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单独手术
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  surgery alone
     Surgery resection rate was 94.7%,and complete resection rate was 57.9% in neoadjuvant chemotherapy group,which were much higher than those in surgery alone group(78.9% and 36.8% respectively).
     新辅助化疗组的手术切除率 94.7% ,手术完全性切除率 5 7.9% ,明显高于单独手术组患者 (P <0 .0 5 ) ,其手术切除率和完全性切除率分别为 78.9%和 3 6.8%。
短句来源
     Methods 38 patients with stage Ⅲ A NSCLC were randomly and equally allocated into neoadjuvant chemotherapy group and surgery alone group.
     方法  3 8例ⅢA 期NSCLC患者随机分为新辅助化疗组 (19例 )和单独手术组 (19例 )。
短句来源
     Methods:Expression of p53,c-erbB-2and VEGF in18patients with NSCLC who received radi -cal surgery and cisplatin -based chemotherapy were d etermined by LSAB immunohistochemical method in contrast with15NSCLC patients received surgery alone.
     方法:应用免疫组化LSAB方法检测18例根治术后行含铂类辅助化疗的Ⅲa期非小细胞肺癌石蜡切片中p53、c-erbB-2、VEGF蛋白的表达情况,选同期单独手术的15例Ⅲa期患者作对照,分析三项指标在单纯手术组和术后化疗组中的表达以及联合检测三项指标对预后和辅助化疗的预测作用。
短句来源
     Methods Expression of p53 in 18 patients with NSCLC who received radical surgery and cisplatin-based chemotherapy after operation and 20 patients received radiotherapy after radical operation were determined by LSAB immunohistochemical method in contrast with 15 patients with NSCLC received surgery alone. Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard model were used to analyze.
     方法应用免疫组化LSAB方法检测NSCLC石蜡切片中p53蛋白的表达情况,选取18例根治术后行含铂类辅助化疗和20例根治术后行辅助放疗的Ⅲa期NSCLC,选同期单独手术的15例Ⅲa期患者作对照,应用Kaplan-Meier法和多变量Cox比例风险模型进行分析。
短句来源
     Methods Expression of VEGF and c-erBb-2 in 35 patients with NSCLC who received radical surgery and cisplain-based chemotherapy were determined by LSAB immunohistochemical method in contrast with 21 NSCLC patients received surgery alone. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the correlation of their expression with prognosis and predictive value in chemotherapy.
     方法应用免疫组化LSAB法检测35例根治术后行含铂类辅助化疗的Ⅲa期非小细胞肺癌VEGF、c-erbB-2蛋白的表达情况,选同期单独手术的21例Ⅲa期患者作对照,分析两项指标在单纯手术组和术后化疗组中的表达以及联合检测两项指标对预后和辅助化疗的预测作用。
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  “单独手术”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Control group (surgery only) received no adjuvant therapy until relapse or metastasis were detected.
     对照组 (单独手术治疗 )术后未行任何辅助治疗。
短句来源
     Treatment modalities includes surgery only,surgery plus radiation and or chemotherapy.
     治疗包括单独手术治疗和手术合并放、化疗。
短句来源
     Methods Radiotherapy after surgery was administered to 97 patients with cervical cancer stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from 1990 to 2004. There were 8 cases in stage Ⅰ_ A, 57 cases in stage Ⅰ_ B, 22 cases in stage Ⅱ_ A, 10 cases in stage Ⅱ_ B.Nineteen patients were treated with afterloading system alone, 51 cases with 60Co external radiation therapy alone, and 27 cases with intracavitary therapy combined external radiation therapy.
     方法对北京妇产医院199001-200412的97例FIGOⅠA~ⅡB手术后行放疗的宫颈癌患者,计算其5年存活率,观察治疗并发症。 并对我院同期ⅠA~ⅡA单独手术治疗、ⅡB单独放疗的宫颈癌患者进行统计学分析,以比较观察各组术后放疗的效果。
短句来源
     Conclusion The effects of radiotherapy after surgery are poor for cervical cancer stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ, especially when the insufficient operation is made ,and there are some side effects including radiation cystitis and radiation rectitis.
     总的单独手术和单独放疗的病例的5年存活率,Ⅰ期为87.8%,Ⅱ期为80.4%。 结论具有高危因素的I、II期宫颈癌术后放疗疗效差,尤其在诸如手术范围不够多个或多组淋巴结转移、脉管瘤栓、不良病理类型、癌细胞分化不良者,对于这些病例的治疗方案尚待进一步的研究。
短句来源
     Meta-Analysis was performed by collecting information in accordance with inclusion and exclusion criteria from all papers available. 5-year′s survival was compared between a control group of patients treated with surgery or radiotherapy alone and a group of patients treated with radical cystectomy or radiotherapy plus neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
     选择试验组为新辅助化疗+手术或放疗,对照组为单独手术或放疗的浸润性膀胱癌临床随机对照研究(RCT),提取资料后对5年生存率进行Meta分析。
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  相似匹配句对
     operation.
     手术治疗。
短句来源
     Technology of surgery navigation
     手术导航技术
短句来源
     Inoculation of E.
     单独注射E.
短句来源
     Surgery alone group were treated by operation only.
     单独手术组患者确诊后直接手术治疗。
短句来源
     Treatment modalities includes surgery only,surgery plus radiation and or chemotherapy.
     治疗包括单独手术治疗和手术合并放、化疗。
短句来源
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  surgery alone
Four patients with intracerebral vascular malformations underwent preoperative butylcyanoacrylate embolization via a calibrated leak catheter, in order to reduce the risks of surgery alone.
      
