. After injection of nembutal, the response was suppressed and a more delayed wave...

Under the convulsive action of certain drugs, such as chloralose, a diffuse electrical response due to peripheral nerve stimulation could be evoked in extensive regions of the cerebral cortex of the cat. In sensorimotor cortex, besides the primary response, the initial potential complex of the response consisted of two positive wavelets having respectively a latency of 20—25 msec, and 30—40 msec, when peroneal nerve was stimulated. After injection of nembutal, the response was suppressed and a more delayed wave with a latency of about 50—80 msec, appeared. The latter was identified as the well known secondary response. For the sake of briefness the former response was referred to as the "intermediate response" on account of its latency being intermediate between that of the primary and secondary response. The pathways mediating the production of the intermediate response and that of the secondary response are different. The two wavelets of the intermediate response could be separately abolished by selective destruction of VP and CM, or together by destruction of VA—VM. The conclusion that the initiation of these wavelets was due to activation of the thalamic diffuse projection system by VP and CM was further supported by the fact that the intermediate response showed a similar form and distribution over the cortex as that evoked by a brief auditory stimulus previously shown to be also due to activation of the thalamic diffuse projection system by the medial geniculate body. After destruction of the diencephalic structures mediating the production of the intermediate response, injection of nembutal could still bring out the secondary response, wich could be abolished by destruction of subthalamus and hypothalamus at the mammillary level, a fact confirming the finding of Dempsey and Morison.

在惊厥性药物(如氯醛醣)作用下,刺激周边神经,可在猫大脑皮层引起分布广泛的电反应。在体觉运动区,除原初反应外,这反应的正相复合电位包含二个正波,潜伏期各为20—25毫秒及30—40毫秒(刺激神经)。注身戊巴比妥钠可抑制这反应,而代之以Forbes等所形容的副反应,潜伏期为50—80毫秒。为敍述方便起见,我们称前者为“中间反应”,因为它的潜伏期介於始反应与副反应之间。产生中间反应与副反应的神经路径基础是不同的。中间反应的两个正波的产生分别为VP及CM核兴奮丘脑(氵弥)散投射系统的结果。毁去产生中间反应的间脑组织後,再注射戊巴比妥钠仍能得到副反应。在乳头体部位毁底丘脑和下丘脑,副反应即被取消,与Dempsey和Morison的结果相符。

Ethyl thiooxamate with 1, 3-dichloroacetone in acetone gave 2-carbethoxy-4-chloromethylthiazole (m.p. 55-56℃). The latter can also be prepared by heating ethyl oxamate, phosphorus pentasulfide and 1, 3-dichloroacetone in dry toluene. Treatment of 2-carbethoxy-4-chloromethylthiazole in methyl alcohol with potassium cyanide gave 2-carbethoxy-4-cyanomethyl thiazole (m.p. 87-88℃), which reacted with hydrazine hydrate at room temperature to form the corresponding hydrazide (m.p. 161-162℃).

(一)草酸硫代酰胺乙酯,在丙酮溶剂中,与1,3二氯丙酮起作用,即得2-甲酸乙酯-4-氯甲基噻唑。后者亦可用草酸酰胺乙酯,五硫化二燐和1,3二氯丙酮在甲苯中加热制得。 (二)2-甲酸乙酯-4-氯甲基噻唑溶于無水甲醇与氰化鉀起反应,产生2-甲酸乙酯-4-乙腈噻唑。后者溶于乙醇,在室温情况下,与85%肼起作用,即成2-甲酰-4-乙腈噻唑。

The dorsal cutaneous nerves of 150 Chinese children, 88 males and 62 females, were studied.The pattern of distribution were as follows: The superficial peroneal nerve was classified into 9types, of which the first and second types were highest in percentage being 36. 7±2.78 and 34.3±2.74respectively. The deep peroneal nerve was classified into 8 types, of which the first type occurred55.0±2.87. The sural nerve was classified into 20 types, the third and fourteenth types occurred inthe highest percentage, 39.3±2.82...

