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     Therefore, ETa and ETp of the newborns are much more short than that of the both latters (children ETa 271ms, ETp294ms, and neuborns ETa210ms, ETp 210ms).
     所以新生儿射血时间大大短于成人和儿童(儿童ETa 271ms,ETp 294ms,而新生儿ETa210ms,ETp 210ms)。
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     AP scheme for the first cycle:Therapy:Admin-istere d ADM60mg/m 2 .administered DDP120mg/m 2 .high-dose MTX scheme for the second and third cycles:Administered MTX2 00mg/kg or8g/m 2 (adult)12g/m 2 (children).
     第1周期AP方案:用法ADM60mg/m2、DDP120mg/m2; 第2、3周期大剂量MTX方案:MTX200mg/kg或8g/m2(成人),12g/m2(儿童);
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     The patients in control group were given norfloxacin orally (15-20 mg/kg昫 for children and 0.2g, tid for adults).
     对照组50例,给予诺氟沙星口服(儿童15~20mg/(kg·d),tid;成人0.2g,tid).
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     The patients in experimental group received ciprofloxacin orally (30 mg/kg ?d, for children and 0.5g, bid or tid for adults).
     试验组55例,给予环丙沙星口服(儿童30mg/(kg·d),tid,成人0.5g,bid或tid);
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     the range of WBC was 0-3.5/μl(young men),0-(5.75/μl)(adult men),0-4.5/μl(young women) and 0-13.5/μl(adult women);
     白细胞男性:0~3.5μ/l(儿童),0~5.75μ/l(成人); 女性0~4.5μ/l(儿童),0~13.5μ/l(成人);
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     Helicobacter pylori gastritis in children can be diagnosed by obtaining antral biopsy specimens for culture and histologic study during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.
     儿童H.
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     With antibiotic-resistant H.pylori strains increasing, in vivo efficacy of anti-H.
     儿童H.
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Association of metabolic syndrome with arterial compliance in children and adolescents
      
The association of metabolic syndrome (MS) with arterial compliance in children and adolescents was explored.
      
The arterial compliance of MS group was significantly lowered in children and adolescents, and with the increase of the clustering of MS components, arterial compliance was gradually decreased.
      
It was suggested that arterial compliance assessment in children and adolescents was important for early prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
      
Histopathological study of congenital aortic valve malformations in 32 children
      
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Observations on the coronary arteries of 100 embalmed and 20 fresh hearts of Chinese children were made. The results were as follows: 1. The point of origin of the coronary arteries was found horizontally at the middle third of the aortic sinus in 90.5%, and vertically below the upper margin of the aortic sinus in 91.5%. The diameter of the opening of the left coronary artery was greater than that of the right side in 77%' lesser than that of the right side in 4%, and equivalent to that of the right side in...

Observations on the coronary arteries of 100 embalmed and 20 fresh hearts of Chinese children were made. The results were as follows: 1. The point of origin of the coronary arteries was found horizontally at the middle third of the aortic sinus in 90.5%, and vertically below the upper margin of the aortic sinus in 91.5%. The diameter of the opening of the left coronary artery was greater than that of the right side in 77%' lesser than that of the right side in 4%, and equivalent to that of the right side in 19%. 2. The accessory coronary arteries occurred in 47% of the cases, and all were found on the right side. In one case, an accessory coronary artery distributed to the anterior wail of the right atrium. 3. Type II, i.e. the posterior wall of the left ventricle which was mainly supplied by the right circumflex branch, was the most common type of distribution. It occurred in 59%. 4. The interventricular septum was supplied by both the anterior and posterior descending branches, the proportion of which is determined by the length of the two descending branches. 5. The left coronary artery divided into 3 main branches (anterior descending, diagonal, left circumflex) in 56%. 6. Ramus septi fibrosi which originated from the right circumflex was found in 97% and from the left circumflex in 3%. 7. Ramus ostii cavae superioris was a constant branch, originating from the right side in 64% and from the left side in 36%. 8. The difference in number of the blood vessels to the left and right ventricles was not obvious.

用防腐了的100個中國兒童心臟,20個新鮮心臟,對心臟冠狀動脈的分佈類型作了觀察,其結果如下: 1.冠狀動脈的起點在横的位置以主動脈竇的中央爲最多,佔90.5%,縱的位置是在主動脈竇和主動脈分界綫以下的最多,佔91.5%。左冠狀動脈口的口徑大於右側的是77%,小於右側的4%,左右相等的19%。 2.副冠狀動脈的出現有47%,全部在右側,其中1例副冠狀動脈分佈右心房前壁。 3.在中國兒童冠狀動脈的分枝類型型II佔59%,也就是說左室後壁主要是由右旋枝分佈的較多。 4。前、後降枝分佈室中隔的範圍和兩個降枝的長短成正比例。 5.左冠狀動脈分爲三個主幹(前降枝,斜角枝,左旋枝)的佔56%。 6.縱隔纖維枝有97%來自右旋枝,3%球來自左旋枝。 7.上腔靜脈口枝是心房的一個固定枝,起於右側冠狀動脈的64%,左側的36%。 8.左右冠狀動脈的分枝之間經常存在着吻合。 9.左右心室的血液供給沒有顯明量的差別,只是在動脈口徑上稍有不同。