In cT4-rectal carcinoma disease-free margins often cannot be obtained by primary surgery, and even if total en bloc resection is accomplished, local failure remains high with surgery alone.
      
Meningiomas are usually managed with surgery alone; radiation therapy is used if the meningioma is malignant or recurs.
      
Early stage CRC is potentially curable by surgery alone, but about 40% of these patients will develop recurrent disease.
      
Thus, ongoing worldwide trials maintain control arms of chemoradiotherapy alone and of surgery alone in the advanced and early disease subsets, respectively.
      
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Neurogenic tumors of the nasalcavity and paranasal sinuses arerelatively rare. Seven cases arepresented. Of them, 4 were benign(3 neurilemoma and 1 neurofibroma)and 3 were malignant (1 neurofibro-sarcoma and 2 olfactory neuroblasto-ma). All patients with benign neuro-genic tumors in this series had a his-tory of recurrent epistaxis and uni-lateral nasal obstruction for 7 monthsto 5 years, while those with malignanttumor had symptoms less than 6 months. The gross appearance of neuro-genic tumor in nasal cavity...

Neurogenic tumors of the nasalcavity and paranasal sinuses arerelatively rare. Seven cases arepresented. Of them, 4 were benign(3 neurilemoma and 1 neurofibroma)and 3 were malignant (1 neurofibro-sarcoma and 2 olfactory neuroblasto-ma). All patients with benign neuro-genic tumors in this series had a his-tory of recurrent epistaxis and uni-lateral nasal obstruction for 7 monthsto 5 years, while those with malignanttumor had symptoms less than 6 months. The gross appearance of neuro-genic tumor in nasal cavity was similarto that of a bleeding polyp, but moreindurated and firm. When the tumorcontinued to grow it might cause de-formation of the nose and in case ofa malignant tumor erosion and destruc-tion of the neighboring bones wereusually observed on roentgenogram.Diagnosis was confirmed by biopsy. The result of complete excision ofbenign, neurogenic tumor was satisfac-tory. In malignant ones, such as olfac-tory neuroblastoma and neurofibrosar-coma, radiotherapy following surgicalexcision was needcd.