The dorsal cutaneous nerves of 150 Chinese children, 88 males and 62 females, were studied.The pattern of distribution were as follows: The superficial peroneal nerve was classified into 9types, of which the first and second types were highest in percentage being 36. 7±2.78 and 34.3±2.74respectively. The deep peroneal nerve was classified into 8 types, of which the first type occurred55.0±2.87. The sural nerve was classified into 20 types, the third and fourteenth types occurred inthe highest percentage, 39.3±2.82 and 38.0±2.80 respectively. According to the patterns of distribution of the dorsal cutancous nerves of he foot as a whole,they were classified into 13 types, the first and second types were present in the highest percentage,21.7±2.37 and 19.3±2.28 respectively. The patterns of distribution of these nerves in relation to acupuncture were proved and discussed.

1.用童婴尸解剖足背皮神经300例,观察国人足背皮神经的分型。2.浅神经按其分布于趾侧分为九型,第一型及第二型出现的百分比最高,为36.7 ±2.78及34.3±2.78。此二型几乎相等。按四个型分型时第一型及第二型出现的百分比最高,为40.0±2.83及39.7±2.82。 3.深神经按其分布于趾侧分为八型。第一型出现的百分比最高,为55.0±2.87。 4.肠神经按分布于趾侧分为二十型。第三及第十四型出现的百分比最高,为39.3±2.82及38.0±2.80。并且此二个型几乎相等。由表16可推知肠神经随人类的进化不断的向内移动,直到现在仍有向内移动的趋势。而第三及第十四两型乃是不断向内移动过程中有二个暂停阶段。 5.将全部足背皮神经按分布趾侧分为十三个型,另加入“其他”一个项目。出现百分比最高者为第一型(21.7±2.38)及第二型(19.3±2.28)。 6.本文试把足背皮神经分布在趾侧的出现多少与针灸的经穴互相参证。在第一趾内侧,浅神经分布的百分比最高(75.±25.0),同足太阴脾经相符合。有经穴“隐白”、“大都”、“太白”、“公...

1.用童婴尸解剖足背皮神经300例,观察国人足背皮神经的分型。2.浅神经按其分布于趾侧分为九型,第一型及第二型出现的百分比最高,为36.7 ±2.78及34.3±2.78。此二型几乎相等。按四个型分型时第一型及第二型出现的百分比最高,为40.0±2.83及39.7±2.82。 3.深神经按其分布于趾侧分为八型。第一型出现的百分比最高,为55.0±2.87。 4.肠神经按分布于趾侧分为二十型。第三及第十四型出现的百分比最高,为39.3±2.82及38.0±2.80。并且此二个型几乎相等。由表16可推知肠神经随人类的进化不断的向内移动,直到现在仍有向内移动的趋势。而第三及第十四两型乃是不断向内移动过程中有二个暂停阶段。 5.将全部足背皮神经按分布趾侧分为十三个型,另加入“其他”一个项目。出现百分比最高者为第一型(21.7±2.38)及第二型(19.3±2.28)。 6.本文试把足背皮神经分布在趾侧的出现多少与针灸的经穴互相参证。在第一趾内侧,浅神经分布的百分比最高(75.±25.0),同足太阴脾经相符合。有经穴“隐白”、“大都”、“太白”、“公孙”。在第一趾外侧,深神经分布的百分比最高(93.3±1.44),同足厥阴肝经一致。有经穴“大敦”、“行间”。在第二趾外侧,浅神经分布的百分比最高(58.7±2.84)。同足阳明胃经一致。有经穴“厉兑’、“内庭”、“陷谷”。在第四趾外侧,肠神经分布的百分比最高(56.±2.87)。同足少阳胆经相符。有经穴“窍阴”、“侠谿”、“地五会”。在第五趾外侧,肠神经分布的百分比最高(98.3±0.75)。同足太阳膀胱经相符。有经穴“至阴”、“通谷”、“束骨”、“京骨”。 7.本研究测出浅神经穿出距离及分支距离,以作临床参考。

 
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