Postmortem examination of the hearts of 500 Chinese with age ranging from new born to 70, revealed defects in the interatrial septum in the form of cleft, hole or short canal in 51% of the cases. It decreased with the advance of age, being 98.1% in the newborn below the age of 2 months; 70.2% at the age of from 2 months to 1 year; 55.0-57.1% at the age of 1-5 years; 21.7% above 5 years. The closure seems to start from the age of 2 months and ends at the age of 5 years. There exists a slight difference between...

Postmortem examination of the hearts of 500 Chinese with age ranging from new born to 70, revealed defects in the interatrial septum in the form of cleft, hole or short canal in 51% of the cases. It decreased with the advance of age, being 98.1% in the newborn below the age of 2 months; 70.2% at the age of from 2 months to 1 year; 55.0-57.1% at the age of 1-5 years; 21.7% above 5 years. The closure seems to start from the age of 2 months and ends at the age of 5 years. There exists a slight difference between the male and female bodies examined, the defect being found in 59.2% of the female and 46% of the male. The clinical significance of such openings was discussed.

1.作者觀察了中國人新生兒到70歲的心臟標本500例:找到由於卵圓孔閉鎖不全,卵圓窩區存在缺陷的標本51%。依據缺陷的形狀,可區分爲孔、縫和管三種。 2.卵圓窩區的孔、縫和管,因年齡及性別不同,其存在的比例數字亦有不同;2個月以內的新生兒佔98.1%;2月-1歲的嬰兒佔70.2%,1-5歲的兒童佔55-57.1%,5-70歲的佔21.7%。男性佔所觀察的男性全部標本的46%,女性佔全部女性標本的59.2%。 3.關於卵圓孔閉鎖不全的出現率,及在不同年齡、性別的數字上差異,與國內外學 者的統計作了比較與討論。

Phenylketonuria is a hereditary condition characterized by mental retardation and the presence of phenylpyruvic acid in the urine. Genetically, it is resulted from the presence of a pair of autosomal recessive genes. In any given family with one affected child, the chance of another case occurring in a subsequent pregnancy is 1 in 4, or 25%.We have investigated 17 phenylketonurics scattered in 9 different families. Data for I. Q., size of the head, colour of the skin, phenylpyruvic acid level in urine, etc....

Phenylketonuria is a hereditary condition characterized by mental retardation and the presence of phenylpyruvic acid in the urine. Genetically, it is resulted from the presence of a pair of autosomal recessive genes. In any given family with one affected child, the chance of another case occurring in a subsequent pregnancy is 1 in 4, or 25%.We have investigated 17 phenylketonurics scattered in 9 different families. Data for I. Q., size of the head, colour of the skin, phenylpyruvic acid level in urine, etc. were collected from 11 affected individuals. The results obtained may be stated as follows:1. Among a total number of 46 children in 9 families, there were found 17 phenylketonurics. As calculated by Haldane's method, b=0.312±0.081, which fits to the recessive mode of inheritance of the character quite well (c=0.853, P=0.4~0.3).2. Among the 9 families, 3 were of consanquineous marriages. This proportion is evidently much higher than that in populations in average.3. Among the 17 affected children, 11 were males and 6 females. The ratio of female to male does not deviate significantly from equality (x~2=1.46, P=0.3~0.2).4. All families with one or more affected children had no phenylketonuric in the ancestral generations. This is also in agreement with the postulate of the recessive inheritance of the disease.5. The degree of expression of mental retardation and other characteristics of phenylketonurics was found to be apparently unrelated with the level of phenylpyruvic acid in urine.

本文对9个家系的17例苯丙酮酸尿症患儿进行了家谱的遗传学分析,并对其中11例进行了智力、体格、肤色及尿中苯丙酮酸含量的测量.结果指出:1.在46个儿童中患儿17例,隐性比率经Haldane方法校正后为b=0.312±0.081,符合隐性遗传的假定(c=0.853,P=0.4~O.3).2.9个家系中近亲结婚者有3例,占33.3%,远较群体中一般的近亲结婚比率为高.3.17例患儿中男患者11人,女患者6人,男多于女,但在统计上这个比例与男:女=1∶1没有显著差异(X~2=1.46,P=0.3~0.2).

 
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