文本报告7例少见的鼻腔和鼻窦神经源性肿瘤。对其临床及病理特点、治疗及预后等方面进行了简要讨论。根据本组治疗经验对神经纤维瘤和神经鞘膜瘤等良性肿瘤手术切除效果良好,而恶性者如嗅神经母细胞瘤单独手术效果不佳,应以手术加放疗效果较好。

Objective:To study the relations between the serum soluble interleukin-2 receptor(SIL-2R) level and diagnosis of breast cancer,analysis of the disease and evaluation of treatment effects Methods:A two layer antibody sandwich enzymelinked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to measure the serum soluble interlukin-2 receptor(SIL-2R)level in healthy individuals and patients with breast cancer Results:SIL-2R in patients with breast cancer are higher than that in healthy individuals( P< 0 001) The patients...

Objective:To study the relations between the serum soluble interleukin-2 receptor(SIL-2R) level and diagnosis of breast cancer,analysis of the disease and evaluation of treatment effects Methods:A two layer antibody sandwich enzymelinked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to measure the serum soluble interlukin-2 receptor(SIL-2R)level in healthy individuals and patients with breast cancer Results:SIL-2R in patients with breast cancer are higher than that in healthy individuals( P< 0 001) The patients with breast cancer after the surgery are abriously lower than before the surgery( P <0 01) SIL-2R in the patients with transferred are much higher than the patients untransferred( P <0 001) In the surgery after 3-weeks chemical treatment,SIL-2R is much lower than the surgery alone( P <0 05) We have discovered after three years follow up that the level of SIL-2R of the patients with breast cancer is over 1000u/ml Three years survival rates of the preopertation chemotherapy group are much higher than those of surgery alone There are significant differences between the two groups (P< 0 01) Conclusion:This study is quite significant in diagnosis of breast cancer,analysis of disease condition,judgement of treatment effects and the prognosis estimation

目的 :探讨血清中可溶性白细胞介素 受体 (SIL - 2 R)与乳癌诊断、病情分析及疗效评价的关系。方法 :应用酶联免疫法 (双抗体夹心法 )对乳癌患者及正常人血清中可溶性白细胞介素 受体 (SIL - 2 R)进行测定。结果 :乳癌患者 SIL - 2 R水平显著高于正常人 (P<0 .0 0 1) ,乳癌患者手术后血清 SIL - 2 R水平较治疗前显著降低 (P<0 .0 1) ,乳癌转移患者治疗前 SIL - 2 R显著高于无转移患者 (P<0 .0 0 1) ,乳癌患者化疗三周再行手术 ,血清 SIL - 2 R水平较单独手术治疗显著降低 (P<0 .0 5 )。三年随访发现 ,乳癌患者中治疗前 SIL - 2 R水平 10 0 0 u/ ml以上的病人 ,术前化疗组三年生存率明显高于单纯手术组 ,二者比较差异显著 (P<0 .0 1)。结论 :此项研究对乳癌诊断、病情分析、疗效诊断及预后评价有一定的指导意义

Objective To assess the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on surgical resectibility and survival in patients with stage HI A non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

目的 评价新辅助化疗改善ⅢA期非小细胞癌(NSCLC)手术切除率和生存期的作用。方法 42例ⅢA期NSCLC患者随机被分为两组,新辅助化疗组:接受2个周期的化疗后手术。单独手术组:确诊后直接手术。两组患者手术后均接受4个周期的化疗。结果 化疗的总有效率42.9%,其中部分缓解率38.1%,完全缓解率4.8%。化疗的毒副反应轻微,主要表现为胃肠道反应和骨髓抑制。接受新辅助化疗患者的手术切除率为95.8%(n=20),完全性切除率 52.4%(n=11),单独手术患者的手术切除率和完全性切除率分别为66.7%(n=14)和28.6%(n=6),两组比较差异有显著性意义(P<0.05%),无患者死于手术。新辅助化疗组患者的中位生存期(24.6%个月)明显长于单独手术组(10.8个月,P<0.05)。新辅助化疗组的2年生存率(57.1%)亦高于单独手术组(28.6%,P<0.05)。结论 新辅助化疗能够改善ⅢA期 NSCLC患者的手术切除率,延长中位生存期,增加 2年生存率。

 
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